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Is The Husband Of Her Husband's Daughter A Mahram For Her? Your Father's Wife's Mother Is Not A Mahram For You

Islamic Rulings - Living Shariah Verdicts

Islamic Questions & Answers

Is it permissible for me not to observe hijab before the husband of my husband's daughter or not?.

Praise be to Allaah.

The husband of your husband's daughter is not a mahram for you, because there is no reason to suggest that he is a mahram. Allaah says (interpretation of the meaning):

"Forbidden to you (for marriage) are: your mothers, your daughters, your sisters, your father's sisters, your mother's sisters, your brother's daughters, your sister's daughters, your foster mothers who gave you suck, your foster milk suckling sisters, your wives' mothers, your stepdaughters under your guardianship, born of your wives to whom you have gone in — but there is no sin on you if you have not gone in them (to marry their daughters), — the wives of your sons who (spring) from your own loins, and two sisters in wedlock at the same time, except for what has already passed; verily, Allaah is Oft-Forgiving, Most Merciful.

Also (forbidden are) women already married, except those (slaves) whom your right hands possess. Thus has Allaah ordained for you. All others are lawful"

[al-Nisa' 4:23, 24]

Based on that, you have to observe hijab before him, and it is not permissible to you to uncover in front of him or to be alone with him, because he is a stranger or non-mahram like all other non-mahrams.

As for the husband of your daughter, he is a mahram for you, because Allaah says (interpretation of the meaning): "your wives' mothers".

And Allaah knows best.


Your father's wife's mother is not a mahram for you

My father took a second wife and it is known that she has become a mahram for me, but my question is: Has her mother also become a mahram for me?.

Praise be to Allaah.

The mahrams through marriage fall into four categories:

1. The ascendants of the husband [his father and grandfathers] become mahrams to the wife.

2. The descendents of the husband [his sons and grandsons] become mahrams to the wife.

3. The ascendants of the wife [her mother and grandmothers] become mahrams to the husband.

These three categories become mahrams as soon as the marriage contract is done.

4. The descendants of the wife [her daughters and granddaughters] become mahrams to the husband. In this case there must be consummation. Once consummation takes place, then her daughters from a previous or subsequent husband become mahrams to him forever.

End quote from al-Sharh al-Mumti' (12/128).

Thus it is clear that the mother of the father's wife does not become a mahram for his sons.

It is permissible for a man to marry a woman, and for his son to marry her mother, or her daughter, because that is included in the words of Allaah, after mentioning the women who are mahrams (interpretation of the meaning):

"All others are lawful"

[al-Nisa' 4:24]

And Allaah knows best.

The wife's grandmother is a mahram to the husband

Is my wife's paternal grandmother a mahram, i.e., can she uncover her face in front of me?.

Praise be to Allaah.

The wife's grandmother – either paternal or maternal – becomes a mahram to the husband once the marriage contract is done, because she is included in the verse in which Allah says (interpretation of the meaning):

"your wives' mothers"

[al-Nisa' 4:23].

Thus the mothers, grandmothers and great-grandmothers of the wife, no matter how far the line of ascent reaches, are mahrams to the husband.

It says in Zaad al-Mustaqni‘: His wife's mother and her grandmothers become mahrams once the marriage contract is done.

See al-Sharh al-Mumti‘, 12/118

It says in al-Mawsoo‘ah al-Fiqhiyyah al-Kuwaitiyyah, 15/121:

The fuqaha' are unanimously agreed that it is haraam to marry grandmothers in all cases, whether they are through the mother or through the father, no matter how far the line of ascent reaches, and that is because Allah says (interpretation of the meaning): "Forbidden to you (for marriage) are: your mothers" [al-Nisa' 4:23]. Mothers are all those to whom one is attributed through birth, whether they are called mothers in the real sense or metaphorically – i.e., the one who gave birth to you or the one who gave birth to the one who gave birth to you – no matter how far the line of ascent reaches, and whether they are heirs or not. End quote.

Based on that: she may uncover her face in front of you.

And Allah knows best.

 

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