The Prophet said, "Whoever frees a Muslim slave, Allah
will save all the parts of his body from the (Hell) Fire
as he has freed the body-parts of the slave." Said bin
Marjana said that he narrated that Hadith to 'Ali bin Al-Husain
and he freed his slave for whom 'Abdullah bin Ja'far had
offered him ten thousand Dirhams or one-thousand Dinars.
I asked the Prophet, "What is the best deed?" He
replied, "To believe in Allah and to fight for His Cause."
I then asked, "What is the best kind of manumission (of
slaves)?" He replied, "The manumission of the most
expensive slave and the most beloved by his master." I
said, "If I cannot afford to do that?" He said, "Help the
weak or do good for a person who cannot work for himself."
I said, "If I cannot do that?" He said, "Refrain from
harming others for this will be regarded as a charitable
deed for your own good."
Allah's Apostle said, "Whoever frees his share of a
common slave and he has sufficient money to free him
completely, should let its price be estimated by a just
man and give his partners the price of their shares and
manumit the slave; otherwise (i.e. if he has not
sufficient money) he manumits the slave partially."
Allah's Apostle said, "Whoever manumits his share of a
slave, then it is essential for him to get that slave
manumitted' completely as long as he has the money to do
so. If he has not sufficient money to pay the price of the
other shares (after the price of the slave is evaluated
justly), the manumitted manumits the slave partially in
proportion to his share.
The Prophet said, "He who manumits his share of a slave
and has money sufficient to free the remaining portion of
that slave's price (justly estimated) then he should
manumit him (by giving the rest of his price to the other
co-owners)." Nafi' added, "Otherwise the slave is
partially free." Aiyub is not sure whether the last
statement was said by Nafi' or it was a part of the Hadith.
That he used to give his verdict regarding the male or
female slaves owned by more than one master, one of whom
may manumit his share of the slave. Ibn 'Umar used to say
in such a case, "The manumitted should manumit the slave
completely if he has sufficient money to pay the rest of
the price of that slave (which is to be justly estimated)
and the other share-holders are to take the price of their
shares and the slave is freed (released from slavery)."
Ibn 'Umar narrated this verdict from the Prophet.
The Prophet said, "Whoever frees his portion of a
common slave should free the slave completely by paying
the rest of his price from his money if he has enough
money; otherwise the price of the slave is to be estimated
and the slave is to be helped to work without hardship
till he pays the rest of his price."
The Prophet said, "The (reward of) deeds depend on
intentions, and every person will get the reward according
to what he intends. So, whoever migrated for Allah and His
Apostle, then his migration will be for Allah and His
Apostle, and whoever migrated for worldly benefits or for
marrying a woman, then his migration will be for what he
migrated for." (See Hadith No. 1, Vol. 1)
When Abu Huraira accompanied by his slave set out
intending to embrace Islam they lost each other on the
way. The slave then came while Abu Huraira was sitting
with the Prophet. The Prophet said, "O Abu Huraira! Your
slave has come back." Abu Huraira said, "Indeed, I would
like you to witness that I have manumitted him." That
happened at the time when Abu Huraira recited (the
following poetic verse):-- 'What a long tedious tiresome
night! Nevertheless, it has delivered us From the land of
On my way to the Prophet I was reciting:-- 'What a long
tedious tiresome night! Nevertheless, it has saved us From
the land of Kufr (disbelief).' I had a slave who ran away
from me on the way. When I went to the Prophet and gave
the pledge of allegiance for embracing Islam, the slave
showed up while I was still with the Prophet who remarked,
"O Abu Huraira! Here is your slave!" I said, "I manumit
him for Allah's Sake," and so I freed him.
When Abu Huraira accompanied by his slave came
intending to embrace Islam, they lost each other on the
way. (When the slave showed up) Abu Huraira said (to the
Prophet), "I make you witness that the slave is free for
Utba bin Abi Waqqas authorized his brother Sad bin Abi
Waqqas to take the son of the slave-girl of Zam'a into his
custody, telling him that the boy was his own (illegal)
son. When Allah's Apostle went (to Mecca) at the time of
the Conquest, Sad took the son of the slavegirl of Zam'a
to Allah's Apostle and also brought 'Abu bin Zam'a with
him and said, "O Allah's Apostle! This is the son of my
brother 'Utba who authorized me to take him into my
custody." 'Abu bin Zam'a said, "O Allah's Apostle! He is
my brother, the son of Zam'a' slave-girl and he was born
on his bed." Allah's Apostle looked at the son of the
slave-girl of Zam'a and noticed much resemblance (to 'Utba).
Allah's Apostle said, "It is for you, O 'Abu bin Zam'a as
he was born on the bed of your father." Allah's Apostle
then told Sauda bint Zam'a to observe veil in the presence
of the boy as he noticed the boy's resemblance to 'Utba
and Sauda was the wife of the Prophet .
I bought Buraira but her masters put the condition that
her Wala' would be for them. I told the Prophet about it.
He said (to me), "Manumit her as her Wala' will be for the
one who pays the price." So, I manumitted her. The Prophet
called Buraira and gave her the option of either staying
with her husband or leaving him. She said, "Even if he
gave me so much money, I would not stay with him," and so
she preferred her freedom to her husband.
Some men of the Ansar asked for the permission of
Allah's Apostle and said, "Allow us to give up the ransom
from our nephew Al-'Abbas. The Prophet said (to them), "Do
not leave (even) a Dirham (of his ransom)."
My father told me that Hakim bin Hizam manumitted
one-hundred slaves in the pre-lslamic period of ignorance
and slaughtered one-hundred camels (and distributed them
in charity). When he embraced Islam he again slaughtered
one-hundred camels and manumitted one-hundred slaves.
Hakim said, "I asked Allah's Apostle, 'O Allah's Apostle!
What do you think about some good deeds I used to practice
in the prelslamic period of ignorance regarding them as
deeds of righteousness?' Allah's Apostle said, "You have
embraced Islam along with all those good deeds you did."
When the delegates of the tribe of Hawazin came to the
Prophet and they requested him to return their properties
and captives. The Prophet stood up and said to them, "I
have other people with me in this matter (as you see) and
the most beloved statement to me is the true one; you may
choose either the properties or the prisoners as I have
delayed their distribution." The Prophet had waited for
them for more than ten days since his arrival from Ta'if.
So, when it became evident to them that the Prophet was
not going to return them except one of the two, they said,
"We choose our prisoners." The Prophet got up amongst the
people and glorified and praised Allah as He deserved and
said, "Then after, these brethren of yours have come to us
with repentance, and I see it logical to return them the
captives. So, whoever amongst you likes to do that as a
favor, then he can do it, and whoever of you likes to
stick to his share till we recompense him from the very
first war booty which Allah will give us, then he can do
so (i.e. give up the present captives)." The people
unanimously said, "We do that (return the captives)
willingly." The Prophet said, "We do not know which of you
has agreed to it and which have not, so go back and let
your leaders forward us your decision." So, all the people
then went back and discussed the matter with their leaders
who returned and informed the Prophet that all the people
had willingly given their consent to return the captives.
This is what has reached us about the captives of Hawazin.
Narrated Anas that 'Abbas said to the Prophet, "I paid for
my ransom and Aqil's ransom."
I wrote a letter to Nafi and Nafi wrote in reply to my
letter that the Prophet had suddenly attacked Bani
Mustaliq without warning while they were heedless and
their cattle were being watered at the places of water.
Their fighting men were killed and their women and
children were taken as captives; the Prophet got Juwairiya
on that day. Nafi said that Ibn 'Umar had told him the
above narration and that Ibn 'Umar was in that army.
I saw Abu Said and asked him about coitus interruptus.
Abu Said said, "We went with Allah's Apostle, in the
Ghazwa of Barli Al-Mustaliq and we captured some of the
'Arabs as captives, and the long separation from our wives
was pressing us hard and we wanted to practice coitus
interruptus. We asked Allah's Apostle (whether it was
permissible). He said, "It is better for you not to do so.
No soul, (that which Allah has) destined to exist, up to
the Day of Resurrection, but will definitely come, into
I have loved the people of the tribe of Bani Tamim ever
since I heard, three things, Allah's Apostle said about
them. I heard him saying, These people (of the tribe of
Bani Tamim) would stand firm against Ad-Dajjal." When the
Sadaqat (gifts of charity) from that tribe came, Allah's
Apostle said, "These are the Sadaqat (i.e. charitable
gifts) of our folk." 'Aisha had a slave-girl from that
tribe, and the Prophet said to 'Aisha, "Manumit her as she
is a descendant of Ishmael (the Prophet)."
I saw Abu Dhar Al-Ghifari wearing a cloak, and his
slave, too, was wearing a cloak. We asked him about that
(i.e. how both were wearing similar cloaks). He replied,
"Once I abused a man and he complained of me to the
Prophet . The Prophet asked me, 'Did you abuse him by
slighting his mother?' He added, 'Your slaves are your
brethren upon whom Allah has given you authority. So, if
one has one's brethren under one's control, one should
feed them with the like of what one eats and clothe them
with the like of what one wears. You should not overburden
them with what they cannot bear, and if you do so, help
them (in their hard job)."
The Prophet said, "He who has a slave-girl and teaches
her good manners and improves her education and then
manumits and marries her, will get a double reward; and
any slave who observes Allah's right and his master's
right will get a double reward."
Allah's Apostle said, "A pious slave gets a double
reward." Abu Huraira added: By Him in Whose Hands my soul
is but for Jihad (i.e. holy battles), Hajj, and my duty to
serve my mother, I would have loved to die as a slave.
The Prophet said, "You should not say, 'Feed your lord
(Rabbaka), help your lord in performing ablution, or give
water to your lord, but should say, 'my master (e.g. Feed
your master instead of lord etc.) (Saiyidi), or my
guardian (Maulai), and one should not say, my slave (Abdi),
or my girl-slave (Amati), but should say, my lad (Fatai),
my lass (Fatati), and 'my boy (Ghulami)."
The Prophet said, "If one manumits his share of a
common slave (Abd), and he has money sufficient to free
the remaining portion of the price of the slave (justly
estimated), then he should free the slave completely by
paying the rest of his price; otherwise the slave is freed
Allah's Apostle said, "Everyone of you is a guardian
and is responsible for his charges. The ruler who has
authority over people, is a guardian and is responsible
for them, a man is a guardian of his family and is
responsible for them; a woman is a guardian of her
husband's house and children and is responsible for them;
a slave ('Abu) is a guardian of his master's property and
is responsible for it; so all of you are guardians and are
responsible for your charges."
The Prophet said, "If a slave-girl (Ama) commits
illegal sexual intercourse, scourge her; if she does it
again, scourge her again; if she repeats it, scourge her
again." The narrator added that on the third or the fourth
offence, the Prophet said, "Sell her even for a hair
The Prophet said, "When your servant brings your meals
to you then if he does not let him sit and share the
meals, then he should at least give him a mouthful or two
mouthfuls of that meal or a meal or two meals, as he has
That he heard Allah's Apostle saying, "Everyone of you
is a guardian and is responsible for his charge; the ruler
is a guardian and is responsible for his subjects; the man
is a guardian in his family and responsible for his
charges; a woman is a guardian of her husband's house and
responsible for her charges; and the servant is a guardian
of his master's property and is responsible for his
charge." I definitely heard the above from the Prophet and
think that the Prophet also said, "A man is a guardian of
his father's property and responsible for his charges; so
everyone of you is a guardian and responsible for his
That 'Aisha told him that Buraira came to seek her help
in her writing of emancipation (for a certain sum) and
that time she had not paid anything of it. 'Aisha said to
her, "Go back to your masters, and if they agree that I
will pay the amount of your writing of emancipation and
get your Wala', I will do so." Buraira informed her
masters of that but they refused and said, "If she (i.e. 'Aisha)
is seeking Allah's reward, then she can do so, but your
Wala' will be for us." 'Aisha mentioned that to Allah's
Apostle who said to her, "Buy and manumit her, as the Wala'
is for the liberator." Allah's Apostle then got up and
said, "What about the people who stipulate conditions
which are not present in Allah's Laws? Whoever imposes
conditions which are not present in Allah's Laws, then
those conditions will be invalid, even if he imposed these
conditions a hundred times. Allah's conditions (Laws) are
the truth and are more solid."
Aisha wanted to buy a slave-girl in order to manumit
her. The girl's masters stipulated that her Wala' would be
for them. Allah's Apostle said (to 'Aisha), "What they
stipulate should not stop you, for the Wala' is for the
Buraira came (to 'Aisha) and said, "I have made a
contract of emancipation with my masters for nine Uqiyas
(of gold) to be paid in yearly installments. Therefore, I
seek your help." 'Aisha said, "If your masters agree, I
will pay them the sum at once and free you on condition
that your Wala' will be for me." Buraira went to her
masters but they refused that offer. She (came back) and
said, "I presented to them the offer but they refused,
unless the Wala' was for them." Allah's Apostle heard of
that and asked me about it, and I told him about it. On
that he said, "Buy and manumit her and stipulate that the
Wala' should be for you, as Wala' is for the liberator." 'Aisha
added, "Allah's Apostle then got up amongst the people,
Glorified and Praised Allah, and said, 'Then after: What
about some people who impose conditions which are not
present in Allah's Laws? So, any condition which is not
present in Allah's Laws is invalid even if they were
one-hundred conditions. Allah's ordinance is the truth,
and Allah's condition is stronger and more solid. Why do
some men from you say, O so-and-so! manumit the slave but
the Wala will be for me? Verily, the Wala is for the
Buraira went to Aisha, the mother of the faithful
believers to seek her help in her emancipation Aisha said
to her, "If your masters agree, I will pay them your price
in a lump sum and manumit you." Buraira mentioned that
offer to her masters but they refused to sell her unless
the Wala' was for them. 'Aisha told Allah's Apostle about
it. He said, "Buy and manumit her as the Wala' is for the
I went to 'Aisha and said, "I was the slave of Utba bin
Abu Lahab. "Utba died and his sons became my masters who
sold me to Ibn Abu Amr who manumitted me. The sons of 'Utba
stipulated that my Wala' should be for them." 'Aisha said,
"Buraira came to me and she was given the writing of
emancipation by her masters and she asked me to buy and
manumit her. I agreed to it, but Buraira told me that her
masters would not sell her unless her Wala' was for them."
'Aisha said, "I am not in need of that." When the Prophet
heard that, or he was told about it, he asked 'Aisha about
it. 'Aisha mentioned what Buraira had told her. The
Prophet said, "Buy and manumit her and let them stipulate
whatever they like." So, 'Aisha bought and manumitted her
and her masters stipulated that her Wala' should be for
them." The Prophet;, said, "The Wala' will be for the
liberator even if they stipulated a hundred conditions."