Amount Of Fidyah To Be Paid By One Who Is Unable To Fast Because Of Old Age Or Sickness
The Awqaf -
My father did not fast during Ramadaan because
he was not able to fast due to his being old and sick,
then he passed away without making up the fasts of
that month. We offered expiation for him by giving
money to the poor, then we heard that the expiation
only counts if food is given. Should we offer the
expiation again, and how much should we give?.
Praise be to Allaah.
The majority of Maaliki, Shaafa'i and Hanbali fuqaha'
are of the view that paying cash does not count as the
fidyah for not fasting, and what must be given is
actual food, because Allaah says (interpretation of
"And as for those who can fast with difficulty, (e.g.
an old man), they have (a choice either to fast or) to
feed a Miskeen (poor person) (for every day)"
Ibn ‘Abbaas (may Allaah be pleased with him) said:
This refers to old men and old women who cannot fast,
so they should feed one poor person for each day.
Narrated by al-Bukhaari, 4505.
It says in Fataawa al-Lajnah al-Daa'imah (10/198): If
the doctors have stated that this sickness means that
you cannot fast, and there is no hope of recovery,
then you must feed one poor person for each day,
giving half a saa' of the local staple food, whether
it is dates or something else, for past and future
months. If you give a poor person dinner or breakfast
for the number of days that you did not fast, that
will be sufficient. As for giving cash, that does not
count. End quote.
So the elderly or sick person for whom there is no
hope of recovery should feed one poor person for each
day, giving half a saa' of wheat, dates, rice or
similar local staple. That is equivalent to
approximately one and a half kilograms. See Fataawa
Ramadaan, p. 545.
He may give it all in one go at the end of the month,
45 kilograms of rice, for example, or if he makes some
food and invites poor people to come and eat, that is
good, because that is what Anas (may Allaah be pleased
with him) did.
If you gave the fidyah in the form of cash following
the view of a scholar who issued a fatwa to that
effect, then you do not have to give it again. But if
you did that yourselves, then you have to give it
again, in order to be on the safe side and in order to
honour your father, may Allaah have mercy on hi and
And Allaah knows best.