Time for Self-Criticism Amid All the Arab Confusion
15 August 2015
By Eyad Abu Shakra
Let us stop, even just once, our stubborn denial and talk openly about why we
seem addicted to reactions and self-assurances, while others are achieving
political advances which even their foes acknowledge.
I contend that if we were to pose a direct question along these lines, we
would not like the answer.
There is no doubt that the Iran nuclear deal has been a significant landmark
that has uncovered where we as Arabs are failing. Another significant
development has been the late-coming American "understanding" of Turkey's
sensitivities towards Kurdish nationalist aspirations. Then, of course, there
is the age-old Palestinian issue which has served for decades as living proof
of our failure to comprehend the true relationship between the West and
Israel—as a concept and entity, and in terms of political culture. Finally,
we need to admit our mismanagement of the issue of coexistence in our
countries. We behave either as if we know nothing about the plurality of our
constituent communities, or we believe obliterating plurality is the only way
to protect our "national unity" against "foreign conspiracies."
The truth is, however, that we have been committing mistakes for a long time
now. The difference this time around is that the existential challenges do
not allow for more fatal "comfort zones." Indeed, I believe the period we are
going through is comparable only with the one which led to the countdown to
the Camp David Accords between Egypt and Israel—including Anwar Sadat's
breaking all the old Arab political taboos regarding recognizing Israel and
speaking in the Knesset. Actually, I believe this may be an even more
dangerous time, and more decisive for the region's future.
Well, let's begin with the Israel–Palestine issue. Washington is now moving
at full speed in order to win over Benjamin Netanyahu's acceptance of the
Iran nuclear deal, and from our long experience with Washington's attempts to
cajole Israel, we know that the weaker party—the Palestinian side—always pays
the heaviest price for these efforts. And if we recall that the solid base on
which Netanyahu relies includes the extremist settlers, then the murderers
who committed the heinous crime against the Dawabsha family—whose
18-month-old baby Ali was burned alive in an attack by Jewish settlers—will
go unpunished, while settlements will continue to expand and any chances for
Palestinian statehood will recede. And with them disappear the last vestiges
of Palestinian moderation that make a political solution possible.
Moving from Israel–Palestine to Iran, we find ourselves dealing with more
than the occupation of one Arab entity called Palestine to several de facto
occupations plus other attempts to dominate and occupy even more Arab
countries. Moreover, we are witnessing a "sectarian Muslim–Muslim civil war"
instead of Israel's Jewish "isolationism" that fears peace and demographic
Alas, as we have failed dismally in understanding the relationship between
the West and Zionism even before the founding of the State of Israel. And we
now look stunned by the apparent success of Iran's "lobby" in building
effective interest-based networks with the Right and Left in almost all
Western countries, including the US—although some may still recall the role
played by the Shah of Iran in the former Central Treaty Organization,
(CENTO), originally known as the Baghdad Pact.
To be more direct, John Kerry is now visiting the Middle East in order to
promote the new American strategic vision of the region, not to clarify some
sudden "misunderstanding" arising between Washington and Arab countries. In
fact, the priorities of the Obama Administration's vision are very clear—at
least to Arab observers based in Washington who know their way around its
lobbies and corridors of power. These observers are well aware of what is
being whispered and leaked, and what is being "advised" by various think-tank
experts. The overall picture they are getting is not comforting.
The war on the Islamic State of Iraq and Syria (ISIS) and similar
organizations is now certainly the excuse to ignore all other events in the
Middle East, including the ever-expanding Iranian hegemony and emboldened
Kurdish secessionist ambitions throughout the Arab Mashreq.
Consequently, shooting down the ideas of safe havens in northern and southern
Syria is not only the declared policy of the Obama Administration and its
team of advisers, but is also being defended and endorsed by some in Europe
who do not see the end of Assad's dictatorship as the first step towards a
solution for Syria and the region, and even argue that safe havens would
become refuges for "anti-Western ISIS-style extremists."
Here it may be worthwhile to examine Turkey's position. Many today are eager
to accuse Turkey of being ISIS's principal backer and attach all sorts of
conspiracies and evils to the country's leadership. This attitude is led by
some Arabs who have grown accustomed to seeing politics in "black and white"
and in terms of "either-or." Hence, they do not seem—in good faith—to
differentiate between a tactical cooperation and a strategic alliance. As a
result, the anger felt against the "Islamist" policies of Turkey's government
are making this group not only underestimate the threat of Iranian
expansionism, but some of them are also talking openly of siding with Iran
against Turkey. As such they are willing to forget what crimes Tehran has
perpetrated against the Syrian people via the Assad regime, against the
Yemenis via the Houthis, and what it has in store for the Gulf states,
They do not seem to realize that the issue is far too important to be subject
to mere spitefulness and matters of temperament. The threat is too real and
too dangerous to allow for misconceptions and miscalculations.
Arab countries have already paid heavily for such misconceptions and
miscalculations since Saddam Hussein's occupation of Kuwait, and have been
too late in appreciating the detrimental repercussions of a sectarian regime
emerging from the ruins of Saddam's. The Arabs of the region have lost much
as a mistake has been "corrected" by a worse mistake, and a sectarian
hegemony replaced by an opposite sectarian hegemony.
Iraq's tragedy needs no proof; and what Lebanon has been going through since
the Rafik Hariri assassination in 2005, and the subsequent handover by Assad
of "Syrian-dominated Lebanon" to Hezbollah, is another chapter in that sorry
saga. And since 2011 the bloody execution of Iran's regional domination has
been extended to Syria itself with total disregard to the delicate religious,
sectarian, and ethnic balance in the fine-tuned Syrian social mosaic. Thus,
with a combination of conspiracy here, and ignorance there, the issue of
"protecting minorities" in the Mashreq is now becoming a Damocles sword
hanging ominously above the region.
The Mashreq is certainly losing badly as extremist "Political Shi'ism"
abandons Imam Ali Ibn Abi Taleb's ideals—especially his humane sense of
justice—and extremist "Political Sunnism" is losing even more as it rushes to
mass political suicide and global confrontation after turning its back on the
traditional moderation and pragmatism of the Sunni ruling establishment
Eyad Abu Shakra is the
managing editor of Asharq Al-Awsat. He has been with the newspaper since