Fasting ‘Ashoora' For One Who Still Owes Days From Ramadaan: Virtues Of ‘Ashoora'
Islamic Rulings -
Living Shariah Verdicts
Islamic Questions & Answers
have days to make up for Ramadaan and I want to fast ‘Ashoora'.
Is it permissible for me to fast ‘Ashoora before I
have made up the fasts I owe? Can I fast ‘Ashoora' and
the eleventh of Muharram with the intention of making
up the Ramadaan fasts, and will I get the reward for
Praise be to Allaah.
You should not observe voluntary fasts when you still
owe one or more days from Ramadaan, rather you should
start with the fasts that you owe from Ramadaan, and
then observe voluntary fasts.
If you fast the tenth and eleventh of Muharram with
the intention of making up days that you owe from
Ramadaan, that is permissible and will make up for two
of the days that you owe. The Prophet (peace and
blessings of Allaah be upon him) said, "Actions are
judged but by intentions, and every person will have
but that which he intended."
Fataawa al-Lajnah al-Daa'imah, 11/401
We hope that you will have the reward for making up
the missed fast and the reward for fasting that day.
Fataawa Manaar al-Islam, by Shaykh Muhammad ibn
‘Uthaymeen (may Allaah have mercy on him), 2/358.
Is it Sunnah to observe a lot of naafil
[supererogatory] fasts in the month of Muharram? Is
there anything special about this month compared with
Praise be to Allaah.
The month of Muharram is the first month of the Arabic
year, and it is one of the four sacred months of
Allaah. Allaah says (interpretation of the meaning):
"Verily, the number of months with Allaah is twelve
months (in a year), so was it ordained by Allaah on
the Day when He created the heavens and the earth; of
them four are Sacred (i.e. the 1st, the 7th, the 11th
and the 12th months of the Islamic calendar). That is
the right religion, so wrong not yourselves therein"
al-Bukhaari (3167) and Muslim (1679) narrated from Abu
Bakrah (may Allaah be pleased with him) that the
Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him)
said: "The division of time has turned to its original
form which was current the day Allaah created the
heavens and earth. The year consists of twelve months
of which four are sacred: three consecutive months,
Dhu'l-Qa'dah, Dhu'l-Hijjah and Muharram, and Rajab of
Mudar which comes between Jumada and Sha'baan."
It was proven from the Prophet (peace and blessings of
Allaah be upon him) that the best fasting after
Ramadaan is fasting in the month of Muharram. It was
narrated that Abu Hurayrah (may Allaah be pleased with
him) said: The Messenger of Allaah (peace and
blessings of Allaah be upon him) said: "The best
fasting after Ramadaan is the month of Allaah
Muharram, and the best prayer after the obligatory
prayer is prayer at night." Narrated by Muslim, 1163.
With regard to the phrase "the month of Allaah",
mentioning the month in conjunction with Allaah is a
sign of its great status. Al-Qaari said: it seems that
what is meant is all of the month of Muharram.
But it was proven that the Prophet (peace and
blessings of Allaah be upon him) did not fast any
month in full apart from Ramadaan, so this hadeeth is
to be understood as meaning that it is it is
encouraged to fast a lot in the month of Muharram, not
to fast the whole month.