Wants To Travel For Hajj With A Group But Without A Mahram
Islamic Rulings -
Living Shariah Verdicts
Islamic Questions & Answers
Iam the only child to my parents. Iam married
and have only two daughters.My husband and I live in
the USA, and all our families and relatives live in a
country in the middile east. Thus the only Mahraam I
have is my husband who cannot travel out of the USA
for reasons that I cannot mension in this email. I
really whant to go to Hajj inshaa-Allah since I have
all the means to do so. Is it Halal for me to go to
Hajj with an organized group for pilgrims. And if not,
how will I ever be able to fullfil this important
pillar of Islam when I don't have any Mahrams?!
Praise be to Allaah.
A woman does not have to go for Hajj unless she is
able, and having a Mahram who can accompany her is one
of the prerequisites for her to be able to go to Hajj.
If it is not easy for her to find a Mahram to go for
Hajj with her, then she is not able according to
Sharee'ah, because in Islam a woman is forbidden to
travel without a Mahram. Therefore Hajj is not
obligatory for you unless you find a Mahram. So have
patience until Allaah makes it easy for you to have a
Mahram with whom you can go for Hajj. You have a valid
excuse and there is no sin on you for this. As for
going with a group without a Mahram, this is not
permissible because of the hadeeth narrated by Ibn
‘Abbaas (may Allaah be pleased with him) who said:
"The Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon
him) said: ‘No woman should travel except with a
Mahram, and no man should enter upon a woman unless
her Mahram is with her.' A man said, ‘O Messenger of
Allaah, I want to go out with such-and-such an army
and my wife wants to go to Hajj.' He said, ‘Go to Hajj
with her.'" (Reported by al-Bukhaari, 1729). The
pilgrims used to go out from Madeenah in one caravan
like a group but still the Prophet (peace and
blessings of Allaah be upon him) did not allow women
to travel without a Mahram.
And Allaah knows best.
Hajj without husband's permission
There is a married woman whose husband promised
to take her to Hajj, but he did not keep his promise.
Her family came to her on their way to Makkah and took
her with them without the husband's knowledge or
approval. Is her Hajj valid?.
Praise be to Allaah.
Shaykh Muhammad ibn Saalih al-‘Uthaymeen (may Allaah
have mercy on him) said: "Before replying, I would
like to point out that it is not permissible for a
woman to go out without her husband's permission, even
if that is in the same city, so how can she go for
Hajj without his permission? This is haraam and it is
not permissible for her to do this. The husband who
promised to take his wife for Hajj has to fulfil his
promise and take her for Hajj, especially since this
promise is stated as a condition in the marriage
contract. The Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah
be upon him) said: "The most deserving of conditions
to be fulfilled are those by means of which intimate
relations become permissible for you." Narrated by al-Bukhaari,
2729; Muslim, 1418.
If this promise was made after the marriage contract,
the scholars differed as to whether it should be
fulfilled. The correct view is that it must be
fulfilled so long as that will not cause harm to the
one who made the promise, because the Prophet (peace
and blessings of Allaah be upon him) described
breaking promises as one of the attributes of the
hypocrites, as a warning against breaking promises.
See Daleel al-Akhta' allati yaqa' fiha al-Haaj