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What Is Definition Of Haram And Halal?: The Difference Between Haraam And Makrooh

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what is definition of haram & halal?

Praise be to Allaah.

Haraam is that for which the one who does it will be punished and the one who abstains from it will be rewarded, if the reason for his abstinence is following the prohibition of Allaah. The halaal is that in which there is no sin in doing it and no sin in not doing it, but if a person intends to enhance his obedience to Allaah by doing it, then he will be rewarded for this intention.

Dictating what is halaal and what is haraam is the right of Allaah alone. There are people who make halaal some of that which Allaah has forbidden, and people who make haraam some of that which Allaah has permitted. Some people invent acts of worship which have not been prescribed by Allaah and which in fact He has forbidden. The asl al-deen or basic principle of religion is that the halaal is that which Allaah and His Messenger have permitted, and the haraam is that which Allaah and His Messenger have forbidden. The religion is that which Allaah and His Messenger have prescribed. No one has the right to go beyond the limits of the Straight Path with which Allaah sent His Messenger. Allaah says (interpretation of the meaning):

"And verily, this is My straight path, so follow it, and follow not (other) paths, for they will separate you away from His path. This He has ordained for you that you may become Al-Muttaqoon (the pious)"

[al-An'aam 6:153]

Allaah mentions in Soorat al-A'naam, Soorat al-A'raaf and elsewhere the things for which He condemns the mushrikeen (polytheists, those who associate others in worship with Allaah), which is that they made haraam things which Allaah had not forbidden, such as the baheerah and saa'ibah (camels to which certain taboos were attached for the sake of their idols), and they permitted things which Allaah had forbidden, such as killing their children, and they prescribed in their religion things that Allaah had not permitted. So Allaah says (interpretation of the meaning):

"Or have they partners with Allaah (false gods) who have instituted for them a religion which Allaah has not ordained?

[al-Shooraa 42:21]

These things included things that are haraam in and of themselves, which they made into acts of worship, such as shirk (associating others in worship with Allaah) and things which are obscene, such as performing Tawaaf around the Ka'bah naked, etc.

The difference between haraam and makrooh

What is the meaning of makrooh? And what is the difference between makrooh and haraam.

Praise be to Allaah.

Makrooh in Arabic means the opposite of liked or loved.

In the terminology of sharee'ah it means that which the Lawgiver asks us not to do, but not in a definitive manner. It may be said that it means that for which the person who does not do it out of obedience will be rewarded, but the one who does it will not be punished.

Haraam in Arabic means forbidden.

In the terminology of sharee'ah it means, that which the Lawgiver requires us not to do, in a definitive manner. Haraam is the opposite of halaal (permitted). A person will be rewarded for not doing that which is haraam, if he does so out of obedience, and not out of fear, shyness or the inability to do it; in those cases he will not be rewarded for not doing it.

Sharh al-Waraqaat fi Usool al-Fiqh by ‘Abd –Allaah al-Fawzaan, 29-30

Are all actions allowed unless specifically prohibited or vice versa?

The fiqh of actions is, to my knowledge, divided into two.
1) All actions are mubah unless specified otherwise by Allah and Rasool Allah.
2) All actions are not Mubah in origin and has a specific hukm.
Can you please clarify wich is stronger through evidence.
Jazakum Allah khair.


Praise be to Allaah.

The rule that all things are allowed is considered to be one of the major well-known principles of Islamic jurisprudence (fiqh), and there springs from this principle the idea that all actions are allowed except those for which there is evidence to show that they are forbidden. There are some exceptions to this rule: in matters of sexual relationships, forms of worship, and eating meat, the rule is that it is forbidden except that which is expressly permitted; and it is forbidden to dispose of another person's property except with his permission. Modern forms of contracts are permitted so long as they do not involve buying something sight unseen, deception, riba (interest or usury), fraud, cheating or other things that are forbidden by sharee'ah. And Allaah knows best.

 

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