How Sound Is The Hadeeth, “Every Time The Qur’aan Is Completed There Is A Du’aa’ That Is Answered”?
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By Shaykh Sulaymaan ibn Naasir
How sound is the hadeeth, “Every time the
Qur’aan is completed there is a du’aa’ that is
Praise be to Allaah.
This hadeeth is mawdoo’ (fabricated). It was narrated
by Abu Na’eem in al-Hilyah and by others. Its isnaad
includes Yahyaa ibn Haashim al-Simsaar.
Imaam al-Nasaa’i said concerning him: “His hadeeth is
to be rejected.”
Yahyaa ibn Ma’een said: “He is a liar.”
Ibn ‘Adiyy said: “He used to fabricate and plagiarize
Du’aa’ upon completing the Qur’aan may be said in
either of two situations:
1. During prayer, which is bid’ah (a reprehensible
innovation). Acts of worship are based on what is
prescribed in Islam (shar’) and on following (the
Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him)).
No one has the right to worship Allaah except in the
manner that He has prescribed or according to the
Sunnah of our Prophet Muhammad (peace and blessings of
Allaah be upon him).
Anything other than that is an innovation in the
religion. The Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah
be upon him) said: “Whoever innovates anything in this
matter of ours (Islam) that is not a part of it will
have it rejected.” (Agreed upon, from the hadeeth of ‘Aa’ishah).
Al-Shaatibi mentioned in al-I’tisaam and Shaykh
al-Islam [Ibn Taymiyah] mentioned in al-Iqtidaa’ an
important guideline for telling bid’ah from other
things. This is: if the reason and motive for doing a
thing existed at the time of the Prophet (peace and
blessings of Allaah be upon him) and the time of the
Sahaabah, and they did not do it, although there was
nothing to stop them from doing it, then it is bid’ah
– such as giving the adhaan for Eid prayers and for
prayers for rain (salaat al-istisqaa’), and so on.
Making du’aa’ for completing the Qur’aan during prayer
comes under this heading. In Ramadaan, the Sahaabah
would stand in prayer for a long time, leaning on
sticks because it was so long. In this manner they
would complete the Qur’aan more than once, but it was
not narrated that any of them made du’aa’ after
Imaam Maalik (may Allaah have mercy on him) said: I
did not hear that he made du’aa’ upon completing the
Qur’aan, or any of the other things that people do.
This was quoted from him by Ibn al-Haaj in al-Madkhal.
2. The second case is when du’aa’ is made straight
after completing the Qur’aan, not during prayer. This
was narrated from Anas ibn Maalik with a saheeh isnaad,
and it is narrated from a group of scholars, but I do
not know of any proven marfoo’ report [i.e., one which
goes back to the Prophet (peace and blessings of
Allaah be upon him)] concerning that. And Allaah knows