The Prophet said, "Faith (Belief) consists of more than
sixty branches (i.e. parts). And Haya (This term "Haya"
covers a large number of concepts which are to be taken
together; amongst them are self respect, modesty,
bashfulness, and scruple, etc.) is a part of faith."
A man asked the Prophet , "What sort of deeds or (what
qualities of) Islam are good?" The Prophet replied, 'To
feed (the poor) and greet those whom you know and those
whom you do not Know (See Hadith No. 27).
who took part in the battle of Badr and was a Naqib (a
person heading a group of six persons), on the night of
Al-'Aqaba pledge: Allah's Apostle said while a group of
his companions were around him, "Swear allegiance to me
1. Not to join anything in worship along with Allah.
2. Not to steal.
3. Not to commit illegal sexual intercourse.
4. Not to kill your children.
5. Not to accuse an innocent person (to spread such an
accusation among people).
6. Not to be disobedient (when ordered) to do good
The Prophet added: "Whoever among you fulfills his
pledge will be rewarded by Allah. And whoever indulges in
any one of them (except the ascription of partners to
Allah) and gets the punishment in this world, that
punishment will be an expiation for that sin. And if one
indulges in any of them, and Allah conceals his sin, it is
up to Him to forgive or punish him (in the Hereafter)." 'Ubada
bin As-Samit added: "So we swore allegiance for these."
(points to Allah's Apostle)
Allah's Apostle said, "A time will come that the best
property of a Muslim will be sheep which he will take on
the top of mountains and the places of rainfall (valleys)
so as to flee with his religion from afflictions."
Whenever Allah's Apostle ordered the Muslims to do
something, he used to order them deeds which were easy for
them to do, (according to their strength endurance). They
said, "O Allah's Apostle! We are not like you. Allah has
forgiven your past and future sins." So Allah's Apostle
became angry and it was apparent on his face. He said, "I
am the most Allah fearing, and know Allah better than all
of you do."
The Prophet said, "When the people of Paradise will
enter Paradise and the people of Hell will go to Hell,
Allah will order those who have had faith equal to the
weight of a grain of mustard seed to be taken out from
Hell. So they will be taken out but (by then) they will be
blackened (charred). Then they will be put in the river of
Haya' (rain) or Hayat (life) (the Narrator is in doubt as
to which is the right term), and they will revive like a
grain that grows near the bank of a flood channel. Don't
you see that it comes out yellow and twisted"
Allah's Apostle said, "While I was sleeping I saw (in a
dream) some people wearing shirts of which some were
reaching up to the breasts only while others were even
shorter than that. Umar bin Al-Khattab was shown wearing a
shirt that he was dragging." The people asked, "How did
you interpret it? (What is its interpretation) O Allah's
Apostle?" He (the Prophet ) replied, "It is the Religion."
Allah's Apostle said: "I have been ordered (by Allah)
to fight against the people until they testify that none
has the right to be worshipped but Allah and that Muhammad
is Allah's Apostle, and offer the prayers perfectly and
give the obligatory charity, so if they perform a that,
then they save their lives an property from me except for
Islamic laws and then their reckoning (accounts) will be
done by Allah."
Allah's Apostle was asked, "What is the best deed?" He
replied, "To believe in Allah and His Apostle (Muhammad).
The questioner then asked, "What is the next (in
goodness)? He replied, "To participate in Jihad (religious
fighting) in Allah's Cause." The questioner again asked,
"What is the next (in goodness)?" He replied, "To perform
Hajj (Pilgrim age to Mecca) 'Mubrur, (which is accepted by
Allah and is performed with the intention of seeking
Allah's pleasure only and not to show off and without
committing a sin and in accordance with the traditions of
Allah's Apostle distributed (Zakat) amongst (a group
of) people while I was sitting there but Allah's Apostle
left a man whom I thought the best of the lot. I asked, "O
Allah's Apostle! Why have you left that person? By Allah I
regard him as a faithful believer." The Prophet commented:
"Or merely a Muslim." I remained quiet for a while, but
could not help repeating my question because of what I
knew about him. And then asked Allah's Apostle, "Why have
you left so and so? By Allah! He is a faithful believer."
The Prophet again said, "Or merely a Muslim." And I could
not help repeating my question because of what I knew
about him. Then the Prophet said, "O Sa'd! I give to a
person while another is dearer to me, for fear that he
might be thrown on his face in the Fire by Allah."
The Prophet said: "I was shown the Hell-fire and that
the majority of its dwellers were women who were
ungrateful." It was asked, "Do they disbelieve in Allah?"
(or are they ungrateful to Allah?) He replied, "They are
ungrateful to their husbands and are ungrateful for the
favors and the good (charitable deeds) done to them. If
you have always been good (benevolent) to one of them and
then she sees something in you (not of her liking), she
will say, 'I have never received any good from you."
At Ar-Rabadha I met Abu Dhar who was wearing a cloak,
and his slave, too, was wearing a similar one. I asked
about the reason for it. He replied, "I abused a person by
calling his mother with bad names." The Prophet said to
me, 'O Abu Dhar! Did you abuse him by calling his mother
with bad names You still have some characteristics of
ignorance. Your slaves are your brothers and Allah has put
them under your command. So whoever has a brother under
his command should feed him of what he eats and dress him
of what he wears. Do not ask them (slaves) to do things
beyond their capacity (power) and if you do so, then help
While I was going to help this man ('Ali Ibn Abi Talib),
Abu Bakra met me and asked, "Where are you going?" I
replied, "I am going to help that person." He said, "Go
back for I have heard Allah's Apostle saying, 'When two
Muslims fight (meet) each other with their swords, both
the murderer as well as the murdered will go to the
Hell-fire.' I said, 'O Allah's Apostle! It is all right
for the murderer but what about the murdered one?' Allah's
Apostle replied, "He surely had the intention to kill his
When the following Verse was revealed: "It is those who
believe and confuse not their belief with wrong
(worshipping others besides Allah.)" (6:83), the
companions of Allah's Apostle asked, "Who is amongst us
who had not done injustice (wrong)?" Allah revealed: "No
doubt, joining others in worship with Allah is a great
injustice (wrong) indeed." (31.13)
The Prophet said, "Whoever has the following four
(characteristics) will be a pure hypocrite and whoever has
one of the following four characteristics will have one
characteristic of hypocrisy unless and until he gives it
1. Whenever he is entrusted, he betrays.
2. Whenever he speaks, he tells a lie.
3. Whenever he makes a covenant, he proves treacherous.
4. Whenever he quarrels, he behaves in a very
imprudent, evil and insulting manner."
The Prophet said, "The person who participates in (Holy
battles) in Allah's cause and nothing compels him to do so
except belief in Allah and His Apostles, will be
recompensed by Allah either with a reward, or booty (if he
survives) or will be admitted to Paradise (if he is killed
in the battle as a martyr). Had I not found it difficult
for my followers, then I would not remain behind any
sariya going for Jihad and I would have loved to be
martyred in Allah's cause and then made alive, and then
martyred and then made alive, and then again martyred in
Allah's Apostle said: "Whoever establishes prayers
during the nights of Ramadan faithfully out of sincere
faith and hoping to attain Allah's rewards (not for
showing off), all his past sins will be forgiven."
The Prophet said, "Religion is very easy and whoever
overburdens himself in his religion will not be able to
continue in that way. So you should not be extremists, but
try to be near to perfection and receive the good tidings
that you will be rewarded; and gain strength by
worshipping in the mornings, the nights." (See
Fath-ul-Bari, Page 102, Vol 1).
When the Prophet came to Medina, he stayed first with
his grandfathers or maternal uncles from Ansar. He offered
his prayers facing Baitul-Maqdis (Jerusalem) for sixteen
or seventeen months, but he wished that he could pray
facing the Ka'ba (at Mecca). The first prayer which he
offered facing the Ka'ba was the 'Asr prayer in the
company of some people. Then one of those who had offered
that prayer with him came out and passed by some people in
a mosque who were bowing during their prayers (facing
Jerusalem). He said addressing them, "By Allah, I testify
that I have prayed with Allah's Apostle facing Mecca (Ka'ba).'
Hearing that, those people changed their direction towards
the Ka'ba immediately. Jews and the people of the
scriptures used to be pleased to see the Prophet facing
Jerusalem in prayers but when he changed his direction
towards the Ka'ba, during the prayers, they disapproved of
Al-Bara' added, "Before we changed our direction
towards the Ka'ba (Mecca) in prayers, some Muslims had
died or had been killed and we did not know what to say
about them (regarding their prayers.) Allah then revealed:
And Allah would never make your faith (prayers) to be lost
(i.e. the prayers of those Muslims were valid).' "
Allah's Apostle said, "If any one of you improve
(follows strictly) his Islamic religion then his good
deeds will be rewarded ten times to seven hundred times
for each good deed and a bad deed will be recorded as it
Once the Prophet came while a woman was sitting with
me. He said, "Who is she?" I replied, "She is so and so,"
and told him about her (excessive) praying. He said
disapprovingly, "Do (good) deeds which is within your
capacity (without being overtaxed) as Allah does not get
tired (of giving rewards) but (surely) you will get tired
and the best deed (act of Worship) in the sight of Allah
is that which is done regularly."
The Prophet said, "Whoever said "None has the right to
be worshipped but Allah and has in his heart good (faith)
equal to the weight of a barley grain will be taken out of
Hell. And whoever said: "None has the right to be
worshipped but Allah and has in his heart good (faith)
equal to the weight of a wheat grain will be taken out of
Hell. And whoever said, "None has the right to be
worshipped but Allah and has in his heart good (faith)
equal to the weight of an atom will be taken out of Hell."
Once a Jew said to me, "O the chief of believers! There
is a verse in your Holy Book Which is read by all of you
(Muslims), and had it been revealed to us, we would have
taken that day (on which it was revealed as a day of
celebration." 'Umar bin Al-Khattab asked, "Which is that
verse?" The Jew replied, "This day I have perfected your
religion For you, completed My favor upon you, And have
chosen for you Islam as your religion." (5:3) 'Umar
replied,"No doubt, we know when and where this verse was
revealed to the Prophet. It was Friday and the Prophet was
standing at 'Arafat (i.e. the Day of Hajj)"
A man from Najd with unkempt hair came to Allah's
Apostle and we heard his loud voice but could not
understand what he was saying, till he came near and then
we came to know that he was asking about Islam. Allah's
Apostle said, "You have to offer prayers perfectly five
times in a day and night (24 hours)." The man asked, "Is
there any more (praying)?" Allah's Apostle replied, "No,
but if you want to offer the Nawafil prayers (you can)."
Allah's Apostle further said to him: "You have to observe
fasts during the month of Ramad, an." The man asked, "Is
there any more fasting?" Allah's Apostle replied, "No, but
if you want to observe the Nawafil fasts (you can.)" Then
Allah's Apostle further said to him, "You have to pay the
Zakat (obligatory charity)." The man asked, "Is there any
thing other than the Zakat for me to pay?" Allah's Apostle
replied, "No, unless you want to give alms of your own."
And then that man retreated saying, "By Allah! I will
neither do less nor more than this." Allah's Apostle said,
"If what he said is true, then he will be successful (i.e.
he will be granted Paradise)."
Allah's Apostle said, "(A believer) who accompanies the
funeral procession of a Muslim out of sincere faith and
hoping to attain Allah's reward and remains with it till
the funeral prayer is offered and the burial ceremonies
are over, he will return with a reward of two Qirats. Each
Qirat is like the size of the (Mount) Uhud. He who offers
the funeral prayer only and returns before the burial,
will return with the reward of one Qirat only."
The Prophet said, "Abusing a Muslim is Fusuq (an evil
doing) and killing him is Kufr (disbelief)." Narrated 'Ubada
bin As-Samit: "Allah's Apostle went out to inform the
people about the (date of the) night of decree (Al-Qadr)
but there happened a quarrel between two Muslim men. The
Prophet said, "I came out to inform you about (the date
of) the night of Al-Qadr, but as so and so and so and so
quarrelled, its knowledge was taken away (I forgot it) and
maybe it was better for you. Now look for it in the 7th,
the 9th and the 5th (of the last 10 nights of the month of
One day while the Prophet was sitting in the company of
some people, (The angel) Gabriel came and asked, "What is
faith?" Allah's Apostle replied, 'Faith is to believe in
Allah, His angels, (the) meeting with Him, His Apostles,
and to believe in Resurrection." Then he further asked,
"What is Islam?" Allah's Apostle replied, "To worship
Allah Alone and none else, to offer prayers perfectly to
pay the compulsory charity (Zakat) and to observe fasts
during the month of Ramadan." Then he further asked, "What
is Ihsan (perfection)?" Allah's Apostle replied, "To
worship Allah as if you see Him, and if you cannot achieve
this state of devotion then you must consider that He is
looking at you." Then he further asked, "When will the
Hour be established?" Allah's Apostle replied, "The
answerer has no better knowledge than the questioner. But
I will inform you about its portents.
1. When a slave (lady) gives birth to her master.
2. When the shepherds of black camels start boasting
and competing with others in the construction of higher
buildings. And the Hour is one of five things which nobody
knows except Allah.
The Prophet then recited: "Verily, with Allah (Alone)
is the knowledge of the Hour--." (31. 34) Then that man
(Gabriel) left and the Prophet asked his companions to
call him back, but they could not see him. Then the
Prophet said, "That was Gabriel who came to teach the
people their religion." Abu 'Abdullah said: He (the
Prophet) considered all that as a part of faith.
I was informed by Abu Sufyan that Heraclius said to
him, "I asked you whether they (followers of Muhammad)
were increasing or decreasing. You replied that they were
increasing. And in fact, this is the way of true Faith
till it is complete in all respects. I further asked you
whether there was anybody, who, after embracing his (the
Prophets) religion (Islam) became displeased and discarded
it. You replied in the negative, and in fact, this is (a
sign of) true faith. When its delight enters the heart and
mixes with them completely, nobody can be displeased with
I heard Allah's Apostle saying, 'Both legal and illegal
things are evident but in between them there are doubtful
(suspicious) things and most of the people have no
knowledge about them. So whoever saves himself from these
suspicious things saves his religion and his honor. And
whoever indulges in these suspicious things is like a
shepherd who grazes (his animals) near the Hima (private
pasture) of someone else and at any moment he is liable to
get in it. (O people!) Beware! Every king has a Hima and
the Hima of Allah on the earth is His illegal (forbidden)
things. Beware! There is a piece of flesh in the body if
it becomes good (reformed) the whole body becomes good but
if it gets spoilt the whole body gets spoilt and that is
I used to sit with Ibn 'Abbas and he made me sit on his
sitting place. He requested me to stay with him in order
that he might give me a share from his property. So I
stayed with him for two months. Once he told (me) that
when the delegation of the tribe of 'Abdul Qais came to
the Prophet, the Prophet asked them, "Who are the people
(i.e. you)? (Or) who are the delegate?" They replied, "We
are from the tribe of Rabi'a." Then the Prophet said to
them, "Welcome! O people (or O delegation of 'Abdul Qais)!
Neither will you have disgrace nor will you regret." They
said, "O Allah's Apostle! We cannot come to you except in
the sacred month and there is the infidel tribe of Mudar
intervening between you and us. So please order us to do
something good (religious deeds) so that we may inform our
people whom we have left behind (at home), and that we may
enter Paradise (by acting on them)." Then they asked about
drinks (what is legal and what is illegal). The Prophet
ordered them to do four things and forbade them from four
things. He ordered them to believe in Allah Alone and
asked them, "Do you know what is meant by believing in
Allah Alone?" They replied, "Allah and His Apostle know
better." Thereupon the Prophet said, "It means:
1. To testify that none has the right to be worshipped
but Allah and Muhammad is Allah's Apostle.
2. To offer prayers perfectly
3. To pay the Zakat (obligatory charity)
4. To observe fast during the month of Ramadan.
5. And to pay Al-Khumus (one fifth of the booty to be
given in Allah's Cause).
Then he forbade them four things, namely, Hantam, Dubba,'
Naqir Ann Muzaffat or Muqaiyar; (These were the names of
pots in which Alcoholic drinks were prepared) (The Prophet
mentioned the container of wine and he meant the wine
itself). The Prophet further said (to them): "Memorize
them (these instructions) and convey them to the people
whom you have left behind."
Allah's Apostle said, "The reward of deeds depends upon
the intention and every person will get the reward
according to what he has intended. So whoever emigrated
for Allah and His Apostle, then his emigration was for
Allah and His Apostle. And whoever emigrated for worldly
benefits or for a woman to marry, his emigration was for
what he emigrated for."
I heard Jarir bin 'Abdullah (Praising Allah). On the
day when Al-Mughira bin Shu'ba died, he (Jarir) got up (on
the pulpit) and thanked and praised Allah and said, "Be
afraid of Allah alone Who has none along with Him to be
worshipped.(You should) be calm and quiet till the (new)
chief comes to you and he will come to you soon. Ask
Allah's forgiveness for your (late) chief because he
himself loved to forgive others." Jarir added, "Amma badu
(now then), I went to the Prophet and said, 'I give my
pledge of allegiance to you for Islam." The Prophet
conditioned (my pledge) for me to be sincere and true to
every Muslim so I gave my pledge to him for this. By the
Lord of this mosque! I am sincere and true to you
(Muslims). Then Jarir asked for Allah's forgiveness and
came down (from the pulpit).