Ruling On Objecting To Some Of The Shar'ia Rulings That Have Been Prescribed By Allaah
Islamic Rulings -
Living Shariah Verdicts
Islamic Questions & Answers
A man says that some of the shar'i rulings need
to be re-examined and they need to be changed, because
they are not appropriate to the current age, such as
the male's share of inheritance being equal to the
share of two females. What is the shar'i ruling on
those who say such things?.
Praise be to Allaah.
It must be understood that one of the basic
principles of faith is referring to Allaah, may He be
exalted, and His Messenger (blessings and peace of
Allaah be upon him) for judgement, submitting to their
ruling and being content with it. Allaah says
(interpretation of the meaning):
"(And) if you differ in anything amongst yourselves,
refer it to Allaah and His Messenger (Peace And
Blessing Of Allah Be Upon Him), if you believe in
Allaah and in the Last Day. That is better and more
suitable for final determination"
"But no, by your Lord, they can have no Faith, until
they make you (O Muhammad Peace And Blessing Of Allah
Be Upon Him) judge in all disputes between them, and
find in themselves no resistance against your
decisions, and accept (them) with full submission"
"Do they then seek the judgement of (the days of)
Ignorance? And who is better in judgement than Allaah
for a people who have firm Faith"
Every ruling that goes against the ruling of Allaah is
a ruling of ignorance (Jaahiliyyah). Allaah says
(interpretation of the meaning):
"Is not Allaah the Best of judges?"
"The command (or the judgement) is for none but Allaah.
He has commanded that you worship none but Him (i.e.
His Monotheism); that is the (true) straight religion,
but most men know not"
Thus it is clear that refusing to refer for judgement
to Allaah, may He be glorified and exalted, and His
Messenger (blessings and peace of Allaah be upon him),
or rejecting their ruling, or believing that the
ruling of someone else is better than their ruling,
constitutes kufr (disbelief) and puts one beyond the
pale of Islam.
Shaykh Ibn Baaz (may Allaah have mercy on him) said:
With regard to the rulings which Allaah has prescribed
for His slaves and explained them in His Holy Book or
on the lips of His trustworthy Messenger (blessings
and peace of Allaah be upon him), such as the rulings
on inheritance, five prayers, zakaah, fasting and
other things which Allaah has explained to His slaves
and on which the ummah is unanimously agreed, no one
has the right to object to them or to change them,
because this is clear legislation that was decreed for
the ummah at the time of the Prophet (blessings and
peace of Allaah be upon him) and after him until the
Hour begins. That includes giving the male more than
the female [in inheritance] among children, sons'
children, siblings through both parents and siblings
through the father, because Allaah has explained it in
His Book and the Muslim scholars are unanimously
agreed on that, so it is obligatory to act upon that
out of conviction and faith. Anyone who says that what
is better is something other than that is a kaafir,
and similarly the one who says that it is permissible
to go against that is to be regarded as a kaafir
because he is objecting to the rulings of Allaah, may
He be exalted, and His Messenger (blessings and peace
of Allaah be upon him) and to the consensus of the
ummah. The authorities should ask him to repent if he
is a Muslim; if he repents, all well and good,
otherwise he is to be executed as a kaafir and an
apostate from Islam, because the Prophet (blessings
and peace of Allaah be upon him) said: "Whoever
changes his religion, execute him." We ask Allaah to
keep us and all the Muslims safe and sound from
misguiding turmoil and going against pure sharee'ah.
Majmoo' Fataawa Ibn Baaz (4/415).