If Kaafirs Have Good Morals, Will They Enter Paradise? Will The Children Of The Kuffaar Enter Paradise?
Islamic Rulings -
Living Shariah Verdicts
Islamic Questions & Answers
Is it true
that all the kuffaar, even if their morals are good
and they do not harm anyone, will enter Hell? If the
answer is yes, then what about non-Muslim children and
those who had no choice but to be born kaafirs?
Praise be to Allaah.
note that all the kaafirs who hear the message of the
Prophet (Peace And Blessings Of Allaah Be Upon Him)
and do not enter Islam will go to Hell. Allaah says
(interpretation of the meaning):
"Verily, those who disbelieve (in the religion of
Islam, the Qur'aan and Prophet Muhammad) from among
the people of the Scripture (Jews and Christians) and
Al-Mushrikoon will abide in the fire of Hell. They are
the worst of creatures"
The Prophet (Peace And Blessings Of Allaah Be Upon
Him) said: "By the One in Whose hand is my soul, no
one of this nation, Jew or Christian, hears of me then
dies without having believed in that with which I was
sent, but he will be one of the people of the Fire."
Narrated by Muslim, 153.
The point is not whether their morals are good, rather
the point is whether they submit to Allaah and obey
his commands. Do you not see the Magians
[Zoroastrians] or the Buddhists, for example, who
worship fire or idols instead of Allaah, and they do
not worship Allaah or submit to Him alone, and the
Christians who say that God has a son, and other
mushriks (those who associate others with Allaah).
They are being ill-mannered towards Allaah, and
insulting and reviling Him. The Prophet (Peace And
Blessings Of Allaah Be Upon Him) said: "Allaah says,
'The son of Adam denied Me and he had no right to do
so. And he reviled Me and he had no right to do so. As
for his denying Me, it is his saying: He will not
remake me as He made me at first - and the initial
creation [of him] is no easier for Me than remaking
him. As for his reviling Me, it is his saying: Allaah
has taken to Himself a son, while I am the One, the
Everlasting Refuge. I begot not nor was I begotten,
and there is none comparable to Me.'" Narrated by al-Bukhaari,
So how can their morals be good when they are so
ill-mannered towards Allaah, even though Allaah has
given them hearing and sight, and has made everything
easy for them, and has sent His Messengers to them and
revealed His Books to them, and bestowed His blessings
upon them, so it is His right that they should thank
Him and not be ungrateful to Him or disbelieve in Him.
If they do not do that then they deserve His
punishment and wrath. Allaah says (interpretation of
"and your Lord treats no one with injustice"
With regard to the situation of their children who die
when still young, Shaykh 'Abd al-'Azeez ibn Baaz was
asked about that and he said:
If one who is not yet accountable dies among kaafir
parents, then he comes under the same rulings as them
in this world, so he should not be washed and the
funeral prayer should not be offered for him, and he
should not be buried in the Muslim graveyard.
But in the Hereafter his case is referred to Allaah.
It was narrated in a saheeh report that when the
Messenger of Allaah (Peace And Blessings Of Allaah Be
Upon Him) was asked about the children of the
mushrikeen he said: "Allaah knows best what they would
have done." Narrated by al-Bukhaari, 1384.
Some of the scholars were of the view that Allaah's
knowledge about them will be made manifest on the Day
of Resurrection, and that they will be tested, as will
the people who lived during the fatrah (interval
between two Prophets) and others. If they do what they
are told to do then they will enter Paradise, and if
they disobey then they will enter Hell. There are
saheeh ahaadeeth from the Prophet (Peace And Blessings
Of Allaah Be Upon Him) which say that the people who
lived during the fatrah (interval between two
Prophets) will be tested on the Day of Resurrection.
These are the people whom the call of the Messengers
did not reach and those who come under a similar
ruling, such as the children of the mushrikeen,
because Allaah says (interpretation of the meaning):
"And We never punish until We have sent a Messenger
(to give warning)"
This is the most correct view among the various
opinions concerning the people who lived during the
fatrah (interval between two Prophets) and others whom
the call did not reach, and it is the view favoured by
Shaykh al-Islam Ibn Taymiyah and his student Ibn al-Qayyim,
and a number of the earlier and later generations.
Fataawa wa Maqaalaat Mutanawwi'ah, 3/163-164.