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Should She Study In A Mixed University Or Should She Stay In A City Without A Mahram And Study In A University That Is Not Mixed?

Islamic Rulings - Living Shariah Verdicts

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I have the choice between staying without a mahram in a Muslim Arab country in order to study in a university that is not mixed (in fact, my maternal uncle through breastfeeding is in the same country, city and neighbourhood, but he does not really uphold ties with us) or staying with my family in a Muslim Arab country (that is less conservative) to study in a university that is mixed, in which there are evils and abhorrent things. Which option should I choose? Unfortunately, I cannot stay with my family without going to the mixed university, because all the universities in this country are mixed. And my father absolutely and totally refuses to let me stay at home and stop studying, because unfortunately my parents are not committed. What should I do? May Allah reward you with good.

Praise be to Allaah.

Firstly:

Mixing in workplaces and schools is haraam because of the evils and haraam things to which it leads. Please see the answer to question number 1200 and 103044.

It is not permissible for the girl's guardians to make her go to this mixed school, because that is heedlessness and a betrayal of the trust. Rather they should prevent her from doing that which is haraam and help to avoid sin, and they should be protective towards her and protect her honour.

Secondly:

It is not permissible for a woman to travel without a mahram, because the Prophet (blessings and peace of Allah be upon him) said: "No woman should travel except with a mahram." Narrated by al-Bukhaari, 1862.

And Muslim (1339) narrated from Abu Hurayrah (may Allah be pleased with him) that the Prophet (blessings and peace of Allah be upon him) said: "It is not permissible for a woman who believes in Allah and the Last Day to travel the distance of one day's journey except with a mahram."

As for her staying in a city without a mahram, that is not forbidden if she is safe and remembers that Allah is always watching when she comes and goes, and she avoids mixing with men.

Based on that, if a mahram travels with you and takes you to the city where you are going to study, and you stay there in a safe place and adhere to the Islamic guidelines when going out to the University, there is nothing wrong with that.

If we assume that the mahram cannot travel with you there or back, and your family insist that you study in one of the two choices that you mentioned, and there is no alternative to that, then the basic principle is that you should choose the lesser of two evils so as to ward off the greater of the two. So you have to choose the less evil of the two options. This means that you have to think about and study the two choices. Your travelling may be less evil, because in that case you will avoid mixing, but it involves the problem of your being alone and away from your family in a strange city. If you can get in touch with your paternal uncle through breastfeeding and he can keep an eye on you and help you and so on, then that is better.

You should strive to increase your faith and strengthen your connection with Allah, look for righteous friends and keep yourself busy with good deeds such as memorising Qur'aan, and regularly offering naafil prayers and fasts.

We ask Allah to help and guide you.

And Allah knows best.

Woman going out on a mixed trip without a mahram

Is it permissible for a woman to go out on a trip in which men and women mix from morning until evening, without a mahram?.

Praise be to Allaah.

Mixing of a woman with men is haraam, and we have explained the evidence for that in the answer to question no. 1200.

If this mixing is on a trip where people are more likely to be relaxed and start chatting, then it is more serious and harmful. Hence it is not permissible for a woman to go out on such trips, even if there is a mahram with her, so long as there is careless mixing; and her going without a mahram is more serious. Whoever agrees for his sister or daughter or wife to take part in such trips is lacking in protective jealousy and is weak in religious commitment. We ask Allaah to keep us safe and sound.

And Allaah knows best.

Woman travelling to seek knowledge without a mahram

What is the Islamic ruling on a woman travelling to seek knowledge without a mahram?.

Praise be to Allaah.

Firstly:

The saheeh evidence indicates that a woman is not allowed to travel except with a mahram. This is part of the perfection and greatness of Islam, which protects honour, and honours and takes care of women, and strives to protect them and guard them against the causes of temptation and deviation, whether she is the one who is tempted or is the source of temptation.

The evidence includes the hadeeth narrated by al-Bukhaari (1729) and Muslim (2391) from Ibn ‘Abbaas (may Allaah be pleased with him) who said: The Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said: "No woman should travel except with a mahram, and no man should enter upon her unless there is a mahram with her." A man said: "O Messenger of Allaah, I want to go out with such and such an army and my wife wants to go for Hajj." He said: "Go out with her."

Based on that, it is not permissible for a woman to travel to seek knowledge without a mahram. She should acquire the knowledge that she needs in the many ways that are available, such as listening to tapes, asking scholars over the phone and other means that Allaah has made available in these times.

The Standing Committee was asked: Can a woman go out to study medicine, if it is obligatory or permissible, if doing so will lead to the following things no matter how much she tries to avoid them:

a) Mixing with men, such as speaking to the patients, the tutor of medicine and on public transport.

b) Travelling from a country such as Sudan to Egypt, even if the journey will take only hours, and not three days.

c) Is it permissible for her to stay alone without a mahram in order to learn medicine, if she is going to stay with a group of women, along with the circumstances described above?

They replied:

Firstly: if her going out to learn medicine will lead to her mixing with men during her study or when riding in mixed transportation that will lead to fitnah (temptation), then it is not permissible for her to do that, because guarding her honour is an individual obligation, but learning medicine is a communal obligation, and an individual obligation takes precedence over a communal obligation. As for merely speaking to a patient or a teacher of medicine, that is not haraam, rather what is haraam is making the voice soft and appealing when speaking to him, which may tempt those in whose heart is the sickness of evil and hypocrisy. This does not apply only to learning medicine.

Secondly: If she has a mahram who can travel with her so that she can learn medicine, or teach it, or treat a patient, that is permissible. If she does not have a husband or mahram who can travel with her, then it is haraam, even if the journey is by plane, because the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said: "No woman should travel except with a mahram." Saheeh – agreed upon. And because of what we have stated above about the interests of protecting honour taking precedence over the interests of learning medicine or teaching it, etc.

Thirdly: If her staying with a trustworthy group of women is so that she may learn medicine or teach it, or treat women, then it is permissible, but if there is the fear of fitnah (temptation) because of not having a husband or mahram with her, then it is not permissible. If she is going to treat men, that is not permissible unless it is a case of necessity and she is not alone with a man. End quote from Fataawa al-Lajnah al-Daa'imah (12/178).

And Allaah knows best.

 

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