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Is It A Sin To Insult One's Muslim Brother? She Gets Angry Quickly And Curses The Person With Whom She Is Angry

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What should be done with a person who calls a Muslim a dog, pig, or other offensive word? Is it a sin?

Praise be to Allaah.

It is a sin and he should be punished (ta'zeer – punishment to be specified by the qaadi/Muslim judge). He also has to repent. And Allaah knows best.

Fataawa al-Imaam al-Nawawi, p. 224

She gets angry quickly and curses the person with whom she is angry

I get angry easily and at times I go in a rage and start cursing the person I am angry at in private. When I cool down, I say "astagfirruallah," and I keep making an intention to not do it again. I know cursing is haraam. I hate what I do, and I wish I can control myself. I want to know how does one repent for cursing someone in anger. The person does not hear me say these things but I still feel bad about them. And do I have tell the person that I cursed them in private? Can I just keep it to myself as to not create animosity between me and the person? Can I give sadaqah to cancel the harm I did? What do I need to do to fix the problem. I want to stop, and I keep making dua' - but for now I want to repent for the times I cursed people in anger. Also does Allah accept my curses in anger? I am feeling very depressed over this issue. I feel bad when I stand for prayer. I wish to really repent and feel content about my repentance. Jazak Allahu Khairan.

Praise be to Allaah.

You have to restrain your anger, because Allaah says (interpretation of the meaning):

"…who repress anger, and who pardon men; verily, Allaah loves Al-Muhsinoon (the good-doers)." [Aal ‘Imraan 3:134]

"And those who avoid the greater sins, and Al-Fawaahish (illegal sexual intercourse), and when they are angry, they forgive." [al-Shooraa 42:37]

This is because when a person does not restrain his anger, he insults, curses, swears and hits. Anger may be a door to all kinds of evil. The Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) often advised people not to get angry. Al-Bukhaari narrated in al-Saheeh (6116) from Abu Hurayrah (may Allaah be pleased with him) that a man said to the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him), "Advise me." He said: "Do not get angry." The man repeated his request several times, and he said, "Do not get angry."

The Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) regarded the one who controls himself when he is angry as being the strongest of men. Al-Bukhaari narrated in al-Saheeh (6114) that the Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said: "The strong man is not the one who can wrestle (fight); the strong man is the one who controls himself at the time of anger."

Al-Haafiz Ibn Hajar (may Allaah have mercy on him) made some important points in Fath al-Baari (10/520) in his commentary on the hadeeth "Do not get angry". He said:

"Al-Tabaraani quoted the hadeeth of Sufyaan ibn ‘Abd-Allaah al-Thaqafi: I said, O Messenger of Allaah, tell me something that will be of benefit to me, and make it brief and concise. He said, "Do not get angry, and Paradise will be yours." It was also narrated that Abu'l-Dardaa' said: I said, O Messenger of Allaah, tell me of a deed which will earn me admission to Paradise. He said, Do not get angry… Al-Khattaabi said: The meaning of the phrase ‘Do not get angry' is, Avoid the things that cause anger and do not expose yourself to that which provokes it. Anger itself could not have been forbidden, because it is something natural which cannot be removed from human nature. Someone else said: what is meant is that which can be achieved by training oneself… It was said that it means, Do not do that which anger provokes you to do. Ibn Battaal said: the hadeeth indicates… that striving to control oneself is more difficult than striving against the enemy, because the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) described the one who controls himself at times of anger as being the strongest of people. Someone else said: Perhaps the person who asked this question was hot-tempered; the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) used to command each person to do that which was most appropriate for him, so he summed up his advice to this person by telling him not to get angry. Ibn al-Teen said: in the words ‘Do not get angry', the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) brought together the good of this world and of the Hereafter, because anger results in cutting off ties and withholding kindness, and it may lead to one doing harm to the person with whom one is angry, which diminishes one's religious commitment.

One of the scholars said: Allaah created anger from fire, and made it an instinct in man. When there is a dispute, the flames of anger are fanned until a person's face and eyes become red, because the skin reflects what is underneath it… Anger produces external and internal changes, such as a change in colour, trembling, uncontrolled actions and a change in appearance, such that if the angry person could see himself when he is angry, he would feel ashamed of his ugly appearance and they way his appearance has changed. All of that is what happens on the outside. The internal effects are even worse, because it generates hatred in the heart, envy (hasad) and all kinds of bad feelings. The most ugly effects of anger are the internal effects, and the external changes are the results of the internal changes. All of this has an effect on the body. The effect on the tongue is that it speaks words of slander and foul language which the wise person would feel ashamed of, and the angry person regrets them when he calms down. The effects of anger can also be seen in people's actions, when they beat and kill. If the angry person does not have the chance to do that, he turns his anger against himself, tearing his garments and slapping his cheeks; sometimes he may have a seizure, or fall unconscious, or break vessels, or hit someone who has not done anything wrong. Whoever thinks about these evil actions will realize just how much wisdom there is in these gentle words of the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him), ‘Do not get angry,' and to how great an extent they protect people's interests by warding off this great evil which may otherwise lead who knows where. All of this has to do with anger for the sake of worldly things, not anger for the sake of religious matters… (Anger for the sake of Allaah is praiseworthy and recommended, such as anger when seeing evil actions). It helps a person not to get angry when he bears in mind what has been narrated concerning the virtues of restraining anger, and the warnings concerning the results of anger; he should also seek refuge with Allaah from the Shaytaan… and do wudoo'… And Allaah knows best."

Remember, too, that the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) was not a person who insulted or cursed others. It was reported in Saheeh al-Bukhaari (6031) that Anas ibn Maalik (may Allaah be pleased with him) said: The Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) was not a person who insulted people or used obscene language, and he did not curse people. If he wanted to rebuke anyone, he would say, "What is wrong with him? – may his forehead be rubbed with dust."

You must repent to Allaah for any curses and aggressive words that you have uttered, but there is no need to tell those whom you have cursed, so as not to provoke any evil actions. You can ask their forgiveness in a general way. With regard to the people whom you have prayed against, pray for good things for them, especially if you have been unfair to them in your prayers against them when they did not deserve such a thing. Ask Allaah to be kind to you, for a person's du'aa's may come back on him if he prays against someone who does not deserve that. You must keep your tongue busy with du'aa' and dhikr (remembrance of Allaah), because that brings peace to the heart. "… verily, in the remembrance of Allaah do hearts find rest" [al-Ra'd 13:28 – interpretation of the meaning]. Keep away from using your tongue to hurt other people. May Allaah bless our Prophet Muhammad.

Sheikh Muhammed Salih Al-Munajjid

 

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