Allah's Apostle said, "Someone came to me from my Lord
and gave me the news (or good tidings) that if any of my
followers dies worshipping none (in any way) along with
Allah, he will enter Paradise." I asked, "Even if he
committed illegal sexual intercourse (adultery) and
theft?" He replied, "Even if he committed illegal sexual
intercourse (adultery) and theft."
Allah's Apostle ordered us to do seven things and
forbade us to do other seven. He ordered us:
to follow the funeral procession. to visit the sick, to
accept invitations, to help the oppressed, to fulfill the
oaths, to return the greeting and to reply to the sneezer:
(saying, "May Allah be merciful on you," provided the
sneezer says, "All the praises are for Allah,"). He
forbade us to use silver utensils and dishes and to wear
golden rings, silk (clothes), Dibaj (pure silk cloth),
Qissi and Istabraq (two kinds of silk cloths).
Abu Bakr came riding his horse from his dwelling place
in As-Sunh. He got down from it, entered the Mosque and
did not speak with anybody till he came to me and went
direct to the Prophet, who was covered with a marked
blanket. Abu Bakr uncovered his face. He knelt down and
kissed him and then started weeping and said, "My father
and my mother be sacrificed for you, O Allah's Prophet!
Allah will not combine two deaths on you. You have died
the death which was written for you."
Narrated Abu Salama from Ibn Abbas : Abu Bakr came out
and 'Umar , was addressing the people, and Abu Bakr told
him to sit down but 'Umar refused. Abu Bakr again told him
to sit down but 'Umar again refused. Then Abu Bakr recited
the Tashah-hud (i.e. none has the right to be worshipped
but Allah and Muhammad is Allah's Apostle) and the people
attended to Abu Bakr and left 'Umar. Abu Bakr said, "Amma
ba'du, whoever amongst you worshipped Muhammad, then
Muhammad is dead, but whoever worshipped Allah, Allah is
alive and will never die. Allah said: 'Muhammad is no more
than an Apostle and indeed (many) Apostles have passed
away before him ..(up to the) grateful.' " (3.144) (The
narrator added, "By Allah, it was as if the people never
knew that Allah had revealed this verse before till Abu
Bakr recited it and then whoever heard it, started
reciting it ")
Um Al-'Ala', an Ansari woman who gave the pledge of
allegiance to the Prophet said to me, "The emigrants were
distributed amongst us by drawing lots and we got in our
share 'Uthman bin Maz'un. We made him stay with us in our
house. Then he suffered from a disease which proved fatal
when he died and was given a bath and was shrouded in his
clothes, Allah's Apostle came I said, 'May Allah be
merciful to you, O Abu As-Sa'ib! I testify that Allah has
honored you'. The Prophet said, 'How do you know that
Allah has honored him?' I replied, 'O Allah's Apostle! Let
my father be sacrificed for you! On whom else shall Allah
bestow His honor?' The Prophet said, 'No doubt, death came
to him. By Allah, I too wish him good, but by Allah, I do
not know what Allah will do with me though I am Al lah's
Apostle. ' By Allah, I never attested the piety of anyone
When my father was martyred, I lifted the sheet from
his face and wept and the people forbade me to do so but
the Prophet did not forbid me. Then my aunt Fatima began
weeping and the Prophet said, "It is all the same whether
you weep or not. The angels were shading him continuously
with their wings till you shifted him (from the field). "
Allah's Apostle informed (the people) about the death
of An-Najashi on the very day he died. He went towards the
Musalla (praying place) and the people stood behind him in
rows. He said four Takbirs (i.e. offered the Funeral
The Prophet said, "Zaid took over the flag and was
martyred. Then it was taken by Jafar who was martyred as
well. Then 'Abdullah bin Rawaha took the flag but he too
was martyred and at that time the eyes of Allah's Apostle
were full of tears. Then Khalid bin Al-Walid took the flag
without being nominated as a chief (before hand) and was
blessed with victory."
A person died and Allah's Apostle used to visit him. He
died at night and (the people) buried him at night. In the
morning they informed the Prophet (about his death). He
said, "What prevented you from informing me?" They
replied, "It was night and it was a dark night and so we
disliked to trouble you." The Prophet went to his grave
and offered the (funeral) prayer.
The women requested the Prophet, "Please fix a day for
us." So the Prophet preached to them and said, "A woman
whose three children died would be screened from the Hell
Fire by them," Hearing that, a woman asked, "If two died?"
The Prophet replied, "Even two (would screen her from the
(Hell) Fire. " And Abu Huraira added, "Those children
should be below the age of puberty. "
Allah's Apostle came to us when his daughter died and
said, "Wash her thrice or five times or more, if you see
it necessary, with water and Sidr and then apply camphor
or some camphor at the end; and when you finish, notify
me." So when we finished it, we informed him and he gave
us his waist-sheet and told us to shroud the dead body in
Allah's Apostle came to us and we were giving a bath to
his (dead) daughter and said, "Wash her three, five or
more times with water and Sidr and sprinkle camphor on her
at the end; and when you finish, notify me." So when we
finished, we informed him and he gave us his waist-sheet
and told us to shroud her in it. Aiyub said that Hafsa
narrated to him a narration similar to that of Muhammad in
which it was said that the bath was to be given for an odd
number of times, and the numbers 3, 5 or 7 were mentioned.
It was also said that they were to start with the right
side and with the parts which were washed in ablution, and
that Um 'Atiyya also mentioned, "We combed her hair and
divided them in three braids."
The daughter of the Prophet expired, and he said to us,
"Wash her three or five times, or more if you see it
necessary, and when you finish, notify me." So, (when we
finished) we informed him and he unfastened his
waist-sheet and told us to shroud her in it.
Um 'Atiyya said, "One of the daughters of the Prophet
died and he came out and said, 'Wash her three or five
times or more, if you think it necessary, with water and
Sidr, and last of all put camphor (or some camphor) and
when you finish, inform me.' " Um Atiyya added, "When we
finished we informed him and he gave us his waist-sheet
and said, 'Shroud her in it.' " And Um 'Atiyya (in another
narration) added, "The Prophet said, 'Wash her three, five
or seven times or more, if you think it necessary.' "
Hafsa said that Um 'Atiyya had also said, "We entwined her
hair into three braids."
Um 'Atiyya (an Ansari woman who gave the pledge of
allegiance to the Prophet ) came to Basra to visit her
son, but she could not find him. She narrated to us, "The
Prophet came to us while we were giving bath to his (dead)
daughter, he said: 'Wash her three times, five times or
more, if you think it necessary, with water and Sidr, and
last of all put camphor, and when you finish, notify me.'
" Um 'Atiyya added, "After finishing, we informed him and
he gave us his waist sheet and told us to shroud her in it
and did not say more than that."
One of the daughters of the Prophet expired and he came
to us and said, "Wash her with Sidr (water) for odd number
of times, i.e. three, five or more, if you think it
necessary, and in the last, put camphor or (some camphor
on her), and when you finish, notify me." So when we
finished we informed him. He gave his waist-sheet to us
(to shroud her). We entwined the hair (of the deceased
girl) in three braids and made them fall at her back.
While a man was riding (his Mount) in 'Arafat, he fell
down from it (his Mount) and broke his neck (and died).
The Prophet said, "Wash him with water and Sidr and shroud
him in two pieces of cloth, and neither perfume him, nor
cover his head, for he will be resurrected on the Day of
Resurrection saying, 'Labbaik,' (i.e. like a pilgrim)."
While a man was at 'Arafat (for Hajj) with Allah's
Apostle the fell down from his Mount and broke his neck
(and died). So Allah's Apostle said, "Wash him with water
and Sidr and shroud him in two pieces of cloth and neither
perfume him nor cover his head, for Allah will resurrect
him on the Day of Resurrection and he will be saying 'Labbaik."
A man was killed by his camel while we were with the
Prophet and he was a Muhrim. So the Prophet said, "Wash
him with water and Sidr and shroud him in two pieces of
cloth and neither perfume him nor cover his head, for
Allah will resurrect him on the Day of Resurrection and he
will be saying 'Labbaik' . "
A man fell from his Mount and died while he was with
the Prophet at 'Arafat. The Prophet said, "Wash him with
water and Sidr and shroud him in two pieces of cloth and
neither perfume him nor cover his head, for he will be
resurrected on the Day of Resurrection saying, 'Labbaik'."
When 'Abdullah bin Ubai (the chief of hypocrites) died,
his son came to the Prophet and said, "O Allah's Apostle!
Please give me your shirt to shroud him in it, offer his
funeral prayer and ask for Allah's forgiveness for him."
So Allah's Apostle (p.b.u.h) gave his shirt to him and
said, "Inform me (When the funeral is ready) so that I may
offer the funeral prayer." So, he informed him and when
the Prophet intended to offer the funeral prayer, 'Umar
took hold of his hand and said, "Has Allah not forbidden
you to offer the funeral prayer for the hypocrites? The
Prophet said, "I have been given the choice for Allah
says: '(It does not avail) Whether you (O Muhammad) ask
forgiveness for them (hypocrites), or do not ask for
forgiveness for them. Even though you ask for their
forgiveness seventy times, Allah will not forgive them.
(9.80)" So the Prophet offered the funeral prayer and on
that the revelation came: "And never (O Muhammad) pray
(funeral prayer) for any of them (i.e. hypocrites) that
dies." (9. 84)
Once the meal of 'Abdur-Rahman bin 'Auf was brought in
front of him, and he said, "Mustab bin 'Umar was martyred
and he was better than I, and he had nothing except his
Burd (a black square narrow dress) to be shrouded in.
Hamza or another person was martyred and he was also
better than I and he had nothing to be shrouded in except
his Burd. No doubt, I fear that the rewards of my deeds
might have been given early in this world." Then he
Once a meal was brought to 'Abdur-Rahman bin 'Auf and
he was fasting. He said, "Mustab bin 'Umar was martyred
and he was better than I and was shrouded in his Burd and
when his head was covered with it, his legs became bare,
and when his legs were covered his head got uncovered.
Hamza was martyred and was better than I. Now the worldly
wealth have been bestowed upon us (or said a similar
thing). No doubt, I fear that the rewards of my deeds
might have been given earlier in this world." Then he
started weeping and left his food.
We emigrated with the Prophet (p.b.u.h) in Allah's
cause, and so our reward was then surely incumbent on
Allah. Some of us died and they did not take anything from
their rewards in this world, and amongst them was Mustab
bin 'Umar; and the others were those who got their
rewards. Mustab bin 'Umar was martyred on the day of the
Battle of Uhud and we could get nothing except his Burd to
shroud him in. And when we covered his head his feet
became bare and vice versa. So the Prophet ordered us to
cover his head only and to put idhkhir (a kind of shrub)
over his feet.
A woman brought a woven Burda (sheet) having edging
(border) to the Prophet, Then Sahl asked them whether they
knew what is Burda, they said that Burda is a cloak and
Sahl confirmed their reply. Then the woman said, "I have
woven it with my own hands and I have brought it so that
you may wear it." The Prophet accepted it, and at that
time he was in need of it. So he came out wearing it as
his waist-sheet. A man praised it and said, "Will you give
it to me? How nice it is!" The other people said, "You
have not done the right thing as the Prophet is in need of
it and you have asked for it when you know that he never
turns down anybody's request." The man replied, "By Allah,
I have not asked for it to wear it but to make it my
shroud." Later it was his shroud.
One of the sons of Um 'Atiyya died, and when it was the
third day she asked for a yellow perfume and put it over
her body, and said, "We were forbidden to mourn for more
than three days except for our husbands."
When the news of the death of Abu Sufyan reached from
Sham, Um Habiba on the third day, asked for a yellow
perfume and scented her cheeks and forearms and said, "No
doubt, I would not have been in need of this, had I not
heard the Prophet saying: "It is not legal for a woman who
believes in Allah and the Last Day to mourn for more than
three days for any dead person except her husband, for
whom she should mourn for four months and ten days."
I went to Um Habiba, the wife of Prophet, who said, "I
heard the Prophets saying, 'It is not legal for a woman
who believes in Allah and the Last Day to mourn for any
dead person for more than three days except for her
husband, (for whom she should mourn) for four months and
ten days'." Later I went to Zainab bint Jahsh when her
brother died; she asked for some scent, and after using it
she said, "I am not in need of scent but I heard Allah's
Apostle saying, 'It is not legal for a woman who believes
in Allah and the Last Day to mourn for more than three
days for any dead person except her husband, (for whom she
should mourn) for four months and ten days.' "
The Prophet passed by a woman who was weeping beside a
grave. He told her to fear Allah and be patient. She said
to him, "Go away, for you have not been afflicted with a
calamity like mine." And she did not recognize him. Then
she was informed that he was the Prophet . so she went to
the house of the Prophet and there she did not find any
guard. Then she said to him, "I did not recognize you." He
said, "Verily, the patience is at the first stroke of a
The daughter of the Prophet (p.b.u.h) sent (a
messenger) to the Prophet requesting him to come as her
child was dying (or was gasping), but the Prophet returned
the messenger and told him to convey his greeting to her
and say: "Whatever Allah takes is for Him and whatever He
gives, is for Him, and everything with Him has a limited
fixed term (in this world) and so she should be patient
and hope for Allah's reward." She again sent for him,
swearing that he should come. The Prophet got up, and so
did Sad bin 'Ubada, Muadh bin Jabal, Ubai bin Ka'b, Zaid
bin Thabit and some other men. The child was brought to
Allah's Apostle while his breath was disturbed in his
chest (the sub-narrator thinks that Usama added: ) as if
it was a leather water-skin. On that the eyes of the
Prophet (p.b.u.h) started shedding tears. Sad said, "O
Allah's Apostle! What is this?" He replied, "It is mercy
which Allah has lodged in the hearts of His slaves, and
Allah is merciful only to those of His slaves who are
merciful (to others).
We were (in the funeral procession) of one of the
daughters of the Prophet and he was sitting by the side of
the grave. I saw his eyes shedding tears. He said, "Is
there anyone among you who did not have sexual relations
with his wife last night?" Abu Talha replied in the
affirmative. And so the Prophet told him to get down in
the grave. And so he got down in her grave.
Narrated 'Abdullah bin 'Ubaidullah bin Abi Mulaika:
One of the daughters of 'Uthman died at Mecca. We went
to attend her funeral procession. Ibn 'Umar and Ibn Abbas
were also present. I sat in between them (or said, I sat
beside one of them. Then a man came and sat beside me.)
'Abdullah bin 'Umar said to 'Amr bin 'Uthman, "Will you
not prohibit crying as Allah's Apostle has said, 'The dead
person is tortured by the crying of his relatives.?" Ibn
Abbas said, "Umar used to say so." Then he added
narrating, "I accompanied Umar on a journey from Mecca
till we reached Al-Baida. There he saw some travelers in
the shade of a Samura (A kind of forest tree). He said (to
me), "Go and see who those travelers are." So I went and
saw that one of them was Suhaib. I told this to 'Umar who
then asked me to call him. So I went back to Suhaib and
said to him, "Depart and follow the chief of the faithful
believers." Later, when 'Umar was stabbed, Suhaib came in
weeping and saying, "O my brother, O my friend!" (on this
'Umar said to him, "O Suhaib! Are you weeping for me while
the Prophet said, "The dead person is punished by some of
the weeping of his relatives?" Ibn Abbas added, "When 'Umar
died I told all this to Aisha and she said, 'May Allah be
merciful to Umar. By Allah, Allah's Apostle did not say
that a believer is punished by the weeping of his
relatives. But he said, Allah increases the punishment of
a non-believer because of the weeping of his relatives."
Aisha further added, "The Quran is sufficient for you (to
clear up this point) as Allah has stated: 'No burdened
soul will bear another's burden.' " (35.18). Ibn Abbas
then said, "Only Allah makes one laugh or cry." Ibn Umar
did not say anything after that.
I heard the Prophet saying, "Ascribing false things to
me is not like ascribing false things to anyone else.
Whosoever tells a lie against me intentionally then surely
let him occupy his seat in Hell-Fire." I heard the Prophet
saying, "The deceased who is wailed over is tortured for
On the day of the Battle of Uhud, my father was brought
and he had been mayhemed and was placed in front of
Allah's Apostle and a sheet was over him. I went intending
to uncover my father but my people forbade me; again I
wanted to uncover him but my people forbade me. Allah's
Apostle gave his order and he was shifted away. At that
time he heard the voice of a crying woman and asked, "Who
is this?" They said, "It is the daughter or the sister of
Amr." He said, "Why does she weep? (or let her stop
weeping), for the angels had been shading him with their
wings till he (i.e. the body of the martyr) was shifted
That his father said, "In the year of the last Hajj of
the Prophet I became seriously ill and the Prophet used to
visit me inquiring about my health. I told him, 'I am
reduced to this state because of illness and I am wealthy
and have no inheritors except a daughter, (In this
narration the name of 'Amir bin Sad is mentioned and in
fact it is a mistake; the narrator is 'Aisha bint Sad bin
Abi Waqqas). Should I give two-thirds of my property in
charity?' He said, 'No.' I asked, 'Half?' He said, 'No.'
then he added, 'One-third, and even one-third is much.
You'd better leave your inheritors wealthy rather than
leaving them poor, begging others. You will get a reward
for whatever you spend for Allah's sake, even for what you
put in your wife's mouth.' I said, 'O Allah's Apostle!
Will I be left alone after my companions have gone?' He
said, 'If you are left behind, whatever good deeds you
will do will up-grade you and raise you high. And perhaps
you will have a long life so that some people will be
benefited by you while others will be harmed by you. O
Allah! Complete the emigration of my companions and do not
turn them renegades.' But Allah's Apostle felt sorry for
poor Sad bin Khaula as he died in Mecca." (but Sad bin Abi
Waqqas lived long after the Prophet (p.b.u.h).)
When the Prophet got the news of the death of Ibn
Haritha, Ja'far and Ibn Rawaha he sat down and looked sad
and I was looking at him through the chink of the door. A
man came and told him about the crying of the women of
Ja'far. The Prophet ordered him to forbid them. The man
went and came back saying that he had told them but they
did not listen to him. The Prophet (p.b.u.h) said, "Forbid
them." So again he went and came back for the third time
and said, "O Allah's Apostle! By Allah, they did not
listen to us at all." ('Aisha added): Allah's Apostle
ordered him to go and put dust in their mouths. I said,
(to that man) "May Allah stick your nose in the dust (i.e.
humiliate you)! You could neither (persuade the women to)
fulfill the order of Allah's Apostle nor did you relieve
Allah's Apostle from fatigue. "
One of the sons of Abu Talha became sick and died and
Abu Talha at that time was not at home. When his wife saw
that he was dead, she prepared him (washed and shrouded
him) and placed him somewhere in the house. When Abu Talha
came, he asked, "How is the boy?" She said, "The child is
quiet and I hope he is in peace." Abu Talha thought that
she had spoken the truth. Abu Talha passed the night and
in the morning took a bath and when he intended to go out,
she told him that his son had died, Abu Talha offered the
(morning) prayer with the Prophet and informed the Prophet
of what happened to them. Allah's Apostle said, "May Allah
bless you concerning your night. (That is, may Allah bless
you with good offspring)." Sufyan said, "One of the Ansar
said, 'They (i.e. Abu Talha and his wife) had nine sons
and all of them became reciters of the Quran (by heart).'
We went with Allah's Apostle (p.b.u.h) to the
blacksmith Abu Saif, and he was the husband of the
wet-nurse of Ibrahim (the son of the Prophet). Allah's
Apostle took Ibrahim and kissed him and smelled him and
later we entered Abu Saif's house and at that time Ibrahim
was in his last breaths, and the eyes of Allah's Apostle (p.b.u.h)
started shedding tears. 'Abdur Rahman bin 'Auf said, "O
Allah's Apostle, even you are weeping!" He said, "O Ibn
'Auf, this is mercy." Then he wept more and said, "The
eyes are shedding tears and the heart is grieved, and we
will not say except what pleases our Lord, O Ibrahim !
Indeed we are grieved by your separation."
Sad bin 'Ubada became sick and the Prophet along with 'Abdur
Rahman bin 'Auf, Sad bin Abi Waqqas and 'Abdullah bin
Masud visited him to enquire about his health. When he
came to him, he found him surrounded by his household and
he asked, "Has he died?" They said, "No, O Allah's
Apostle." The Prophet wept and when the people saw the
weeping of Allah's Apostle (p.b.u.h) they all wept. He
said, "Will you listen? Allah does not punish for shedding
tears, nor for the grief of the heart but he punishes or
bestows His Mercy because of this." He pointed to his
tongue and added, "The deceased is punished for the
wailing of his relatives over him." 'Umar used to beat
with a stick and throw stones and put dust over the faces
(of those who used to wail over the dead).
When the news of the martyrdom of Zaid bin Haritha,
Ja'far and 'Abdullah bin Rawaha came, the Prophet sat down
looking sad, and I was looking through the chink of the
door. A man came and said, "O Allah's Apostle! The women
of Ja'far," and then he mentioned their crying . The
Prophet (p.b.u.h) ordered h im to stop them from crying.
The man went and came back and said, "I tried to stop them
but they disobeyed." The Prophet (p.b.u.h) ordered him for
the second time to forbid them. He went again and came
back and said, "They did not listen to me, (or "us": the
sub-narrator Muhammad bin Haushab is in doubt as to which
is right). " ('Aisha added: The Prophet said, "Put dust in
their mouths." I said (to that man), "May Allah stick your
nose in the dust (i.e. humiliate you)." By Allah, you
could not (stop the women from crying) to fulfill the
order, besides you did not relieve Allah's Apostle from
At the time of giving the pledge of allegiance to the
Prophet one of the conditions was that we would not wail,
but it was not fulfilled except by five women and they are
Um Sulaim, Um Al-'Ala', the daughter of Abi Sabra (the
wife of Muadh), and two other women; or the daughter of
Abi Sabra and the wife of Muadh and another woman.
The Prophet said, "If any one of you see a funeral
procession and he is not going along with it, then he
should stand and remain standing till he gets behind it,
or it leaves him behind, or the coffin is put down before
it goes ahead of him . "
That his father said, "While we were accompanying a
funeral procession, Abu Huraira got hold of the hand of
Marwan and they sat down before the coffin was put down.
Then Abu Said came and took hold of Marwan's hand and
said, "Get up. By Allah, no doubt this (i.e. Abu Huraira)
knows that the Prophet forbade us to do that." Abu Huraira
said, "He (Abu Said) has spoken the truth."
A funeral procession passed in front of us and the
Prophet stood up and we too stood up. We said, 'O Allah's
Apostle! This is the funeral procession of a Jew." He
said, "Whenever you see a funeral procession, you should
Sahl bin Hunaif and Qais bin Sad were sitting in the
city of Al-Qadisiya. A funeral procession passed in front
of them and they stood up. They were told that funeral
procession was of one of the inhabitants of the land i.e.
of a non-believer, under the protection of Muslims. They
said, "A funeral procession passed in front of the Prophet
and he stood up. When he was told that it was the coffin
of a Jew, he said, "Is it not a living being (soul)?"
Allah's Apostle said, When the funeral is ready and the
men carry it on their shoulders, if the deceased was
righteous it will say, 'Present me (hurriedly),' and if he
was not righteous, it will say, 'Woe to it (me)! Where are
they taking it (me)?' Its voice is heard by everything
except man and if he heard it he would fall unconscious."
The Prophet said, "When a funeral is ready and the men
carry the deceased on their necks (shoulders), if it was
pious then it will say, 'Present me quickly', and if it
was not pious, then it will say, 'Woe to it (me), where
are they taking it (me)?' And its voice is heard by
everything except mankind and if he heard it he would fall
Ash Sha'bi said, "I was informed by a man who had seen
the Prophet going to a grave that was separate from the
other graves and he aligned the people in rows and said
four Takbir." I said, "O Abu 'Amr! who narrated (that) to
you"? He said, "Ibn Abbas. "
The Prophet said, "Today a pious man from Ethiopia
(i.e. An Najashi) has expired, come on to offer the
funeral prayer." (Jabir said): We lined up in rows and
after that the Prophet led the prayer and we were in rows.
Jabir added, I was in the second row."
Allah's Apostle passed by a grave of a deceased who had
been buried at night. He said, "When was this (deceased)
buried?" The people said, "Yesterday." He said, "Why did
you not inform me?" They said, "We buried him when it was
dark and so we disliked to wake you up." He stood up and
we lined up behind him. (Ibn Abbas said): I was one of
them, and the Prophet offered the funeral prayer.
Ibn Umar was told that Abu Huraira said, "Whoever
accompanies the funeral procession will have a reward
equal to one Qirat." Ibn 'Umar said, "Abu Huraira talks of
a too enormous reward." Aisha attested Abu Huraira's
narration and said, "I heard Allah's Apostle saying like
that." Ibn Umar said, "We have lost numerous Qirats."
that Allah's Apostle (p.b.u.h) said, "Whoever attends
the funeral procession till he offers the funeral prayer
for it, will get a reward equal to one Qirat, and whoever
accompanies it till burial, will get a reward equal to two
Qirats." It was asked, "What are two Qirats?" He replied,
"Like two huge mountains."
Ibn Abbas (who was at that time a boy) said, "Allah's
Apostle came to a grave and the people said, 'He or she
was buried yesterday.' " Ibn Abbas added, "We aligned
behind the Prophet and he led the funeral prayer of the
Allah's Apostle informed about the news of the death of
An-Najash (King of Ethiopia) on the day he expired. He
said, "Ask Allah's forgiveness for your brother. "
Narrated Abu Huraira: The Prophet made them align in rows
at the Musalla and said four Takbir.
The Jew brought to the Prophet a man and a woman from
amongst them who have committed (adultery) illegal sexual
intercourse. He ordered both of them to be stoned (to
death), near the place of offering the funeral prayers
beside the mosque."
Aisha said, "The Prophet in his fatal illness said,
'Allah cursed the Jews and the Christians because they
took the graves of their Prophets as places for praying."'
Aisha added, "Had it not been for that the grave of the
would have been made prominent but I am afraid it might
be taken (as a) place for praying.
Allah's Apostle informed about the news of the death of
An-Najash on the day he died. He went out with us to the
Musalla and we aligned in rows and he said four Takbirs
for An-Najashi's funeral prayer.
I heard Ash-Sha'bi saying, "I was told by a man who had
passed with the Prophet (p.b.u.h) by a grave that was
separate from the other graves that he (the Prophet ) led
them in the prayer and they prayed behind him." I said, "O
Abu 'Amr! Who narrated that to you?" He replied, "Ibn
A black person, a male or a female used to clean the
Mosque and then died. The Prophet (p.b.u.h) did not know
about it . One day the Prophet remembered him and said,
"What happened to that person?" The people replied, "O
Allah's Apostle! He died." He said, "Why did you not
inform me?" They said, "His story was so and so (i.e.
regarded him as insignificant)." He said, "Show me his
grave." He then went to his grave and offered the funeral
The Prophet said, "When a human being is laid in his
grave and his companions return and he even hears their
foot steps, two angels come to him and make him sit and
ask him: What did you use to say about this man, Muhammad
? He will say: I testify that he is Allah's slave and His
Apostle. Then it will be said to him, 'Look at your place
in the Hell-Fire. Allah has given you a place in Paradise
instead of it.' " The Prophet added, "The dead person will
see both his places. But a non-believer or a hypocrite
will say to the angels, 'I do not know, but I used to say
what the people used to say! It will be said to him,
'Neither did you know nor did you take the guidance (by
reciting the Quran).' Then he will be hit with an iron
hammer between his two ears, and he will cry and that cry
will be heard by whatever approaches him except human
beings and jinns."
The angel of death was sent to Moses and when he went
to him, Moses slapped him severely, spoiling one of his
eyes. The angel went back to his Lord, and said, "You sent
me to a slave who does not want to die." Allah restored
his eye and said, "Go back and tell him (i.e. Moses) to
place his hand over the back of an ox, for he will be
allowed to live for a number of years equal to the number
of hairs coming under his hand." (So the angel came to him
and told him the same). Then Moses asked, "O my Lord! What
will be then?" He said, "Death will be then." He said,
"(Let it be) now." He asked Allah that He bring him near
the Sacred Land at a distance of a stone's throw. Allah's
Apostle (p.b.u.h) said, "Were I there I would show you the
grave of Moses by the way near the red sand hill."
The Prophet (p.b.u.h) offered the funeral prayer of a
man one night after he was buried, he and his companions
stood up (for the Prayer). He had asked them about him
before standing, saying, "Who is this?" They said, "He is
so and so and was buried last night." So all of them
offered the funeral prayer.
When the Prophet became ill, some of his wives talked
about a church which they had seen in Ethiopia and it was
called Mariya. Um Salma and Um Habiba had been to
Ethiopia, and both of them narrated its (the Church's)
beauty and the pictures it contained. The Prophet raised
his head and said, "Those are the people who, whenever a
pious man dies amongst them, make a place of worship at
his grave and then they make those pictures in it. Those
are the worst creatures in the Sight of Allah."
We were in the funeral procession of the daughter of
Allah's Apostle and Allah's Apostle was sitting near the
grave and I saw his eyes full of tears. He said, "Is there
anyone amongst you who did not have sexual relations with
his wife last night?" Abu Talha replied in the
affirmative. And so Allah's Apostle told him to get down
in her grave and he got down in her grave and buried her.
The Prophet collected every two martyrs of Uhud in one
piece of cloth, then he would ask, "Which of them had
(knew) more of the Quran?" When one of them was pointed
out for him, he would put that one first in the grave and
say, "I will be a witness on these on the Day of
Resurrection." He ordered them to be buried with their
blood on their bodies and they were neither washed nor was
a funeral prayer offered for them.
One day the Prophet went out and offered the funeral
prayers of the martyrs of Uhud and then went up the pulpit
and said, "I will pave the way for you as your predecessor
and will be a witness on you. By Allah! I see my Fount (Kauthar)
just now and I have been given the keys of all the
treasures of the earth (or the keys of the earth). By
Allah! I am not afraid that you will worship others along
with Allah after my death, but I am afraid that you will
fight with one another for the worldly things."
Allah's Apostle shrouded every two martyrs of Uhud in
one piece of cloth and then he would ask, "Which of them
knew more Quran?" When one of them was pointed out he
would put him first in the grave. He said, "I am a witness
on these." Then he ordered them to be buried with blood on
their bodies. Neither did he offer their funeral prayer
nor did he get them washed. (Jabir bin Abdullah added):
Allah's Apostle used to ask about the martyrs of Uhud as
to which of them knew more of the Quran." And when one of
them was pointed out as having more of it he would put him
first in the grave and then his companions. (Jabir added):
My father and my uncle were shrouded in one sheet.
The Prophet said, "Allah has made Mecca a sanctuary
(sacred place) and it was a sanctuary before me and will
be so after me. It was made legal for me (to fight in it)
for a few hours of the day. None is allowed to uproot its
thorny shrubs or to cut its trees or to chase its game or
to pick up its fallen things except by a person who
announces it publicly." On that Al-Abbas said (to the
Prophet), "Except Al-Idhkhir for our goldsmiths and for
our graves." And so the Prophet added, "Except Al-Idhkhir.
" And Abu Huraira narrated that the Prophet said, "Except
Al-Idhkhir for our graves and houses." And Ibn Abbas said,
"For their goldsmiths and houses."
Allah's Apostle came to Abdullah bin Ubai (a hypocrite)
after his death and he has been laid in his pit (grave).
He ordered (that he be taken out of the grave) and he was
taken out. Then he placed him on his knees and threw some
of his saliva on him and clothed him in his (the
Prophet's) own shirt. Allah knows better (why he did so).
'Abdullah bin Ubai had given his shirt to Al-Abbas to
wear. Abu Harun said, "Allah's Apostle at that time had
two shirts and the son of 'Abdullah bin Ubai said to him,
'O Allah's Apostle! Clothe my father in your shirt which
has been in contact with your skin.' ' Sufyan added, "Thus
people think that the Prophet clothed 'Abdullah bin Tubal
in his shirt in lieu of what he (Abdullah) had done (for
Al Abbas, the Prophet's uncle.)"
When the time of the Battle of Uhud approached, my
father called me at night and said, "I think that I will
be the first amongst the companions of the Prophet to be
martyred. I do not leave anyone after me dearer to me than
you, except Allah's Apostle's soul and I owe some debt and
you should repay it and treat your sisters favorably
(nicely and politely)." So in the morning he was the first
to be martyred and was buried along with another (martyr).
I did not like to leave him with the other (martyr) so I
took him out of the grave after six months of his burial
and he was in the same condition as he was on the day of
burial, except a slight change near his ear.
The Prophet collected every two martyrs of Uhud (in one
grave) and then he would ask, "Which of them knew the
Quran more?" And if one of them was pointed out for him as
having more knowledge, he would put him first in the Lahd.
The Prophet said, "I will be a witness on these on the Day
of Resurrection." Then he ordered them to be buried with
their blood on their bodies and he did not have them
'Umar set out along with the Prophet (p.b.u.h) with a
group of people to Ibn Saiyad till they saw him playing
with the boys near the hillocks of Bani Mughala. Ibn
Saiyad at that time was nearing his puberty and did not
notice (us) until the Prophet stroked him with his hand
and said to him, "Do you testify that I am Allah's
Apostle?" Ibn Saiyad looked at him and said, "I testify
that you are the Messenger of illiterates." Then Ibn
Saiyad asked the Prophet (p.b.u.h), "Do you testify that I
am Allah's Apostle?" The Prophet (p.b.u.h) refuted it and
said, "I believe in Allah and His Apostles." Then he said
(to Ibn Saiyad), "What do you think?" Ibn Saiyad answered,
"True people and liars visit me." The Prophet said, "You
have been confused as to this matter." Then the Prophet
said to him, "I have kept something (in my mind) for you,
(can you tell me that?)" Ibn Saiyad said, "It is Al-Dukh
(the smoke)." (2) The Prophet said, "Let you be in
ignominy. You cannot cross your limits." On that 'Umar,
said, "O Allah's Apostle! Allow me to chop his head off."
The Prophet (p.b.u.h) said, "If he is he (i.e. Dajjal),
then you cannot over-power him, and if he is not, then
there is no use of murdering him." (Ibn 'Umar added):
Later on Allah's Apostle (p.b.u.h) once again went along
with Ubai bin Ka'b to the date-palm trees (garden) where
Ibn Saiyad was staying. The Prophet (p.b.u.h) wanted to
hear something from Ibn Saiyad before Ibn Saiyad could see
him, and the Prophet (p.b.u.h) saw him lying covered with
a sheet and from where his murmurs were heard. Ibn
Saiyad's mother saw Allah's Apostle while he was hiding
himself behind the trunks of the date-palm trees. She
addressed Ibn Saiyad, "O Saf ! (and this was the name of
Ibn Saiyad) Here is Muhammad." And with that Ibn Saiyad
got up. The Prophet said, "Had this woman left him (Had
she not disturbed him), then Ibn Saiyad would have
revealed the reality of his case.
A young Jewish boy used to serve the Prophet and he
became sick. So the Prophet went to visit him. He sat near
his head and asked him to embrace Islam. The boy looked at
his father, who was sitting there; the latter told him to
obey Abu-l-Qasim and the boy embraced Islam. The Prophet
came out saying: "Praises be to Allah Who saved the boy
from the Hell-fire."
The funeral prayer should be offered for every child
even if he were the son of a prostitute as he was born
with a true faith of Islam (i.e. to worship none but Allah
Alone). If his parents are Muslims, particularly the
father, even if his mother were a non-Muslim, and if he
after the delivery cries (even once) before his death
(i.e. born alive) then the funeral prayer must be offered.
And if the child does not cry after his delivery (i.e.
born dead) then his funeral prayer should not be offered,
and he will be considered as a miscarriage. Abu Huraira,
narrated that the Prophet said, "Every child is born with
a true faith (i.e. to worship none but Allah Alone) but
his parents convert him to Judaism or to Christianity or
to Magainism, as an animal delivers a perfect baby animal.
Do you find it mutilated?" Then Abu Huraira recited the
holy verses: 'The pure Allah's Islamic nature (true faith
i.e. to worship none but Allah Alone), with which He has
created human beings.' " (30.30).
Allah's Apostle said, "Every child is born with a true
faith of Islam (i.e. to worship none but Allah Alone) but
his parents convert him to Judaism, Christianity or
Magainism, as an animal delivers a perfect baby animal. Do
you find it mutilated?" Then Abu Huraira recited the holy
verses: "The pure Allah's Islamic nature (true faith of
Islam) (i.e. worshipping none but Allah) with which He has
created human beings. No change let there be in the
religion of Allah (i.e. joining none in worship with
Allah). That is the straight religion (Islam) but most of
men know, not." (30.30)
When the time of the death of Abu Talib approached,
Allah's Apostle went to him and found Abu Jahl bin Hisham
and 'Abdullah bin Abi Umaiya bin Al-Mughira by his side.
Allah's Apostle said to Abu Talib, "O uncle! Say: None has
the right to be worshipped but Allah, a sentence with
which I shall be a witness (i.e. argue) for you before
Allah. Abu Jahl and 'Abdullah bin Abi Umaiya said, "O Abu
Talib! Are you going to denounce the religion of Abdul
Muttalib?" Allah's Apostle kept on inviting Abu Talib to
say it (i.e. 'None has the right to be worshipped but
Allah') while they (Abu Jahl and Abdullah) kept on
repeating their statement till Abu Talib said as his last
statement that he was on the religion of Abdul Muttalib
and refused to say, 'None has the right to be worshipped
but Allah.' (Then Allah's Apostle said, "I will keep on
asking Allah's forgiveness for you unless I am forbidden
(by Allah) to do so." So Allah revealed (the verse)
concerning him (i.e. It is not fitting for the Prophet and
those who believe that they should invoke (Allah) for
forgiveness for pagans even though they be of kin, after
it has become clear to them that they are companions of
the fire (9.113).
The Prophet once passed by two graves, and those two
persons (in the graves) were being tortured. He said,
"They are being tortured not for a great thing (to avoid).
One of them never saved himself from being soiled with his
urine, while the other was going about with calumnies (to
make enmity between friends). He then took a green leaf of
a date-palm tree split it into two pieces and fixed one on
each grave. The people said, "O Allah's Apostle! Why have
you done so?" He replied, "I hope that their punishment
may be lessened till they (the leaf) become dry."
" We were accompanying a funeral procession in
Baqi-I-Gharqad. The Prophet came to us and sat and we sat
around him. He had a small stick in his hand then he bent
his head and started scraping the ground with it. He then
said, "There is none among you, and not a created soul,
but has place either in Paradise or in Hell assigned for
him and it is also determined for him whether he will be
among the blessed or wretched." A man said, "O Allah's
Apostle! Should we not depend on what has been written for
us and leave the deeds as whoever amongst us is blessed
will do the deeds of a blessed person and whoever amongst
us will be wretched, will do the deeds of a wretched
person?" The Prophet said, "The good deeds are made easy
for the blessed, and bad deeds are made easy for the
wretched." Then he recited the Verses:-- "As for him who
gives (in charity) and is Allah-fearing And believes in
the Best reward from Allah. " (92.5-6)
The Prophet (p.b.u.h) said, "Whoever intentionally
swears falsely by a religion other than Islam, then he is
what he has said, (e.g. if he says, 'If such thing is not
true then I am a Jew,' he is really a Jew). And whoever
commits suicide with piece of iron will be punished with
the same piece of iron in the Hell Fire." Narrated Jundab
the Prophet said, "A man was inflicted with wounds and he
committed suicide, and so Allah said: My slave has caused
death on himself hurriedly, so I forbid Paradise for him."
The Prophet said, "He who commits suicide by throttling
shall keep on throttling himself in the Hell Fire
(forever) and he who commits suicide by stabbing himself
shall keep on stabbing himself in the Hell-Fire."
When 'Abdullah bin Ubai bin Salul died, Allah's Apostle
(p.b.u.h) was called upon to offer his funeral prayer.
When Allah's Apostle stood up to offer the prayer, I got
up quickly and said, "O Allah's Apostle! Are you going to
pray for Ibn Ubai and he said so and so on such and such
occasions?" And started mentioning all that he had said.
Allah's Apostle smiled and said, "O 'Umar! Go away from
me." When I talked too much he said, "I have been given
the choice and so I have chosen (to offer the prayer). Had
I known that he would be forgiven by asking for Allah's
forgiveness for more than seventy times, surely I would
have done so." ('Umar added): Allah's Apostle offered his
funeral prayer and returned and after a short while the
two verses of Surat Bara' were revealed: i.e. "And never
(O Muhammad) pray for any of them who dies . . . (to the
end of the verse) rebellion (9.84)" -- ('Umar added),
"Later I astonished at my daring before Allah's Apostle on
that day. And Allah and His Apostle know better."
A funeral procession passed and the people praised the
deceased. The Prophet said, "It has been affirmed to him."
Then another funeral procession passed and the people
spoke badly of the deceased. The Prophet said, "It has
been affirmed to him". 'Umar bin Al-Khattab asked (Allah's
Apostle (p.b.u.h) ), "What has been affirmed?" He replied,
"You praised this, so Paradise has been affirmed to him;
and you spoke badly of this, so Hell has been affirmed to
him. You people are Allah's witnesses on earth."
I came to Medina when an epidemic had broken out. While
I was sitting with 'Umar bin Al-Khattab a funeral
procession passed by and the people praised the deceased.
'Umar said, "It has been affirmed to him." And another
funeral procession passed by and the people praised the
deceased. 'Umar said, "It has been affirmed to him." A
third (funeral procession) passed by and the people spoke
badly of the deceased. He said, "It has been affirmed to
him." I (Abu Al-Aswad) asked, "O chief of the believers!
What has been affirmed?" He replied, "I said the same as
the Prophet had said, that is: if four persons testify the
piety of a Muslim, Allah will grant him Paradise." We
asked, "If three persons testify his piety?" He (the
Prophet) replied, "Even three." Then we asked, "If two?"
He replied, "Even two." We did not ask him regarding one
The Prophet (p.b.u.h) said, "When a faithful believer
is made to sit in his grave, then (the angels) come to him
and he testifies that none has the right to be worshipped
but Allah and Muhammad is Allah's Apostle. And that
corresponds to Allah's statement: Allah will keep firm
those who believe with the word that stands firm . . .
The Prophet looked at the people of the well (the well
in which the bodies of the pagans killed in the Battle of
Badr were thrown) and said, "Have you found true what your
Lord promised you?" Somebody said to him, "You are
addressing dead people." He replied, "You do not hear
better than they but they cannot reply."
The Prophet said, "They now realize that what I used to
tell them was the truth. "And Allah said, 'Verily! You
cannot make the dead to hear (i.e. benefit them, and
similarly the disbelievers) nor can you make the deaf
'Aisha said that a Jewess came to her and mentioned the
punishment in the grave, saying to her, "May Allah protect
you from the punishment of the grave." 'Aisha then asked
Allah's Apostle about the punishment of the grave. He
said, "Yes, (there is) punishment in the grave." 'Aisha
added, "After that I never saw Allah's Apostle but seeking
refuge with Allah from the punishment in the grave in
every prayer he prayed."
Allah's Apostle said, "When (Allah's) slave is put in
his grave and his companions return and he even hears
their footsteps, two angels come to him and make him sit
and ask, 'What did you use to say about this man (i.e.
Muhammad)?' The faithful Believer will say, 'I testify
that he is Allah's slave and His Apostle.' Then they will
say to him, 'Look at your place in the Hell Fire; Allah
has given you a place in Paradise instead of it.' So he
will see both his places." (Qatada said, "We were informed
that his grave would be made spacious." Then Qatada went
back to the narration of Anas who said;) Whereas a
hypocrite or a non-believer will be asked, "What did you
use to say about this man." He will reply, "I do not know;
but I used to say what the people used to say." So they
will say to him, "Neither did you know nor did you take
the guidance (by reciting the Quran)." Then he will be hit
with iron hammers once, that he will send such a cry as
everything near to him will hear, except Jinns and human
beings. (See Hadith No. 422).
Allah's Apostle used to invoke (Allah): "Allahumma ini
a'udhu bika min 'adhabi-l-Qabr, wa min 'adhabi-nnar, wa
min fitnati-l-mahya wa-lmamat, wa min fitnati-l-masih ad-dajjal.
(O Allah! I seek refuge with you from the punishment in
the grave and from the punishment in the Hell fire and
from the afflictions of life and death, and the
afflictions of Al-Masih Ad-Dajjal."
The Prophet once passed by two graves and said, "They
(the deceased persons in those graves) are being tortured
not for a great thing to avoid." And then added, "Yes,
(they are being punished for a big sin), for one of them
used to go about with calumnies while the other never
saved himself from being soiled with his urine." (Ibn
Abbas added): Then he took a green leaf of a date-palm)
and split it into two pieces and fixed one piece on each
grave and said, "May their punishment be abated till these
(two pieces) get dry."
Allah's Apostle said, "When anyone of you dies, he is
shown his place both in the morning and in the evening. If
he is one of the people of Paradise; he is shown his place
in it, and if he is from the people of the Hell-Fire; he
is shown his place there-in. Then it is said to him, 'This
is your place till Allah resurrect you on the Day of
Allah's Apostle said, "When the funeral is ready (for
its burial) and the people lift it on their shoulders,
then if the deceased is a righteous person he says, 'Take
me ahead,' and if he is not a righteous one then he says,
'Woe to it (me)! Where are you taking it (me)?' And his
voice is audible to everything except human beings; and if
they heard it they would fall down unconscious . "
The Prophet said, "Every child is born with a true
faith of Islam (i.e. to worship none but Allah Alone) and
his parents convert him to Judaism or Christianity or
Magianism, as an animal delivers a perfect baby animal. Do
you find it mutilated?"
Whenever the Prophet finished the (morning) prayer, he
would face us and ask, "Who amongst you had a dream last
night?" So if anyone had seen a dream he would narrate it.
The Prophet would say: "Ma sha'a-llah" (An Arabic maxim
meaning literally, 'What Allah wished,' and it indicates a
good omen.) One day, he asked us whether anyone of us had
seen a dream. We replied in the negative. The Prophet
said, "But I had seen (a dream) last night that two men
came to me, caught hold of my hands, and took me to the
Sacred Land (Jerusalem). There, I saw a person sitting and
another standing with an iron hook in his hand pushing it
inside the mouth of the former till it reached the
jaw-bone, and then tore off one side of his cheek, and
then did the same with the other side; in the mean-time
the first side of his cheek became normal again and then
he repeated the same operation again. I said, 'What is
this?' They told me to proceed on and we went on till we
came to a man Lying flat on his back, and another man
standing at his head carrying a stone or a piece of rock,
and crushing the head of the Lying man, with that stone.
Whenever he struck him, the stone rolled away.
The man went to pick it up and by the time he returned
to him, the crushed head had returned to its normal state
and the man came back and struck him again (and so on). I
said, 'Who is this?' They told me to proceed on; so we
proceeded on and passed by a hole like an oven; with a
narrow top and wide bottom, and the fire was kindling
underneath that hole. Whenever the fire-flame went up, the
people were lifted up to such an extent that they about to
get out of it, and whenever the fire got quieter, the
people went down into it, and there were naked men and
women in it. I said, 'Who is this?' They told me to
proceed on. So we proceeded on till we reached a river of
blood and a man was in it, and another man was standing at
its bank with stones in front of him, facing the man
standing in the river. Whenever the man in the river
wanted to come out, the other one threw a stone in his
mouth and caused him to retreat to his original position;
and so whenever he wanted to come out the other would
throw a stone in his mouth, and he would retreat to his
original position. I asked, 'What is this?' They told me
to proceed on and we did so till we reached a
well-flourished green garden having a huge tree and near
its root was sitting an old man with some children. (I
saw) Another man near the tree with fire in front of him
and he was kindling it up. Then they (i.e. my two
companions) made me climb up the tree and made me enter a
house, better than which I have ever seen. In it were some
old men and young men, women and children.
Then they took me out of this house and made me climb
up the tree and made me enter another house that was
better and superior (to the first) containing old and
young people. I said to them (i.e. my two companions),
'You have made me ramble all the night. Tell me all about
that I have seen.' They said, 'Yes. As for the one whose
cheek you saw being torn away, he was a liar and he used
to tell lies, and the people would report those lies on
his authority till they spread all over the world. So, he
will be punished like that till the Day of Resurrection.
The one whose head you saw being crushed is the one
whom Allah had given the knowledge of Quran (i.e. knowing
it by heart) but he used to sleep at night (i.e. he did
not recite it then) and did not use to act upon it (i.e.
upon its orders etc.) by day; and so this punishment will
go on till the Day of Resurrection. And those you saw in
the hole (like oven) were adulterers (those men and women
who commit illegal sexual intercourse). And those you saw
in the river of blood were those dealing in Riba (usury).
And the old man who was sitting at the base of the tree
was Abraham and the little children around him were the
offspring of the people. And the one who was kindling the
fire was Malik, the gate-keeper of the Hell-fire. And the
first house in which you have gone was the house of the
common believers, and the second house was of the martyrs.
I am Gabriel and this is Michael. Raise your head.' I
raised my head and saw a thing like a cloud over me. They
said, 'That is your place.' I said, 'Let me enter my
place.' They said, 'You still have some life which you
have not yet completed, and when you complete (that
remaining portion of your life) you will then enter your
Aisha said, "I went to Abu Bakr (during his fatal
illness) and he asked me, 'In how many garments was the
Prophet shrouded?' She replied, 'In three Sahuliya pieces
of white cloth of cotton, and there was neither a shirt
nor a turban among them.' Abu Bakr further asked her, 'On
which day did the Prophet die?' She replied, 'He died on
Monday.' He asked, 'What is today?' She replied, 'Today is
Monday.' He added, 'I hope I shall die sometime between
this morning and tonight.' Then he looked at a garment
that he was wearing during his illness and it had some
stains of saffron. Then he said, 'Wash this garment of
mine and add two more garments and shroud me in them.' I
said, 'This is worn out.' He said, 'A living person has
more right to wear new clothes than a dead one; the shroud
is only for the body's pus.' He did not die till it was
the night of Tuesday and was buried before the morning."
A man said to the Prophet (p.b.u.h), "My mother died
suddenly and I thought that if she had lived she would
have given alms. So, if I give alms now on her behalf,
will she get the reward?" The Prophet replied in the
During his sickness, Allah's Apostle was asking
repeatedly, "Where am I today? Where will I be tomorrow?"
And I was waiting for the day of my turn (impatiently).
Then, when my turn came, Allah took his soul away (in my
lap) between my chest and arms and he was buried in my
Allah's Apostle in his fatal illness said, "Allah
cursed the Jews and the Christians, for they built the
places of worship at the graves of their prophets." And if
that had not been the case, then the Prophet's grave would
have been made prominent before the people. So (the
Prophet ) was afraid, or the people were afraid that his
grave might be taken as a place for worship.
When the wall fell on them (i.e. graves) during the
caliphate of Al-Walid bin 'Abdul Malik, the people started
repairing it, and a foot appeared to them. The people got
scared and thought that it was the foot of the Prophet.
No-one could be found who could tell them about it till I
('Urwa) said to them, "By Allah, this is not the foot of
the Prophet but it is the foot of Umar." Aisha narrated
that she made a will to 'Abdullah bin Zubair, "Do not bury
me with them (the Prophet and his two companions) but bury
me with my companions (wives of the Prophet (p.b.u.h) ) in
Al-Baqi as I would not like to be looked upon as better
than I really am (by being buried near the Prophet)."
I saw 'Umar bin Al-Khattab (when he was stabbed)
saying, "O 'Abdullah bin 'Umar! Go to the mother of the
believers Aisha and say, 'Umar bin Al-Khattab sends his
greetings to you,' and request her to allow me to be
buried with my companions." (So, Ibn 'Umar conveyed the
message to 'Aisha.) She said, "I had the idea of having
this place for myself but today I prefer him ('Umar) to
myself (and allow him to be buried there)." When 'Abdullah
bin 'Umar returned, 'Umar asked him, "What (news) do you
have?" He replied, "O chief of the believers! She has
allowed you (to be buried there)." On that 'Umar said,
"Nothing was more important to me than to be buried in
that (sacred) place. So, when I expire, carry me there and
pay my greetings to her ('Aisha ) and say, 'Umar bin Al-Khattab
asks permission; and if she gives permission, then bury me
(there) and if she does not, then take me to the
grave-yard of the Muslims. I do not think any person has
more right for the caliphate than those with whom Allah's
Apostle (p.b.u.h) was always pleased till his death. And
whoever is chosen by the people after me will be the
caliph, and you people must listen to him and obey him,"
and then he mentioned the name of 'Uthman, 'Ali, Talha,
Az-Zubair, 'Abdur-Rahman bin 'Auf and Sad bin Abi Waqqas.
By this time a young man from Ansar came and said, "O
chief of the believers! Be happy with Allah's glad
tidings. The grade which you have in Islam is known to
you, then you became the caliph and you ruled with justice
and then you have been awarded martyrdom after all this."
'Umar replied, "O son of my brother! Would that all that
privileges will counterbalance (my short comings), so that
I neither lose nor gain anything. I recommend my successor
to be good to the early emigrants and realize their rights
and to protect their honor and sacred things. And I also
recommend him to be good to the Ansar who before them, had
homes (in Medina) and had adopted the Faith. He should
accept the good of the righteous among them and should
excuse their wrongdoers. I recommend him to abide by the
rules and regulations concerning the Dhimmis (protectees)
of Allah and His Apostle, to fulfill their contracts
completely and fight for them and not to tax (overburden)
them beyond their capabilities."
Thy Prophet sent Muadh to Yemen and said, "Invite the
people to testify that none has the right to be worshipped
but Allah and I am Allah's Apostle, and if they obey you
to do so, then teach them that Allah has enjoined on them
five prayers in every day and night (in twenty-four
hours), and if they obey you to do so, then teach them
that Allah has made it obligatory for them to pay the
Zakat from their property and it is to be taken from the
wealthy among them and given to the poor."
A man said to the Prophet "Tell me of such a deed as
will make me enter Paradise." The people said, "What is
the matter with him? What is the matter with him?" The
Prophet said, "He has something to ask. (What he needs
greatly) The Prophet said: (In order to enter Paradise)
you should worship Allah and do not ascribe any partners
to Him, offer prayer perfectly, pay the Zakat and keep
good relations with your Kith and kin." (See Hadith No.
12, Vol 8).
A Bedouin came to the Prophet and said, "Tell me of
such a deed as will make me enter Paradise, if I do it."
The Prophet (p.b.u.h) said, "Worship Allah, and worship
none along with Him, offer the (five) prescribed
compulsory prayers perfectly, pay the compulsory Zakat,
and fast the month of Ramadan." The Bedouin said, "By Him,
in Whose Hands my life is, I will not do more than this."
When he (the Bedouin) left, the Prophet said, "Whoever
likes to see a man of Paradise, then he may look at this
A delegation of the tribe of 'Abdul Qais came to the
Prophet and said, "O Allah's Apostle! We are from the
tribe of Rabi'a, and the infidels of the tribe of Mudar
stands between us and you; so we cannot come to you except
during the Sacred Months. Please order us to do something
(religious deeds) which we may carry out and also invite
to it our people whom we have left behind." The Prophet
said, "I order you to do four things and forbid you four
others: (I order you) to have faith in Allah, and confess
that none has the right to be worshipped but Allah, (and
the Prophet gestured with his hand like this (i.e. one
knot) and to offer prayers perfectly and to pay the Zakat,
and to pay one-fifth of the booty in Allah's Cause. And I
forbid you to use Dubba', Hantam, Naqir and Muzaffat (all
these are the names of utensils used for preparing
When Allah's Apostle died and Abu Bakr became the
caliph some Arabs renegade (reverted to disbelief) (Abu
Bakr decided to declare war against them), 'Umar, said to
Abu Bakr, "How can you fight with these people although
Allah's Apostle said, 'I have been ordered (by Allah) to
fight the people till they say: "None has the right to be
worshipped but Allah, and whoever said it then he will
save his life and property from me except on trespassing
the law (rights and conditions for which he will be
punished justly), and his accounts will be with Allah.' "
Abu Bakr said, "By Allah! I will fight those who
differentiate between the prayer and the Zakat as Zakat is
the compulsory right to be taken from the property
(according to Allah's orders) By Allah! If they refuse to
pay me even a she-kid which they used to pay at the time
of Allah's Apostle . I would fight with them for
withholding it" Then 'Umar said, "By Allah, it was
nothing, but Allah opened Abu Bakr's chest towards the
decision (to fight) and I came to know that his decision