She Wants To Marry A Kaafir On Paper Only: Marrying With The Intention Of Getting Divorced Is Haraam
Islamic Rulings -
Living Shariah Verdicts
Islamic Questions & Answers
I am a single woman living on my own, and I
work in a hotel in reception. Is my work haraam,
knowing that I do not wear hijab and I afraid that I
will be fired if I start to wear hijab, and I cannot
find any other work? I am 34 years old. Can I get
married on paper to a non-Muslim so that I will be
able to emigrate and go and live abroad, because I am
afraid of spinsterhood and the people talk a lot, and
I cannot stand their watching me any more.
Praise be to Allaah.
We ask Allaah to guide you and make you independent of
means by that which He has permitted so that you will
have no need of that which He has forbidden, and by
means of His bounty alone.
Your question implies that currently you are not
wearing hijab, for fear of being fired from your work.
We will never advise you to do anything but that which
we would want for our own wives, sisters and
daughters. No matter what the situation, as you say,
the hijab is an important matter. It is the symbol of
the believing woman and the sign of her modesty and
chastity. It is not permissible to neglect it on the
grounds of seeking provision, which Allaah has
guaranteed to everyone, and has promised to give more
to those who obey Him and seek His pleasure. Allaah
says (interpretation of the meaning):
"And in the heaven is your provision, and that which
you are promised"
And Allaah says (interpretation of the meaning):
"And whosoever fears Allaah and keeps his duty to Him,
He will make a way for him to get out (from every
3. And He will provide him from (sources) he never
could imagine. And whosoever puts his trust in Allaah,
then He will suffice him. Verily, Allaah will
accomplish his purpose. Indeed Allaah has set a
measure for all things"
So have certain faith and trust in Allaah, and be
certain that your provision will not cease even if you
wear hijab, rather we hope that this will bring a
great relief and great provision as Allaah has
promised. It is narrated in a saheeh report that our
Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him)
said: "Whoever gives up something for the sake of
Allaah, Allaah will compensate him with something
better than it." Classed as saheeh by al-Albaani in
Hijaab al-Mar'ah al-Muslimah.
So wear your hijab and seek permissible work in which
there is no free mixing with men, and Allaah will
compensate you with good, for all things are in His
hand, and His bounty is great, may He be glorified and
See also question no. 6666.
It is not permissible for a Muslim woman to marry a
non-Muslim, no matter what the reasons, even if that
is only on paper as you say. Marriage is a serious
matter and is to be taken seriously, regardless of how
it is done. There is no such thing as marriage on
paper only, as some people think, rather there is
binding marriage. If it fulfils the conditions then it
is valid and if it does not fulfil the conditions then
it is a haraam marriage and it is not permissible for
anyone to do it.
Allaah says (interpretation of the meaning):
"And give not (your daughters) in marriage to Al-Mushrikoon
(polytheists) till they believe (in Allaah Alone) and
verily, a believing slave is better than a (free)
Mushrik (idolater), even though he pleases you. Those
(Al-Mushrikoon) invite you to the Fire, but Allaah
invites (you) to Paradise and forgiveness by His
Leave, and makes His Ayaat (proofs, evidences, verses,
lessons, signs, revelations, etc.) clear to mankind
that they may remember"
"then if you ascertain that they are true believers
send them not back to the disbelievers. They are not
lawful (wives) for the disbelievers nor are the
disbelievers lawful (husbands) for them"
Shaykh al-Islam Ibn Taymiyah (may Allaah have mercy on
him) said: The Muslims are unanimously agreed that a
kaafir cannot inherit from a Muslim and a kaafir man
cannot marry a Muslim woman. End quote from al-Fataawa
Once again we refer to the matter of provision (rizq)
– as marriage comes under the general heading of
provision. One of the greatest means of attaining
provision is obedience to Allaah, may He be exalted.
It is strange that people try to attain provision by
disobeying Allaah. This is more likely to close the
door to provision; even if it is open, this will cause
a person to get carried away (and he will end up in
Hellfire) – we ask Allaah to keep us safe and sound.
There follows an important hadeeth which will increase
us in faith and certain belief that provision comes
through obedience to Allaah. The Prophet (peace and
blessings of Allaah be upon him) said: "The Holy
Spirit (Jibreel) has inspired to me that no soul will
die until it has completed its appointed term and
received its provision in full, so fear Allaah and do
not be desperate in seeking provision, and no one of
you should be tempted to seek provision by means of
committing sin if it is slow in coming to him, for
that which is with Allaah can only be attained by
obeying Him." Narrated by Abu Na'eem in al-Hilyah;
classed as saheeh by al-Albaani in Saheeh al-Jaami',
Do not pay any attention to the looks and comments of
others, for their words do not in fact cause any harm
or benefit. Late marriage may be for a good purpose
willed by Allaah; we do not know where goodness lies.
So delegate your affairs to Allaah, may He be exalted,
and spend your time in doing good deeds and expiating
bad deeds, for the appointed time will soon come, the
Day on which the victors will attain victory and the
losers will incur loss.
"And whoever is removed away from the Fire and
admitted to Paradise, he indeed is successful. The
life of this world is only the enjoyment of deception
(a deceiving thing)"
[Aal ‘Imraan 3:185]
How many married woman has Allaah blessed with
children and wealth, but they will be driven to the
Fire on that Day.
How many women do not attain wealth or find a husband,
but they will be in the highest parts of Paradise.
Have faith, obey Allaah and remain chaste, for this
world is transient and fleeting.
"Verily, the home of the Hereafter ___ that is the
life indeed (i.e. the eternal life that will never
end), if they but knew"
May Allaah help us and you to obey Him and seek His
And Allaah knows best.
Marrying with the intention of
getting divorced is haraam
What is the ruling on marrying with the
intention of getting divorced? A man may be
travelling and he gets married, but his intention is
to divorce her when he wants to go back to his own
Praise be to Allaah.
Some scholars said that a marriage done with the
intention of getting divorced is an invalid marriage,
because it is temporary, so it is akin to mut'ah
Among those who are of this opinion are the scholars
of the Standing Committee for Issuing Fatwas. We have
quoted their fatwa in the answer to question no.
Others are of the view that it is a valid marriage,
but it is haraam due to the deceit and betrayal
involved, because if the woman and her guardian knew
that the husband was only getting married with the
intention of divorce after a few days or a month and
so on, they would not have agreed to that.
Among those who are of this opinion is Shaykh Muhammad
ibn ‘Uthaymeen (may Allaah have mercy on him). He was
There is a man who wants to go abroad because he is
being sponsored by the government, and he wants to
maintain his chastity by marrying a woman there for a
specific period, then after that he will divorce this
wife, without telling her that he is going to divorce
her. What is the ruling on his doing this?
One of two scenarios must apply to this marriage that
is done with the intention of divorce. Either he
stipulates in the marriage contract that he is
marrying her for a month or a year or until his
studies end, which is a mut'ah marriage and is haraam,
or he is intending that without stipulating it. The
well known Hanbali view is that it is haraam and the
marriage contract is invalid, because they say that
that which is intended is like that which is
stipulated, because the Prophet (peace and blessings
of Allaah be upon him) said: "Actions are but by
intentions and each person will have but that which he
intended." And because if a man marries a woman who
was divorced thrice by her husband for the purpose of
making her permissible for him, then he divorces her,
then the marriage is invalid, even if that is done
without any stipulation, because that which is
intended is like that which is stipulated. If the
intention is tahleel (making it permissible for the
woman to go back to her first husband) then the
contract is invalid. Similarly the intention of mut'ah
renders the marriage contract invalid. This is the
view of the Hanbalis. The other scholarly view
concerning this issue is that it is valid to marry the
woman with the intention of divorcing her when he
leaves the country, like those who go abroad to study
and so on. They said: Because this is not stipulated,
and the difference between this and mut'ah is that
when the time stipulated comes, separation is
automatic, unlike this, because he may like this wife
and want her to stay with him. This is one of the two
views of Shaykh al-Islam Ibn Taymiyah.
In my view, it is valid and is not mut'ah, because the
definition of mut'ah does not apply to it. But it is
haraam because it is deceiving the wife and her
family, and the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah
be upon him) forbade deceiving and cheating. If the
wife knew that this man only wanted to marry her for
this period, she would not have married him and her
family would not have agreed. Just as he would not
want to give his daughter in marriage to a person who
intends to divorce her when he no longer has any need
of her, how can he agree to treat others in a way that
he would not like for himself? This is contrary to
faith, because the Prophet (peace and blessings of
Allaah be upon him) said: "No one of you is a believer
until he likes for his brother what he likes for
himself." And because I have heard that some people
use this opinion as a means to do something which no
scholar would approve: they go to other countries just
to get married, so they go and get married, and they
stay there for as long as Allaah wills with this wife
whom they intended to marry for a short time only,
then come back. This is also a grave wrong and closing
the door to it would have been better because of the
deceit and betrayal involved in it, and because it
opens the door to such things, as most people are
ignorant and most people's whims and desires encourage
them to transgress the sacred limits of Allaah. End
Fataawa al-Mar'ah al-Muslimah (2/757, 758).
It says in the resolutions of the Fiqh Council:
Marrying with the intention of divorce means: a
marriage in which the conditions of marriage are
fulfilled, but the husband intends in his heart to
divorce the woman after a certain length of time, such
as ten days, or an unknown length of time, such as
when the husband has completed his studies or when he
achieves the purpose for which he came.
Although some scholars permitted this type of
marriage, the Council thinks that it is not
permissible, because it includes deceit and cheating,
because if the woman or her guardian knew about that,
they would not have agreed to this marriage contract.
And because it leads to serious negative consequences
and real harm which damages the reputation of the
And Allaah is the Source of strength. May Allaah send
blessings and peace upon our Prophet Muhammad and his
family and companions. End quote.
Whatever the case, marrying with the intention of
getting divorced is haraam, and it may be either
invalid in and of itself like mut'ah, or haraam
because of the deceit and betrayal involved.
And Allaah knows best.