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The King Officiating A Marriage: Tankeeh Sultan Case Study

Writers Articles And Opinions

12 August 2009

By Adil Salahi

When Ramlah heard the knock on the door, she could not have imagined what her visitor was bringing her. Her prayers were answered and light was coming in to dispel the thick darkness her forlorn heart had felt ever since her husband had died after having abandoned Islam to embrace Christianity in their foreign place in Abyssinia. Her visitor was a maid from the palace, and the message she brought her was from none other than Negus, the king of Abyssinia. She said to Ramlah: The king says that you should appoint someone to act for you in your marriage to the Arab Prophet. He had sent him requesting that he should put his proposal to you.

Ramlah could not believe what she had heard. She asked the woman bringing her the kings message to repeat what she said. Hearing it again and again, she realized that it was true. She took off two silver bracelets she was wearing and gave them to the maid who brought her such happy news. She was to be the Prophets wife. What a transformation of her fortunes. And the King was to organize the marriage. How honorable! She immediately sent a word to Khalid ibn Saeed ibn Al-Aas, the eldest immigrant from her own Umayyah clan, requesting him to represent her in the marriage ceremony.

All the Muslim immigrants in Abyssinia were invited to the palace that evening. The King and his courtiers were also present. The King then said: Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) has sent me a message requesting that I marry him to Umm Habeebah bint Abu Sufyan. Who of you is her closest relative? They said: Khalid ibn Saeed. She has asked him to represent her. Addressing Khalid, the King said: Then give her in marriage to the Prophet. I will give her on his behalf 400 dinars. Khalid said: I am honored to accept the Prophets request and I hereby marry her to him. The King gave him the dowry he mentioned.

The King then said: It is the practice of Gods prophets that a marriage is celebrated with a dinner. He then gave a dinner to mark the marriage. In the morning, the same maid came to her carrying gifts from the ladies of the palace, including different sorts of perfume. Ramlah said to her: When you brought me this happy news yesterday, I gave you my two bracelets as I had no money. Now that I have, I want to give you this. She held out 50 dinars. The maid said: On the contrary. The King has ordered that I return your bracelets, and he has given me a handsome gift instead.

Ramlah accepted the gifts, expressing her heartfelt gratitude. She realized that a great change has just occurred in her life. We cannot determine the exact date of this marriage, but most probably it was early after the Prophet had settled in Madinah. However, Ramlah was not yet to travel to Madinah to join her husband, the Prophet. She was to stay in Abyssinia with the other Muslims, who had a mission to fulfill.

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