I heard Abi Amr 'Ash-Shaibani saying, "The owner of
this house." he pointed to 'Abdullah's house, "said, 'I
asked the Prophet 'Which deed is loved most by Allah?" He
replied, 'To offer prayers at their early (very first)
stated times.' " 'Abdullah asked, "What is the next (in
goodness)?" The Prophet said, "To be good and dutiful to
one's parents," 'Abdullah asked, "What is the next (in
goodness)?" The Prophet said, To participate in Jihad for
Allah's Cause." 'Abdullah added, "The Prophet narrated to
me these three things, and if I had asked more, he would
have told me more."
A man came to Allah's Apostle and said, "O Allah's
Apostle! Who is more entitled to be treated with the best
companionship by me?" The Prophet said, "Your mother." The
man said. "Who is next?" The Prophet said, "Your mother."
The man further said, "Who is next?" The Prophet said,
"Your mother." The man asked for the fourth time, "Who is
next?" The Prophet said, "Your father. "
Allah's Apostle said. "It is one of the greatest sins
that a man should curse his parents." It was asked (by the
people), "O Allah's Apostle! How does a man curse his
parents?" The Prophet said, "'The man abuses the father of
another man and the latter abuses the father of the former
and abuses his mother."
Allah's Apostle said, "While three persons were
traveling, they were overtaken by rain and they took
shelter in a cave in a mountain. A big rock fell from the
mountain over the mouth of the cave and blocked it. They
said to each other. 'Think of such good (righteous) deeds
which, you did for Allah's sake only, and invoke Allah by
giving reference to those deeds so that Allah may relieve
you from your difficulty. one of them said, 'O Allah! I
had my parents who were very old and I had small children
for whose sake I used to work as a shepherd. When I
returned to them at night and milked (the sheep), I used
to start giving the milk to my parents first before giving
to my children. And one day I went far away in search of a
grazing place (for my sheep), and didn't return home till
late at night and found that my parents had slept. I
milked (my livestock) as usual and brought the milk vessel
and stood at their heads, and I disliked to wake them up
from their sleep, and I also disliked to give the milk to
my children before my parents though my children were
crying (from hunger) at my feet.
So this state of mine and theirs continued till the day
dawned. (O Allah!) If you considered that I had done that
only for seeking Your pleasure, then please let there be
an opening through which we can see the sky.' So Allah
made for them an opening through which they could see the
sky. Then the second person said, 'O Allah! I had a
she-cousin whom I loved as much as a passionate man love a
woman. I tried to seduce her but she refused till I paid
her one-hundred Dinars So I worked hard till I collected
one hundred Dinars and went to her with that But when I
sat in between her legs (to have sexual intercourse with
her), she said, 'O Allah's slave! Be afraid of Allah ! Do
not deflower me except legally (by marriage contract). So
I left her O Allah! If you considered that I had done that
only for seeking Your pleasure then please let the rock
move a little to have a (wider) opening.'
So Allah shifted that rock to make the opening wider
for them. And the last (third) person said 'O Allah ! I
employed a laborer for wages equal to a Faraq (a certain
measure: of rice, and when he had finished his job he
demanded his wages, but when I presented his due to him,
he gave it up and refused to take it. Then I kept on
sowing that rice for him (several times) till managed to
buy with the price of the yield, some cows and their
shepherd Later on the laborer came to me an said. '(O
Allah's slave!) Be afraid o Allah, and do not be unjust to
me an give me my due.' I said (to him). 'Go and take those
cows and their shepherd. So he took them and went away.
(So, O Allah!) If You considered that I had done that for
seeking Your pleasure, then please remove the remaining
part of the rock.' And so Allah released them (from their
The Prophet said, "Allah has forbidden you ( 1 ) to be
undutiful to your mothers (2) to withhold (what you should
give) or (3) demand (what you do not deserve), and (4) to
bury your daughters alive. And Allah has disliked that (A)
you talk too much about others ( B), ask too many
questions (in religion), or (C) waste your property."
Allah's Apostle said thrice, "Shall I not inform you of
the biggest of the great sins?" We said, "Yes, O Allah's
Apostle" He said, "To join partners in worship with Allah:
to be undutiful to one's parents." The Prophet sat up
after he had been reclining and added, "And I warn you
against giving forged statement and a false witness; I
warn you against giving a forged statement and a false
witness." The Prophet kept on saying that warning till we
thought that he would not stop.
Allah's Apostle mentioned the greatest sins or he was
asked about the greatest sins. He said, "To join partners
in worship with Allah; to kill a soul which Allah has
forbidden to kill; and to be undutiful or unkind to one's
parents." The Prophet added, "Shall I inform you of the
biggest of the great sins? That is the forged statement or
the false witness." Shu'ba (the sub-narrator) states that
most probably the Prophet said, "the false witness."
My mother came to me, hoping (for my favor) during the
lifetime of the Prophet asked the Prophet, "May I treat
her kindly?" He replied, "Yes." Ibn 'Uyaina said, "Then
Allah revealed: 'Allah forbids you not with regards to
those who fought not against you because of religion, and
drove you not out from your homes, that you should show
them kindness and deal justly with them.'.......(60.8)
My father, seeing a silken cloak being sold, said, "O
Allah's Apostle! Buy this and wear it on Fridays and when
the foreign delegates pay a visit to you." He said, "This
is worn only by that person who will have no share in the
Hereafter." Later a few silken cloaks were given to the
Prophet as a gift, and he sent one of those cloaks to 'Umar.
'Umar said (to the Prophet), "How can I wear it while you
have said about it what you said?" The Prophet said, "I
did not give it to you to wear but to sell or to give to
someone else to wear." So 'Umar sent it to his (pagan)
brother who was from the inhabitants of Mecca before he ('Umar's
brother) embraced Islam.
A man said, "O Allah's Apostle! Inform me of a deed
which will make me enter Paradise." The people said, "What
is the matter with him? What is the matter with him?"
Allah's Apostle said, "He has something to ask (what he
needs greatly)." The Prophet said (to him), (In order to
enter Paradise) you should worship Allah and join none in
worship with Him: You should offer prayers perfectly, give
obligatory charity (Zakat), and keep good relations with
your Kith and kin." He then said, "Leave it!" (The
sub-narrator said, "It seems that the Prophet was riding
his she camel."
The Prophet said, "Allah created the creations, and
when He finished from His creations, Ar-Rahm i.e., womb
said, "(O Allah) at this place I seek refuge with You from
all those who sever me (i.e. sever the ties of Kith and
kin). Allah said, 'Yes, won't you be pleased that I will
keep good relations with the one who will keep good
relations with you, and I will sever the relation with the
one who will sever the relations with you.' It said, 'Yes,
O my Lord.' Allah said, 'Then that is for you ' " Allah's
Apostle added. "Read (in the Qur'an) if you wish, the
Statement of Allah: 'Would you then, if you were given the
authority, do mischief in the land and sever your ties of
The Prophet said, "The word 'Ar-Rahm (womb) derives its
name from Ar-Rahman (i.e., one of the names of Allah) and
Allah said: 'I will keep good relation with the one who
will keep good relation with you, (womb i.e. Kith and Kin)
and sever the relation with him who will sever the
relation with you, (womb, i.e. Kith and Kin).
(the wife of the Prophet) The Prophet said, "The word 'Ar-Rahm'
(womb) derives its name from 'Ar-Rahman' (i.e. Allah). So
whosoever keeps good relations with it (womb i.e. Kith and
kin), Allah will keep good relations with him, and
whosoever will sever it (i.e. severs his bonds of Kith and
kin) Allah too will sever His relations with him.
I heard the Prophet saying openly not secretly, "The
family of Abu so-and-so (i.e. Talib) are not among my
protectors." 'Amr said that there was a blank space (1) in
the Book of Muhammad bin Ja'far. He added, "My Protector
is Allah and the righteous believing people." 'Amr bin
Al-'As added: I heard the Prophet saying, 'But they (that
family) have kinship (Rahm) with me and I will be good and
dutiful to them. "
The Prophet said, "Al-Wasil is not the one who
recompenses the good done to him by his relatives, but Al-Wasil
is the one who keeps good relations with those relatives
who had severed the bond of kinship with him."
That he said, "O Allah's Apostle! What do you think
about my good deeds which I used to do during the period
of ignorance (before embracing Islam) like keeping good
relations with my Kith and kin, manumitting of slaves and
giving alms etc; Shall I receive the reward for that?"
Allah's Apostle said, "You have embraced Islam with all
those good deeds which you did.
Um Khalid bint Khalid bin Said said, "I came to Allah's
Apostle along with my father and I was wearing a yellow
shirt. Allah's Apostle said, "Sanah Sanah!" ('Abdullah,
the sub-narrator said, "It means, 'Nice, nice!' in the
Ethiopian language.") Um Khalid added, "Then I started
playing with the seal of Prophethood. My father admonished
me. But Allah's Apostle said (to my father), "Leave her,"
Allah's Apostle (then addressing me) said, "May you live
so long that your dress gets worn out, and you will mend
it many times, and then wear another till it gets worn out
(i.e. May Allah prolong your life)." (The sub-narrator,
'Abdullah aid, "That garment (which she was wearing
remained usable for a long
(the wife of the Prophet) A lady along with her two
daughters came to me asking me (for some alms), but she
found nothing with me except one date which I gave to her
and she divided it between her two daughters, and then she
got up and went away. Then the Prophet came in and I
informed him about this story. He said, "Whoever is in
charge of (put to test by) these daughters and treats them
generously, then they will act as a shield for him from
the (Hell) Fire."
The Prophet came out towards us, while carrying Umamah,
the daughter of Abi Al-As (his grand-daughter) over his
shoulder. He prayed, and when he wanted to bow, he put her
down, and when he stood up, he lifted her up.
Allah's Apostle kissed Al-Hasan bin Ali while Al-Aqra'
bin Habis At-Tamim was sitting beside him. Al-Aqra said,
"I have ten children and I have never kissed anyone of
them," Allah's Apostle cast a look at him and said,
"Whoever is not merciful to others will not be treated
Some Sabi (i.e. war prisoners, children and woman only)
were brought before the Prophet and behold, a woman
amongst them was milking her breasts to feed and whenever
she found a child amongst the captives, she took it over
her chest and nursed it (she had lost her child but later
she found him) the Prophet said to us, "Do you think that
this lady can throw her son in the fire?" We replied, "No,
if she has the power not to throw it (in the fire)." The
Prophet then said, "Allah is more merciful to His slaves
than this lady to her son."
I heard Allah's Apostle saying, Allah divided Mercy
into one-hundred parts and He kept its ninety-nine parts
with Him and sent down its one part on the earth, and
because of that, its one single part, His creations are
Merciful to each other, so that even the mare lifts up its
hoofs away from its baby animal, lest it should trample on
I said 'O Allah's Apostle! Which sin is the greatest?"
He said, "To set up a rival unto Allah, though He Alone
created you." I said, "What next?" He said, "To kill your
son lest he should share your food with you." I further
asked, "What next?" He said, "To commit illegal sexual
intercourse with the wife of your neighbor." And then
Allah revealed as proof of the statement of the Prophet:
'Those who invoke not with Allah any other
god)................. (to end of verse)...' (25.68)
The Prophet took a child in his lap for Tahnik (i.e. he
chewed a date in his mouth and put its juice in the mouth
of the child). The child urinated on him, so he asked for
water and poured it over the place of the urine.
I never felt so jealous of any woman as I did of
Khadija, though she had died three years before the
Prophet married me, and that was because I heard him
mentioning her too often, and because his Lord had ordered
him to give her the glad tidings that she would have a
palace in Paradise, made of Qasab and because he used to
slaughter a sheep and distribute its meat among her
The Prophet said "The one who looks after and works for
a widow and for a poor person, is like a warrior fighting
for Allah's Cause or like a person who fasts during the
day and prays all the night." Narrated Abu Huraira that
the Prophet said as above.
Allah's Apostle said, "The one who looks after and
works for a widow and for a poor person is like a warrior
fighting for Allah's Cause." (The narrator Al-Qa'nabi is
not sure whether he also said "Like the one who prays all
the night without slackness and fasts continuously and
never breaks his fast.")
We came to the Prophet and we were (a few) young men of
approximately equal age and stayed with him for twenty
nights. Then he thought that we were anxious for our
families, and he asked us whom we had left behind to look
after our families, and we told him. He was kindhearted
and merciful, so he said, "Return to your families and
teach them (religious knowledge) and order them (to do
good deeds) and offer your prayers in the way you saw me
offering my prayers, and when the stated time for the
prayer becomes due, then one of you should pronounce its
call (i.e. the Adhan), and the eldest of you should lead
you in prayer.
Allah's Apostle said, "While a man was walking on a
road. he became very thirsty. Then he came across a well,
got down into it, drank (of its water) and then came out.
Meanwhile he saw a dog panting and licking mud because of
excessive thirst. The man said to himself "This dog is
suffering from the same state of thirst as I did." So he
went down the well (again) and filled his shoe (with
water) and held it in his mouth and watered the dog. Allah
thanked him for that deed and forgave him." The people
asked, "O Allah's Apostle! Is there a reward for us in
serving the animals?" He said, "(Yes) There is a reward
for serving any animate (living being) ."
Allah's Apostle stood up for the prayer and we too
stood up along with him. Then a bedouin shouted while
offering prayer. "O Allah! Bestow Your Mercy on me and
Muhammad only and do not bestow it on anybody else along
with us." When the Prophet had finished his prayer with
Taslim, he said to the Bedouin, "You have limited
(narrowed) a very vast (thing)," meaning Allah's Mercy.
Allah's Apostle said, "You see the believers as regards
their being merciful among themselves and showing love
among themselves and being kind, resembling one body, so
that, if any part of the body is not well then the whole
body shares the sleeplessness (insomnia) and fever with
The Prophet said, "By Allah, he does not believe! By
Allah, he does not believe! By Allah, he does not
believe!" It was said, "Who is that, O Allah's Apostle?"
He said, "That person whose neighbor does not feel safe
from his evil."
Allah's Apostle said, "Anybody who believes in Allah
and the Last Day should not harm his neighbor, and anybody
who believes in Allah and the Last Day should entertain
his guest generously and anybody who believes in Allah and
the Last Day should talk what is good or keep quiet. (i.e.
abstain from all kinds of evil and dirty talk).
My ears heard and my eyes saw the Prophet when he
spoke, "Anybody who believes in Allah and the Last Day,
should serve his neighbor generously, and anybody who
believes in Allah and the Last Day should serve his guest
generously by giving him his reward." It was asked. "What
is his reward, O Allah's Apostle?" He said, "(To be
entertained generously) for a day and a night with high
quality of food and the guest has the right to be
entertained for three days (with ordinary food) and if he
stays longer, what he will be provided with will be
regarded as Sadaqa (a charitable gift). And anybody who
believes in Allah and the Last Day should talk what is
good or keep quite (i.e. abstain from all kinds of dirty
and evil talks)."
The Prophet said, "On every Muslim there is enjoined (a
compulsory) Sadaqa (alms)." They (the people) said, "If
one has nothing?' He said, "He should work with his hands
so that he may benefit himself and give in charity." They
said, "If he cannot work or does not work?" He said, "Then
he should help the oppressed unhappy person (by word or
action or both)." They said, "If he does not do it?" He
said, "Then he should enjoin what is good (or said what is
reasonable).' They said, "If he does not do that''' He
said, "Then he should refrain from doing evil, for that
will be considered for Him as a Sadaqa (charity) . "
The Prophet mentioned the (Hell) Fire and sought refuge
(with Allah) from it, and turned his face to the other
side. He mentioned the (Hell) Fire again and took refuge
(with Allah) from it and turned his face to the other
side. (Shu'ba, the sub-narrator, said, "I have no doubt
that the Prophet repeated it twice.") The Prophet then
said, "(O people!) Save yourselves from the (Hell) Fire
even if with one half of a date fruit (given in charity),
and if this is not available, then (save yourselves) by
saying a good pleasant friendly word."
(the wife of the Prophet) A group of Jews entered upon
the Prophet and said, "As-Samu-Alaikum." (i.e. death be
upon you). I understood it and said, "Wa-Alaikum As-Samu
wal-la'n. (death and the curse of Allah be Upon you)."
Allah's Apostle said "Be calm, O 'Aisha! Allah loves that
on, should be kind and lenient in all matters." I said, "O
Allah's Apostle! Haven't you heard what they (the Jews)
have said?" Allah's Apostle said "I have (already) said
(to them) "And upon you ! "
A bedouin urinated in the mosque and the people ran to
(beat) him. Allah's Apostle said, "Do not interrupt his
urination (i.e. let him finish)." Then the Prophet asked
for a tumbler of water and poured the water over the place
The Prophet said, "A believer to another believer is
like a building whose different parts enforce each other."
The Prophet then clasped his hands with the fingers
interlaced. (At that time) the Prophet was sitting and a
man came and begged or asked for something. The Prophet
faced us and said, "Help and recommend him and you will
receive the reward for it, and Allah will bring about what
He will through His Prophet's tongue."
Whenever a beggar or a person in need came to the
Prophet, the Prophet would say "Help and recommend him and
you will receive the reward for it, and Allah will bring
about what he will through His Prophet's tongue
Abdullah bin 'Amr mentioned Allah's Apostle saying that
he was neither a Fahish nor a Mutafahish. Abdullah bin 'Amr
added, Allah's Apostle said, 'The best among you are those
who have the best manners and character.'
'Aisha said that the Jews came to the Prophet and said,
"As-Samu 'Alaikum" (death be on you). 'Aisha said (to
them), "(Death) be on you, and may Allah curse you and
shower His wrath upon you!" The Prophet said, "Be calm, O
'Aisha ! You should be kind and lenient, and beware of
harshness and Fuhsh (i.e. bad words)." She said (to the
Prophet), "Haven't you heard what they (Jews) have said?"
He said, "Haven't you heard what I have said (to them)? I
said the same to them, and my invocation against them will
be accepted while theirs against me will be rejected (by
A man asked permission to enter upon the Prophet. When
the Prophet saw him, he said, "What an evil brother of his
tribe! And what an evil son of his tribe!" When that man
sat down, the Prophet behaved with him in a nice and
polite manner and was completely at ease with him. When
that person had left, 'Aisha said (to the Prophet). "O
Allah's Apostle! When you saw that man, you said so-and-so
about him, then you showed him a kind and polite behavior,
and you enjoyed his company?" Allah's Apostle said, "O 'Aisha!
Have you ever seen me speaking a bad and dirty language?
(Remember that) the worst people in Allah's sight on the
Day of Resurrection will be those whom the people leave
(undisturbed) to be away from their evil (deeds)."
The Prophet was the best among the people (both in
shape and character) and was the most generous of them,
and was the bravest of them. Once, during the night, the
people of Medina got afraid (of a sound). So the people
went towards that sound, but the Prophet having gone to
that sound before them, met them while he was saying,
"Don't be afraid, don't be afraid." (At that time) he was
riding a horse belonging to Abu Talha and it was naked
without a saddle, and he was carrying a sword slung at his
neck. The Prophet said, "I found it (the horse) like a
sea, or, it is the sea indeed."
We were sitting with 'Abdullah bin 'Amr who was
narrating to us (Hadith): He said, "Allah's Apostle was
neither a Fahish nor a Mutafahhish, and he used to say,
'The best among you are the best in character (having good
Sahl bin Sa'd said that a woman brought a Burda (sheet)
to the Prophet. Sahl asked the people, "Do you know what
is a Burda?" The people replied, "It is a 'Shamla', a
sheet with a fringe." That woman said, "O Allah's Apostle!
I have brought it so that you may wear it." So the Prophet
took it because he was in need of it and wore it. A man
among his companions, seeing him wearing it, said, "O
Allah's Apostle! Please give it to me to wear." The
Prophet said, "Yes." (and gave him that sheet). When the
Prophet left, the man was blamed by his companions who
said, "It was not nice on your part to ask the Prophet for
it while you know that he took it because he was in need
of it, and you also know that he (the Prophet) never turns
down anybody's request that he might be asked for." That
man said, "I just wanted to have its blessings as the
Prophet had put it on, so l hoped that I might be shrouded
Allah's Apostle said, "Time will pass rapidly, good
deeds will decrease, and miserliness will be thrown (in
the hearts of the people), and the Harj (will increase)."
They asked, "What is the Harj?" He replied, "(It is)
killing (murdering), (it is) murdering (killing).
The Prophet said, "If Allah loves a person, He calls
Gabriel saying: 'Allah loves so and so; O Gabriel, love
him.' Gabriel would love him, and then Gabriel would make
an announcement among the residents of the Heaven, 'Allah
loves so-and-so, therefore, you should love him also.' So,
all the residents of the Heavens would love him and then
he is granted the pleasure of the people of the earth."
The Prophet said, "None will have the sweetness
(delight) of Faith (a) till he loves a person and loves
him only for Allah's sake, (b) and till it becomes dearer
to him to be thrown in the fire than to revert to
disbelief (Heathenism) after Allah has brought him out of
it, (c) and till Allah and His Apostle become dearer to
him than anything else."
The Prophet forbade laughing at a person who passes
wind, and said, "How does anyone of you beat his wife as
he beats the stallion camel and then he may embrace (sleep
with) her?" And Hisham said, "As he beats his slave"
The Prophet said at Mina, "Do you know what day is
today?" They (the people) replied, "Allah and His Apostle
know better," He said "Today is 10th of Dhul-Hijja, the
sacred (forbidden) day. Do you know what town is this
town?" They (the people) replied, "Allah and His Apostle
know better." He said, "This is the (forbidden) Sacred
town (Mecca a sanctuary)." And do you know which month is
this month?" They (the People) replied, "Allah and His
Apostle know better." He said, ''This is the Sacred
(forbidden) month ." He added, "Allah has made your blood,
your properties and your honor Sacred to one another (i.e.
Muslims) like the sanctity of this day of yours in this
month of yours, in this town of yours." (See Hadith No.
797, Vol. 2.)
That he heard the Prophet saying, "If somebody accuses
another of Fusuq (by calling him 'Fasiq' i.e. a wicked
person) or accuses him of Kufr, such an accusation will
revert to him (i.e. the accuser) if his companion (the
accused) is innocent."
Allah's Apostle was neither a Fahish (one who had a bad
tongue) nor a Sabbaba (one who abuses others) and he used
to say while admonishing somebody, "What is wrong with
him? May dust be on his forehead!"
(who was one of the companions who gave the pledge of
allegiance to the Prophet underneath the tree (Al-Hudaibiya))
Allah's Apostle said, "Whoever swears by a religion other
than Islam (i.e. if somebody swears by saying that he is a
non-Muslim e.g., a Jew or a Christian, etc.) in case he is
telling a lie, he is really so if his oath is false, and a
person is not bound to fulfill a vow about a thing which
he does not possess. And if somebody commits suicide with
anything in this world, he will be tortured with that very
thing on the Day of Resurrection; And if somebody curses a
believer, then his sin will be as if he murdered him; And
whoever accuses a believer of Kufr (disbelief), then it is
as if he killed him."
A man from the companions of the Prophet said, "Two men
abused each other in front of the Prophet and one of them
became angry and his anger became so intense that his face
became swollen and changed. The Prophet said, "I know a
word the saying of which will cause him to relax if he
does say it." Then a man went to him and informed him of
the statement of the Prophet and said, "Seek refuge with
Allah from Satan." On that, angry man said, 'Do you find
anything wrong with me? Am I insane? Go away!"
Allah's Apostle went out to inform the people about the
(date of the Night of decree (Al-Qadr). There happened a
quarrel between two Muslim men. The Prophet said, "I came
out to inform you about the Night of Al-Qadr, but as
so-and-so and so-and-so quarrelled, so the news about it
had been taken away; and may be it was better for you. So
look for it in the ninth, the seventh, or the fifth (of
the last ten days of Ramadan)."
I saw Abu Dhar wearing a Burd (garment) and his slave
too was wearing a Burd, so I said (to Abu Dhar), "If you
take this (Burda of your slave) and wear it (along with
yours), you will have a nice suit (costume) and you may
give him another garment." Abu Dhar said, "There was a
quarrel between me and another man whose mother was a
non-Arab and I called her bad names. The man mentioned
(complained about) me to the Prophet. The Prophet said,
"Did you abuse so-and-so?" I said, "Yes" He said, "Did you
call his mother bad names?" I said, "Yes". He said, "You
still have the traits of (the Pre-lslamic period of)
ignorance." I said. "(Do I still have ignorance) even now
in my old age?" He said, "Yes, they (slaves or servants)
are your brothers, and Allah has put them under your
command. So the one under whose hand Allah has put his
brother, should feed him of what he eats, and give him
dresses of what he wears, and should not ask him to do a
thing beyond his capacity. And if at all he asks him to do
a hard task, he should help him therein."
The Prophet led us in the Zuhr prayer, offering only
two Rakat and then (finished it) with Taslim, and went to
a piece of wood in front of the mosque and put his hand
over it. Abu Bakr and 'Umar were also present among the
people on that day but dared not talk to him (about his
unfinished prayer). And the hasty people went away,
wondering. "Has the prayer been shortened" Among the
people there was a man whom the Prophet used to call
Dhul-Yadain (the longarmed). He said, "O Allah's Prophet!
Have you forgotten or has the prayer been shortened?" The
Prophet said, "Neither have I forgotten, nor has it been
shortened." They (the people) said, "Surely, you have
forgotten, O Allah's Apostle!" The Prophet said,
Dhul-Yadain has told the truth." So the Prophet got up and
offered other two Rakat and finished his prayer with
Taslim. Then he said Takbir, performed a prostration of
ordinary duration or longer, then he raised his head and
said Takbir and performed another prostration of ordinary
duration or longer and then raised his head and said
Takbir (i.e. he performed the two prostrations of Sahu,
Allah's Apostle passed by two graves and said, "Both of
them (persons in the grave) are being tortured, and they
are not being tortured for a major sin. This one used not
to save himself from being soiled with his urine, and the
other used to go about with calumnies (among the people to
rouse hostilities, e.g., one goes to a person and tells
him that so-and-so says about him such-and-such evil
things). The Prophet then asked for a green leaf of a
date-palm tree, split it into two pieces and planted one
on each grave and said, "It is hoped that their punishment
may be abated till those two pieces of the leaf get
dried." (See Hadith No 215, Vol 1).
A man asked permission to enter upon Allah's Apostle.
The Prophet said, "Admit him. What an evil brother of his
people or a son of his people." But when the man entered,
the Prophet spoke to him in a very polite manner. (And
when that person left) I said, "O Allah's Apostle! You had
said what you had said, yet you spoke to him in a very
polite manner?" The Prophet said, "O 'Aisha! The worst
people are those whom the people desert or leave in order
to save themselves from their dirty language or from their
Once the Prophet went through the grave-yards of Medina
and heard the voices of two humans who were being tortured
in their graves. The Prophet said, "They are being
punished, but they are not being punished because of a
major sin, yet their sins are great. One of them used not
to save himself from (being soiled with) the urine, and
the other used to go about with calumnies (Namima)." Then
the Prophet asked for a green palm tree leaf and split it
into two pieces and placed one piece on each grave,
saying, "I hope that their punishment may be abated as
long as these pieces of the leaf are not dried."
Once Allah's Apostle divided and distributed (the war
booty). An Ansar man said, "By Allah ! Muhammad, by this
distribution, did not intend to please Allah." So I came
to Allah's Apostle and informed him about it whereupon his
face became changed with anger and he said, "May Allah
bestow His Mercy on Moses for he was hurt with more than
this, yet he remained patient."
A man was mentioned before the Prophet and another man
praised him greatly The Prophet said, "May Allah's Mercy
be on you ! You have cut the neck of your friend." The
Prophet repeated this sentence many times and said, "If it
is indispensable for anyone of you to praise someone, then
he should say, 'I think that he is so-and-so," if he
really thinks that he is such. Allah is the One Who will
take his accounts (as He knows his reality) and no-one can
sanctify anybody before Allah." (Khalid said, "Woe to
you," instead of "Allah's Mercy be on you.")
that his father said; "When Allah's Apostle mentioned
wh at he mentioned about (the hanging of) the Izar (waist
sheet), Abu Bakr said, "O Allah's Apostle! My Izar
slackens on one side (without my intention)." The Prophet
said, "You are not among those (who, out of pride) drag
their Izars behind them."
The Prophet continued for such-and-such period
imagining that he has slept (had sexual relations) with
his wives, and in fact he did not. One day he said, to me,
"O 'Aisha! Allah has instructed me regarding a matter
about which I had asked Him. There came to me two men, one
of them sat near my feet and the other near my head. The
one near my feet, asked the one near my head (pointing at
me), 'What is wrong with this man? The latter replied, 'He
is under the effect of magic.' The first one asked, 'Who
had worked magic on him?' The other replied, 'Lubaid bin
Asam.' The first one asked, 'What material (did he use)?'
The other replied, 'The skin of the pollen of a male date
tree with a comb and the hair stuck to it, kept under a
stone in the well of Dharwan."' Then the Prophet went to
that well and said, "This is the same well which was shown
to me in the dream. The tops of its date-palm trees look
like the heads of the devils, and its water looks like the
Henna infusion." Then the Prophet ordered that those
things be taken out. I said, "O Allah's Apostle! Won't you
disclose (the magic object)?" The Prophet said, "Allah has
cured me and I hate to circulate the evil among the
people." 'Aisha added, "(The magician) Lubaid bin Asam was
a man from Bani Zuraiq, an ally of the Jews."
The Prophet said, "Beware of suspicion, for suspicion
is the worst of false tales; and do not look for the
others' faults and do not spy, and do not be jealous of
one another, and do not desert (cut your relation with)
one another, and do not hate one another; and O Allah's
worshipers! Be brothers (as Allah has ordered you!")
Allah's Apostle said, "Do not hate one another, and do
not be jealous of one another, and do not desert each
other, and O, Allah's worshipers! Be brothers. Lo! It is
not permissible for any Muslim to desert (not talk to) his
brother (Muslim) for more than three days."
Allah's Apostle said, "Beware of suspicion, for
suspicion is the worst of false tales. and do not look for
the others' faults, and do not do spying on one another,
and do not practice Najsh, and do not be jealous of one
another and do not hate one another, and do not desert
(stop talking to) one another. And O, Allah's worshipers!
I heard Allah's Apostle saying. "All the sins of my
followers will be forgiven except those of the Mujahirin
(those who commit a sin openly or disclose their sins to
the people). An example of such disclosure is that a
person commits a sin at night and though Allah screens it
from the public, then he comes in the morning, and says,
'O so-and-so, I did such-and-such (evil) deed yesterday,'
though he spent his night screened by his Lord (none
knowing about his sin) and in the morning he removes
Allah's screen from himself."
A man asked Ibn 'Umar, "What did you hear Allah's
Apostle saying regarding An-Najwa (secret talk between
Allah and His believing worshipper on the Day of
Judgment)?" He said, "(The Prophet said), "One of you will
come close to his Lord till He will shelter him in His
screen and say: Did you commit such-and-such sin? He will
say, 'Yes.' Then Allah will say: Did you commit such and
such sin? He will say, 'Yes.' So Allah will make him
confess (all his sins) and He will say, 'I screened them
(your sins) for you in the world, and today I forgive them
Al-Khuzai: The Prophet said, "Shall I inform you about
the people of Paradise? They comprise every obscure
unimportant humble person, and if he takes Allah's Oath
that he will do that thing, Allah will fulfill his oath
(by doing that). Shall I inform you about the people of
the Fire? They comprise every cruel, violent, proud and
conceited person." Anas bin Malik said, "Any of the female
slaves of Medina could take hold of the hand of Allah's
Apostle and take him wherever she wished."
(the wife of the Prophet) that she was told that
'Abdullah bin Az-Zubair (on hearing that she was selling
or giving something as a gift) said, "By Allah, if 'Aisha
does not give up this, I will declare her incompetent to
dispose of her wealth." I said, "Did he ('Abdullah bin
Az-Zubair) say so?" They (people) said, "Yes." 'Aisha
said, "I vow to Allah that I will never speak to Ibn
Az-Zubair." When this desertion lasted long, 'Abdullah bin
Az-Zubair sought intercession with her, but she said, "By
Allah, I will not accept the intercession of anyone for
him, and will not commit a sin by breaking my vow." When
this state of affairs was prolonged on Ibn Az-Zubair (he
felt it hard on him), he said to Al-Miswar bin Makhrama
and 'Abdur-Rahman bin Al-Aswad bin 'Abu Yaghuth, who were
from the tribe of Bani Zahra, "I beseech you, by Allah, to
let me enter upon 'Aisha, for it is unlawful for her to
vow to cut the relation with me." So Al-Miswar and
'Abdur-Rahman, wrapping their sheets around themselves,
asked 'Aisha's permission saying, "Peace and Allah's Mercy
and Blessings be upon you! Shall we come in?" 'Aisha said,
"Come in." They said, "All of us?" She said, "Yes, come in
all of you," not knowing that Ibn Az-Zubair was also with
them. So when they entered, Ibn Az-Zubair entered the
screened place and got hold of 'Aisha and started
requesting her to excuse him, and wept. Al-Miswar and
'Abdur Rahman also started requesting her to speak to him
and to accept his repentance. They said (to her), "The
Prophet forbade what you know of deserting (not speaking
to your Muslim Brethren), for it is unlawful for any
Muslim not to talk to his brother for more than three
nights (days)." So when they increased their reminding her
(of the superiority of having good relation with Kith and
kin, and of excusing others' sins), and brought her down
to a critical situation, she started reminding them, and
wept, saying, "I have made a vow, and (the question of)
vow is a difficult one." They (Al-Miswar and
'Abdur-Rahman) persisted in their appeal till she spoke
with 'Abdullah bin Az-Zubair and she manumitted forty
slaves as an expiation for her vow. Later on, whenever she
remembered her vow, she used to weep so much that her veil
used to become wet with her tears.
Allah's Apostle said, "Do not hate one another, nor be
jealous of one another; and do not desert one another, but
O Allah's worshipers! Be Brothers! And it is unlawful for
a Muslim to desert his brother Muslim (and not to talk to
him) for more than three nights."
Allah's Apostle said, "It is not lawful for a man to
desert his brother Muslim for more than three nights. (It
is unlawful for them that) when they meet, one of them
turns his face away from the other, and the other turns
his face from the former, and the better of the two will
be the one who greets the other first."
Allah's Apostle said, " I know whether you are angry or
pleased." I said, "How do you know that, Allah's Apostle?"
He said, "When you are pleased, you say, "Yes, by the Lord
of Muhammad,' but when you are angry, you say, 'No, by the
Lord of Abraham!' " I said, "Yes, I do not leave, except
(the wife of the Prophet) "I do not remember my parents
believing in any religion other than the Religion (of
Islam), and our being visited by Allah's Apostle in the
morning and in the evening. One day, while we were sitting
in the house of Abu Bakr (my father) at noon, someone
said, 'This is Allah's Apostle coming at an hour at which
he never used to visit us.' Abu Bakr said, 'There must be
something very urgent that has brought him at this hour.'
The Prophet said, 'I have been allowed to go out (of
Mecca) to migrate.' "
Allah's Apostle visited a household among the Ansars,
and he took a meal with them. When he intended to leave,
he asked for a place in that house for him, to pray so a
mat sprinkled with water was put and he offered prayer
over it, and invoked for Allah's Blessing upon them (his
'Umar saw a silken cloak over a man (for sale) so he
took it to the Prophet and said, 'O Allah's Apostle! Buy
this and wear it when the delegate come to you.' He said,
'The silk is worn by one who will have no share (in the
Here-after).' Some time passed after this event, and then
the Prophet sent a (similar) cloak to him. 'Umar brought
that cloak back to the Prophet and said, 'You have sent
this to me, and you said about a similar one what you
said?' The Prophet said, 'I have sent it to you so that
you may get money by selling it.' Because of this, Ibn
'Umar used to hate the silken markings on the garments.
When 'Abdur-Rahman came to us, the Prophet established
a bond of brotherhood between him and Sa'd bin Ar-Rabi'.
Once the Prophet said, "As you (O 'Abdur-Rahman) have
married, give a wedding banquet even if with one sheep."
I said to Anas bin Malik, "Did it reach you that the
Prophet said, "There is no treaty of brotherhood in
Islam'?" Anas said, "The Prophet made a treaty (of
brotherhood) between the Ansar and the Quraish in my
Rifa'a Al-Qurazi divorced his wife irrevocably (i.e.
that divorce was the final). Later on 'Abdur-Rahman bin
Az-Zubair married her after him. She came to the Prophet
and said, "O Allah's Apostle! I was Rifa'a's wife and he
divorced me thrice, and then I was married to
'Abdur-Rahman bin AzZubair, who, by Allah has nothing with
him except something like this fringe, O Allah's Apostle,"
showing a fringe she had taken from her covering sheet.
Abu Bakr was sitting with the Prophet while Khalid Ibn
Said bin Al-As was sitting at the gate of the room waiting
for admission. Khalid started calling Abu Bakr, "O Abu
Bakr! Why don't you reprove this lady from what she is
openly saying before Allah's Apostle?" Allah's Apostle did
nothing except smiling, and then said (to the lady),
"Perhaps you want to go back to Rifa'a? No, (it is not
possible), unless and until you enjoy the sexual relation
with him ('Abdur Rahman), and he enjoys the sexual
relation with you."
'Umar bin Al-Khattab asked permission of Allah's
Apostle to see him while some Quraishi women were sitting
with him and they were asking him to give them more
financial support while raising their voices over the
voice of the Prophet. When 'Umar asked permission to
enter, all of them hurried to screen themselves the
Prophet admitted 'Umar and he entered, while the Prophet
was smiling. 'Umar said, "May Allah always keep you
smiling, O Allah's Apostle! Let my father and mother be
sacrificed for you !" The Prophet said, "I am astonished
at these women who were with me. As soon as they heard
your voice, they hastened to screen themselves." 'Umar
said, "You have more right, that they should be afraid of
you, O Allah's Apostle!" And then he ('Umar) turned
towards them and said, "O enemies of your souls! You are
afraid of me and not of Allah's Apostle?" The women
replied, "Yes, for you are sterner and harsher than
Allah's Apostle." Allah's Apostle said, "O Ibn Al-Khattab!
By Him in Whose Hands my life is, whenever Satan sees you
taking a way, he follows a way other than yours!"
When Allah Apostle was in Ta'if (trying to conquer it),
he said to his companions, "Tomorrow we will return (to
Medina), if Allah wills." Some of the companions of
Allah's Apostle said, "We will not leave till we conquer
it." The Prophet said, "Therefore, be ready to fight
tomorrow." On the following day, they (Muslims) fought
fiercely (with the people of Ta'if) and suffered many
wounds. Then Allah's Apostle said, "Tomorrow we will
return (to Medina), if Allah wills." His companions kept
quiet this time. Allah's Apostle then smiled.
A man came to the Prophet and said, "I have been ruined
for I have had sexual relation with my wife in Ramadan
(while I was fasting)" The Prophet said (to him), "Manumit
a slave." The man said, " I cannot afford that." The
Prophet said, "(Then) fast for two successive months
continuously". The man said, "I cannot do that." The
Prophet said, "(Then) feed sixty poor persons." The man
said, "I have nothing (to feed them with)." Then a big
basket full of dates was brought to the Prophet. The
Prophet said, "Where is the questioner? Go and give this
in charity." The man said, "(Shall I give this in charity)
to a poorer person than l? By Allah, there is no family in
between these two mountains (of Medina) who are poorer
than we." The Prophet then smiled till his premolar teeth
became visible, and said, "Then (feed) your (family with
While I was going along with Allah's Apostle who was
wearing a Najrani Burd (sheet) with a thick border, a
bedouin overtook the Prophet and pulled his Rida' (sheet)
forcibly. I looked at the side of the shoulder of the
Prophet and noticed that the edge of the Rida' had left a
mark on it because of the violence of his pull. The
bedouin said, "O Muhammad! Order for me some of Allah's
property which you have." The Prophet turned towards him,
(smiled) and ordered that he be given something.
The Prophet did not screen himself from me (had never
prevented me from entering upon him) since I embraced
Islam, and whenever he saw me, he would receive me with a
smile. Once I told him that I could not sit firm on
horses. He stroked me on the chest with his hand, and
said, "O Allah! Make him firm and make him a guiding and a
rightly guided man.
Um Sulaim said, "O Allah's Apostle! Verily Allah is not
shy of (telling you) the truth. Is it essential for a
woman to take a bath after she had a wet dream (nocturnal
sexual discharge)?" He said, "Yes, if she notices
discharge. On that Um Salama laughed and said, "Does a
woman get a (nocturnal sexual) discharge?" He said, "How
then does (her) son resemble her (his mother)?"
A man came to the Prophet on a Friday while he (the
Prophet) was delivering a sermon at Medina, and said,
"There is lack of rain, so please invoke your Lord to
bless us with the rain." The Prophet looked at the sky
when no cloud could be detected. Then he invoked Allah for
rain. Clouds started gathering together and it rained till
the Medina valleys started flowing with water. It
continued raining till the next Friday. Then that man (or
some other man) stood up while the Prophet was delivering
the Friday sermon, and said, "We are drowned; Please
invoke your Lord to withhold it (rain) from us" The
Prophet smiled and said twice or thrice, "O Allah! Please
let it rain round about us and not upon us." The clouds
started dispersing over Medina to the right and to the
left, and it rained round about Medina and not upon
Medina. Allah showed them (the people) the miracle of His
Prophet and His response to his invocation.
The Prophet said, "Truthfulness leads to righteousness,
and righteousness leads to Paradise. And a man keeps on
telling the truth until he becomes a truthful person.
Falsehood leads to Al-Fajur (i.e. wickedness, evil-doing),
and Al-Fajur (wickedness) leads to the (Hell) Fire, and a
man may keep on telling lies till he is written before
Allah, a liar."
Allah's Apostle said, "The signs of a hypocrite are
three: Whenever he speaks, he tells a lie; and whenever he
promises, he breaks his promise; and whenever he is
entrusted, he betrays (proves to be dishonest)".
The Prophet said, "I saw (in a dream), two men came to
me." Then the Prophet narrated the story (saying), "They
said, 'The person, the one whose cheek you saw being torn
away (from the mouth to the ear) was a liar and used to
tell lies and the people would report those lies on his
authority till they spread all over the world. So he will
be punished like that till the Day of Resurrection."'
From among the people, Ibn Um 'Abd greatly resembled
Allah's Apostles in solemn gate and good appearance of
piety and in calmness and sobriety from the time he goes
out of his house till he returns to it. But we do not know
how he behaves with his family when he is alone with them.
The Prophet divided and distributed something as he
used to do for some of his distributions. A man from the
Ansar said, "By Allah, in this division the pleasure of
Allah has not been intended." I said, "I will definitely
tell this to the Prophet ." So I went to him while he was
sitting with his companions and told him of it secretly.
That was hard upon the Prophet and the color of his face
changed, and he became so angry that I wished I had not
told him. The Prophet then said, "Moses was harmed with
more than this, yet he remained patient."
The Prophet did something and allowed his people to do
it, but some people refrained from doing it. When the
Prophet learned of that, he delivered a sermon, and after
having sent Praises to Allah, he said, "What is wrong with
such people as refrain from doing a thing that I do? By
Allah, I know Allah better than they, and I am more afraid
of Him than they."
The Prophet said, "Whoever swears by a religion other
than Islam (i.e. if he swears by saying that he is a
non-Muslim in case he is telling a lie), then he is as he
says if his oath is false and whoever commits suicide with
something, will be punished with the same thing in the
(Hell) fire, and cursing a believer is like murdering him,
and whoever accuses a believer of disbelief, then it is as
if he had killed him."
Mu'adh bin Jabal used to pray with the Prophet and then
go to lead his people in prayer. Once he led the people in
prayer and recited Surat-al-Baqara. A man left (the row of
the praying people) and offered (light) prayer
(separately) and went away. When Mu'adh came to know about
it, he said. "He (that man) is a hypocrite." Later that
man heard what Mu'adh said about him, so he came to the
Prophet and said, "O Allah's Apostle! We are people who
work with our own hands and irrigate (our farms) with our
camels. Last night Mu'adh led us in the (night) prayer and
he recited Sura-al-Baqara, so I offered my prayer
separately, and because of that, he accused me of being a
hypocrite." The Prophet called Mu'adh and said thrice, "O
Mu'adh! You are putting the people to trials? Recite
'Wash-shamsi wad-uhaha' (91) or'Sabbih isma Rabbi
ka-l-A'la' (87) or the like."
Allah's Apostle said: "Whoever amongst you swears,
(saying by error) in his oath 'By Al-Lat and Al-Uzza',
then he should say, 'None has the right to be worshipped
but Allah.' And whoever says to his companions, 'Come let
me gamble' with you, then he must give something in
charity (as an expiation for such a sin)." (See Hadith No.
that he found 'Umar bin Al-Khattab in a group of people
and he was swearing by his father. So Allah's Apostle
called them, saying, "Verily! Allah forbids you to swear
by your fathers. If one has to take an oath, he should
swear by Allah or otherwise keep quiet."
The Prophet entered upon me while there was a curtain
having pictures (of animals) in the house. His face got
red with anger, and then he got hold of the curtain and
tore it into pieces. The Prophet said, "Such people as
paint these pictures will receive the severest punishment
on the Day of Resurrection ."
A man came to the Prophet and said "I keep away from
the morning prayer only because such and such person
prolongs the prayer when he leads us in it. The narrator
added: I had never seen Allah's Apostle more furious in
giving advice than he was on that day. He said, "O people!
There are some among you who make others dislike good
deeds) cause the others to have aversion (to
congregational prayers). Beware! Whoever among you leads
the people in prayer should not prolong it, because among
them there are the sick, the old, and the needy." (See
Hadith No. 670, Vol 1)
While the Prophet was praying, he saw sputum (on the
wall) of the mosque, in the direction of the Qibla, and so
he scraped it off with his hand, and the sign of disgust
(was apparent from his face) and then said, "Whenever
anyone of you is in prayer, he should not spit in front of
him (in prayer) because Allah is in front of him."
A man asked Allah's Apostle about "Al-Luqata" (a lost
fallen purse or a thing picked up by somebody). The
Prophet said, "You should announce it publicly for one
year, and then remember and recognize the tying material
of its container, and then you can spend it. If its owner
came to you, then you should pay him its equivalent." The
man said, "O Allah's Apostle! What about a lost sheep?"
The Prophet said, "Take it because it is for you, for your
brother, or for the wolf." The man again said, "O Allah's
Apostle! What about a lost camel?" Allah's Apostle became
very angry and furious and his cheeks became red (or his
face became red), and he said, "You have nothing to do
with it (the camel) for it has its food and its water
container with it till it meets its owner."
Allah's Apostle made a small room (with a palm leaf
mat). Allah's Apostle came out (of his house) and prayed
in it. Some men came and joined him in his prayer. Then
again the next night they came for the prayer, but Allah's
Apostle delayed and did not come out to them. So they
raised their voices and knocked the door with small stones
(to draw his attention). He came out to them in a state of
anger, saying, "You are still insisting (on your deed,
i.e. Tarawih prayer in the mosque) that I thought that
this prayer (Tarawih) might become obligatory on you. So
you people, offer this prayer at your homes, for the best
prayer of a person is the one which he offers at home,
except the compulsory (congregational) prayer."
Two men abused each other in front of the Prophet while
we were sitting with him. One of the two abused his
companion furiously and his face became red. The Prophet
said, "I know a word (sentence) the saying of which will
cause him to relax if this man says it. Only if he said,
"I seek refuge with Allah from Satan, the outcast.' " So
they said to that (furious) man, 'Don't you hear what the
Prophet is saying?" He said, "I am not mad."
A man said to the Prophet , "Advise me! "The Prophet
said, "Do not become angry and furious." The man asked
(the same) again and again, and the Prophet said in each
case, "Do not become angry and furious."
'Imran bin Husain said, "The Prophet said, 'Haya' does
not bring anything except good." Thereupon Bashir bin Ka'b
said, 'It is written in the wisdom paper: Haya leads to
solemnity; Haya leads to tranquility (peace of mind)."
'Imran said to him, "I am narrating to you the saying of
Allah's Apostle and you are speaking about your paper
The Prophet passed by a man who was admonishing his
brother regarding Haya and was saying, "You are very shy,
and I am afraid that might harm you." On that, Allah's
Apostle said, "Leave him, for Haya is (a part) of Faith."
Um Sulaim came to Allah's Apostle and said, "O Allah's
Apostle! Verily, Allah does not feel shy to tell the
truth. If a woman gets a nocturnal sexual discharge (has a
wet dream), is it essential for her to take a bath? He
replied, "Yes if she notices a discharge."
The Prophet said, "The example of a believer is like a
green tree, the leaves of which do not fall." The people
said. "It is such-and-such tree: It is such-and-such
tree." I intended to say that it was the datepalm tree,
but I was a young boy and felt shy (to answer). The
Prophet said, "It is the date-palm tree." Ibn 'Umar added,
" I told that to 'Umar who said, 'Had you said it, I would
have preferred it to such-and such a thing."
that he heard Anas saying, "A woman came to the Prophet
offering herself to him in marriage, saying, "Have you got
any interest in me (i.e. would you like to marry me?)"
Anas's daughter said, "How shameless that woman was!" On
that Anas said, "She is better than you for, she presented
herself to Allah's Apostle (for marriage)."
that when Allah's Apostle sent him and Mu'adh bin Jabal
to Yemen, he said to them, "Facilitate things for the
people (treat the people in the most agreeable way), and
do not make things difficult for them, and give them glad
tidings, and let them not have aversion (i.e. to make the
people hate good deeds) and you should both work in
cooperation and mutual understanding, obey each other."
Abu Musa said, "O Allah's Apostle! We are in a land in
which a drink named Al Bit' is prepared from honey, and
another drink named Al-Mizr is prepared from barley." On
that, Allah's Apostle said, "All intoxicants (i.e. all
alcoholic drinks) are prohibited."
Whenever Allah's Apostle was given the choice of one of
two matters he would choose the easier of the two as long
as it was not sinful to do so, but if it was sinful, he
would not approach it. Allah's Apostle never took revenge
over anybody for his own sake but (he did) only when
Allah's legal bindings were outraged, in which case he
would take revenge for Allah's sake." (See Hadith No. 760.
We were in the city of Al-Ahwaz on the bank of a river
which had dried up. Then Abu Barza Al-Aslami came riding a
horse and he started praying and let his horse loose. The
horse ran away, so Abu Barza interrupted his prayer and
went after the horse till he caught it and brought it, and
then he offered his prayer. There was a man amongst us who
was (from the Khawari) having a different opinion. He came
saying. "Look at this old man! He left his prayer because
of a horse." On that Abu Barza came to us and said, "Since
the time I left Allah's Apostle, nobody has admonished me;
My house is very far from this place, and if I had carried
on praying and left my horse, I could not have reached my
house till night." Then Abu Barza mentioned that he had
been in the company of the Prophet, and that he had seen
A bedouin urinated in the mosque, and the people rushed
to beat him. Allah's Apostle ordered them to leave him and
pour a bucket or a tumbler (full) of water over the place
where he has passed urine. The Prophet then said, " You
have been sent to make things easy (for the people) and
you have not been sent to make things difficult for them."
I used to play with the dolls in the presence of the
Prophet, and my girl friends also used to play with me.
When Allah's Apostle used to enter (my dwelling place)
they used to hide themselves, but the Prophet would call
them to join and play with me. (The playing with the dolls
and similar images is forbidden, but it was allowed for
'Aisha at that time, as she was a little girl, not yet
reached the age of puberty.) (Fateh-al-Bari page 143,
A man asked permission to see the Prophet. He said,
"Let Him come in; What an evil man of the tribe he is!
(Or, What an evil brother of the tribe he is)."
But when he entered, the Prophet spoke to him gently in
a polite manner. I said to him, "O Allah's Apostle! You
have said what you have said, then you spoke to him in a
very gentle and polite manner? The Prophet said, "The
worse people, in the sight of Allah are those whom the
people leave (undisturbed) to save themselves from their
The Prophet was given a gift of a few silken cloaks
with gold buttons. He distributed them amongst some of his
companions and put aside one of them for Makhrama. When
Makhrama came, the Prophet said, "I kept this for you."
(Aiyub, the sub-narrator held his garment to show how the
Prophet showed the cloak to Makhrama who had something
unfavorable about his temper.)
Allah's Apostle entered upon me and said, "Have I not
been informed that you offer prayer all the night and fast
the whole day?" I said, "Yes." He said, "Do not do so;
Offer prayer at night and also sleep; Fast for a few days
and give up fasting for a few days because your body has a
right on you, and your eye has a right on you, and your
guest has a right on you, and your wife has a right on
you. I hope that you will have a long life, and it is
sufficient for you to fast for three days a month as the
reward of a good deed, is multiplied ten times, that
means, as if you fasted the whole year." I insisted (on
fasting more) so I was given a hard instruction. I said,
"I can do more than that (fasting)" The Prophet said,
"Fast three days every week." But as I insisted (on
fasting more) so I was burdened. I said, "I can fast more
than that." The Prophet said, "Fast as Allah's prophet
David used to fast." I said, "How was the fasting of the
prophet David?" The Prophet said, "One half of a year
(i.e. he used to fast on alternate days). '
Allah's Apostle said, Whoever believes in Allah and the
Last Day, should serve his guest generously. The guest's
reward is: To provide him with a superior type of food for
a night and a day and a guest is to be entertained with
food for three days, and whatever is offered beyond that,
is regarded as something given in charity. And it is not
lawful for a guest to stay with his host for such a long
period so as to put him in a critical position."
The Prophet said, "Whoever believes in Allah and the
Last Day, should not hurt his neighbor and whoever
believes in Allah and the Last Day, should serve his guest
generously and whoever believes in Allah and the Last Day,
should talk what is good or keep quiet."
We said, "O Allah's Apostle! You send us out and it
happens that we have to stay with such people as do not
entertain us. What do you think about it?" Allah's Apostle
said to us, "If you stay with some people and they
entertain you as they should for a guest, accept is; but
if they do not do then you should take from them the right
of the guest, which they ought to give."
The Prophet said, "Whoever believes in Allah and the
Last Day, should serve his guest generously; and whoever
believes in Allah and the Last Day, should unite the bond
of kinship (i.e. keep good relation with his Kith and
kin); and whoever believes in Allah and the Last Day,
should talk what is good or keep quit. "
The Prophet established a bond of brotherhood between
Salman and Abu Darda'. Salman paid a visit to Abu ad-Darda
and found Um Ad-Darda' dressed in shabby clothes and asked
her why she was in that state.?" She replied, "Your
brother, Abu Ad-Darda is not interested in the luxuries of
this world." In the meantime Abu Ad-Darda came and
prepared a meal for him (Salman), and said to him,
"(Please) eat for I am fasting." Salman said, "I am not
going to eat, unless you eat." So Abu Ad-Darda' ate. When
it was night, Abu Ad-Darda' got up (for the night prayer).
Salman said (to him), "Sleep," and he slept. Again
Abu-Ad-Darda' got up (for the prayer), and Salman said (to
him), "Sleep." When it was the last part of the night,
Salman said to him, "Get up now (for the prayer)." So both
of them offered their prayers and Salman said to Abu
Ad-Darda',"Your Lord has a right on you; and your soul has
a right on you; and your family has a right on you; so you
should give the rights of all those who have a right on
you). Later on Abu Ad-Darda' visited the Prophet and
mentioned that to him. The Prophet, said, "Salman has
spoken the truth."
Abu Bakr invited a group of people and told me, "Look
after your guests." Abu Bakr added, I am going to visit
the Prophet and you should finish serving them before I
return." 'Abdur-Rahman said, So I went at once and served
them with what was available at that time in the house and
requested them to eat." They said, "Where is the owner of
the house (i.e., Abu Bakr)?" 'Abdur-Rahman said, "Take
your meal." They said, "We will not eat till the owner of
the house comes." 'Abdur-Rahman said, "Accept your meal
from us, for if my father comes and finds you not having
taken your meal yet, we will be blamed severely by him,
but they refused to take their meals . So I was sure that
my father would be angry with me. When he came, I went
away (to hide myself) from him. He asked, "What have you
done (about the guests)?" They informed him the whole
story. Abu Bakr called, "O 'Abdur Rahman!" I kept quiet.
He then called again. "O 'Abdur-Rahman!" I kept quiet and
he called again, "O ignorant (boy)! I beseech you by
Allah, if you hear my voice, then come out!" I came out
and said, "Please ask your guests (and do not be angry
with me)." They said, "He has told the truth; he brought
the meal to us." He said, "As you have been waiting for
me, by Allah, I will not eat of it tonight." They said,
"By Allah, we will not eat of it till you eat of it." He
said, I have never seen a night like this night in evil.
What is wrong with you? Why don't you accept your meals of
hospitality from us?" (He said to me), "Bring your meal."
I brought it to him, and he put his hand in it, saying,
"In the name of Allah. The first (state of fury) was
because of Satan." So Abu Bakr ate and so did his guests.
Abu Bakr came with a guest or some guests, but he
stayed late at night with the Prophet and when he came, my
mother said (to him), "Have you been detained from your
guest or guests tonight?" He said, "Haven't you served the
supper to them?" She replied, "We presented the meal to
him (or to them), but he (or they) refused to eat." Abu
Bakr became angry, rebuked me and invoked Allah to cause
(my) ears to be cut and swore not to eat of it!" I hid
myself, and he called me, "O ignorant (boy)!" Abu Bakr's
wife swore that she would not eat of it and so the guests
or the guest swore that they would not eat of it till he
ate of it. Abu Bakr said, "All that happened was from
Satan." So he asked for the meals and ate of it, and so
did they. Whenever they took a handful of the meal, the
meal grew (increased) from underneath more than that
mouthful. He said (to his wife), "O, sister of Bani Firas!
What is this?" She said, "O, pleasure of my eyes! The meal
is now more than it had been before we started eating'' So
they ate of it and sent the rest of that meal to the
Prophet. It is said that the Prophet also ate of it.
'Abdullah bin Sahl and Muhaiyisa bin Mas'ud went to
Khaibar and they dispersed in the gardens of the date-palm
trees. 'Abdullah bin Sahl was murdered. Then 'Abdur-Rahman
bin Sahl, Huwaiyisa and Muhaiyisa, the two sons of Mas'ud,
came to the Prophet and spoke about the case of their
(murdered) friend. 'Abdur-Rahman who was the youngest of
them all, started talking. The Prophet said, "Let the
older (among you) speak first." So they spoke about the
case of their (murdered) friend. The Prophet said, "Will
fifty of you take an oath whereby you will have the right
to receive the blood money of your murdered man," (or
said, "..your companion"). They said, "O Allah's Apostle!
The murder was a thing we did not witness." The Prophet
said, "Then the Jews will release you from the oath, if
fifty of them (the Jews) should take an oath to contradict
your claim." They said, "O Allah's Apostle! They are
disbelievers (and they will take a false oath)." Then
Allah's Apostle himself paid the blood money to them.
Allah's Apostle said, "Inform me of a tree which
resembles a Muslim, giving its fruits at every season by
the permission of its Lord, and the leaves of which do not
fall." I thought of the date-palm tree, but I disliked to
speak because Abu Bakr and 'Umar were present there. When
nobody spoke, the Prophet said, "It is the date-palm tree"
When I came out with my father, I said, "O father! It came
to my mind that it was the date-palm tree." He said, "What
prevented you from saying it?" Had you said it, it would
have been more dearer to me than such-and-such a thing
(fortune)." I said, "Nothing prevented me but the fact
that neither you nor Abu Bakr spoke, so I disliked to
speak (in your presence)."
We went out with Allah's Apostle to Khaibar and we
travelled during the night. A man amongst the people said
to 'Amir bin Al-Aqwa', "Won't you let us hear your
poetry?" 'Amir was a poet, and so he got down and started
(chanting Huda) reciting for the people, poetry that keep
pace with the camel's foot steps, saying, "O Allah!
Without You we would not have been guided on the right
path, neither would we have given in charity, nor would we
have prayed. So please forgive us what we have committed.
Let all of us be sacrificed for Your cause and when we
meet our enemy, make our feet firm and bestow peace and
calmness on us and if they (our enemy) will call us
towards an unjust thing we will refuse.
The infidels have made a hue and cry to ask others help
against us. Allah's Apostle said, "Who is that driver (of
the camels)?" They said, "He is 'Amir bin Al-Aqwa."' He
said, "May Allah bestow His mercy on him." A man among the
people said, Has Martyrdom been granted to him, O Allah's
Prophet! Would that you let us enjoy his company longer."
We reached (the people of) Khaibar and besieged them till
we were stricken with severe hunger but Allah helped the
Muslims conquer Khaibar. In the evening of its conquest
the people made many fires. Allah's Apostle asked, "What
are those fires? For what are you making fires?" They
said, "For cooking meat." He asked, "What kind of meat?"
They said, "Donkeys' meat." Allah's Apostle said, "Throw
away the meat and break the cooking pots." A man said, O
Allah's Apostle! Shall we throw away the meat and wash the
cooking pots?" He said, "You can do that too." When the
army files aligned in rows (for the battle), 'Amir's sword
was a short one, and while attacking a Jew with it in
order to hit him, the sharp edge of the sword turned back
and hit 'Amir's knee and caused him to die.
When the Muslims returned (from the battle), Salama
said, Allah's Apostle saw me pale and said, 'What is wrong
with you?"' I said, "Let my parents be sacrificed for you!
The people claim that all the deeds of Amir have been
annulled." The Prophet asked, "Who said so?" I replied,
"So-and-so and so-and-so and Usaid bin Al-Hudair Al-Ansari
said, 'Whoever says so is telling a lie. Verily, 'Amir
will have double reward."' (While speaking) the Prophet
put two of his fingers together to indicate that, and
added, "He was really a hard-working man and a Mujahid
(devout fighter in Allah's Cause) and rarely have there
lived in it (i.e., Medina or the battle-field) an "Arab
The Prophet came to some of his wives among whom there
was Um Sulaim, and said, "May Allah be merciful to you, O
Anjasha! Drive the camels slowly, as they are carrying
glass vessels!" Abu Qalaba said, "The Prophet said a
sentence (i.e. the above metaphor) which, had anyone of
you said it, you would have admonished him for it".
Hassan bin Thabit asked the permission of Allah's
Apostle to lampoon the pagans (in verse). Allah's Apostle
said, "What about my fore-fathers (ancestry)?' Hassan said
(to the Prophet) "I will take you out of them as a hair is
taken out of dough."
Narrated Hisham bin 'Urwa that his father said, "I
called Hassan with bad names in front of 'Aisha." She
said, "Don't call him with bad names because he used to
defend Allah's Apostle (against the pagans)."
that he heard Abu Huraira in his narration, mentioning
that the Prophet said, "A Muslim brother of yours who does
not say dirty words." and by that he meant Ibn Rawaha,
"said (in verse): 'We have Allah's Apostle with us who
recites the Holy Qur'an in the early morning time. He gave
us guidance and light while we were blind and astray, so
our hearts are sure that whatever he says, will certainly
happen. He does not touch his bed at night, being busy in
worshipping Allah while the pagans are sound asleep in
their beds.' "
that he heard Hassan bin Thabit Al-Ansari asking the
witness of Abu Huraira, saying, "O Abu- Huraira! I beseech
you by Allah (to tell me). Did you hear Allah's Apostle
saying' 'O Hassan ! Reply on behalf of Allah's Apostle. O
Allah ! Support him (Hassan) with the Holy Spirit
(Gabriel).'?" Abu Huraira said, "Yes."
Allah, the brother of Abu Al-Qu'ais asked my permission
to enter after the verses of Al-Hijab (veiling the ladies)
was revealed, and I said, "By Allah, I will not admit him
unless I take permission of Allah's Apostle for it was not
the brother of Al-Qu'ais who had suckled me, but it was
the wife of Al-Qu'ais, who had suckled me." Then Allah's
Apostle entered upon me, and I said, "O Allah's Apostle!
The man has not nursed me but his wife has nursed me." He
said, "Admit him because he is your uncle (not from blood
relation, but because you have been nursed by his wife),
Taribat Yaminuki." 'Urwa said, "Because of this reason, '
Aisha used to say: Foster suckling relations render all
those things (marriages etc.) illegal which are illegal
because of the corresponding blood relations." (See Hadith
No. 36, Vol. 7)
The Prophet intended to return home after the
performance of the Hajj, and he saw Safiya standing at the
entrance of her tent, depressed and sad because she got
her menses. The Prophet said, "Aqra Halqa! --An expression
used in the Quraish dialect--"You will detain us." The
Prophet then asked (her), "Did you perform the Tawaf
Al-Ifada on the Day of Sacrifice (10th of Dhul-Hijja)?"
She said, "Yes." The Prophet said, "Then you can leave
(the daughter of Abu Talib) I visited Allah's Apostle
in the year of the Conquest of Mecca and found him taking
a bath, and his daughter, Fatima was screening him. When I
greeted him, he said, "Who is it?" I replied, "I am Um
Hani, the daughter of Abu Talib." He said, "Welcome, O Um
Hani ! " When the Prophet had finished his bath, he stood
up and offered eight Rakat of prayer while he was wrapped
in a single garment. When he had finished his prayer, I
said, "O Allah's Apostle! My maternal brother assumes (or
claims) that he will murder some man whom I have given
shelter, i.e., so-and-so bin Hubaira." Allah's Apostle
said, "O Um Hani! We shelter him whom you have sheltered."
Um Hani added, "That happened in the forenoon."
The Prophet saw a man driving a Badana (a camel for
sacrifice) and said (to him). "Ride it." The man said, "It
is a Bandana." The Prophet said, "Ride on it." The man
said, "It is a Bandana." The Prophet said, Ride on it, woe
Allah's Apostle saw a man driving a Badana (a camel for
sacrifice) and said to him, "Ride on it." The man said, "O
Allah's Apostle! It is a Bandana." The Prophet said, "Ride
on it, woe to you!" on the second or third time.
Allah's Apostle was on a journey and he had a black
slave called Anjasha, and he was driving the camels (very
fast, and there were women riding on those camels).
Allah's Apostle said, "Waihaka (May Allah be merciful to
you), O Anjasha! Drive slowly (the camels) with the glass
A man praised another man in front of the Prophet. The
Prophet said thrice, "Wailaka (Woe on you) ! You have cut
the neck of your brother!" The Prophet added, "If it is
indispensable for anyone of you to praise a person, then
he should say, "I think that such-and-such person (is
so-and-so), and Allah is the one who will take his
accounts (as he knows his reality) and none can sanctify
anybody before Allah (and that only if he knows well about
While the Prophet was distributing (war booty etc.) one
day, Dhul Khawaisira, a man from the tribe of Bani Tamim,
said, "O Allah's Apostle! Act justly." The Prophets said,
"Woe to you! Who else would act justly if I did not act
justly?" 'Umar said (to the Prophet ), "Allow me to chop
his neck off." The Prophet said, "No, for he has
companions (who are apparently so pious that) if anyone of
(you compares his prayer with) their prayer, he will
consider his prayer inferior to theirs, and similarly his
fasting inferior to theirs, but they will desert Islam (go
out of religion) as an arrow goes through the victim's
body (games etc.) in which case if its Nasl is examined
nothing will be seen thereon, and if its Nady is examined,
nothing will be seen thereon, and if its Qudhadh is
examined, nothing will be seen thereon, for the arrow has
gone out too fast even for the excretions and blood to
smear over it. Such people will come out at the time of
difference among the (Muslim) people and the sign by which
they will be recognized, will be a man whose one of the
two hands will look like the breast of a woman or a lump
of flesh moving loosely." Abu Said added, "I testify that
I heard that from the Prophet and also testify that I was
with 'Ali when 'Ali fought against those people. The man
described by the Prophet was searched for among the
killed, and was found, and he was exactly as the Prophet
had described him." (See Hadith No. 807, Vol. 4)
A man came to Allah's Apostle and said, "O Allah's
Apostle! I am ruined!" The Prophet said, "Waihaka (May
Allah be merciful to you) !" The man said, "I have done
sexual intercourse with my wife while fasting in Ramadan."
The Prophet said, "Manumit a slave." The man said, " I
cannot afford that. " The Prophet said; "Then fast for two
successive months." The man said, " I have no power to do
so." The Prophet said, "Then feed sixty poor persons." The
man said, "I have nothing (to feed sixty persons). Later a
basket full of dates were brought to the Prophet and he
said (to the man), "Take it and give it in charity." The
man said, "O Allah's Apostle! Shall I give it to people
other than my family? By Him in Whose Hand my life is,
there is nobody poorer than me in the whole city of
Medina." The Prophet smiled till his premolar teeth became
visible, and said, "Take it." Az-Zuhri said (that the
Prophet said). "Wailaka."
A bedouin said, "O Allah's Apostle! Inform me about the
emigration." The Prophet said, "Waihaka (May Allah be
merciful to you)! The question of emigration is a
difficult one. Have you got some camels?" The bedouin
said, "Yes." The Prophet said, "Do you pay their Zakat?"
He said, "Yes." The Prophet said, "Go on doing like this
from beyond the seas, for Allah will not let your deeds go
The Prophet said, "Wailakum" (woe to you) or "waihakum"
(May Allah be merciful to you)." Shu'ba is not sure as to
which was the right word. "Do not become disbelievers
after me by cutting the necks of one another."
A bedouin came to the Prophet and said, "O Allah's
Apostle! When will The Hour be established?" The Prophet
said, "Wailaka (Woe to you), What have you prepared for
it?" The bedouin said, "I have not prepared anything for
it, except that I love Allah and H is Apostle." The
Prophet said, "You will be with those whom you love." We
(the companions of the Prophet ) said, "And will we too be
so? The Prophet said, "Yes." So we became very glad on
that day. In the meantime, a slave of Al-Mughira passed
by, and he was of the same age as I was. The Prophet said.
"If this (slave) should live long, he will not reach the
geriatric old age, but the Hour will be established."
A man came to Allah's Apostle and said, "O Allah's
Apostle! What do you say about a man who loves some people
but cannot catch up with their good deeds?" Allah's
Apostle said, "Everyone will be with those whom he loves."
A man asked the Prophet "When will the Hour be
established O Allah's Apostle?" The Prophet . said, "What
have you prepared for it?" The man said, " I haven't
prepared for it much of prayers or fast or alms, but I
love Allah and His Apostle." The Prophet said, "You will
be with those whom you love."
'Umar bin Al-Khattab set out with Allah's Apostle, and
a group of his companions to Ibn Saiyad. They found him
playing with the boys in the fort or near the Hillocks of
Bani Maghala. Ibn Saiyad was nearing his puberty at that
time, and he did not notice the arrival of the Prophet
till Allah's Apostle stroked him on the back with his hand
and said, "Do you testify that I am Allah's Apostle?" Ibn
Saiyad looked at him and said, "I testify that you are the
Apostle of the unlettered ones (illiterates)". Then Ibn
Saiyad said to the Prophets . "Do you testify that I am
Allah's Apostle?" The Prophet denied that, saying, "I
believe in Allah and all His Apostles," and then said to
Ibn Saiyad, "What do you see?" Ibn Saiyad said, "True
people and liars visit me." The Prophet said, "You have
been confused as to this matter." Allah's Apostle added,
"I have kept something for you (in my mind)." Ibn Saiyad
said, "Ad-Dukh." The Prophet said, "Ikhsa (you should be
ashamed) for you can not cross your limits." 'Umar said,
"O Allah's Apostle! Allow me to chop off h is neck."
Allah's Apostle said (to Umar). "Should this person be him
(i.e. Ad-Dajjal) then you cannot over-power him; and
should he be someone else, then it will be no use your
killing him." 'Abdullah bin 'Umar added: Later on Allah's
Apostle and Ubai bin Ka'b Al-Ansari (once again) went to
the garden in which Ibn Saiyad was present.
When Allah's Apostle entered the garden, he started
hiding behind the trunks of the date-palms intending to
hear something from Ibn Saiyad before the latter could see
him. Ibn Saiyad was Lying on his bed, covered with a
velvet sheet from where his mumur were heard. Ibn Saiyad's
mother saw the Prophet and said, "O Saf (the nickname of
Ibn Saiyad)! Here is Muhammad!" Ibn Saiyad stopped his
murmuring. The Prophet said, "If his mother had kept
quiet, then I would have learnt more about him." 'Abdullah
added: Allah's Apostle stood up before the people
(delivering a sermon), and after praising and glorifying
Allah as He deserved, he mentioned the Ad-Dajjal saying,
"I warn you against him, and there has been no prophet but
warned his followers against him. Noah warned his
followers against him but I am telling you about him,
something which no prophet has told his people of, and
that is: Know that he is blind in one eye where as Allah
is not so."
When the delegation of 'Abdul Qais came to the Prophet,
he said, "Welcome, O the delegation who have come! Neither
you will have disgrace, nor you will regret." They said,
"O Allah's Apostle! We are a group from the tribe of
Ar-Rabi'a, and between you and us there is the tribe of
Mudar and we cannot come to you except in the sacred
months. So please order us to do something good (religious
deeds) so that we may enter Paradise by doing that, and
also that we may order our people who are behind us (whom
we have left behind at home) to follow it." He said, "Four
and four:" offer prayers perfectly , pay the Zakat,
(obligatory charity), fast the month of Ramadan, and give
one-fifth of the war booty (in Allah's cause), and do not
drink in (containers called) Ad-Duba,' Al-Hantam, An-Naqir
The Prophet said, "For every betrayer (perfidious
person), a flag will be raised on the Day of Resurrection,
and it will be announced (publicly) 'This is the betrayal
(perfidy) of so-and-so, the son of so-and-so.' "
Allah's Apostle said, "A flag will be fixed on the Day
of Resurrection for every betrayer, and it will be
announced (publicly in front of everybody), 'This is the
betrayal (perfidy) so-and-so, the son of so-and-so."
I never heard Allah's Apostle saying, "Let my father
and mother be sacrificed for you," except for Sa'd (bin
Abi Waqqas). I heard him saying, "Throw! (arrows), Let my
father and mother be sacrificed for you !" (The
sub-narrator added, "I think that was in the battle of
That he and Abu Talha were coming in the company of the
Prophet towards Medina), while Safiya (the Prophet's wife)
was riding behind him on his she-camel. After they had
covered a portion of the way suddenly the foot of the
she-camel slipped and both the Prophet and the woman
(i.e., his wife, Safiya) fell down. Abu Talha jumped
quickly off his camel and came to the Prophet (saying.) "O
Allah's Apostle! Let Allah sacrifice me for you! Have you
received any injury?" The Prophet said, "No, but take care
of the woman (my wife)." Abu Talha covered his face with
his garment and went towards her and threw his garment
over her. Then the woman got up and Abu Talha prepared
their she camel (by tightening its saddle, etc.) and both
of them (the Prophet and Safiya) mounted it. Then all of
them proceeded and when they approached near Medina, or
saw Medina, the Prophet said, "Ayibun,' abidun, taibun,
liRabbina hamidun (We are coming back (to Medina) with
repentance, worshipping (our Lord) and celebrating His
(our Lord's) praises". The Prophet continued repeating
these words till he entered the city of Medina.
A boy was born for a man among us, and the man named
him Al-Qasim. We said to him, "We will not call you
Abu-l-Qasim, nor will we respect you for that." The
Prophet was informed about that, and he said, "Name your
A man among us begot a boy whom he named Al-Qasim. The
people said, "We will not call him (i.e., the father) by
that Kuniya (Abu-l-Qasim) till we ask the Prophet about
it. The Prophet said. "Name yourselves by my name, but do
not call (yourselves) by my Kuniya."
A man among us begot a boy whom he named Al-Qasim. The
people said (to him), "We will not call you Abul-l-Qasim,
nor will we please you by calling you so." The man came to
the Prophet and mentioned that to him. The Prophet said to
him, "Name your son 'Abdur-Rahman."
That his father (Hazn bin Wahb) went to the Prophet and
the Prophet asked (him), "What is your name?" He replied,
"My name is Hazn." The Prophet said, "You are Sahl." Hazn
said, "I will not change the name with which my father has
named me." Ibn Al-Musaiyab added: We have had roughness
(in character) ever since.
When Al-Mundhir bin Abu Usaid was born, he was brought
to the Prophet who placed him on his thigh. While Abu
Usaid was sitting there, the Prophet was busy with
something in his hands so Abu Usaid told someone to take
his son from the thigh of the Prophet . When the Prophet
finished his job (with which he was busy), he said, "Where
is the boy?" Abu Usaid replied, "We have sent him home."
The Prophet said, "What is his name?" Abu Usaid said,
"(His name is) so-and-so. " The Prophet said, "No, his
name is Al-Mundhir." So he called him Al-Mundhir from that
That when his grandfather, Hazn visited the Prophet the
Prophet said (to him), "What is your name?" He said, "My
name is Hazn." The Prophet said, " But you are Sahl." He
said, "I will not change my name with which my father
named me." Ibn Al-Musaiyab added: So we have had roughness
(in character) ever since.
I asked Abi Aufa, "Did you see Ibrahim, the son of the
Prophet ?" He said, "Yes, but he died in his early
childhood. Had there been a Prophet after Muhammad then
his son would have lived, but there is no Prophet after
Allah's Apostle said, "Name yourselves after me (by my
name) but do not call (yourselves) by my Kuniya (1), for I
am Al-Qasim (distributor), and I distribute among you
Allah's blessings." This narration has also come on the
authority of Anas that the ! Prophet said so."
The Prophet said, "Name yourselves after me (by my
name), but do not call yourselves by my Kuniya, and
whoever sees me in a dream, he surely sees me, for Satan
cannot impersonate me (appear in my figure). And whoever
intentionally ascribes something to me falsely, he will
surely take his place in the (Hell) Fire.
I got a son and I took him to the Prophet who named him
Ibrahim, and put in his mouth the juice of a date fruit
(which be himself had chewed?, and invoked for Allah's
blessing upon him, and then gave him back to me. He was
the eldest son of Abii Musa.
(the wife the Prophet) Allah's Apostle said, "O Aisha!
This is Gabriel sending his greetings to you." I said,
"Peace, and Allah's Mercy be on him." 'Aisha added: The
Prophet used to see things which we used not to see.
Once Um Sulaim was (with the women who were) in charge
of the luggage on a journey, and Anjashah, the slave of
the Prophet, was driving their camels (very fast). The
Prophet said, "O Anjash! Drive slowly (the camels) with
the glass vessels (i.e., ladies)."
The Prophet was the best of all the people in
character. I had a brother called Abu 'Umar, who, I think,
had been newly weaned. Whenever he (that child) was
brought to the Prophet the Prophet used to say, "O Abu
'Umar! What did Al-Nughair (nightingale) (do)?" It was a
nightingale with which he used to play. Sometimes the time
of the Prayer became due while he (the Prophet) was in our
house. He would order that the carpet underneath him be
swept and sprayed with water, and then he would stand up
(for the prayer) and we would line up behind him, and he
would lead us in prayer.
The most beloved names to 'Ali was Abu Turab, and he
used to be pleased when we called him by it, for none
named him Abu Turab (for the first time), but the Prophet.
Once 'Ali got angry with (his wife) Fatima, and went out
(of his house) and slept near a wall in the mosque. The
Prophet came searching for him, and someone said, "He is
there, Lying near the wall." The Prophet came to him while
his ('Ali's) back was covered with dust. The Prophet
started removing the dust from his back, saying, "Get up,
O Abu Turab!"
The Prophet said, "The most awful (meanest) name in
Allah's sight." Sufyan said more than once, "The most
awful (meanest) name in Allah's sight is (that of) a man
calling himself king of kings." Sufyan said, "Somebody
else (i.e. other than Abu Az-Zinad, a sub-narrator) says:
What is meant by 'The king of kings' is 'Shahan Shah.,"
That Allah's Apostle rode over a donkey covered with a
Fadakiya (velvet sheet) and Usama was riding behind him.
He was visiting Sa'd bin 'Ubada (who was sick) in the
dwelling place of Bani Al-Harith bin Al-Khazraj and this
incident happened before the battle of Badr. They
proceeded till they passed by a gathering in which
'Abdullah bin Ubai bin Salul was present., and that was
before 'Abdullah bin Ubat embraced Islam. In that
gathering there were Muslims, pagan idolators and Jews,
and among the Muslims there was 'Abdullah bin Rawaha.
When a cloud of dust raised by (the movement of ) the
animal covered that gathering, 'Abdullah bin Ubai covered
his nose with his garment and said, "Do not cover us with
dust." Allah's Apostle greeted them, stopped, dismounted
and invited them to Allah (i.e. to embrace Islam) and
recited to them the Holy Qur'an. On that 'Abdullah bin
Ubai bin Salul said to him, "O man! There is nothing
better than what you say, if it is the truth. So do not
trouble us with it in our gatherings, but if somebody
comes to you, you can preach to him." On that 'Abdullah
bin Rawaha said "Yes, O Allah's Apostle! Call on us in our
gathering, for we love that." So the Muslims, the pagans
and the Jews started abusing one another till they were
about to fight with one another. Allah's Apostle kept on
quietening them till all of them became quiet, and then
Allah's Apostle rode his animal and proceeded till he
entered upon Sa'd bin 'Ubada. Allah's Apostle said, "O
Sa'd! Didn't you hear what Abu Habab said?" (meaning
'Abdullah bin Unbar). "He said so-and-so." Sa'd bin Ubada
said, "O Allah's Apostle! Let my father be sacrificed for
you ! Excuse and forgive him for, by Him Who revealed to
you the Book, Allah sent the Truth which was revealed to
you at the time when the people of this town had decided
to crown him ('Abdullah bin Ubai) as their ruler.
So when Allah had prevented that with the Truth He had
given you, he was choked by that, and that caused him to
behave in such an impolite manner which you had noticed."
So Allah's Apostle excused him. (It was the custom of)
Allah's Apostle and his companions to excuse the pagans
and the people of the scripture (Christians and Jews) as
Allah ordered them, and they used to be patient when
annoyed (by them). Allah said: 'You shall certainly hear
much that will grieve you from those who received the
Scripture before you.....and from the pagans (3.186)
He also said: 'Many of the people of the scripture wish
that if they could turn you away as disbelievers after you
have believed. .... (2.109) So Allah's Apostle used to
apply what Allah had ordered him by excusing them till he
was allowed to fight against them. When Allah's Apostle
had fought the battle of Badr and Allah killed whomever He
killed among the chiefs of the infidels and the nobles of
Quraish, and Allah's Apostle and his companions had
returned with victory and booty, bringing with them some
of the chiefs of the infidels and the nobles of the
Quraish as captives. 'Abdullah bin Ubai bin Salul and the
pagan idolators who were with him, said, "This matter
(Islam) has now brought out its face (triumphed), so give
Allah's Apostle the pledge of allegiance (for embracing
Islam.)". Then they became Muslims.
Abbas bin 'Abdul Muttalib said, "O Allah's Apostle! Did
you benefit Abu Talib with anything as he used to protect
and take care of you, and used to become angry for you?"
The Prophet said, "Yes, he is in a shallow place of Fire.
But for me he would have been in the lowest part of the
Once the Prophet was on one of his journeys, and the
driver of the camels started chanting (to let the camels
go fast). The Prophet said to him. "(Take care) Drive
slowly with the glass vessels, O Anjasha! Waihaka (May
Allah be Merciful to you)."
The Prophet was on a journey and a slave named Anjasha
was chanting (singing) for the camels to let them go fast
(while driving). The Prophet said, "O Anjasha, drive
slowly (the camels) with the glass vessels!" Abu Qilaba
said, "By the glass vessels' he meant the women (riding
The Prophet had a Had (a camel driver) called Anjasha,
and he had a nice voice. The Prophet said to him, "(Drive)
slowly, O Anjasha! Do not break the glass vessels!" And
Qatada said, "(By vessels') he meant the weak women."
There was a state of fear in Medina. Allah's Apostle
rode a horse belonging to Abu Talha (in order to see the
matter). The Prophet said, "We could not see anything, and
we found that horse like a sea (fast in speed)."
Some people asked Allah's Apostle about the
fore-tellers. Allah's Apostle said to them, "They are
nothing (i.e., liars)." The people said, 'O Allah's
Apostle ! Sometimes they tell something which comes out to
be true." Allah's Apostle said, "That word which comes to
be true is what a jinx snatches away by stealing and then
pours it in the ear of his fore-teller with a sound
similar to the cackle of a hen, and then they add to it
That he heard Allah's Apostle saying. "Then there was a
pause in the revelation of the Divine Inspiration to me.
Then while I was walking all of a sudden I heard a voice
from the sky, and I raised my sight towards the sky and
saw the same angel who had visited me in the cave of
Hira,' sitting on a chair between the sky and the earth."
Once I stayed overnight at the house of Maimuna and the
Prophet was there with her. When it was the last third of
the night, or some part of the night, the Prophet got up
looking towards the sky and recited: 'Verily! In the
creation of the heavens and the earth, and in the
alternation of Night and Day, there are indeed signs for
men of u understanding.' (3.190)
That he was in the company of the Prophet in one of the
gardens of Medina and in the hand of the Prophet there was
a stick, and he was striking (slowly) the water and the
mud with it. A man came (at the gate of the garden) and
asked permission to enter. The Prophet said, "Open the
gate for him and give him the glad tidings of entering
Paradise. "I went, and behold! It was Abu Bakr. So I
opened the gate for him and informed him of the glad
tidings of entering Paradise. Then another man came and
asked permission to enter. The Prophet said, "Open the
gate for him and give him the glad tidings of entering
Paradise." Behold! It was 'Umar. So I opened the gate for
him and gave him the glad tidings of entering Paradise.
Then another man came and asked permission to enter.
The Prophet was sitting in a leaning posture, so he sat
up and said, "Open the gate for him and give him the glad
tidings of entering Paradise with a calamity which will
befall him or which will take place." I went, and behold !
It was Uthman. So I opened the gate for him and gave him
the glad tidings of entering Paradise and also informed
him of what the Prophet had said (about a calamity).
'Uthman said, "Allah Alone Whose Help I seek (against that
We were with the Prophet in a funeral procession, and
he started scraping the ground with a small stick and
said, "There is none amongst you but has been assigned a
place (either) in Paradise and (or) in the Hell-Fire." The
people said (to him), "Should we not depend upon it?" He
said: carry on doing (good) deeds, for everybody will find
easy such deeds as will lead him to his destined place. He
then recited: "As for him who gives (in charity) and keeps
his duty to Allah.." (92.5)
(One night) the Prophet woke up and said, "Subhan Allah
! How many treasures have been (disclosed) sent down! And
how many afflictions have been descended! Who will go and
wake the sleeping lady-occupants up of these dwellings
(for praying)?" (He meant by this his wives.) The Prophet
added, "A well-dressed soul (person) in this world may be
naked in the "Hereafter." 'Umar said, "I asked the
Prophet, 'Have you divorced your wives?' He said, 'No.' I
said, 'Allahu Akbar.' "
The wife of the Prophet that she went to Allah's
Apostle while he was in Itikaf (staying in the mosque)
during the last ten nights of the month of Ramadan. She
spoke to him for an hour (a while) at night and then she
got up to return home. The Prophet got up to accompany
her, and when they reached the gate of the mosque opposite
the dwelling place of Um Salama, the wife of the Prophet,
two Ansari men passed by, and greeting Allah's Apostle ,
they quickly went ahead. Allah's Apostle said to them, "Do
not be in a hurry She is Safiya, the daughter of Huyai."
They said, "Subhan Allah! O Allah's Apostle (how dare we
suspect you)." That was a great thing for both of them.
The Prophet then said, "Satan runs in the body of Adam's
son (i.e. man) as his blood circulates in it, and I was
afraid that he (Satan) might insert an evil thought in
The Prophet forbade the throwing of stones (with the
thumb and the index or middle finger), and said "It
neither hunts a game nor kills (or hurts) an enemy, but it
gouges out an eye or breaks a tooth."
Two men sneezed before the Prophet. The Prophet said to
one of them, "May Allah bestow His Mercy on you," but he
did not say that to the other. On being asked (why), the
Prophet said, "That one praised Allah (at the time of
sneezing), while the other did not praise Allah."
The Prophet ordered us to do seven (things) and forbade
us from seven (other things): He ordered us to pay a visit
to the sick, to follow funeral possessions, to say: May
Allah be merciful to you to a sneezer, - if he says:
Praise be to Allah, to accept invitation (invitation to a
wedding banquet), to return greetings, to help the
oppressed, and to help others to fulfill their oaths
(provided it was not sinful). And he forbade us from seven
(things): to wear golden rings or golden bangles, to wear
silk (cloth), Dibaj, Sundus and Mayathir.
The Prophet said, "Allah likes sneezing and dislikes
yawning, so if someone sneezes and then praises Allah,
then it is obligatory on every Muslim who heard him, to
say: May Allah be merciful to you (Yar-hamuka-l-lah). But
as regards yawning, it is from Satan, so one must try
one's best to stop it, if one says 'Ha' when yawning,
Satan will laugh at him."
The Prophet said, " If anyone of you sneezes, he should
say 'Al-Hamdulillah' (Praise be to Allah), and his
(Muslim) brother or companion should say to him,
'Yar-hamuka-l-lah' (May Allah bestow his Mercy on you).
When the latter says 'Yar-hamuka-llah", the former should
say, 'Yahdikumul-lah wa Yuslih balakum' (May Allah give
you guidance and improve your condition)."
Two men sneezed before the Prophet and he said Tashmit
to one of them, while he did not say Tashmit to the other.
So that man said, "O Allah's Apostle! You said Tashmit to
that fellow but you did not say Tashmit to me. "The
Prophet said, "That man praised Allah, but you did not
The Prophet said, "Allah loves sneezing but dislikes
yawning; so if anyone of you sneezes and then praises
Allah, every Muslim who hears him (praising Allah) has to
say Tashmit to him. But as regards yawning, it is from
Satan, so if one of you yawns, he should try his best to
stop it, for when anyone of you yawns, Satan laughs at