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Should He Forsake His Family Who Reject The Sunnah? Case Of Obedience

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Translation Reviewer: Abu Adham Osama Omara

If a person's family rejects the necessity of following anything that's in hadeeth at all, and says you can follow only the Qur'an, can you give them salaams and say "Eid Mubarak" to them to reduce fitnah and not make them upset? 

Praise be to Allaah.  

Firstly: 

Every Muslim has to believe in all the hadeeths of the Messenger (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) if they are saheeh and not reject any of them, because his hadeeth and his Sunnah are revelation (wahy) from Allaah. Whoever rejects the hadeeth of the Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) has rejected revelation from Allaah. 

Allaah says (interpretation of the meaning), "By the star when it goes down (or vanishes). Your companion (Muhammad) has neither gone astray nor has erred. Nor does he speak of (his own) desire. It is only a Revelation revealed. He has been taught (this Qur'aan) by one mighty in power [Jibreel (Gabriel)]. One free from any defect in body and mind then he (Jibreel Gabriel in his real shape as created by Allaah) rose and became stable." [An-Najm: 1-6] 

Allaah has commanded the people to obey His Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him). He has enjoined this in many verses of the Qur'aan, of which we will quote some. Allaah says (interpretation of the meaning), "Say (O Muhammad): Obey Allaah and the Messenger (Muhammad).' But if they turn away, then Allaah does not like the disbelievers." [Aal-Imraan: 32] 

"He who obeys the Messenger (Muhammad), has indeed obeyed Allaah, but he who turns away, then we have not sent you (O Muhammad) as a watcher over them." [An-Nisaa':80] 

"O you who believe! Obey Allaah and obey the Messenger (Muhammad), and those of you (Muslims) who are in authority. (And) if you differ in anything amongst yourselves, refer it to Allaah and His Messenger, if you believe in Allaah and in the Last Day. That is better and more suitable for final determination." [An-Nisaa': 59] 

"And perform As‑Salaah (Iqaamat‑as-Salaah), and give Zakaah and obey the Messenger (Muhammad) that you may receive mercy (from Allaah)." [An-Noor: 56] 

And there are many similar verses. 

The one who rejects the Sunnah is a kaafir and an apostate. 

As-Suyooti (may Allaah have mercy on him) said in his essay Miftaah al-Jannah fi Ihtijaaj bi Sunnah [1]: 

Note that whoever denies that the hadeeth of the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him), whether it describes his words or deeds, so long as it meets the conditions outlined by the scholars, may be quoted as evidence, is a kaafir and has gone beyond the pale of Islam; he will be gathered with the Jews and the Christians or whomever Allaah wills among the kaafir sects [i.e. on the Day of Resurrection]. 

Those who want to restrict themselves to the Qur'aan only are called Al-Qur'aaniyyoon.

This view of theirs is an old view which the Messenger (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) warned against in more than one hadeeth, as we shall see below. Among the soundest evidences that this view is false is the fact that those who say this do not really follow what they say. 

How do these people pray? How many times do they pray each day and night? What are the conditions and details of Zakaah? What is the nisaab (threshold of wealth) for paying Zakaah? What is the amount that must be paid? How do they do Hajj and Umrah? How many times do they circumambulate the Ka'bah? How many times do they go back and forth between As-Safa and Al-Marwah? 

There are many other issues, the details of which are not mentioned in the Qur'aan, rather they are mentioned in the Qur'aan in general terms, and the Messenger (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) explained them in detail in his Sunnah. 

Would these people refrain from acting upon these rulings because they are not mentioned in the Qur'aan? 

If their answer is yes, then they have passed judgement against themselves that they are kaafirs, because they have denied a basic principle of Islam that no Muslim has any excuse for not knowing and on which there is unanimous consensus among the Muslims.  

If they reply that they do not refrain from following these rulings, then they have demonstrated that their view is false. 

Shaykh Al-Islam Ibn Taymiyah said after quoting the verses that enjoin following the Messenger (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him)  

These texts enjoin following the Messenger even if we do not find what he said specifically referred to in the texts of the Qur'aan. These verses also enjoin following the Qur'aan even if we do not find what is said in the Qur'aan specifically mentioned in the hadeeth of the Messenger. 

So we must follow the Qur'aan and we must follow the Messenger. Following the one implies following the other, for the Messenger conveyed the Book, and the Book commands us to follow the Messenger. The Book and the Messenger do not contradict one another at all, just as the Book does not contradict itself. Allaah says (interpretation of the meaning), "Had it been from other than Allaah, they would surely have found therein many contradictions." [An-Nisaa':82] 

And there are many hadeeths from the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) which state that it is obligatory to follow the Qur'aan and that it is obligatory to follow his Sunnah, for example the hadeeth in which he said, "I do not want to find anyone of you reclining on his pillow, and when he hears of something that I have commanded or forbidden, he says, Between us and you there stands this Qur'aan, whatever we find is permissible in it we will take as permissible, and whatever we find is forbidden in it we will take as forbidden.' For I have been given the Book and something like it with it; it is like the Qur'aan or more." This hadeeth is narrated in the books of Sunan and Masaneed from the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) with a number of isnads from Abu Tha'labah, Abu Raafi', Abu Hurayrah and others. 

In Saheeh Muslim, it is narrated from Jaabir that the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said in his Farewell Sermon: "I am leaving behind among you something which, if you adhere to it, you will not go astray after that. It is the Book of Allaah." The version narrated by Al-Haakim says, "The Book of Allaah and my Sunnah." (Classed as saheeh by Al-Albaani in Saheeh Al-Jaami', 2937)

In Saheeh Al-Bukhari, it is narrated from Abdullah ibn Abi Awfa that it was said to him: Did the Messenger of Allaah leave a will? He said, no. It was said, how then is it prescribed for people to make wills when the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) did not make a will? He said, He made a will in which he enjoined (adherence to) the Book of Allaah. (Narrated by Muslim, 1634) 

The Sunnah of the Messenger of Allaah explains the Qur'aan, as it explains the number of prayers, how much should be recited in them, which should be recited out loud and which quietly. It also explains the amounts of Zakaah to be paid and the threshold at which Zakaah becomes due; the rituals of Hajj and Umrah; how many times one should circumambulate the Ka'bah, go between As-Safa and Al-Marwah and stone the Jamaraat, etc. 

When any Sunnah is proven to be saheeh, the Muslims are agreed that it is obligatory to follow it. There may be something in the Sunnah which a person thinks appears to go against the apparent meaning of the Qur'aan and add to it, such as the Sunnah which explains the threshold of stealing at which the hadd punishment becomes due, and the Sunnah which stipulates that the married adulterer is to be stoned. This Sunnah must also be followed, according to the view of the Sahaabah (Companions of the Prophet) and those who followed them in truth, and all groups of Muslims. 

Adapted from Majmoo' Al-Fataawa, 19/84-86 

That which was brought by the Messenger (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) is true just as the Qur'aan is true.

 Secondly: 

You should not forsake your family; rather you should treat them kindly and strive to call them to follow and accept the Sunnah. 

Allaah says (interpretation of the meaning), "Invite (mankind, O Muhammad) to the way of your Lord (i.e. Islam) with wisdom (i.e. with the Divine Revelation and the Qur'aan) and fair preaching, and argue with them in a way that is better. Truly, your Lord knows best who has gone astray from His path, and He is the Best Aware of those who are guided." [An-Nahl: 125] 

"And We have enjoined on man (to be dutiful and good) to his parents. His mother bore him in weakness and hardship upon weakness and hardship, and his weaning is in two years ــ give thanks to Me and to your parents. Unto Me is the final destination. But if they (both) strive with you to make you join in worship with Me others that of which you have no knowledge, then obey them not; but behave with them in the world kindly, and follow the path of him who turns to Me in repentance and in obedience. Then to Me will be your return, and I shall tell you what you used to do." [Luqmaan: 14-15] 

And Allaah knows best.

 

[1] The title means: The Key to Paradise Is by Using Sunnah as Evidence.  (Reviewer)

 

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Islam in Tanzania Muslims or Tanzanian Muslims | Muslims of Tanzania and Muslims in Tanzania <> Islam in Togo Muslims or Togolese Muslims | Muslims of Togo and Muslims in Togo <> Islam in Uganda Muslims or Ugandan Muslims | Muslims of Uganda and Muslims in Uganda <> Islam in Zambia Muslims or Zambian Muslims | Muslims of Zambia and Muslims in Zambia <> Islam in Zimbabwe Muslims or Zimbabwean Muslims | Muslims of Zimbabwe and Muslims in Zimbabwe <> Islam in African Muslims || African Mosques || African Muslim Organizations || African Muslim Colleges || African Muslim Businesses www.esinislam.com <<>>  ALL SERVICES ARE FREE ::::: AwqafAfrica is in association with www.esinislam.com, www.islamafrica.com, and www.islamicafrica.com <<>> African Muslim Directories <<>> If you reside in the UK, the US, Canada, France, Germany, Ireland, or Australia and require FREE Islamic ritual services including Marriage, Newborn Baby Ceremonies, Funerals, etc. send your requests to: ritualservices@esinislam.com  <<>>> Free Muslim visits in Johannesburg, Cape Town, Lagos, Abuja, Port Harcourt, Accra, Cotonou, Port Novo, Freetown, Abidjan, Dakar, Khartoum, Nairobi, Addis Ababa, Harare, or Kinshasa visits@esinislam.com  <<>> FREE Translations English-Arabic-English and French-Arabic-French are available for mosques, Islamic centres, and Muslim organizations based in Africa or serving the Africans abroad: translator@esinislam.com  <<>> Free Islamic And Arabic Studies For The African Muslims And African American Muslims <<>> Islam In Africa <> Islam In America <> Islam In Europe <> Islam In Asia <<>> Join us celebrating Islam in Africa Muslims or African Muslims | Muslims of Africa and Muslims in Africa Islam in Angola Muslims or Angolan Muslims | Muslims of Angola and Muslims in Angola <>Islam in Benin Muslims or Dahome Muslims | Muslims of Benin and Muslims in Benin <> Islam in Botswana Muslims or Boswanan Muslims | Muslims of Botswana and Muslims in Botswana <> Islam in Burkina Faso Muslims or Burkinan Muslims | Muslims of Burkinafaso and Muslims in Burkinafaso <> Islam in Burundi Muslims or Burundian Muslims | Muslims of Burundi and Muslims in Burundi <> Islam in Cameroon Muslims or Cameroonian Muslims | Muslims of Cameroon and Muslims in Cameroon <> Islam in Cape Verde Muslims or Capean Muslims | Muslims of Cape Verde and Muslims in Cape Verde <> Islam in Central Africa Muslims or Central African Muslims | Muslims of Central Africa and Muslims in Central Africa <> Islam in Chad Muslims or Chadian Muslims | Muslims of Chad And Muslims in Chad <> Islam in Comoros Muslims or Comorian Muslims | Muslims of Comoros and Muslims in Comoros <> Islam in Congolese (DRC Kinshasa) Muslims or Congolese (DRC Kinshasa) Muslims | Muslims of Congolese (DRC Kinshasa) and Muslims in Congolese (DRC Kinshasa) <> Islam in Congo (Brazzaville) Muslims or Congolese (Brazzaville) Muslims | Muslims of Congo (Brazzaville) and Muslims in Congo (Brazzaville) <> Islam in 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Ivory Coast <> Islam in Kenya Muslims or Kenyan Muslims | Muslims of Kenya and Muslims in Kenya <> Islam in Lesotho Muslims or Lesothian Muslims | Muslims of Lesotho and Muslims in Lesotho <> Islam in Liberia Muslims or Liberian Muslims | Muslims of Liberia and Muslims in Liberia <> Islam in Madagascar Muslims or Madagascan Muslims | Muslims of Madagascar and Muslims in Madagascar <> Islam in Malawi Muslims or Malawian Muslims | Muslims of Malawi and Muslims In Malawi <> Islam in Mali Muslims or Malian Muslims | Muslims of Mali and Muslims In Mali <> Islam in Mauritania Muslims or Mauritanian Muslims | Muslims of Mauritania and Muslims In Mauritania <> Islam in Mauritius Muslims or Mauritian Muslims | Muslims of Mauritius and Muslims In Mauritius <> Islam in Mozambique Muslims or Mozambican Muslims | Muslims of Mozambique and Muslims in Mozambique <> Islam in Namibia Muslims or Namibian Muslims | Muslims of Namibia and Muslims in Namibia <> Islam in Niger Muslims or Nigerean Muslims | 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