Wisdom behind The Islamic Laws Regarding Women Part One
Islamic Rulings -
Living Shariah Verdicts
Islamic Questions & Answers
By Sheikh ‘Abdur-Rahman ‘Abdul-Khaliq
The Wisdom Behind The Islamic Laws Regarding Women
In the Name of Allah, the All-Merciful, the
All praise belongs to Allah, the Lord
of all Being, the All-merciful, the All-compassionate,
the Master of the Day of Judgment.1 May Allah’s mercy
and peace be upon all of His Messengers and truthful
and pure Prophets; and may His mercy and peace be upon
the master of the children of Adam and the seal of the
Prophets, our Prophet Muhammad, the trustworthy
Messenger; and may His mercy and peace be upon
Muhammad’s family, companions and whoever follows his
guidance till the Day of Judgment.
For Whom Am I Writing this Essay?
My brothers and sisters everywhere!
With this essay, I am not singling out the adherents
of Islam—to which I ascribe—but rather I am writing
this essay to every man and woman throughout the whole
I ask Allah that He facilitates that
this essay reaches every ear, falls under the sight of
every eye, and is understood by every heart.
By Allah, I have written this essay
sincerely. I do not seek from anyone reward or praise.
I only seek to convey to all my brethren in humanity,
irrespective of their races or religions, an aspect of
the great message that Muhammad the son of ‘Abdullah,
Allah’s final messenger to all the peoples of the
earth, was sent with.
Specifically, I have chosen to explain
the wisdom behind those laws that Allah has legislated
regarding women. As contingent upon these laws, an
individual’s bliss on earth is gained and his humanity
is achieved. Moreover, these Islamic regulations
pertaining to women have been singled out for attack
by the enemies of humanity, who seek to follow their
desires and who are short-sighted. Rather, they have
put an end to a person’s bliss on earth and exchanged
that with misery and a wretched life.
They have attacked these Divine
regulations, so that they may turn humanity away from
Allah’s true religion, His straight path, and bliss in
this world and the next – toward which the final
Messenger of all Divine messages came to give glad
tidings and to invite all humanity to receive.
Muhammad the son of ‘Abdullah is
Allah’s Prophet and the Final Messenger Sent by Allah
to the Inhabitants of Earth My brothers and sisters
everywhere! You should know that the Messenger,
Muhammad the son of ‘Abdullah (may Allah’s blessings
and peace be upon him) is Allah’s Messenger in reality
and truth. The evidences that show his veracity are
abundant. None but an infidel, who out of
arrogancealone, could deny these signs.
Among these proofs [are the
1. Muhammad (may Allah’s blessings and
peace be upon him) was raised illiterate, unable to
read or write, and remained like that till his death.
Among all his people, he was known as being truthful
and trustworthy. Before receiving revelation, he had
no prior knowledge of Religion or any previously sent
Message. He remained like that for his first forty
years. Revelation then came to Muhammad with the
Quran that we now have between our hands. This Quran
mentioned most of the accounts found in the previous
scriptures, telling us about these events in the
greatest detail as if he witnessed them. These
accounts came precisely as they were found in the
Torah sent down to Moses and in the Gospel sentdown to
Jesus. Neither the Jews or Christians were able to
belie him regarding anything that he said.
2. Muhammad (may Allah’s blessings and
peace be upon him) also foretold of everything that
would occur to him and his community after him,
pertaining to victory, the removal of the tyrannical
kingdoms of Chosroes2 and Caesar, and the
establishment of the religion of Islam throughout the
earth. These events occurred exactly as Muhammad
foretold, as if he was reading the future from an open
3. Muhammad (may Allah’s blessings and
peace be upon him) also brought an Arabic Quran that
is the peak of eloquence and clarity. The Quran
challenged those eloquent and fluent Arabs of his
time, who initially belied him, to bring forth a
single chapter like the Quran. The eloquent Arabs of
his day were unable to contest this Quran. Indeed,
till our day, none has ever dared to claim that he has
been able to compose words that equal – or even
approach – the order, grace, beauty, and splendor of
this Glorious Quran.
4. The life history of this Noble
Prophet was a perfect example of being upright,
merciful, compassionate, truthful, brave, generous,
distant from all evil character, and ascetic in all
worldly matters, while striving solely for the reward
of the Hereafter. Moreover, in all his actions and
dealings, he was ever mindful and fearful of Allah.
5. Allah instilled great love for
Muhammad (may Allah’s blessings and peace be upon him)
in the hearts of all who believed in and met him. This
love reached such a degree that any of his companions
would willingly sacrifice his (or her) self, mother or
father for him. Till today, those who believe in
Muhammad honor and love him. Anyone of those who
believe in him would ransom his own family and wealth
to see him, even if but once.
6. All of history has not preserved
the biography of any person in the manner it has
preserved the life of Muhammad, who is the most
influential human in history. Nor has the entire earth
known of anyone whom every morning and evening, and
many times thereafter throughout the day, is thought
of by those who believe in him. Upon remembering
Muhammad, the believers in him will greet him and ask
Allah to bless him. They do such with full hearts and
true love for him.
7. Nor has there every been a man on
earth whom is still followed in all his doings by
those who believe in him. Those who believe in
Muhammad, sleep in the manner he slept; purify
themselves (through ablution and ritual washing) in
the manner he purified himself; and adhere to his
practice in the way they eat, drink, and clothe
Indeed in all aspects of their lives,
the believers in Muhammad adhere to the teachings he
spread among them and the path that he traveled upon
during his life.
During every generation, from his day
till our time, the believers in this Noble Prophet
have fully adhered to his teachings. With some, this
has reached the degree that they desire to follow and
adhere to the Prophet’s way in his personal matters
regarding which Allah has not sought of them to adhere
to in worship. For example, some will only eat those
specific foods or only wear those specific garments
that the Messenger liked.
Let alone all that, all those who
believe in Muhammad repeat those praises of Allah,
special prayers, and invocations that he would say
during each of his actions during day and night, like:
what he would say when he greeted people, upon
entering and leaving the house, entering and leaving
the mosque, entering and leaving the bathroom, going
to sleep and awaking from sleep, observing the new
crescent, observing the new fruit on trees, eating,
drinking, dressing, riding, traveling and returning
from travel, etc.
Let alone all that, all those who
believe in Muhammad fully perform – even to the minute
detail – every act of worship – like prayer, fasting,
charity, and pilgrimage – as this Noble Messenger (may
Allah’s blessings and peace be upon him) taught and as
he himself performed.
All of this allows those who believe
in him, to live their lives in all aspects with this
Noble Messenger as their example, as if he was
standing before them, for them to follow in all their
8. There has never been nor will there
ever be a man anywhere upon this earth who has
received such love, respect, honor, and obedience in
all matters – small and large alike – as has this
Since his day, in every region of the
earth and during every period, this Noble Prophet has
been followed by individuals from all races, colors
and peoples. Many of those who followed him were
previously Christians, Jews, pagans, idolaters, or
without any religion. Among those who chose to follow
him, were those who were known for their sound
judgment, wisdom, reflection, and foresight. They
choose to follow this Noble Prophet after they
witnessed the signs of his truthfulness and the
evidences of his miracles. They did not choose to
follow Muhammad out of compulsion or coercion or
because they had adopted the ways of their fathers and
Indeed many of the followers of this
Prophet (may Allah’s blessings and peace be upon him),
chose to follow him during the time when Islam was
weak, when there were few Muslims, and when there was
severe persecution of his followers on earth. Most
people who have followed this Prophet (may Allah’s
blessings and peace be upon him) have done so not to
acquire some material benefits. Indeed many of his
followers have suffered the greatest forms of harm and
persecution as a result of following this Prophet.
Despite all this harm and persecution, this did not
turn them back from his religion.
My brethren! All of this clearly
indicates to anyone possessing any sense, that this
Prophet was truly and really Allah’s messenger and
that he was not just a man who claimed prophethood or
spoke about Allah without knowledge.
10. With all this, Muhammad came with
a great religion in its creedal and legal make-up.
Muhammad described Allah with qualities of complete
perfection, and at the same time in a manner that is
free of ascribing to Him any imperfection. Neither the
philosophers or the wise could ever describe Allah
like such. Indeed it is impossible to imagine that any
human mind could conceive of an existing being that
possesses such complete ability, knowledge, and
greatness; Who has subdued the creation; Who has
encompassed everything in the universe, small or
large; and Who possesses such perfect mercy.
Nor is it in the ability of any human
being to place a perfect law based upon justice,
equality, mercy and objectivity for all human activity
on earth like the laws that Muhammad brought for all
spheres of human activity – like, buying and selling,
marriage and divorce, renting, testimony, custody, and
all other contracts that are necessary to uphold life
and civilization on earth.
11. It is impossible that any person
conceive wisdom, morals, good manners, nobleness of
character as what this honorable Prophet (may Allah’s
blessings and peace be upon him) brought.
In a full and complete manner,
Muhammad spread a teaching regarding character and
manners toward one’s parents, relatives, friends,
family, humanity, animals, plants and inanimate
objects. It is impossible for the human mind alone to
grasp all of that teaching or come with a similar
All of that unequivocally indicates
that this Messenger did not bring any of this religion
from his own accord, but that it was rather a teaching
and inspiration that he received from the One Who
created the earth and the high heavens above and
created this universe in its miraculous architecture
12. The legal and creedal make-up of
the religion that the Messenger, Muhammad, (may
Allah’s blessings and peace be upon him) brought
resembles the engineering of the heavens and the
earth. All of that indicates that He who created the
heavens and the earth is the One Who sent down this
great law and upright religion.
The degree of inimitability of the
Divine law that was sent down upon Muhammad is to the
same degree of inimitability of the Divine creation of
the heavens and earth. For just as humanity cannot
create this universe, in the same manner humanity
cannot bring forth a law like Allah’s law that He sent
down upon His servant and messenger Muhammad (may
Allah’s blessings and peace be upon him).
A Single Verse from the Quran Suffices
for the Bliss of All Humanity Were They to Adhere It
O my brothers and sisters everywhere!
Allah (Glorified and Exalted be He) says:
“O humanity! Be careful of your duty
to your Lord, Who created you from a single soul, and
from it created its mate, and fromthe pair of them has
spread abroad many men and women; and be careful of
your duty toward Allah in Whom you demand (your
rights) of one another and [be careful of your duty]
toward the wombs (that bare you); surely Allah ever
watches over you.”
(The Quran 4:1)
This is a call from Allah (Glorified
and Exalted be He) to all humanity irrespective of
their creeds or religions.
Allah (Glorified and Exalted be He),
the Lord and Creator, calls humanity to fear Him and
to know that He has created them from a single soul,
Adam, humanity’s father (may Allah’s peace and
blessings be upon him).
From Adam, Allah created his mate, and
she is Eve. (It has been mentioned upon the tongue of
the final Messenger and Prophet, Muhammad, who is
truthful and believed in, that Allah took a rib from
Adam and from it created his mate Eve).
Through the joining of every male and
female from the offspring of Adam and Eve, Allah
(Glorified and Exalted be He) made all of humanity
(with the exception of Jesus (upon him Allah’s mercy
and peace) who was created by Allah, from the Virgin
Mary without any father, but by Allah’s Word3 and the
blowing of the angel of Jesus’ soul into Mary.
After Allah (Glorified and Exalted be
He), the Lord, taught us that He created all of us
from a single soul and commanded us that we fear Him;
He then commands us a second time to observe our duty
toward Him and warns us from cutting the ties of the
The womb (or ‘rahm’ in Arabic) is that
place from where the child grows. Allah (Glorified and
Exalted be He) derived for this organ a name from His
names; Allah is ar-Rahman4 and this organ is known as
the ‘rahm’. This is so, because Allah calls us to be
merciful with one another and in particular with those
whom we are linked with by a single womb.
For this reason among humans the
mother is the most merciful as her child grew and
developed in her womb. After the mother, the most
merciful among humans is the father, as it was his
seed that brought forth the fetus in the womb of the
mother. After the parents, the most merciful are the
full brothers and sisters as they all are joined by a
single womb in which they grew and by one father who
was their seed. After the siblings, the most merciful
are half-brothers and half-sisters, who share the same
mother, as they all are from a single womb even if
their fathers are different; and then after them are
half-brothers and halfsisters from a single father;
and so forth.
This mercy shared between all humanity
is what distinguishes them from all animals.
For all of humanity is united by a
single, distant womb, the womb of Eve, and are then
united in closer wombs, like the womb that links
brothers and sisters. This mercy shared by humanity is
the greatest matter that Allah distinguished humans
with from all other animals on earth.
Neither intelligence itself nor the
ability to provide for one’s needs is what
distinguishes humans from animals. The worms in the
earth, the animals that crawl on the ground, the
beasts and birds, each knows how to acquire the
necessities for its existence, how to store its food,
how to protect and raise its offspring; and how by its
wits to reach the end of its natural life span
provided no event terminates its life.
Allah (Glorified and Exalted be He)
then informs us in this verse that He is ever watchful
over all of us.
Among the meanings of His watchfulness
over us is that He knows whatever we do during night
or day, secretly or openly. Indeed Allah knows our
thoughts and what our hearts conceal. Every instant He
looks at us. Nothing is hidden from His Eyes that
sleep not. He is acquainted with our secrets, He hears
our words, and He enumerates our deeds.
Allah has appointed for us the system,
law, and way that He required from us to follow in all
our affairs. Allah revealed this system, law, and way
to every generation and people upon the tongues of His
messengers and prophets, whom He sent to humanity
during every age, beginning with Adam (who was a
prophet to whom Allah spoke) and concluding with
Muhammad (who is Allah’s messenger and prophet for all
humanity from the moment that Allah sent him till the
Hour of Judgment is established and these heavens and
earth come to an end).
Upon the basis of this system, law,
and way that Allah (Glorified and Exalted be He) sent
down, He will judge us concerning we did. Did our
actions agree with the truth and occur as Allah
commanded and legislated for us? Or did we in this
life travel according to our whims and desires and by
what we legislated for our own selves and by what our
Equality of Men and
Women in all Three Levels of the Islamic Religion
My brothers and sisters everywhere!
Islam’s law that Allah (Glorified and Exalted be He)
sent down to His Messenger Muhammad came to announce
that women (exactly like men) are full human beings.
Women are therefore required to follow the way
appointed by Allah.
A woman (like a man) is therefore
obligated with all three degrees of this religion:
Islam (outward submission to Allah), Iman (inward
faith in Allah), and Ihsan (perfection of worship of
It is thus required for every woman to
testify that there is none deserving worship but Allah
and that Muhammad is Allah’s Messenger; to pray; to
give charity; to fast; and to make a pilgrimage to
Allah’s House if she has the means.
It is likewise required for every
woman to believe in Allah, His angels, His scriptures,
His messengers, the Last Day, and to believe in
Allah’s decree (and that the good and evil
consequences thereof are from Allah.
These are the fundamentals of Islam
It is likewise required for every
woman to worship Allah as if she sees Him. For
although she cannot see Allah, she must believe that
He sees whatever she does in secret and in public.
Women (exactly like men) have been
commanded with these three levels of the religion
(Islam, Iman, and Ihsan).
Women are also obligated to enjoin
good and forbid evil; to wage jihad by saying that
which is truthful; and to adhere to all noble
behavior, like: truthfulness, trustworthiness,
courage, modesty, and self-respect.
Every Muslim woman is commanded to be
steadfast in her religion and not to be negligent with
her faith. It is impermissible for her – under any
pressure or compulsion – to open her heart to accept
the word of disbelief.
“Whoso disbelieves in Allah, after he
has believed – excepting him who has been compelled,
and his heart is still at rest with the Faith – but
whoever’s breast is expanded in unbelief, upon them
shall rest anger from Allah, and there awaits them a
(The Quran 16:106)
Clearly when Islam charged women with
all these duties and in all these obligations made her
equal to men, the intent was to honor her and permit
her reach the highest degree of perfection of her
For the duties that Allah has
obligated humanity with are but a means to honor us.
Prayer, as well as fasting, is an honor for the
servant and means to raise his rank. To adhere to
Allah’s straight path and the manners of Islam are,
without doubt, means to honor us and not humiliateus
as is imagined by those who are ignorant of Allah and
follow their desires.
Such people think and imagine that a
human being who does not believe in Allah, does not
uphold the trust of these duties, and does not perform
what Allah has commanded him is of a higher standing
than the believer who adheres to the obligations of
Islam. Such an idea is ignorance and renders human
beings on par with the animals.
Humans have been created to be tried
by Allah and have been charged with fulfilling these
duties to Allah (Glorified and Exalted be He) and 5
Like the ideas of Western feminism which necessitate
disbelief not only in Allah, the Quran, and the
Messenger Muhammad, but indeed a rejection of every
scripture and messenger sent by Allah for humanity.
His creatures.6 As for animals, while
they have been by created by Allah, they have not been
charged with this trust.7
Whoever considers that human being who
does not uphold what Allah has obligated an equal to
those who fulfill what Allah has obligated is like
those who consider humans and animals to be equal. For
this reason, Allah has said:
“Shall We then treat those who have
surrendered (as Muslims) as We treat the guilty?”
(The Quran 68:35)
And He has said:
“We have created for hell many of the
jinn and humanity; they have hearts, but understand
not with them; they have eyes, but perceive not with
them; and they have ears, but they hear not with them.
These are like cattle; nay, rather they are further
astray! Those – they are the heedless.”
(The Quran 7:126)
The disbeliever in Allah is a guilty
criminal, for he does not know whom He is to worship,
his Creator, his Protector, his Lord, and He Who
created this universe in which he lives. The
disbeliever enjoys what Allah has blessed him with and
yet forgets the One Who blessed and preferred him with
such blessings. As for the believer, he is the
honorable servantwho knows His Lord, God whom He
worships, and Creator. He fulfills what Allah has
obligated and travels upon the path that Allah has
delineated for him.
1 The Quran 1:1-3.
2 The royal title for the Zoroastrian kings of Persia.
3 Allah said ‘Be’ and Jesus came into being.
4 Which in Arabic means the All-Merciful.
5 Hence every Muslim woman falls under Allah’s
6 Allah says: “Blessed be He in whose hand is the
Kingdom – He is powerful over everything – who created
death and life, that He may try you which of you is
fairest in works…” [The Quran 68:1-2]
“I have not created jinn and mankind except to worship
Me [alone].” [The Quran 51:56]
7 Allah says:
“We offered the trust to the heavens and the earth and
the mountains, but they refused to carry it and were
afraid of it; and man carried it. Surely he is unjust,
ignorant. That Allah may chastise the hypocrites, men
and women alike, and the polytheists, men and women
alike; and that Allah may turn again unto the
believers, men andwomen alike. Allah is All-forgiving,
All-compassionate.” [The Quran 33:72-73]