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If He Starts Fasting With A Country That Uses Calculations, Should He Break The Fast With Them?

EsinIslam Ramadan

The Awqaf - Living Shariah

I am a student studying in the state of Karnataka in India. The Muslims here differ concerning the beginning and end of Ramadan. The state here set the beginning of Ramadan at the beginning of the year, which means that they do not rely on moonsighting. This prompted some of the Muslims, most of whom are Arabs, to ignore them and start Ramadan with Saudi. Is this correct? What should the one who fasts with them do now?.

Praise be to Allaah.

If a Muslim is living in a country which relies on proper shar'i sighting of the moon to establish the beginning and end of the month, then he is enjoined to follow them with regard to starting and ending the fast. This has been explained in the answer to question number 12660. But if the Muslim is living in a kaafir country or in a country where they tamper with the beginning and end of the month according to their whims and desires, and do not pay any attention to proper shar'i sighting of the moon, then he should follow the closest country to him where they pay attention to sighting of the moon. If he fasts with a country whose moon sighting is reliable, like the land of the Two Holy Sanctuaries, there is nothing wrong with that.

Based on that, if India started to fast one day, for example, after the countries that pay attention to sighting the moon, then it may be said to the one who fasted with them: Do not break the fast with India; rather break the fast with the country which pays attention to moon sighting and make up one day to replace the first day of Ramadan.

And Allaah knows best.

He travelled during Ramadaan to a country where the people started Ramadaan on a different day

If I started fasting in my country then travelled to another country where they started fasting one day after us. Shall I continue with the Muslims there and fast the 31st day?.

Praise be to Allaah.

What matters when a person started fasting in one country and finished fasting in a country to which he travelled, is that if the total number of days that he fasted was twenty-eight, then he must make up one day, because the lunar month cannot be less than 29 days. If he has already fasted thirty days but the people in the country to which he has travelled still have one more day to fast, for example, then he must fast with them so that he may break the fast with them on the day of Eid, and offer the Eid prayer with them.

Fataawa al-Lajnah al-Daa'imah li'l-Buhooth al-‘Ilmiyyah wa'l-Ifta (10/129).

Was our breaking the fast wrong and do we have to make up the 30th day of Ramadan?

Do we have to make up the 30th day of last Ramadan or offer expiation? I heard that our breaking the fast was wrong and that Ramadan in 1428 AH was 30 days and not 29 days.

Praise be to Allaah.

You do not have to make up the 30th day, because Ramadan was 29 days, based on the fact that the shar'i moon sighting was confirmed and nearly 10 people testified to that, as was mentioned by Shaykh Saalih ibn Muhammad al-Lahaydaan, the head of the Higher Judiciary Council (may Allah preserve him).

If anyone was outside the Kingdom and relied on its moon sighting, then his breaking of the fast is valid and he does not have to do anything further.

And Allah knows best.

Ramadan Team

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