Aspects Of Islamic Faith - Ramadan
By Shaykh ‘Abd
al-‘Azeez ibn Baaz
it permissible to carry on eating suhoor when the
muezzin is giving the second adhaan, or is that not
Praise be to Allaah.
That depends. If the muezzin is giving the adhaan for
subh (fajr) (he is giving the adhaan when dawn has
really started), then you must stop eating and
drinking, because the Prophet (peace and blessings of
Allaah be upon him) said: "Do not stop your suhoor
when you hear the adhaan of Bilaal, for he gives the
adhaan at night, so eat and drink until Ibn Umm
Maktoom gives the adhaan." The basis for this appears
in the aayah (interpretation of the meaning):
"and eat and drink until the white thread (light) of
dawn appears to you distinct from the black thread
(darkness of night)"
If it is known that dawn has come, even without any
adhaan, such as when one is in the desert etc., when
you see the dawn then you should stop eating and
drinking even if you do not hear the adhaan.
But if the muezzin gives the adhaan too early or there
is any doubt concerning whether his adhaan has
coincided with the dawn or not, then you may eat and
drink until you are certain that the dawn has started,
whether that is known from a reliable timetable or
from a trustworthy adhaan which is known to come at
the time of dawn. In this case (if the adhaan is too
early) you may eat whilst the adhaan is being given,
you may eat or drink what is in your hand, because
there is no certainty that the adhaan is being given
at the right time, rather it is possible.
Majmoo Fataawa al-Shaykh Ibn Baaz, vol. 15, p. 282.