Allah's Apostle rode a horse and fell down and the
right side of his body was injured. On that day he prayed
one of the prayers sitting and we also prayed behind him
sitting. When the Prophet finished the prayer with Taslim,
he said, "The Imam is to be followed and if he prays
standing then pray standing, and bow when he bows, and
raise your heads when he raises his head; prostrate when
he prostrates; and if he says "Sami'a-l-lahu Liman hamida",
you should say, "Rabbana wa-laka-l hamd.:
Allah's Apostle fell from a horse and got injured so he
led the prayer sitting and we also prayed sitting. When he
completed the prayer he said, "The Imam is to be followed;
if he says Takbir then say Takbir, bow if he bows; raise
your heads when he raises his head, when he says, 'Sami'
a-l-lahu Liman hamida say, 'Rabbana laka-l-hamd', and
prostrate when he prostrates."
The Prophet said, "The Imam is to be followed. Say the
Takbir when he says it; bow if he bows; if he says 'Sami
a-l-lahu Liman hamida', say, ' Rabbana wa-laka-l-hamd',
prostrate if he prostrates and pray sitting altogether if
he prays sitting."
My father said, "Allah's Apostle used to raise both his
hands up to the level of his shoulders when opening the
prayer; and on saying the Takbir for bowing. And on
raising his head from bowing he used to do the same and
then say "Sami a-l-lahu Liman hamida, Rabbana
walaka-l-hamd." And he did not do that (i.e. raising his
hands) in prostrations.
I saw that whenever Allah's Apostle stood for the
prayer, he used to raise both his hands up to the
shoulders, and used to do the same on saying the Takbir
for bowing and on raising his head from it and used to
say, "Sami a-l-lahu Liman hamida". But he did not do that
(i.e. raising his hands) in prostrations.
I saw Malik bin Huwairith saying Takbir and raising
both his hands (on starting the prayers and raising his
hands on bowing and also on raising his head after bowing.
Malik bin Huwairith said, "Allah's Apostle did the same."
I saw Allah's Apostle opening the prayer with the
Takbir and raising his hands to the level of his shoulders
at the time of saying the Takbir, and on saying the Takbir
for bowing he did the same; and when he said, "Sami a-l-lahu
Liman hamida ", he did the same and then said, "Rabbana wa
laka-l-hamd." But he did not do the same on prostrating
and on lifting the head from it."
Whenever Ibn 'Umar started the prayer with Takbir, he
used to raise his hands: whenever he bowed, he used to
raise his hands (before bowing) and also used to raise his
hands on saying, "Sami a-l-lahu Liman hamida", and he used
to do the same on rising from the second Rak'a (for the
3rd Rak'a). Ibn 'Umar said: "The Prophet used to do the
Allah's Apostle used to keep silent between the Takbir
and the recitation of Qur'an and that interval of silence
used to be a short one. I said to the Prophet "May my
parents be sacrificed for you! What do you say in the
pause between Takbir and recitation?" The Prophet said, "I
say, 'Allahumma, ba'id baini wa baina khatayaya kama
ba'adta baina-l-mashriqi wa-l-maghrib. Allahumma, naqqim
min khatayaya kama yunaqqa-ththawbu-l-abyadu mina-ddanas.
Allahumma, ighsil khatayaya bil-ma'i wa-th-thalji
wal-barad (O Allah! Set me apart from my sins (faults) as
the East and West are set apart from each other and clean
me from sins as a white garment is cleaned of dirt (after
thorough washing). O Allah! Wash off my sins with water,
snow and hail.)"
The Prophet once offered the eclipse prayer. He stood
for a long time and then did a prolonged bowing. He stood
up straight again and kept on standing for a long time,
then bowed a long bowing and then stood up straight and
then prostrated a prolonged prostration and then lifted
his head and prostrated a prolonged prostration. And then
he stood up for a long time and then did a prolonged
bowing and then stood up straight again and kept on
standing for a long time. Then he bowed a long bowing and
then stood up straight and then prostrated a prolonged
prostration and then lifted his head and went for a
prolonged prostration. On completion o the prayer, he
said, "Paradise became s near to me that if I had dared, I
would have plucked one of its bunches for you and Hell
became so near to me that said, 'O my Lord will I be among
those people?' Then suddenly I saw a woman and a cat was
lacerating her with it claws. On inquiring, it was said
that the woman had imprisoned the cat till it died of
starvation and she neither fed it no freed it so that it
could feed itself."
We asked Khabbab whether Allah's Apostle used to recite
(the Qur'an) in the Zuhr and the 'Asr prayers. He replied
in the affirmative. We said, "How did you come to know
about it?" He said, "By the movement of his beard."
Once solar eclipse occurred during the lifetime of
Allah's Apostle. He offered the eclipse prayer. His
companions asked, "O Allah's Apostle! We saw you trying to
take something while standing at your place and then we
saw you retreating." The Prophet said, "I was shown
Paradise and wanted to have a bunch of fruit from it. Had
I taken it, you would have eaten from it as long as the
The Prophet led us in prayer and then went up to the
pulpit and beckoned with both hands towards the Qibla of
the mosque and then said, "When I started leading you in
prayer, I saw the display of Paradise and Hell on the wall
of the mosque (facing the Qibla). I never saw good and bad
as I have seen today." He repeated the last statement
The Prophet said, "What is wrong with those people who
look towards the sky during the prayer?" His talk grew
stern while delivering this speech and he said, "They
should stop (looking towards the sky during the prayer);
otherwise their eye-sight would be taken away."
The Prophet saw expectoration in the direction of the
Qibla of the mosque while he was leading the prayer, and
scratched it off. After finishing the prayer, he said,
"Whenever any of you is in prayer he should know that
Allah is in front of him. So none should spit in front of
him in the prayer."
While the Muslims were offering the Fajr prayer, Al
lah's Apostle suddenly appeared before them by living the
curtain of the dwelling place of 'Aisha, looked towards
the Muslims who were standing in rows. He smiled with
pleasure. Abu Bakr started retreating to join the row on
the assumption that the Prophet wanted to come out for the
prayer. The Muslims intended to leave the prayer (and were
on the verge of being put to trial), but the Prophet
beckoned them to complete their prayer and then he let the
curtain fall. He died in the last hours of that day.
The People of Kufa complained against Sa'd to 'Umar and
the latter dismissed him and appointed 'Ammar as their
chief . They lodged many complaints against Sa'd and even
they alleged that he did not pray properly. 'Umar sent for
him and said, "O Aba Ishaq! These people claim that you do
not pray properly." Abu Ishaq said, "By Allah, I used to
pray with them a prayer similar to that of Allah's Apostle
and I never reduced anything of it. I used to prolong the
first two Rakat of 'Isha prayer and shorten the last two
Rakat." 'Umar said, "O Aba Ishaq, this was what I thought
about you." And then he sent one or more persons with him
to Kufa so as to ask the people about him. So they went
there and did not leave any mosque without asking about
him. All the people praised him till they came to the
mosque of the tribe of Bani 'Abs; one of the men called
Usama bin Qatada with a surname of Aba Sa'da stood up and
said, "As you have put us under an oath; I am bound to
tell you that Sa'd never went himself with the army and
never distributed (the war booty) equally and never did
justice in legal verdicts." (On hearing it) Sa'd said, "I
pray to Allah for three things: O Allah! If this slave of
yours is a liar and got up for showing off, give him a
long life, increase his poverty and put him to trials."
(And so it happened). Later on when that person was asked
how he was, he used to reply that he was an old man in
trial as the result of Sa'd's curse. 'Abdul Malik, the sub
narrator, said that he had seen him afterwards and his
eyebrows were over-hanging his eyes owing to old age and
he used to tease and assault the small girls in the way.
Allah's Apostle entered the mosque and a person
followed him. The man prayed and went to the Prophet and
greeted him. The Prophet returned the greeting and said to
him, "Go back and pray, for you have not prayed." The man
went back prayed in the same way as before, returned and
greeted the Prophet who said, "Go back and pray, for you
have not prayed." This happened thrice. The man said, "By
Him Who sent you with the Truth, I cannot offer the prayer
in a better way than this. Please, teach me how to pray."
The Prophet said, "When you stand for Prayer say Takbir
and then recite from the Holy Qur'an (of what you know by
heart) and then bow till you feel at ease. Then raise your
head and stand up straight, then prostrate till you feel
at ease during your prostration, then sit with calmness
till you feel at ease (do not hurry) and do the same in
all your prayers
Sa'd said, "I used to pray with them a prayer similar
to that of Allah's Apostle (the prayer of Zuhr and 'Asr)
reducing nothing from them. I used to prolong the first
two Rakat and shorten the last two Rak'at." 'Umar said to
Sa'd "This was what we thought about you."
My father said, "The Prophet in Zuhr prayers used to
recite Al-Fatiha along with two other Suras in the first
two Rakat: a long one in the first Rak'a and a shorter (Sura)
in the second, and at times the verses were audible. In
the 'Asr prayer the Prophet used to recite Al-Fatiha and
two more Suras in the first two Rakat and used to prolong
the first Rak'a. And he used to prolong the first Rak'a of
the Fajr prayer and shorten the second.
I asked Khabbab whether the Prophet used to recite the
Qur'an in the Zuhr and the 'Asr prayers. He replied in the
affirmative. We said, "How did you come to know that?" He
said, "From the movement of his beard."
I asked Khabbab bin Al-Art whether the Prophet used to
recite the Qur'an in the Zuhr and the 'Asr prayers. He
replied in the affirmative. I said, "How did you come to
know that?" He replied, "From the movement of his beard."
(My mother) Umu-l-Fadl heard me reciting "Wal Mursalati
'Urfan" (77) and said, "O my son! By Allah, your
recitation made me remember that it was the last Sura I
heard from Allah's Apostle. He recited it in the Maghrib
I offered the 'Isha' prayer behind Abu Huraira and he
recited, "Idha-s-Sama'u-n-Shaqqat" (84) and prostrated. On
my inquiring, he said, "I prostrated behind Abu-l-Qasim
(the Prophet) (when he recited that Sura) and I will go on
doing it till I meet him."
Once I prayed the 'Isha' prayer with Abu Huraira and he
recited, "Idha-s-Sama' u-nShaqqat" (84) and prostrated. I
said, "What is that?" He said, "I prostrated behind Abu-l-Qasim,
(the Prophet) (when he recited that Sura) and I will go on
doing it till I meet him."
'Umar said to Sa'd, "The people complained against you
in everything, even in prayer." Sa'd replied, "Really I
used to prolong the first two Rakat and shorten the last
two and I will never shorten the prayer in which I follow
Allah's Apostle." 'Umar said, "You are telling the truth
and that is what I think a tout you."
My father and I went to Abu Barza-al-Aslami to ask him
about the stated times for the prayers. He replied, "The
Prophet used to offer the Zuhr prayer when the sun just
declined from its highest position at noon; the 'Asr at a
time when if a man went to the farthest place in Medina
(after praying) he would find the sun still hot (bright).
(The sub narrator said: I have forgotten what Abu Barza
said about the Maghrib prayer). The Prophet never found
any harm in delaying the 'Isha' prayer to the first third
of the night and he never liked to sleep before it and to
talk after it. He used to offer the morning prayer at a
time when after finishing it one could recognize the
person sitting beside him and used to recite between 60 to
100 verses in one or both the Rakat."
The Qur'an is recited in every prayer and in those
prayers in which Allah's Apostle recited aloud for us, we
recite aloud in the same prayers for you; and the prayers
in which the Prophet recited quietly, we recite quietly.
If you recite "Al-Fatiha" only it is sufficient but if you
recite something else in addition, it is better.
The Prophet set out with the intention of going to Suq
'Ukaz (market of 'Ukaz) along with some of his companions.
At the same time, a barrier was put between the devils and
the news of heaven. Fire commenced to be thrown at them.
The Devils went to their people, who asked them, "What is
wrong with you?" They said, "A barrier has been placed
between us and the news of heaven. And fire has been
thrown at us." They said, "The thing which has put a
barrier between you and the news of heaven must be
something which has happened recently. Go eastward and
westward and see what has put a barrier between you and
the news of heaven." Those who went towards Tuhama came
across the Prophet at a place called Nakhla and it was on
the way to Suq 'Ukaz and the Prophet was offering the Fajr
prayer with his companions. When they heard the Qur'an
they listened to it and said, "By Allah, this is the thing
which has put a barrier between us and the news of
heaven." They went to their people and said, "O our
people; verily we have heard a wonderful recital (Qur'an)
which shows the true path; we believed in it and would not
ascribe partners to our Lord." Allah revealed the
following verses to his Prophet (Sura 'Jinn') (72): "Say:
It has been revealed to me." And what was revealed to him
was the conversation of the Jinns.
The Prophet recited aloud in the prayers in which he
was ordered to do so and quietly in the prayers in which
he was ordered to do so. "And your Lord is not forgetful."
"Verily there was a good example for you in the ways of
A man came to Ibn Mas'ud and said, "I recited the
Mufassal (Suras) at night in one Rak'a." Ibn Mas'ud said,
"This recitation is (too quick) like the recitation of
poetry. I know the identical Suras which the Prophet used
to recite in pairs." Ibn Mas'ud then mentioned 20 Mufassal
Suras including two Suras from the family of (i.e. those
verses which begin with) AL, HA, MIM (which the Prophet
used to recite) in each Rak'a.
My father said, "The Prophet uses to recite Al-Fatiha
followed by another Sura in the first two Rakat of the
prayer and used to recite only Al-Fatiha in the last two
Rakat of the Zuhr prayer. Sometimes a verse or so was
audible and he used to prolong the first Rak'a more than
the second and used to do the same in the 'Asr and Fajr
My father said, "The Prophet used to recite Al-Fatiha
along with another Sura in the first two Rakat of the Zuhr
and 'Asr prayers. A verse or so was audible at times and
he used to prolong the first Rak'a."
The Prophet said, "Say Amin" when the Imam says it and
if the Amin of any one of you coincides with that of the
angels then all his past sins will be forgiven." Ibn
Shihab said, "Allah's Apostle used to Say "Amin."
Allah's Apostle said, "Say Amen' when the Imam says "Ghair-il-maghdubi
'alaihim wala-ddal-lin; not the path of those who earn
Your Anger (such as Jews) nor of those who go astray (such
as Christians); all the past sins of the person whose
saying (of Amin) coincides with that of the angels, will
I reached the Prophet in the mosque while he was bowing
in prayer and I too bowed before joining the row mentioned
it to the Prophet and he said to me, "May Allah increase
your love for the good. But do not repeat it again (bowing
in that way)."
When Abu Huraira led us in prayer he used to say Takbir
on each bowing and rising. On the completion of the prayer
he used to say, "My prayer is more similar to the prayer
of Allah's Apostle than that of anyone of you."
'Imran bin Husain and I offered the prayer behind Ali
bin Abi Talib. When 'Ali prostrated, he said the Takbir,
when he raised his head, he said the Takbir and when he
got up for the third Rak'a he said the Takbir. On
completion of the prayer Imran took my hand and said,
"This (i.e. 'Ali) made me remember the prayer of Muhammad"
Or he said, "He led us in a prayer like that of Muhammad."
I saw a person praying at Muqam-lbrahim (the place of
Abraham by the Ka'ba) and he was saying Takbir on every
bowing, rising, standing and sitting. I asked Ibn 'Abbas
(about this prayer). He admonished me saying: "Isn't that
the prayer of the Prophet?"
I prayed behind a Sheikh at Mecca and he said twenty
two Takbirs (during the prayer). I told Ibn 'Abbas that he
(i.e. that Sheikh) was foolish. Ibn 'Abbas admonished me
and said, "This is the tradition of Abu-l-Qasim." And
narrated Abu Huraira: Whenever Allah's Apostle stood for
the prayer, he said Takbir on starting the prayer and then
on bowing. On rising from bowing he said, "Sami' a-l-lahu
liman hamida," and then while standing straight he used to
say, "Rabbana laka-l hamd" (Al-Laith said, "(The Prophet
said), 'Walaka-l-hamd'." He used to say Takbir on
prostrating and on raising his head from prostration;
again he would Say Takbir on prostrating and raising his
head. He would then do the same in the whole of the prayer
till it was completed. On rising from the second Rak'a
(after sitting for At-Tahiyyat), he used to say Takbir.
I offered prayer beside my father and approximated both
my hands and placed them in between the knees. My father
told me not to do so and said, "We used to do the same but
we were forbidden (by the Prophet) to do it and were
ordered to place the hands on the knees."
The bowing, the prostration the sitting in between the
two prostrations and the standing after the bowing of the
Prophet but not Qiyam (standing in the prayer) and Qu'ud
(sitting in the prayer) used to be approximately equal (in
Once the Prophet entered the mosque, a man came in,
offered the prayer and greeted the Prophet. The Prophet
returned his greeting and said to him, "Go back and pray
again for you have not prayed." The man offered the prayer
again, came back and greeted the Prophet. He said to him
thrice, "Go back and pray again for you have not prayed."
The man said, "By Him Who has sent you with the truth! I
do not know a better way of praying. Kindly teach Me how
to pray." He said, "When you stand for the prayer, say
Takbir and then recite from the Qur'an what you know and
then bow with calmness till you feel at ease, then rise
from bowing till you stand straight. Afterwards prostrate
calmly till you feel at ease and then raise (your head)
and sit with Calmness till you feel at ease and then
prostrate with calmness till you feel at ease in
prostration and do the same in the whole of your prayer."
The Prophet used to say in his bowing and prostrations,
"Subhanaka-Allahumma Rabbana wa-bihamdika
Allahumma-ighfirli.' (I honor Allah from all what
(unsuitable things) is ascribed to Him. O Allah Our Lord!
And all the praises are for You. O Allah! Forgive me)."
When the Prophet said, "Sami' a-l-lahu Liman hamida,"
(Allah heard those who sent praises to Him), he would say,
"Rabbana wa-laka-l-hamd." On bowing and raising his head
from it the Prophet used to say Takbir. He also used to
say Takbir on rising after the two prostrations. (See
Hadith No. 656).
Allah's Apostle said, "When the Imam says, "Sami' a-l-lahu
Liman hamida," you should say, "Allahumma Rabbana
laka-l-hamd." And if the saying of any one of you
coincides with that of the angels, all his past sins will
One day we were praying behind the Prophet. When he
raised his head from bowing, he said, "Sami'a-l-lahu Liman
hamida." A man behind him said, "Rabbana walaka-l hamd
hamdan Kathiran taiyiban mubarakan fihi" (O our Lord! All
the praises are for You, many good and blessed praises).
When the Prophet completed the prayer, he asked, "Who has
said these words?" The man replied, "I." The Prophet said,
"I saw over thirty angels competing to write it first."
Prophet rose (from bowing) and stood straight till all the
vertebrae of his spinal column came to a natural position.
Abu Qilaba said, "Malik bin Huwairith used to
demonstrate to us the prayer of the Prophet at times other
than that of the compulsory prayers. So (once) he stood up
for prayer and performed a perfect Qiyam (standing and
reciting from the Holy Qur'an) and then bowed and
performed bowing perfectly; then he raised his head and
stood straight for a while." Abu Qilaba added, "Malik bin
Huwairith in that demonstration prayed like this Sheikh of
ours, Abu Yazid." Abu, Yazid used to sit (for a while) on
raising his head from the second prostration before
Narrated Abu Bakr bin 'Abdur Rahman Ibn Harith bin
Hisham and Abu Salama bin 'Abdur Rahman:
Abu Huraira used to say Takbir in all the prayers,
compulsory and optional -- in the month of Ramadan or
other months. He used to say Takbir on standing for prayer
and on bowing; then he would say, "Salmi'a-l-lahu Liman
hamida," and before prostrating he would say "Rabbana
walaka-l-hamd." Then he would say Takbir on prostrating
and on raising his head from the prostration, then another
Takbir on prostrating (for the second time), and on
raising his head from the prostration. He also would say
the Takbir on standing from the second Rak'a. He used to
do the same in every Rak'a till he completed the prayer.
On completion of the prayer, he would say, "By Him in
Whose Hands my soul is! No doubt my prayer is closer to
that of Allah's Apostle than yours, and this was His
prayer till he left this world." And Abu Huraira said,
"When Allah's Apostle raised his head from (bowing) he
used to say "Sami' a-l-lahu Liman hamida, Rabbana
walakal-hamd." He Would invoke Allah for some people by
naming them: "O Allah! Save Al-Walid bin Al-Walid and
Salama bin Hisham and 'Aiyash bin Abi Rabi'a and the weak
and the helpless people among the faithful believers O
Allah! Be hard on the tribe of Mudar and let them suffer
from famine years like that of the time of Joseph." In
those days the Eastern section of the tribe of Mudar was
against the Prophet.
Allah's Apostle fell from a horse and the right side of
his body was injured. We went to enquire about his health
meanwhile it was time for the prayer and he led the prayer
sitting and we also prayed while sitting. On completion of
the prayer he said, "The Imam is to be followed; say
Takbir when he says it; bow when he bows; rise when he
rises and when he says "Sami'a-l-lahu Liman hamida," say,
"Rabbana walaka-lhamd", and prostrate if he prostrates."
Sufyan narrated the same from Ma'mar. Ibn Juraij said that
his (the Prophet's) right leg had been injured.
The people said, "O Allah's Apostle! Shall we see our
Lord on the Day of Resurrection?" He replied, "Do you have
any doubt in seeing the full moon on a clear (not cloudy)
night?" They replied, "No, O Allah's Apostle!" He said,
"Do you have any doubt in seeing the sun when there are no
clouds?" They replied in the negative. He said, "You will
see Allah (your Lord) in the same way. On the Day of
Resurrection, people will be gathered and He will order
the people to follow what they used to worship. So some of
them will follow the sun, some will follow the moon, and
some will follow other deities; and only this nation
(Muslims) will be left with its hypocrites. Allah will
come to them and say, 'I am Your Lord.' They will say, 'We
shall stay in this place till our Lord comes to us and
when our Lord will come, we will recognize Him. Then Allah
will come to them again and say, 'I am your Lord.' They
will say, 'You are our Lord.' Allah will call them, and
As-Sirat (a bridge) will be laid across Hell and I
(Muhammad) shall be the first amongst the Apostles to
cross it with my followers. Nobody except the Apostles
will then be able to speak and they will be saying then,
'O Allah! Save us. O Allah Save us.'
There will be hooks like the thorns of Sa'dan in Hell.
Have you seen the thorns of Sa'dan?" The people said,
"Yes." He said, "These hooks will be like the thorns of
Sa'dan but nobody except Allah knows their greatness in
size and these will entangle the people according to their
deeds; some of them will fall and stay in Hell forever;
others will receive punishment (torn into small pieces)
and will get out of Hell, till when Allah intends mercy on
whomever He likes amongst the people of Hell, He will
order the angels to take out of Hell those who worshipped
none but Him alone. The angels will take them out by
recognizing them from the traces of prostrations, for
Allah has forbidden the (Hell) fire to eat away those
traces. So they will come out of the Fire, it will eat
away from the whole of the human body except the marks of
the prostrations. At that time they will come out of the
Fire as mere skeletons. The Water of Life will be poured
on them and as a result they will grow like the seeds
growing on the bank of flowing water. Then when Allah had
finished from the Judgments amongst his creations, one man
will be left between Hell and Paradise and he will be the
last man from the people of Hell to enter paradise. He
will be facing Hell, and will say, 'O Allah! Turn my face
from the fire as its wind has dried me and its steam has
burnt me.' Allah will ask him, "Will you ask for anything
more in case this favor is granted to you?' He will say,
"No by Your (Honor) Power!" And he will give to his Lord
(Allah) what he will of the pledges and the covenants.
Allah will then turn his face from the Fire. When he will
face Paradise and will see its charm, he will remain quiet
as long as Allah will. He then will say, 'O my Lord! Let
me go to the gate of Paradise.' Allah will ask him,
'Didn't you give pledges and make covenants (to the
effect) that you would not ask for anything more than what
you requested at first?' He will say, 'O my Lord! Do not
make me the most wretched, amongst Your creatures.' Allah
will say, 'If this request is granted, will you then ask
for anything else?' He will say, 'No! By Your Power! I
shall not ask for anything else.' Then he will give to his
Lord what He will of the pledges and the covenants. Allah
will then let him go to the gate of Paradise. On reaching
then and seeing its life, charm, and pleasure, he will
remain quiet as long as Allah wills and then will say, 'O
my Lord ! Let me enter Paradise.' Allah will say, May
Allah be merciful unto you, O son of Adam! How treacherous
you are! Haven't you made covenants and given pledges that
you will not ask for anything more that what you have been
given?' He will say, 'O my Lord! Do not make me the most
wretched amongst Your creatures.' So Allah will laugh and
allow him to enter Paradise and will ask him to request as
much as he likes. He will do so till all his desires have
been fulfilled . Then Allah will say, 'Request more of
such and such things.' Allah will remind him and when all
his desires and wishes; have been fulfilled, Allah will
say "All this is granted to you and a similar amount
besides." Abu Said Al-Khudri, said to Abu Huraira,
'Allah's Apostle said, "Allah said, 'That is for you and
ten times more like it.' "Abu Huraira said, "I do not
remember from Allah's Apostle except (his saying), 'All
this is granted to you and a similar amount besides." Abu
Sahd said, "I heard him saying, 'That is for you and ten
times more the like of it."
Hudhaifa said, "I saw a person not performing his
bowing and prostrations perfectly. When he completed the
prayer, I told him that he had not prayed." I think that
Hudhaifa added (i.e. said to the man), "Had you died, you
would have died on a tradition other than that of the
The Prophet was ordered (by Allah) to prostrate on
seven parts and not to tuck up the clothes or hair (while
praying). Those parts are: the forehead (along with the
tip of nose), both hands, both knees, and (toes of) both
(and he was not a liar) We used to pray behind the
Prophet and when he said, "Sami' a-l-lahu Liman hamida",
none of us would bend his back (to go for prostration)
till the Prophet had placed his, forehead on the ground.
The Prophet said, "I have been ordered to prostrate on
seven bones i.e. on the forehead along with the tip of the
nose and the Prophet pointed towards his nose, both hands,
both knees and the toes of both feet and not to gather the
clothes or the hair."
Once I went to Abu- Sa'id Al-Khudri and asked him,
"Won't you come with us to the date-palm trees to have a
talk?" So Abu Said went out and I asked him, "Tell me what
you heard from the Prophet about the Night of Qadr." Abu
Said replied, "Once Allah's Apostle performed I'tikaf
(seclusion) on the first ten days of the month of Ramadan
and we did the same with him. Gabriel came to him and
said, 'The night you are looking for is ahead of you.' So
the Prophet performed the I'tikaf in the middle (second)
ten days of the month of Ramadan and we too performed
I'tikaf with him. Gabriel came to him and said, 'The night
which you are looking for is ahead of you.' In the morning
of the 20th of Ramadan the Prophet delivered a sermon
saying, 'Whoever has performed I'tikaf with me should
continue it. I have been shown the Night of "Qadr", but
have forgotten its date, but it is in the odd nights of
the last ten nights. I saw in my dream that I was
prostrating in mud and water.' In those days the roof of
the mosque was made of branches of date-palm trees. At
that time the sky was clear and no cloud was visible, but
suddenly a cloud came and it rained. The Prophet led us in
the prayer and I saw the traces of mud on the forehead and
on the nose of Allah's Apostle. So it was the confirmation
of that dream."
The people used to pray with the Prophet tying their
Izars around their necks because of their small sizes and
the women were directed that they should not raise their
heads from the prostrations till the men had sat straight.
The Prophet used to say frequently in his bowing and
prostrations "Subhanaka-Allahumma Rabbana Wabihamdika,
Allahumma Ighfir-li" (I honor Allah from all what
(unsuitable things) is ascribed to Him, O Allah! Our Lord!
All praises are for You. O Allah! Forgive me). In this way
he was acting on what was explained to him in the Holy
Once Malik bin Huwairith said to his friends, "Shall I
show you how Allah's Apostle used to offer his prayers?"
And it was not the time for any of the compulsory
congregational prayers. So he stood up (for the prayer)
bowed and said the Takbir, then he raised his head and
remained standing for a while and then prostrated and
raised his head for a while (sat up for a while). He
prayed like our Sheikh 'Amr Ibn Salama. (Aiyub said, "The
latter used to do a thing which I did not see the people
doing i.e. he used to sit between the third and the fourth
Rak'a). IMalik bin Huwairith said, "We came to the Prophet
(after embracing Islam) and stayed with him. He said to
us, 'When you go back to your families, pray such and such
a prayer at such and such a time, pray such and such a
prayer at such and such a time, and when there is the time
for the prayer then only of you should pronounce the Adhan
for the prayer and the oldest of you should lead the
Anas said, "I will leave no stone unturned in making
you offer the prayer as I have seen the Prophet making us
offer it." Anas used to do a thing which I have not seen
you doing. He used to stand after the bowing for such a
long time that one would think that he had forgotten (the
prostrations) and he used to sit in-between the
prostrations so long that one would think that he had
forgotten the second prostration.
Abu Qilaba said, "Malik bin Huwairith came to us and
led us in the prayer in this mosque of ours and said, 'I
lead you in prayer but I do not want to offer the prayer
but just to show you how Allah's Apostle performed his
prayers." I asked Abu Qilaba, "How was the prayer of Malik
bin Huwairith?" He replied, "Like the prayer of this
Sheikh of ours-- i.e. 'Amr bin Salima." That Sheikh used
to pronounce the Takbir perfectly and when he raised his
head from the second prostration he would sit for a while
and then support himself on the ground and get up.
Abu Said led us in the prayer and said the Takbir aloud
on arising from the prostration, and on prostrating, on
rising again, and on getting up from the second Rak'a. Abu
Said said, "I saw the Prophet doing the same."
'Imran and I prayed behind 'Ali bin Abi Talib and he
said Takbir on prostrating, on rising and on getting up
after the two Rakat (i.e. after the second Rak'a). When
the prayer was finished, 'Imran took me by the hand and
said, "He ('Ali) has prayed the prayer of Muhammad" (or
said, "He made us remember the prayer of Muhammad)."
I saw 'Abdullah bin 'Umar crossing his legs while
sitting in the prayer and I, a mere youngster in those
days, did the same. Ibn 'Umar forbade me to do so, and
said, "The proper way is to keep the right foot propped up
and bend the left in the prayer." I said questioningly,
"But you are doing so (crossing the legs)." He said, "My
feet cannot bear my weight."
I was sitting with some of the companions of Allah's
Apostle and we were discussing about the way of praying of
the Prophet. Abu Humaid As-Saidi said, "I remember the
prayer of Allah's Apostle better than any one of you. I
saw him raising both his hands up to the level of the
shoulders on saying the Takbir; and on bowing he placed
his hands on both knees and bent his back straight, then
he stood up straight from bowing till all the vertebrate
took their normal positions. In prostrations, he placed
both his hands on the ground with the forearms away from
the ground and away from his body, and his toes were
facing the Qibla. On sitting In the second Rak'a he sat on
his left foot and propped up the right one; and in the
last Rak'a he pushed his left foot forward and kept the
other foot propped up and sat over the buttocks "
(he was from the tribe of Uzd Shan'u'a and was the ally
of the tribe of 'Abdul-Manaf and was one of the companions
of the Prophet): Once the Prophet led us in the Zuhr
prayer and stood up after the second Rak'a and did not sit
down. The people stood up with him. When the prayer was
about to end and the people were waiting for him to say
the Taslim, he said Takbir while sitting and prostrated
twice before saying the Taslim and then he said the
Once Allah's Apostle led us in the Zuhr prayer and got
up (after the prostrations of the second Rak'a) although
he should have sat (for the Tashah-hud). So at the end of
the prayer, he prostrated twice while sitting
(prostrations of Sahu).
'Abdullah said, "Whenever we prayed behind the Prophet
we used to recite (in sitting) 'Peace be on Gabriel,
Michael, peace be on so and so. Once Allah's Apostle
looked back at us and said, 'Allah Himself is As-Salam
(Peace), and if anyone of you prays then he should say,
At-Tahiyatu lil-lahi wassalawatu wat-taiyibatu. AsSalamu
'alalika aiyuha-n-Nabiyu wa rahmatu-l-lahi wa barakatuhu.
As-Salam alaina wa ala ibadil-lah is-salihin. (All the
compliments, prayers and good things are due to Allah:
peace be on you, O Prophet and Allah's mercy and blessings
be on you. Peace be on us an on the true pious slaves of
Allah). (If you say that, it will be for all the slaves in
the heaven and the earth). Ash-hadu an la-ilaha
illa-l-lahu wa ash-hadu anna Muhammadan 'abduhu wa
Rasuluhu. (I testify that none has the right to be
worshipped but Allah and I also testify that Muhammad is
His slave and His Apostle)."
(the wife of the Prophet) Allah's Apostle used to
invoke Allah in the prayer saying "Allahumma inni a'udhu
bika min adhabil-qabri, wa a'udhu bika min
fitnatil-masihid-dajjal, wa a'udhu bika min fitnatil-mahya
wa fitnatil-mamati. Allahumma inni a'udhu bika minal-ma
thami wal-maghrami. (O Allah, I seek refuge with You from
the punishment of the grave and from the afflictions of
Masi,h Ad-Dajjal and from the afflictions of life and
death. O Allah, I seek refuge with You from the sins and
from being in debt)." Somebody said to him, "Why do you so
frequently seek refuge with Allah from being in debt?" The
Prophet replied, "A person in debt tells lies whenever he
speaks, and breaks promises whenever he makes (them)."
'Aisha also narrated: I heard Allah's Apostle in his
prayer seeking refuge with Allah from the afflictions of
I asked Allah's Apostle to teach me an invocation so
that I may invoke Allah with it in my prayer. He told me
to say, "Allahumma inni zalumtu nafsi zulman kathiran,
Wala yaghfirudhdhunuba illa anta faghfirli maghfiratan min
'Indika, war-hamni innaka antal-ghafururrahim (O Allah! I
have done great injustice to myself and none except You
forgives sins, so please forgive me and be Merciful to me
as You are the Forgiver, the Merciful)."
When we prayed with the Prophet we used to say, "Peace
be on Allah from His slaves and peace be on so and so."
The Prophet said, "Don't say As-Salam be on Allah, for He
Himself is As-Salam, but say, 'At-tahiyatu lil-lahi
was-salawatu wat-taiyibatu. As-salamu 'Alaika
aiyuhan-Nabiyu warahmatu-l-lahi wa barakatuhu. As-salamu
'alaina wa 'ala ibadillahis-salihin. (If you say this then
it will be for all the slaves in heaven or between heaven
and earth). Ashhadu an la-ilaha illallahu wa ashhadu anna
Muhammadan 'Abduhu wa Rasuluhu.' Then select the
invocation you like best and recite it." (See Hadith No.
794, 795 & 796).
Whenever Allah's Apostle finished his prayers with
Taslim, the women would get up and he would stay on for a
while in his place before getting up. Ibn Shihab said, "I
think (and Allah knows better), that the purpose of his
stay was that the women might leave before the men who had
finished their prayer. "
I remember Allah's Apostle and also the mouthful of
water which he took from a bucket in our house and ejected
(on me). I heard from ltban bin Malik Al-Ansari, who was
one from Bani Salim, saying, "I used to lead my tribe of
Bani Salim in prayer. Once I went to the Prophet and said
to him, 'I have weak eye-sight and at times the rainwater
flood intervenes between me and the mosque of my tribe and
I wish that you would come to my house and pray at some
place so that I could take that place as a place for
praying (mosque). He said, "Allah willing, I shall do
that." Next day Allah's Apostle along with Abu Bakr, came
to my house after the sun had risen high and he asked
permission to enter. I gave him permission, but he didn't
sit till he said to me, "Where do you want me to pray in
your house?" I pointed to a place in the house where I
wanted him to pray. So he stood up for the prayer and we
aligned behind him. He completed the prayer with Taslim
and we did the same simultaneously."
(the freed slave of Ibn 'Abbas) Ibn 'Abbas told me, "In
the lifetime of the Prophet it was the custom to celebrate
Allah's praises aloud after the compulsory congregational
prayers." Ibn 'Abbas further said, "When I heard the
Dhikr, I would learn that the compulsory congregational
prayer had ended."
Some poor people came to the Prophet and said, "The
wealthy people will get higher grades and will have
permanent enjoyment and they pray like us and fast as we
do. They have more money by which they perform the Hajj,
and 'Umra; fight and struggle in Allah's Cause and give in
charity." The Prophet said, "Shall I not tell you a thing
upon which if you acted you would catch up with those who
have surpassed you? Nobody would overtake you and you
would be better than the people amongst whom you live
except those who would do the same. Say "Sub-han-al-lah",
"Alhamdu-lillah" and "Allahu Akbar" thirty three times
each after every (compulsory) prayer." We differed and
some of us said that we should say, "Subhan-al-lah" thirty
three times and "Alhamdu lillah" thirty three times and
"Allahu Akbar" thirty four times. I went to the Prophet
who said, "Say, "Subhan-al-lah" and "Alhamdu lillah" and
"Allahu Akbar" all together for thirty three times."
(the clerk of Al-Mughira bin Shu'ba) Once Al-Mughira
dictated to me in a letter addressed to Mu'awiya that the
Prophet used to say after every compulsory prayer, "La
ilaha ilallah wahdahu la sharika lahu, lahul-mulku
wa-lahul-hamdu, wahuwa ala kulli shai in qadir. Allahumma
la mani 'a lima a'taita, wa la mu'tiya lima mana'ta, wa la
yanfa'u dhal-jaddi minka-l-jadd. (None has the right to be
worshipped but Allah and He has no partner in Lordship or
in worship or in the Names and the Qualities, and for Him
is the Kingdom and all the praises are for Him and He is
omnipotent. O Allah! Nobody can hold back what you give
and nobody can give what You hold back. Hard (efforts by
anyone for anything cannot benefit one against Your
Will)." And Al-Hasan said, "Al-jadd' means prosperity."
The Prophet led us in the Fajr prayer at Hudaibiya
after a rainy night. On completion of the prayer, he faced
the people and said, "Do you know what your Lord has said
(revealed)?" The people replied, "Allah and His Apostle
know better." He said, "Allah has said, 'In this morning
some of my slaves remained as true believers and some
became non-believers; whoever said that the rain was due
to the Blessings and the Mercy of Allah had belief in Me
and he disbelieves in the stars, and whoever said that it
rained because of a particular star had no belief in Me
but believes in that star.' "
Once the Prophet delayed the 'Isha' prayer until
midnight and then came to us. Having prayed he faced us
and said, "The people had prayed and slept but you were in
the prayer as long as you were waiting for it."
"The Prophet after finishing the prayer with Taslim
used to stay at his place for a while." Ibn Shihab said,
"I think (and Allah knows better), that he used to wait
for the departure of the women who had prayed." Ibn Shihab
wrote that he had heard it from Hind bint Al-Harith
Al-Firasiya from Um Salama, the wife of the Prophet (Hind
was from the companions of Um Salama) who said, "When the
Prophet finished the prayer with Taslim, the women would
depart and enter their houses before Allah's Apostle
I offered the 'Asr prayer behind the Prophet at Medina.
When he had finished the prayer with Taslim, he got up
hurriedly and went out by crossing the rows of the people
to one of the dwellings of his wives. The people got
scared at his speed . The Prophet came back and found the
people surprised at his haste and said to them, "I
remembered a piece of gold Lying in my house and I did not
like it to divert my attention from Allah's worship, so I
have ordered it to be distributed (in charity)."
You should not give away a part of your prayer to Satan
by thinking that it is necessary to depart (after
finishing the prayer) from one's right side only; I have
seen the Prophet often leave from the left side.
I heard Jabir bin 'Abdullah saying, "The Prophet said,
'Whoever eats (from) this plant (he meant garlic) should
keep away from our mosque." I said, "What does he mean by
that?" He replied, "I think he means only raw garlic."
The Prophet said, "Whoever eats garlic or onion should
keep away from our mosque or should remain in his house."
(Jabir bin 'Abdullah, in another narration said, "Once a
big pot containing cooked vegetables was brought. On
finding unpleasant smell coming from it, the Prophet
asked, 'What is in it?' He was told all the names of the
vegetables that were in it. The Prophet ordered that it
should be brought near to some of his companions who were
with him. When the Prophet saw it he disliked to eat it
and said, 'Eat. (I don't eat) for I converse with those
whom you don't converse with (i.e. the angels)."
I heard Ash-Sha'bi saying, "A person who was
accompanying the Prophet passed by a grave that was
separated from the other graves told me that the Prophet
once led the people in the (funeral) prayer and the people
had aligned behind him. I said, "O Aba 'Amr! Who told you
about it?" He said, "Ibn Abbas."
One night I slept at the house of my aunt Maimuna and
the Prophet slept (too). He got up (for prayer) in the
last hours of the night and performed a light ablution
from a hanging leather skin. ('Amr, the sub-narrator
described that the ablution was very light). Then he stood
up for prayer and I got up too and performed the ablution
in the same way and joined him on his left side. He pulled
me to the right and prayed as much as Allah will. Then he
lay down and slept and I heard his breath sounds till the
Mu'adh-dhin came to him to inform him about the (Fajr)
prayer. He left with him for the prayer and prayed without
repeating the ablution. (Sufyan the subnarrator said: We
said to 'Amr, "Some people say, 'The eyes of the Prophet
sleep but his heart never sleeps.' " 'Amr said, "'Ubai bin
'Umar said, 'The dreams of the Prophets are Divine
Inspirations. Then he recited, '(O my son), I have seen in
dream that I was slaughtering you (offering you in
My grandmother Mulaika invited Allah's Apostle for a
meal which she had prepared specially for him. He ate some
of it and said, "Get up. I shall lead you in the prayer."
I brought a mat that had become black owing to excessive
use and I sprinkled water on it. Allah's Apostle stood on
it and prayed two Rakat; and the orphan was with me (in
the first row), and the old lady stood behind us.
Once I came riding a she-ass and I, then, had just
attained the age of puberty. Allah's Apostle was leading
the people in prayer at Mina facing no wall. I passed in
front of the row and let loose the she-ass for grazing and
joined the row and no one objected to my deed.
Once Allah's Apostle delayed the 'Isha' prayer till
'Umar informed him that the women and children had slept.
Then Allah's Apostle came out and said: "None from amongst
the dwellers of earth have prayed this prayer except you."
In those days none but the people of Medina prayed.
A person asked Ibn Abbas, "Have you ever presented
yourself at the ('Id) prayer with Allah's Apostle?" He
replied, "Yes." And had it not been for my kinship
(position) with the Prophet it would not have been
possible for me to do so (for he was too young). The
Prophet went to the mark near the house of Kathir bin
As-Salt and delivered a sermon. He then went towards the
women. He advised and reminded them and asked them to give
alms. So the woman would bring her hand near her neck and
take off her necklace and put it in the garment of Bilal.
Then the Prophet and Bilal came to the house."
Once Allah's Apostle delayed the 'Isha' prayer till
'Umar informed him that the women and children had slept.
The Prophet came out and said, "None except you from
amongst the dwellers of earth is waiting for this prayer."
In those days, there was no prayer except in Medina and
they used to pray the 'Isha' prayer between the
disappearance of the twilight and the first third of the
(the wife of the Prophet) In the lifetime of Allah's
Apostle the women used to get up when they finished their
compulsory prayers with Taslim. The Prophet and the men
would stay on at their places as long as Allah will. When
the Prophet got up, the men would then get up.
Had Allah's Apostle known what the women were doing, he
would have forbidden them from going to the mosque as the
women of Bani Israel had been forbidden. Yahya bin Said (a
sub-narrator) asked 'Amra (another sub-narrator), "Were
the women of Bani Israel forbidden?" She replied "Yes."
Whenever Allah's Apostle completed the prayer with
Taslim, the women used to get up immediately and Allah's
Apostle would remain at his place for someone before
getting up. (The sub-narrator (Az-Zuhri) said, "We think,
and Allah knows better, that he did so, so that the women
might leave before men could get in touch with them)."
Allah's Apostle used to offer the Fajr prayer when it
was still dark and the believing women used to return
(after finishing their prayer) and nobody could recognize
them owing to darkness, or they could not recognize one