the Dead... : Basic Needs, Even after Death -
Pre-conceived Notions And Suspicions
07 April 2011
By Al-Ikhwah Al-Mujahidun
ONE of the most oft-mentioned
accusations against the Shari'ah is that it
would harm humans rights. How wrong can be one be?
Those who are willing to do away with pre-conceived
notions and suspicions, and to learn, would be
pleasantly surprised to know that not one aspect of a
person's life misses the protection that the Islamic
Law or Shari'ah accords.
The rights of a human being – as the creation of Allah
Ta'ala – are fully covered before he is born.
This is true, because Islam tells the Muslims to guard
their chastity and to marry righteous people, thus to
give an unborn child righteous parentage.
Further, his or her right to the protection of their
lineage is protected because Islam tells the Muslims
that a child cannot assume the name of somebody other
than his or her father - and that is he or she is
conceived within the wedlock. Another ruling applies
when the child is born out of wedlock.
In fact, even after death people still have rights and
they are protected by Islam. The following is an
excerpt of a comprehensive booklet about human rights
in Islam and the misconceptions surrounding the
subject, called "Misconceptions on Human Rights in
Islam" by Abdulrahman Al-Sheha.
Islam has clear rulings about human rights that are
beyond any man-made chapters of human rights.
Take peace and security, for
Islam offers self security, family security and
protection. Members of the Muslim society at large
must not be frightened, or threatened by words,
threats or weapons of all types. This is based on the
Hadith of Allah's Messenger (peace and blessings of
Allah be upon him):
"Whosoever frightens a Believer (in this life) it
will become incumbent on the Almighty Allah to make
such a person insecure (and frightened) on the Day of
Food and decent sustenance
are secured for people in an Islamic society by
availing decent and suitable work opportunities for
the work force in the society. As for the individuals
who can no longer work due to old age, inability to
work, chronic disease or the lack of bread-earner in
the family, such individuals become entitled for
public aid from the Islamic government.
Zakat represent a full mechanism of social
integration among the various individuals of the
Then, there is the right to basic education for all.
In fact, education in the Islamic society is not a
mere right for its individuals. It is rather a
required duty from every capable person. All capable,
intelligent and skilled individuals in the Islamic
society are required to educate themselves religiously
and in worldly affairs.
Proper and adequate health
facilities are also
a right. Equality is a right.
Islam removes all the impositions of barriers and
classes among the members of the Islamic society in
order to enable them to enjoy and practice their
legitimate rights. No discrimination of any type is
allowed in Islam. Lineage, colour, region or language
must not give individuals any special class or status
in the Islamic society.
Even after Death
In fact, we should point out here that the human
rights according to Islam reflect continuous process
that never ceases even after man's death.
Man is entitled to be properly washed, or rather
bathed gently, upon his death.
Man is also entitled to be wrapped in one, or a set of
three to five, white, new, clean shrouds, and he is
entitled to a funeral prayer to be offered as a
farewell to his body and soul in this life.
Furthermore, after death, a deceased is further
honoured with the following rights: the grave of a
Muslim must not be dug up for no significant and
honourable reason, nobody is allowed to sit on top of
the grave of a Muslim and nobody has the right to walk
over the grave of a Muslim deceased.
In fact, a Muslim is even entitled for the protection
against gossip and ill memories after his death. This
is based on the following Hadith of Allah's Messenger
(peace and blessings of Allah be upon him):
"(Only) mention the good things of your deceased and
shun away from mentioning any defaming items (they
were known with while alive)."
There are more rights for a Muslim as follows:
when he dies, he is entitled to the prayers,
supplications and charity donated on his behalf. A
Muslim is also entitled for the full execution of his
will and whatever he promised or pledged to do while
alive, but could not fulfil it due to abrupt death.
This is based on the Hadith of Allah's Messenger
(peace and blessings of Allah be upon him):
"A man asked Allah's Messenger (peace and
blessings of Allah be upon him), ‘Oh Prophet of Allah!
My parents died. Is there anything I can do to please
them and be good to them, even after their death?'
Allah's Messenger replied immediately, ‘Yes. Pray for
their souls. Honour their friends and be generous to
them. Remain in touch and on good terms with their kin
and kith, and fulfil their pledge of allegiance (which
they committed themselves to do while they were
In another hadith, Rasulullah Sallallahu
‘alayhi wa sallam said, "The most beloved
people to Allah are the most useful [or beneficial to
others]. The most beloved actions to Allah Subhanahu
wa Ta'ala is a pleasure you bring to [a broken
hearted, suffering] Muslim, or to relieve such a
sufferer from his suffering, or to pay his debt, or to
dismiss his hunger [by offering him a decent meal to
It is even better for me to walk with a Muslim
brother to accomplish his need than to enter seclusion
in a Masjid for an entire month.
Whosoever controls his anger [in this world] Allah
I will cover his vices. Whosoever controls
[suppresses] his anger, which he is capable of harming
others with it, Allah Subhanahu wa Ta'ala will fill
his heart with satisfaction [or happiness] on the Day
Whosoever walks to support the evidence of a
Muslim brother [definitely] Allah Subhanahu wa Ta'ala
will fasten his footsteps on the Day when footsteps
are [very] flinching. Surely, evil character and
behavior will spoil [or ruin] the [good deeds and
pious actions] as vinegar spoils honey." (At-Tabarani)