The people mentioned the fire and the bell (they
suggested those as signals to indicate the starting of
prayers), and by that they mentioned the Jews and the
Christians. Then Bilal was ordered to pronounce Adhan for
the prayer by saying its wordings twice, and for the Iqama
(the call for the actual standing for the prayers in rows)
by saying its wordings once. (Iqama is pronounced when the
people are ready for the prayer).
When the Muslims arrived at Medina, they used to
assemble for the prayer, and used to guess the time for
it. During those days, the practice of Adhan for the
prayers had not been introduced yet. Once they discussed
this problem regarding the call for prayer. Some people
suggested the use of a bell like the Christians, others
proposed a trumpet like the horn used by the Jews, but 'Umar
was the first to suggest that a man should call (the
people) for the prayer; so Allah's Apostle ordered Bilal
to get up and pronounce the Adhan for prayers.
When the number of Muslims increased they discussed the
question as to how to know the time for the prayer by some
familiar means. Some suggested that a fire be lit (at the
time of the prayer) and others put forward the proposal to
ring the bell. Bilal was ordered to pronounce the wording
of Adhan twice and of the Iqama once only.
Anas said, "Bilal was ordered to pronounce the wording
of Adhan twice and of Iqama once only." The sub narrator
Isma'li said, "I mentioned that to Aiyub and he added (to
that), "Except Iqama (i.e. Qad-Qamatis-Salat which should
be said twice)."
Allah's Apostle said, "When the Adhan is pronounced
Satan takes to his heels and passes wind with noise during
his flight in order not to hear the Adhan. When the Adhan
is completed he comes back and again takes to his heels
when the Iqama is pronounced and after its completion he
returns again till he whispers into the heart of the
person (to divert his attention from his prayer) and makes
him remember things which he does not recall to his mind
before the prayer and that causes him to forget how much
he has prayed."
Abu Sa'id Al-Khudri told my father, "I see you liking
sheep and the wilderness. So whenever you are with your
sheep or in the wilderness and you want to pronounce Adhan
for the prayer raise your voice in doing so, for whoever
hears the Adhan, whether a human being, a jinn or any
other creature, will be a witness for you on the Day of
Resurrection." Abu Said added, "I heard it (this
narration) from Allah's Apostle."
Anas bin Malik said, "Whenever the Prophet went out
with us to fight (in Allah's cause) against any nation, he
never allowed us to attack till morning and he would wait
and see: if he heard Adhan he would postpone the attack
and if he did not hear Adhan he would attack them." Anas
added, "We reached Khaibar at night and in the morning
when he did not hear the Adhan for the prayer, he (the
Prophet ) rode and I rode behind Abi Talha and my foot was
touching that of the Prophet.
The inhabitants of Khaibar came out with their baskets
and spades and when they saw the Prophet they shouted
'Muhammad! By Allah, Muhammad and his army.' When Allah's
Apostle saw them, he said, "Allahu-Akbar! Allahu-Akbar!
Khaibar is ruined. Whenever we approach a (hostile) nation
(to fight), then evil will be the morning of those who
have been warned."
"Some of my companions told me that Hisham had said,
"When the Mu'adhdhin said, "Haiya alas-sala(t) (come for
the prayer)." Muawiya said, "La hawla wala quwata illa
billah (There is neither might nor any power except with
Allah)" and added, "We heard your Prophet saying the
Allah's Apostle said, "Whoever after listening to the
Adhan says, 'Allahumma Rabba hadhihi-d-da' watit-tammati
was-salatil qa'imati, ati Muhammadan al-wasilata
wal-fadilata, wab' athhu maqaman mahmudan-il-ladhi wa'
adtahu (O Allah! Lord of this perfect call (of not
ascribing partners to You) and of the regular prayer which
is going to be established! Kindly give Muhammad the right
of intercession and superiority and send him (on the Day
of Judgment) to the best and the highest place in Paradise
which You promised him)', then intercession for me will be
permitted for him on the Day of Resurrection").
Allah's Apostle said, "If the people knew the reward
for pronouncing the Adhan and for standing in the first
row (in congregational prayers) and found no other way to
get that except by drawing lots they would draw lots, and
if they knew the reward of the Zuhr prayer (in the early
moments of its stated time) they would race for it (go
early) and if they knew the reward of 'Isha' and Fajr
(morning) prayers in congregation, they would come to
offer them even if they had to crawl."
Once on a rainy muddy day, Ibn 'Abbas delivered a
sermon in our presence and when the Mu'adhdhin pronounced
the Adhan and said, "Haiya ala-s-sala(t) (come for the
prayer)" Ibn 'Abbas ordered him to say 'Pray at your
homes.' The people began to look at each other
(surprisingly). Ibn 'Abbas said. "It was done by one who
was much better than I (i.e. the Prophet or his Mu'adhdhin),
and it is a license.'
My father said that Allah s Apostle said, "Bilal
pronounces 'Adhan at night, so keep on eating and drinking
(Suhur) till Ibn Um Maktum pronounces Adhan." Salim added,
"He was a blind man who would not pronounce the Adhan
unless he was told that the day had dawned."
The Prophet said, "The Adhan pronounced by Bilal should
not stop you from taking Suhur, for he pronounces the
Adhan at night, so that the one offering the late night
prayer (Tahajjud) from among you might hurry up and the
sleeping from among you might wake up. It does not mean
that dawn or morning has started." Then he (the Prophet)
pointed with his fingers and raised them up (towards the
sky) and then lowered them (towards the earth) like this (Ibn
Mas'ud imitated the gesture of the Prophet). Az-Zuhri
gestured with his two index fingers which he put on each
other and then stretched them to the right and left. These
gestures illustrate the way real dawn appears. It spreads
left and right horizontally. The dawn that appears in the
high sky and lowers down is not the real dawn) .
"When the Mu'adhdhin pronounced the Adhan, some of the
companions of the Prophet would proceed to the pillars of
the mosque (for the prayer) till the Prophet arrived and
in this way they used to pray two Rakat before the Maghrib
prayer. There used to be a little time between the Adhan
and the Iqama." Shu'ba said, "There used to be a very
short interval between the two (Adhan and Iqama)."
Allah's Apostle used to pray two light Rakat before the
morning (compulsory) prayer after the day dawned and the
Mu'adhdhin had finished his Adhan. He then would lie on
his right side till the Mu'adhdhin came to pronounce the
The prophet said, "There is a prayer between the two
Adhans (Adhan and Iqama), there is a prayer between the
two Adhans." And then while saying it the third time he
added, "For the one who wants to (pray)."
I came to the Prophet with some men from my tribe and
stayed with him for twenty nights. He was kind and
merciful to us. When he realized our longing for our
families, he said to us, "Go back and stay with your
families and teach them the religion, and offer the prayer
and one of you should pronounce the Adhan for the prayer
when its time is due and the oldest one amongst you should
lead the prayer."
We were in the company of the Prophet on a journey and
the Mu'adhdhin wanted to pronounce the Adhan for the (Zuhr)
prayer. The Prophet said to him, "Let it become cooler."
Then he again wanted to pronounce the Adhan but the
Prophet; said to him, "Let it become cooler." The
Mu'adh-dhin again wanted to pronounce the Adhan for the
prayer but the Prophet said, "Let it become cooler," till
the shadows of the hillocks become equal to their sizes.
The Prophet added, "The severity of the heat is from the
raging of Hell."
We came to the Prophet and stayed with him for twenty
days and nights. We were all young and of about the same
age. The Prophet was very kind and merciful. When he
realized our longing for our families, he asked about our
homes and the people there and we told him. Then he asked
us to go back to our families and stay with them and teach
them (the religion) and to order them to do good things.
He also mentioned some other things which I have
(remembered or) forgotten. The Prophet then added, "Pray
as you have seen me praying and when it is the time for
the prayer one of you should pronounce the Adhan and the
oldest of you should lead the prayer.
Once in a cold night, Ibn 'Umar pronounced the Adhan
for the prayer at ,Dajnan (the name of a mountain) and
then said, "Pray at your homes", and informed us that
Allah's Apostle used to tell the Mu'adhdin to pronounce
Adhan and say, "Pray at your homes" at the end of the
Adhan on a rainy or a very cold night during the journey."
My father said, "I saw Allah's Apostle at a place
called Al-Abtah. Bilal came and informed him about the
prayer and then came out with an Anza and planted it in
front of Allah's Apostle at Al-Abtah and pronounced the
My father said, "While we were praying with the Prophet
he heard the noise of some people. After the prayer he
said, 'What is the matter?' They replied 'We were hurrying
for the prayer.' He said, 'Do not make haste for the
prayer, and whenever you come for the prayer, you should
come with calmness, and pray whatever you get (with the
people) and complete the rest which you have missed."
Allah's Apostle went out (of the mosque) when the Iqama
had been pronounced and the rows straightened. The Prophet
stood at his Musalla (praying place) and we waited for the
Prophet to begin the prayer with Takbir. He left and asked
us to remain in our places. We kept on standing till the
Prophet returned and the water was trickling from his head
for he had taken a bath (of Janaba).
Once iqama was pronounced and the people had
straightened the rows, Allah's Apostle went forward (to
lead the prayer) but he was Junub, so he said, "Remain in
your places." And he went out, took a bath and returned
with water trickling from his head. Then he led the
On the day of Al-Khandaq (the trench), 'Umar bin Al-Khattab
went to the Prophet and said, "O Allah's Apostle! By
Allah, I could not pray (the 'Asr) till the sun had set."
'Umar told this to the Prophet at the time when a fasting
person had done Iftar (taken his meals). The Prophet then
went to Buthan and I was with him. He performed ablution
and offered the 'Asr prayer after the sun had set and then
the Maghrib prayer.
Once the Iqama was pronounced and the Prophet was
talking to a man (in a low voice) in a corner of the
mosque and he did not lead the prayer till (some of) the
people had slept (dozed in a sitting posture) .
Allah's Apostle said, "By Him in Whose Hand my soul is
I was about to order for collecting fire-wood (fuel) and
then order Someone to pronounce the Adhan for the prayer
and then order someone to lead the prayer then I would go
from behind and burn the houses of men who did not present
themselves for the (compulsory congregational) prayer. By
Him, in Whose Hands my soul is, if anyone of them had
known that he would get a bone covered with good meat or
two (small) pieces of meat present in between two ribs, he
would have turned up for the 'Isha' prayer.'
Allah's Apostle said, "The reward of the prayer offered
by a person in congregation is twenty five times greater
than that of the prayer offered in one's house or in the
market (alone). And this is because if he performs
ablution and does it perfectly and then proceeds to the
mosque with the sole intention of praying, then for every
step he takes towards the mosque, he is upgraded one
degree in reward and his one sin is taken off (crossed
out) from his accounts (of deeds). When he offers his
prayer, the angels keep on asking Allah's Blessings and
Allah's forgiveness for him as long as he is (staying) at
his Musalla. They say, 'O Allah! Bestow Your blessings
upon him, be Merciful and kind to him.' And one is
regarded in prayer as long as one is waiting for the
Abu Huraira said, "I heard Allah's Apostle saying, 'The
reward of a prayer in congregation is twenty five times
greater than that of a prayer offered by a person alone.
The angels of the night and the angels of the day gather
at the time of Fajr prayer.' " Abu Huraira then added,
"Recite the Holy Book if you wish, for "Indeed, the
recitation of the Qur'an in the early dawn (Fajr prayer)
is ever witnessed." (17.18).
Narrated 'Abdullah bin 'Umar: The reward of the
congregational prayer is twenty seven times greater (than
that of the prayer offered by a person alone).
I heard Um Ad-Darda' saying, "Abu Ad-Darda' entered the
house in an angry mood. I said to him. 'What makes you
angry?' He replied, 'By Allah! I do not find the followers
of Muhammad doing those good things (which they used to do
before) except the offering of congregational prayer."
(This happened in the last days of Abu Ad-Darda' during
the rule of 'Uthman) .
The Prophet said, "The people who get tremendous reward
for the prayer are those who are farthest away (from the
mosque) and then those who are next farthest and so on.
Similarly one who waits to pray with the Imam has greater
reward than one who prays and goes to bed. "
Allah's Apostle said, "While a man was going on a way,
he saw a thorny branch and removed it from the way and
Allah became pleased by his action and forgave him for
that." Then the Prophet said, "Five are martyrs: One who
dies of plague, one who dies of an abdominal disease, one
who dies of drowning, one who is buried alive (and) dies
and one who is killed in Allah's cause." (The Prophet
further said, "If the people knew the reward for
pronouncing the Adhan and for standing in the first row
(in the congregational prayer) and found no other way to
get it except by drawing lots they would do so, and if
they knew the reward of offering the Zuhr prayer early (in
its stated time), they would race for it and they knew the
reward for 'Isha' and Fajr prayers in congregation, they
would attend them even if they were to crawl')
Anas said, "The Prophet said, 'O Bani Salima! Don't you
think that for every step of yours (that you take towards
the mosque) there is a reward (while coming for prayer)?"
Mujahid said: "Regarding Allah's Statement: "We record
that which they have sent before (them), and their traces"
(36.12). 'Their traces' means 'their steps.' " And Anas
said that the people of Bani Salima wanted to shift to a
place near the Prophet but Allah's Apostle disliked the
idea of leaving their houses uninhabited and said, "Don't
you think that you will get the reward for your
footprints." Mujahid said, "Their foot prints mean their
foot steps and their going on foot."
The Prophet said, "No prayer is harder for the
hypocrites than the Fajr and the 'Isha' prayers and if
they knew the reward for these prayers at their respective
times, they would certainly present themselves (in the
mosques) even if they had to c awl." The Prophet added,
"Certainly I decided to order the Mu'adh-dhin (call-maker)
to pronounce Iqama and order a man to lead the prayer and
then take a fire flame to burn all those who had not left
their houses so far for the prayer along with their
Allah's Apostle said, "The angels keep on asking for
Allah's Blessing and Forgiveness for anyone of you as long
as he is at his Musalla (praying place) and does not do
Hadath (passes wind). The angels say, 'O Allah! Forgive
him and be Merciful to him.' Each one of you is in the
prayer as long as he is waiting for the prayer and nothing
but the prayer detains him from going to his family."
The Prophet said, "Allah will give shade, to seven, on
the Day when there will be no shade but His. (These seven
persons are) a just ruler, a youth who has been brought up
in the worship of Allah (i.e. worships Allah sincerely
from childhood), a man whose heart is attached to the
mosques (i.e. to pray the compulsory prayers in the mosque
in congregation), two persons who love each other only for
Allah's sake and they meet and part in Allah's cause only,
a man who refuses the call of a charming woman of noble
birth for illicit intercourse with her and says: I am
afraid of Allah, a man who gives charitable gifts so
secretly that his left hand does not know what his right
hand has given (i.e. nobody knows how much he has given in
charity), and a person who remembers Allah in seclusion
and his eyes are then flooded with tears."
Anas was asked, "Did Allah's Apostle wear a ring?" He
said, "Yes. Once he delayed the 'Isha' prayer till
mid-night and after the prayer, he faced us and said, 'The
people prayed and have slept and you remained in prayer as
long as you waited for it.' " Anas added, "As if I were
just now observing the glitter of his ring."
The Prophet said, "Allah will prepare for him who goes
to the mosque (every) morning and in the afternoon (for
the congregational prayer) an honorable place in Paradise
with good hospitality for (what he has done) every morning
and afternoon goings.
Allah's Apostle passed by a man praying two Rakat after
the Iqama (had been pronounced). When Allah's Apostle
completed the prayer, the people gathered around him (the
Prophet) or that man and Allah's Apostle said to him
(protesting), Are there four Rakat in Fajr prayer? Are
there four Rakat in Fajr prayer?"
"We were with 'Aisha discussing the regularity of
offering the prayer and dignifying it. She said, 'When
Allah's Apostle fell sick with the fatal illness and when
the time of prayer became due and Adhan was pronounced, he
said, 'Tell Abu Bakr to lead the people in prayer.' He was
told that Abu Bakr was a soft-hearted man and would not be
able to lead the prayer in his place. The Prophet gave the
same order again but he was given the same reply. He gave
the order for the third time and said, 'You (women) are
the companions of Joseph. Tell Abu Bakr to lead the
prayer.' So Abu Bakr came out to lead the prayer. In the
meantime the condition of the Prophet improved a bit and
he came out with the help of two men one on each side. As
if I was observing his legs dragging on the ground owing
to the disease. Abu Bakr wanted to retreat but the Prophet
beckoned him to remain at his place and the Prophet was
brought till he sat beside Abu Bakr." Al-A'mash was asked,
"Was the Prophet praying and Abu Bakr following him, and
were the people following Abu Bakr in that prayer?" Al-A'mash
replied in the affirmative with a nod of his head. Abu
Muawiya said, "The Prophet was sitting on the left side of
Abu Bakr who was praying while standing."
"When the Prophet became seriously ill and his disease
became aggravated he asked for permission from his wives
to be nursed in my house and he was allowed. He came out
with the help of two men and his legs were dragging on the
ground. He was between Al-Abbas and another man."
'Ubaid Ullah said, "I told Ibn 'Abbas what 'Aisha had
narrated and he said, 'Do you know who was the (second)
man whose name 'Aisha did not mention'" I said, 'No.' Ibn
'Abbas said, 'He was 'Ali Ibn Abi Talib.' "
Once on a very cold and stormy night, Ibn 'Umar
pronounced the Adhan for the prayer and then said, "Pray
in your homes." He (Ibn 'Umar) added. "On very cold and
rainy nights Allah's Apostle used to order the Mu'adhdhin
to say, 'Pray in your homes.' "
'Itban bin Malik used to lead his people (tribe) in
prayer and was a blind man, he said to Allah's Apostle ,
"O Allah's Apostle! At times it is dark and flood water is
flowing (in the valley) and I am blind man, so please pray
at a place in my house so that I can take it as a Musalla
(praying place)." So Allah's Apostle went to his house and
said, "Where do you like me to pray?" 'Itban pointed to a
place in his house and Allah's Apostle, offered the prayer
Ibn Abbas addressed us on a (rainy and) muddy day and
when the Mu'adh-dhin said, "Come for the prayer" Ibn 'Abbas
ordered him to say, "Pray in your homes." The people began
to look at one another with surprise as if they did not
like it. Ibn 'Abbas said, "It seems that you thought ill
of it but no doubt it was done by one who was better than
I (i.e. the Prophet). It (the prayer) is a strict order
and I disliked to bring you out."
Ibn 'Abbas narrated the same as above but he said, "I
did not like you to make you sinful (in refraining from
coming to the mosque) and to come (to the mosque) covered
with mud up to the knees."
A cloud came and it rained till the roof started
leaking and in those days the roof used to be of the
branches of date-palms. Iqama was pronounced and I saw
Allah's Apostles prostrating in water and mud and even I
saw the mark of mud on his forehead.
I heard Anas saying, "A man from Ansar said to the
Prophet, 'I cannot pray with you (in congregation).' He
was a very fat man and he prepared a meal for the Prophet
and invited him to his house. He spread out a mat for the
Prophet, and washed one of its sides with water, and the
Prophet prayed two Rakat on it." A man from the family of
Al-Jaruid asked, "Did the Prophet used to pray the Duha
(forenoon) prayer?" Anas said, "I did not see him praying
the Duha prayer except on that day."
Ibn 'Umar said, "Allah's Apostle said, 'If the supper
is served for anyone of you and the Iqama is pronounced,
start with the supper and don't be in haste (and carry on
eating) till you finish it." If food was served for Ibn 'Umar
and Iqama was pronounced, he never came to the prayer till
he finished it (i.e. food) in spite of the fact that he
heard the recitation (of the Qur'an) by the Imam (in the
prayer). Narrated Ibn 'Umar: The Prophet said, "If anyone
of you is having his meals, he should not hurry up till he
is; satisfied even if the prayer has been started."
Abu Qilaba said, "Malik bin Huwairith came to this
Mosque of ours and said, 'I pray in front of you and my
aim is not to lead the prayer but to show you the way in
which the Prophet used to pray.' " I asked Abu Qilaba,"How
did he use to pray?' " He replied, "(The Prophet used to
pray) like this Sheikh of ours and the Sheikh used to sit
for a while after the prostration, before getting up after
the first Rak'a. "
"The Prophet became sick and when his disease became
aggravated, he said, "Tell Abu Bakr to lead the prayer."
'Aisha said, "He is a soft-hearted man and would not be
able to lead the prayer in your place." The Prophet said
again, "Tell Abu Bakr to lead the people in prayer." She
repeated the same reply but he said, "Tell Abu Bakr to
lead the people in prayer. You are the companions of
Joseph." So the messenger went to Abu Bakr (with that
order) and he led the people in prayer in the lifetime of
the mother of the believers: Allah's Apostle in his
illness said, "Tell Abu Bakr to lead the people in
prayer." I said to him, "If Abu Bakr stands in your place,
the people would not hear him owing to his (excessive)
weeping. So please order 'Umar to lead the prayer." 'Aisha
added I said to Hafsa, "Say to him: If Abu Bakr should
lead the people in the prayer in your place, the people
would not be able to hear him owing to his weeping; so
please, order 'Umar to lead the prayer." Hafsa did so but
Allah's Apostle said, "Keep quiet! You are verily the
Companions of Joseph. Tell Abu Bakr to lead the people in
the prayer. " Hafsa said to 'Aisha, "I never got anything
good from you."
Anas bin Malik Al-Ansari, told me, "Abu Bakr used to
lead the people in prayer during the fatal illness of the
Prophet till it was Monday. When the people aligned (in
rows) for the prayer the Prophet lifted the curtain of his
house and started looking at us and was standing at that
time. His face was (glittering) like a page of the Qur'an
and he smiled cheerfully. We were about to be put to trial
for the pleasure of seeing the Prophet, Abu Bakr retreated
to join the row as he thought that the Prophet would lead
the prayer. The Prophet beckoned us to complete the prayer
and he let the curtain fall. On the same day he died."
The Prophet did not come out for three days. The people
stood for the prayer and Abu Bakr went ahead to lead the
prayer. (In the meantime) the Prophet caught hold of the
curtain and lifted it. When the face of the Prophet
appeared we had never seen a scene more pleasing than the
face of the Prophet as it appeared then. The Prophet
beckoned to Abu Bakr to lead the people in the prayer and
then let the curtain fall. We did not see him (again) till
My father said, "When Allah's Apostle became seriously
ill, he was told about the prayer. He said, 'Tell Abu Bakr
to lead the people in the prayer.' 'Aisha said, 'Abu Bakr
is a soft-hearted man and he would be over-powered by his
weeping if he recited the Qur'an.' He said to them, 'Tell
him (Abu Bakr) to lead the prayer. The same reply was
given to him. He said again, 'Tell him to lead the prayer.
You (women) are the companions of Joseph."
'Aisha said, "Allah's Apostle ordered Abu Bakr to lead
the people in the prayer during his illness and so he led
them in prayer." 'Urwa, a sub narrator, added, "Allah's
Apostle felt a bit relieved and came out and Abu Bakr was
leading the people. When Abu Bakr saw the Prophet he
retreated but the Prophet beckoned him to remain there.
Allah's Apostle sat beside Abu Bakr. Abu Bakr was
following the prayer of Allah's Apostle and the people
were following the prayer of Abu Bakr."
Allah's Apostle went to establish peace among Bani 'Amr
bin 'Auf. In the meantime the time of prayer was due and
the Mu'adh-dhin went to Abu Bakr and said, "Will you lead
the prayer, so that I may pronounce the Iqama?" Abu Bakr
replied in the affirmative and led the prayer. Allah's
Apostle came while the people were still praying and he
entered the rows of the praying people till he stood in
the (first row). The people clapped their hands. Abu Bakr
never glanced sideways in his prayer but when the people
continued clapping, Abu Bakr looked and saw Allah's
Apostle. Allah's Apostle beckoned him to stay at his
place. Abu Bakr raised his hands and thanked Allah for
that order of Allah's Apostle and then he retreated till
he reached the first row. Allah's Apostle went forward and
led the prayer. When Allah's Apostle finished the prayer,
he said, "O Abu Bakr! What prevented you from staying when
I ordered you to do so?"
Abu Bakr replied, "How can Ibn Abi Quhafa (Abu Bakr)
dare to lead the prayer in the presence of Allah's
Apostle?" Then Allah's Apostle said, "Why did you clap so
much? If something happens to anyone during his prayer he
should say Subhan Allah. If he says so he will be attended
to, for clapping is for women."
We went to the Prophet and we were all young men and
stayed with him for about twenty nights. The Prophet was
very merciful. He said, "When you return home, impart
religious teachings to your families and tell them to
offer perfectly such and such a prayer at such and such a
time and such and such a prayer at such and such a time.
And al the time of the prayer one of you should pronounce
the Adhan and the oldest of you should lead the prayer."
The Prophet (came to my house and) asked permission for
entering and I allowed him. He asked, "Where do you like
me to pray in your house?" I pointed to a place which I
liked. He stood up for prayer and we aligned behind him
and he finished the prayer with Taslim and we did the
I went to 'Aisha and asked her to describe to me the
illness of Allah's Apostle. 'Aisha said, "Yes. The Prophet
became seriously ill and asked whether the people had
prayed. We replied, 'No. O Allah's Apostle! They are
waiting for you.' He added, 'Put water for me in a
trough." 'Aisha added, "We did so. He took a bath and
tried to get up but fainted. When he recovered, he again
asked whether the people had prayed. We said, 'No, they
are waiting for you. O Allah's Apostle,' He again said,
'Put water in a trough for me.' He sat down and took a
bath and tried to get up but fainted again. Then he
recovered and said, 'Have the people prayed?' We replied,
'No, they are waiting for you. O Allah's Apostle.' He
said, 'Put water for me in the trough.' Then he sat down
and washed himself and tried to get up but he fainted.
When he recovered, he asked, 'Have the people prayed?' We
said, 'No, they are waiting for you. O Allah's Apostle!
The people were in the mosque waiting for the Prophet for
the 'Isha prayer. The Prophet sent for Abu Bakr to lead
the people in the prayer. The messenger went to Abu Bakr
and said, 'Allah's Apostle orders you to lead the people
in the prayer.' Abu Bakr was a soft-hearted man, so he
asked 'Umar to lead the prayer but 'Umar replied, 'You are
more rightful.' So Abu Bakr led the prayer in those days.
When the Prophet felt a bit better, he came out for the
Zuhr prayer with the help of two persons one of whom was
Al-'Abbas. while Abu Bakr was leading the people in the
prayer. When Abu Bakr saw him he wanted to retreat but the
Prophet beckoned him not to do so and asked them to make
him sit beside Abu Bakr and they did so. Abu Bakr was
following the Prophet (in the prayer) and the people were
following Abu Bakr. The Prophet (prayed) sitting."
'Ubaid-Ullah added "I went to 'Abdullah bin 'Abbas and
asked him, Shall I tell you what Aisha has told me about
the fatal illness of the Prophet?' Ibn 'Abbas said, 'Go
ahead. I told him her narration and he did not deny
anything of it but asked whether 'Aisha told me the name
of the second person (who helped the Prophet ) along with
Al-Abbas. I said. 'No.' He said, 'He was 'Ali (Ibn Abi
the mother of the believers: Allah's Apostle during his
illness prayed at his house while sitting whereas some
people prayed behind him standing. The Prophet beckoned
them to sit down. On completion of the prayer, he said,
'The Imam is to be followed: bow when he bows, raise up
your heads (stand erect) when he raises his head and when
he says, 'Sami a-l-lahu liman-hamida ' (Allah heard those
who sent praises to Him) say then 'Rabbana wa laka-l-hamd'
(O our Lord! All the praises are for You), and if he prays
sitting then pray sitting."
Once Allah's Apostle rode a horse and fell down and the
right side (of his body) was injured. He offered one of
the prayers while sitting and we also prayed behind him
sitting. When he completed the prayer, he said, "The Imam
is to be followed. Pray standing if he prays standing and
bow when he bows; rise when he rises; and if he says,
'Sami a-l-lahu-liman hamida, say then, 'Rabbana wa
Lakal-hamd' and pray standing if he prays standing and
pray sitting (all of you) if he prays sitting."
Humaid said: The saying of the Prophet "Pray sitting,
if he (Imam) prays sitting" was said in his former illness
(during his early life) but the Prophet prayed sitting
afterwards (in the last illness) and the people were
praying standing behind him and the Prophet did not order
them to sit. We should follow the latest actions of the
When the earliest emigrants came to Al-'Usba a place in
Quba', before the arrival of the Prophet- Salim, the slave
of Abu Hudhaifa, who knew the Qur'an more than the others
used to lead them in prayer.
Allah's Apostle said, "If the Imam leads the prayer
correctly then he and you will receive the rewards but if
he makes a mistake (in the prayer) then you will receive
the reward for the prayer and the sin will be his."
Once I passed the night in the house of my aunt
Maimuna. Allah's Apostle offered the 'Isha' prayer and
then came to the house and offered four Rakat an slept.
Later on, he woke up and stood for the prayer and I stood
on his left side. He drew me to his right and prayed five
Rakat and then two. He then slept till I heard him snoring
(or heard his breath sounds). Afterwards he went out for
the morning prayer.
One night I slept at the house of (my aunt) Maimuna and
the Prophet was there on that night. He performed ablution
and stood up for the prayer. I joined him and stood on his
left side but he drew me to his right and prayed thirteen
Rakat and then slept till I heard his breath sounds. And
whenever he slept, he used to breathe with audible sounds.
The Mu'adhdhin came to the Prophet and he went out and
prayed the morning prayer) without repeating the ablution.
Jabir bin 'Abdullah said, "Mu'adh bin Jabal used to
pray with the Prophet and then go to lead his people in
prayer Once he led the 'Isha' prayer and recited Surat
"Al-Baqra." Somebody left the prayer and Mu'adh criticized
him. The news reached the Prophet and he said to Mu'adh,
'You are putting the people to trial,' and repeated it
thrice (or said something similar) and ordered him to
recite two medium Suras of Mufassal." ('Amr said that he
had forgotten the names of those Suras).
A man came and said, "O Allah's Apostle! By Allah, I
keep away from the morning prayer only because So and so
prolongs the prayer when he leads us in it." The narrator
said, "I never saw Allah's Apostle more furious in giving
advice than he was at that time. He then said, "Some of
you make people dislike good deeds (the prayer). So
whoever among you leads the people in prayer should
shorten it because among them are the weak, the old and
Allah's Apostle said, "If anyone of you leads the
people in the prayer, he should shorten it for amongst
them are the weak, the sick and the old; and if anyone
among your prays alone then he may prolong (the prayer) as
much as he wishes. "
A man came and said, "O Allah's Apostle! I keep away
from the morning prayer because so-and-so (Imam) prolongs
it too much." Allah's Apostle became furious and I had
never seen him more furious than he was on that day. The
Prophet said, "O people! Some of you make others dislike
the prayer, so whoever becomes an Imam he should shorten
the prayer, as behind him are the weak, the old and the
Once a man was driving two Nadihas (camels used for
agricultural purposes) and night had fallen. He found
Mu'adh praying so he made his camel kneel and joined
Mu'adh in the prayer. The latter recited Surat 'AlBaqara"
or Surat "An-Nisa", (so) the man left the prayer and went
away. When he came to know that Mu'adh had criticized him,
he went to the Prophet, and complained against Mu'adh. The
Prophet said thrice, "O Mu'adh ! Are you putting the
people to trial?" It would have been better if you had
recited "Sabbih Isma Rabbika-l-a-la (87)", Wash-Shamsi
wadu-haha (91)", or "Wal-laili Idha yaghsha (92)", for the
old, the weak and the needy pray behind you." Jabir said
that Mu'adh recited Sura Al-Baqara in the 'Isha' prayer.
I never prayed behind any Imam a prayer lighter and
more perfect than that behind the Prophet and he used to
cut short the prayer whenever he heard the cries of a
child lest he should put the child's mother to trial.
The Prophet said, "When I start the prayer I intend to
prolong it, but on hearing the cries of a child, I cut
short the prayer because I know that the cries of the
child will incite its mother's passions."
The Prophet, said, "Whenever I start the prayer I
intend to prolong it, but on hearing the cries of a child,
I cut short the prayer because I know that the cries of
the child will incite its mother's passions."
When the Prophet, became ill in his fatal illness,
Someone came to inform him about the prayer, and the
Prophet told him to tell Abu Bakr to lead the people in
the prayer. I said, "Abu Bakr is a soft-hearted man and if
he stands for the prayer in your place, he would weep and
would not be able to recite the Qur'an." The Prophet said,
"Tell Abu Bakr to lead the prayer." I said the same as
before. He (repeated the same order and) on the third or
the fourth time he said, "You are the companions of
Joseph. Tell Abu Bakr to lead the prayer." So Abu Bakr led
the prayer and meanwhile the Prophet felt better and came
out with the help of two men; as if I see him just now
dragging his feet on the ground. When Abu Bakr saw him, he
tried to retreat but the Prophet beckoned him to carry on.
Abu Bakr retreated a bit and the Prophet sat on his (left)
side. Abu Bakr was repeating the Takbir (Allahu Akbar) of
Allah's Apostle for the people to hear.
When Allah's Apostle became seriously ill, Bilal came
to him for the prayer. He said, "Tell Abu Bakr to lead the
people in the prayer." I said, "O Allah's Apostle! Abu
Bakr is a soft-hearted man and if he stands in your place,
he would not be able to make the people hear him. Will you
order 'Umar (to lead the prayer)?" The Prophet said, "Tell
Abu Bakr to lead the people in the prayer." Then I said to
Hafsa, "Tell him, Abu i Bakr is a soft-hearted man and if
he stands in his place, he would not be able to make the
people hear him. Would you order 'Umar to lead the
prayer?' " Hafsa did so. The Prophet said, "Verily you are
the companions of Joseph. Tell Abu Bakr to lead the people
in the prayer." So Abu- Bakr stood for the prayer. In the
meantime Allah's Apostle felt better and came out with the
help of two persons and both of his legs were dragging on
the ground till he entered the mosque. When Abu Bakr heard
him coming, he tried to retreat but Allah's Apostle
beckoned him to carry on. The Prophet sat on his left
side. Abu Bakr was praying while standing and Allah's
Apostle was leading the prayer while sitting. Abu Bakr was
following the Prophet and the people were following Abu
Bakr (in the prayer).
Once Allah's Apostle prayed two Rakat (instead of four)
and finished his prayer. Dhu-l-yadain asked him whether
the prayer had been reduced or whether he had forgotten.
Allah's Apostle asked the people whether Dhu-l-yadain was
telling the truth. The people replied in the affirmative.
Then Allah's Apostle stood up, offered the remaining two
Rakat and then finished his prayer with Taslim and then
said, "Allahu Akbar." He followed it with two prostrations
like ordinary prostrations or a bit longer.
The Prophet prayed two Rakat of Zuhr prayer (instead of
four) and he was told that he had prayed two Rakat only.
Then he prayed two more Rakat and finished them with the
Taslim followed by two prostrations.
the mother of the faithful believers: Allah's Apostle
in his last illness said, "Tell Abu Bakr to lead the
people in the prayer." I said, "If Abu Bakr stood in your
place, he would not be able to make the people hear him
owing to his weeping. So please order 'Umar to lead the
prayer." He said, "Tell Abu Bakr to lead the people in the
prayer." I said to Hafsa, "Say to him, 'Abu Bakr is a
softhearted man and if he stood in your place he would not
be able to make the people hear him owing to his weeping.
So order 'Umar to lead the people in the prayer.' " Hafsa
did so but Allah's Apostle said, "Keep quiet. Verily you
are the companions of (Prophet) Joseph. Tell Abu Bakr to
lead the people in the prayer." Hafsa said to me, "I never
got any good from you."
The Prophet said, "Martyrs are those who die because of
drowning, plague, an abdominal disease, or of being buried
alive by a falling building." And then he added, "If the
people knew the Reward for the Zuhr prayer in its early
time, they would race for it. If they knew the reward for
the 'Isha' and the Fajr prayers in congregation, they
would join them even if they had to crawl. If they knew
the reward for the first row, they would draw lots for
The Prophet said, "The Imam is (appointed) to be
followed. So do not differ from him, bow when he bows, and
say, "Rabbana-lakal hamd" if he says "Sami'a-l-lahu Liman
hamida"; and if he prostrates, prostrate (after him), and
if he prays sitting, pray sitting all together, and
straighten the rows for the prayer, as the straightening
of the rows is amongst those things which make your prayer
a correct and perfect one. (See Hadith No. 657).
The Prophet said, "Straighten your rows for I see you
from behind my back." Anas added, "Everyone of us used to
put his shoulder with the shoulder of his companion and
his foot with the foot of his companion."
I prayed with the Prophet one night and stood on his
left side. Allah's Apostle caught hold of my head from
behind and drew me to his right and then offered the
prayer and slept. Later the Mu'adh-dhin came and the
Prophet stood up for prayer without performing ablution.
One night I stood to the left of the Prophet in the
prayer but he caught hold of me by the hand or by the
shoulder (arm) till he made me stand on his right and
beckoned with his hand (for me) to go from behind (him).
Allah's Apostle used to pray in his room at night. As
the wall of the room was LOW, the people saw him and some
of them stood up to follow him in the prayer. In the
morning they spread the news. The following night the
Prophet stood for the prayer and the people followed him.
This went on for two or three nights. Thereupon Allah's
Apostle did not stand for the prayer the following night,
and did not come out. In the morning, the people asked him
about it. He replied, that he way afraid that the night
prayer might become compulsory.
Allah's Apostle made a small room in the month of
Ramadan (Sa'id said, "I think that Zaid bin Thabit said
that it was made of a mat") and he prayed there for a few
nights, and so some of his companions prayed behind him.
When he came to know about it, he kept on sitting. In the
morning, he went out to them and said, "I have seen and
understood what you did. You should pray in your houses,
for the best prayer of a person is that which he prays in
his house except the compulsory prayers."