Ruling On A Woman Being Alone In A Room With An Officer So That She May Get What She Is Entitled To|
Islamic Rulings - Living Shariah Verdicts
Islamic Questions & Answers
I would like to know if it
is allowed for a woman to be alone with a man in one
room , for example in the embassy . If she needs the
money and it is nessesary to talk to the officer about
a job possibility and she has no one to go with her .
If she wears islamic dress and also niqab , is there
something wrong with it ?.
Praise be to Allaah.
It is not permissible for a man to be alone with a
woman who is not his mahram, because the Prophet
(blessings and peace of Allah be upon him) said: "No
man should be alone with a woman unless there is a
mahram with them." Narrated by al-Bukhaari (1862) and
Muslim (1341). And he (blessings and peace of Allah be
upon him) said: "No man is alone with a woman but the
Shaytaan is the third one present." Narrated by al-Tirmidhi
(1171) and classed as saheeh by al-Albaani in Saheeh
Al-Nawawi (may Allah have mercy on him) narrated in
Sharh Muslim (14/153) that there was consensus among
the scholars that it is haraam for a man to be alone
with a woman who is not his mahram. This was narrated
by al-Haafiz in al-Fath (4/77).
"Being alone with" (khalwah) refers to when the man
and woman are in a place where no one can see them.
The scholars of the Standing Committee for Issuing
Fatwas were asked: Does khalwah ("being alone with")
refer to when a man is alone with a woman in some
house, far away from the eyes of people, or does it
refer to any situation in which a man is alone with a
woman, even if they can be seen by others?
They replied: What is meant by the "being alone with"
(khalwah) that is forbidden in sharee‘ah is not only
when a man is alone with a woman who is not his mahram
in a place where they cannot be seen; rather it also
includes situations in which he is alone with her in a
place where she can converse with him and he can
converse with her, even if they can be seen by other
people, but their words cannot be heard, whether that
is out in the open or in a car or on the roof of a
house, and so on. That is because khalwah has been
forbidden because it is the harbinger of zina and the
means that leads to it. So everything that could lead
to that, even making an arrangement to do that later,
comes under the ruling of physical khalwah or being
alone in a place where they cannot be seen. End quote.
Shaykh ‘Abd al-‘Azeez ibn ‘Abd-Allah ibn Baaz; Shaykh
‘Abd al-Razzaaq ‘Afeefi; Shaykh ‘Abd-Allah ibn
Ghadyaan; Shaykh ‘Abd-Allah ibn Qa ‘ood
Fataawa al-Lajnah al-Daa'imah, 17/57
Khalwah can be avoided with the presence of a mahram
or the presence of a righteous woman, according to the
It says in Asna'l-Mataalib (3/407): It is permissible
for a man to be alone with two women, but not the
opposite; i.e., it is not permissible for two non-mahram
men to be alone with a woman even if it is unlikely
that they would agree to commit immoral actions, as
was clearly stated by al-Nawawi in al-Majmoo‘; that is
because a woman feels more shy of another woman than a
man feels shy of another man.
Shaykh Ibn ‘Uthaymeen (may Allah have mercy on him)
said: In the case of someone who drives the girls or
female teachers, no woman should ever ride on her own
with him, because that is "being alone with" (khalwah)
that is haraam. But if two women ride, there is
nothing wrong with that.
End quote from al-Liqa' al-Shahri, 58/1
Based on that, if you need to meet this official and
you do not have a mahram with you, then you should
take a righteous woman to be with you during the
And Allah knows best.
talking to women at work
Sometimes I have to talk to
some of the women [at work] and discuss with them some
issues that have to do with work. Is there any sin on
me for that? Is it permissible for me to work in this
company or should I look for another job?.
Praise be to Allaah.
There can be no doubt that the fitnah (temptation) of
women is great. The Prophet (peace and blessings of
Allaah be upon him) said, "I have not left behind me
any fitnah that is more harmful to men than women."
Narrated by al-Bukhaari, 4808; Muslim, 2704. Hence the
Muslim has to be cautious of this fitnah and keep away
from anything that may cause him to fall prey to it.
Some of the greatest causes of this fitnah are looking
at women and mixing with them.
Shaykh ‘Abd al-‘Azeez ibn Baaz (may Allaah have mercy
on him) said:
Allaah says (interpretation of the meaning):
"Tell the believing men to lower their gaze (from
looking at forbidden things), and protect their
private parts (from illegal sexual acts). That is
purer for them. Verily, Allaah is All-Aware of what
And tell the believing women to lower their gaze (from
looking at forbidden things), and protect their
private parts (from illegal sexual acts) and not to
show off their adornment except only that which is
apparent (like both eyes for necessity to see the way,
or outer palms of hands or one eye or dress like veil,
gloves, headcover, apron), and to draw their veils all
over Juyoobihinna (i.e. their bodies, faces, necks and
bosoms) and not to reveal their adornment except to
their husbands, or their fathers, or their husband's
fathers, or their sons, or their husband's sons, or
their brothers or their brother's sons, or their
sister's sons, or their (Muslim) women (i.e. their
sisters in Islam), or the (female) slaves whom their
right hands possess, or old male servants who lack
vigour, or small children who have no sense of
feminine sex. And let them not stamp their feet so as
to reveal what they hide of their adornment. And all
of you beg Allaah to forgive you all, O believers,
that you may be successful"
Here Allaah commands His Prophet (peace and blessings
of Allaah be upon him) to tell the believing men and
women to lower their gaze and guard their chastity,
then He explains that that is purer for them.
It is known that guarding one's chastity and avoiding
immoral actions is achieved only by avoiding the means
that lead to such actions. Undoubtedly letting one's
gaze wander and mixing of men and women in the
workplace and elsewhere are among the greatest means
that lead to immorality.
These two things that are required of the believer
cannot be fulfilled when he is working with non-mahram
women as colleagues or partners at work.
Undoubtedly his working with her or her working with
him in the work place is a situation in which it is
impossible to lower one's gaze and guard one's
chastity and attain purity of soul.
Hence Allaah commanded the believing women to lower
their gaze, guard their chastity and not show their
adornment except only that which is apparent, and
Allaah commanded them to draw their veils all over
Juyoobihinna (i.e. their bodies, faces, necks and
bosoms), which implies covering the head and face,
because the jayb (pl. juyoob) is the site of the head
So how can one lower one's gaze, guard one's chastity
and avoid showing one's adornment when women go to
men's workplaces and mix with them? Mixing will
inevitably lead to falling into these haraam actions.
How can the Muslim woman lower her gaze when she is
with a non-mahram man all the time, claiming that he
is her work colleague and she is his equal with regard
Khatr Mushaarikat al-Mar'ah li'l-Rajul fi Maydaan
If your work involves continually looking at and
mixing with women, we advise you to leave this job and
look for another, or to move to another department in
the same company where there are no women.
If your work does not involve continually looking at
and mixing with women, rather it only happens
sometimes in an area other than the place where you
work, then there is nothing wrong with staying in the
job, so long as you lower your gaze and do the parts
of your job that involve contact with women in the
shortest possible time, and keep away from the causes
of fitnah as much as possible.
We ask Allaah to help us to avoid fitnah (temptation,
both obvious and hidden.
And Allaah knows best.