Confused About A Fatwa On The Ruling On
Showing Pictures Of Women's Fashions: Woman Putting
Her Picture On Facebook
Islamic Rulings -
Living Shariah Verdicts
Islamic Questions & Answers
In your fatwa on the website entitled Putting
women's pictures in women-only chat rooms to learn how
to do makeup and other adornments, it says that it is
permissible to show pictures of fashion outfits in
chat rooms with the head cut off or with the facial
features blotted out completely. I was confused by
this. How can this be permissible when a man who goes
to this page could see it? Does blotting out the
facial features cancel out the fitnah altogether? How
many men have been tempted by a woman's body even
though her face is ugly! If it is permissible, then
what is the benefit of the command to wear the abayah
if the body is not a source of temptation and it is
permissible for men to look at it? Aren't all parts of
the woman's body ‘awrah and don't men have to lower
their gaze and not look at her? What is the evidence
for this being permissible?.
Praise be to Allaah.
We appreciate your concern and your keenness to seek
good. We ask Allah to make us and you steadfast in
obedience to Him.
The fatwa you mention has to do with women's chat
rooms. It stated that it is haraam to publish pictures
of women on the Internet, but it granted a concession
allowing posting pictures of "outfits minus the head,
or with the facial features blotted out completely".
That is because of what was mentioned in the question,
which is that it is for the purpose of learning and
benefitting. Undoubtedly the aim of the fatwa was to
avoid fitnah and block the causes that lead to it. If
the pictures of outfits lead to fitnah, such as if
they were physical bodies or they were provocative
pictures, then the answer is that it is also forbidden
to post them.
There is no doubt that men are enjoined to lower their
gaze and avoid looking at women, their faces and their
bodies, with no differentiation. And there is no doubt
that the woman's entire body is ‘awrah as you say. But
the point that should be noted here is that the chat
room is for women and this means will divert many
women from looking at harmful fashion magazines, and
so they can find what they need on these websites. But
we affirm that if the pictures of fashion outfits are
done in a way that promotes fitnah, then they should
not be allowed and ways must be sought of presenting
them without showing them on bodies.
To sum up: we have to differentiate here between two
things having to do with this issue:
1. The issue of the image itself, regardless of
whether it results in fitnah or not. This is the one
for which it is stipulated that the head be cut off
2. The issue of fitnah, which must be warded off and
prevented, if it is thought most likely that it will
And Allah knows best.
Ruling on a woman putting her
picture on Facebook
What is the ruling on
a woman putting her picture on her Facebook page,
especially since some of our sisters who wear hijab
believes that putting pictures of themselves in hijab
is something that is not forbidden in sharee‘ah? Could
you explain so that I can advise them?.
Praise be to Allaah.
It is haraam for a girl to put a picture of herself on
Facebook or in chat rooms or on other websites, for a
number of reasons:
This is contrary to covering and concealment that is
enjoined upon women in the Qur'aan and Sunnah. Allah,
may He be glorified and exalted, says concerning the
noblest of women and the furthest of them from
suspicion, namely the wives of the Prophet (blessings
and peace of Allah be upon him):
"And when you ask (his wives) for anything you want,
ask them from behind a screen, that is purer for your
hearts and for their hearts"
"O Prophet! Tell your wives and your daughters and the
women of the believers to draw their cloaks (veils)
all over their bodies (i.e., screen themselves
completely except the eyes or one eye to see the way).
That will be better, that they should be known (as
free respectable women) so as not to be annoyed. And
Allah is Ever OftForgiving, Most Merciful"
And He forbade women to speak softly, as He says
(interpretation of the meaning):
"O wives of the Prophet! You are not like any other
women. If you keep your duty (to Allah), then be not
soft in speech, lest he in whose heart is a disease
(of hypocrisy, or evil desire for adultery, etc.)
should be moved with desire, but speak in an
So Allah, may He be glorified and exalted, enjoined
the wives of the Prophet (blessings and peace of Allah
be upon him), and the believing women in general, to
observe hijab, so as to purify the hearts of the
believing women and to protect them from anything that
may give rise to temptation or suspicion, and so as to
preserve their chastity and that of His believing
slaves. Once this is understood, it will become clear
that for a woman to put her picture where it will be
seen by righteous and evildoers alike on such websites
is something that is contrary to Allah's teachings.
That opens the door to fitnah (temptation) and evil
for the woman and for those who see her. How often
have we heard and read painful stories caused by such
things. How many pure and chaste women have fallen
into the traps of those who do not fear Allah,
evildoers who have tempted them with sweet words and
promises until, when they had had their way with them,
they turned their back on them and abandoned them with
nothing but regret and loss, and perhaps shame in this
world and in the Hereafter - Allah forbid.
How many evildoers have tampered with those images and
reproduced them by modern means, putting the head of a
decent woman on the body of an immoral woman, then
there will be great regret for what she brought upon
herself and her family when regret is to no avail.
With regard to what you have mentioned about some
women who wear hijab believing that putting their
picture in hijab is not forbidden according to Islam,
if what you mean by hijab is proper shar‘i hijab that
covers the face and does not show the face of the
woman, then this kind of thing is not forbidden in
Islam, especially when there is a need for it. But
this is not what they meant, because there is no
benefit in doing this. What is the point of putting a
picture of a black shape in which nothing appears?!
But if what is meant is putting a picture of a woman
with her face uncovered, even if she has covered the
rest of her body, then we have explained that this is
what leads to evil consequences that are sufficient to
deem it forbidden, even if we do not say that it is
obligatory for the woman to cover her face; so how
about if that is obligatory? The sin in this case is
multiplied and the danger is greater. By doing that
she has transgressed and what the believing women have
been accustomed to doing for centuries.
Al-Ghazaali (may Allah have mercy on him) said in Ihya'
‘Uloom ad-Deen (2/53): Men throughout the ages have
always had their faces uncovered and women have always
gone out with their faces covered. End quote. It says
something similar in Fath al-Baari, 9/337.
Al-Haafiz Ibn Hajar (may Allah have mercy on him) said
in Fath al-Baari (9/424): The custom of women in the
past and more recently has been to cover their faces
in front of non-mahram men. End quote.
Moreover, if everyone who has any common sense
realises that the focal point of beauty and fitnah in
women is the face, and this is what men want to see,
and it is from this that it is judged whether a woman
is beautiful or not, then publishing pictures in the
manner mentioned opens the door to women for be
tempted to be a source of temptation, and for them and
their pictures to be treated disrespectfully, as they
will be visible to anyone who wants to see them.
And Allah knows best.
Putting up educational pictures
What is the ruling on putting up educational pictures
for children in their rooms, such as posters for
teaching the alphabet, on which there is a picture for
Praise be to Allaah.
There is nothing wrong with teaching children the
alphabet by writing letters with appropriate pictures,
even if they are pictures of animate beings, because
of the concession allowing "dolls for girls", and
because concessions may be granted to small children
that are not granted to adults. Putting up these
pictures will not do any harm, because they are images
that are permitted, unless the pictures are put up
with the aim of venerating the images themselves; if
there is no such intention and the pictures are
permitted, there is nothing wrong with having them on
the ground or hung on the wall.
See also questions no. 137174 and 20325
And Allah knows best.