Should He Fast On The Fifteenth Of Sha'baan Even If The Hadeeth Is Da'eef? -- By Abu Adham Osama Omara
By Abu Adham
Islam House -
permissible, even after finding out that a hadeeth is
da'eef (weak), to follow it, by way of doing righteous
deeds? The hadeeth says: "When it is halfway through
Sha'baan, spend that night in prayer and fast on that
day." The fast is observed as a voluntary act of
devotion to Allaah, as is spending that night in
prayer (qiyaam al-layl).
Praise be to Allaah.
What is narrated concerning the virtue of praying,
fasting and wor-shipping on the fifteenth of Sha'baan
(an-nisf min Sha'baan) does not come under the heading
of da'eef (weak), rather it comes under the heading of
mawdoo' (fabricated) and baatil (false). So it is not
permissible to follow it or to act upon it, whether
that is in doing righteous deeds or otherwise.
A number of scholars ruled that the reports concerning
that are false, such as Ibn Al-Jawzi in his book Al-Mawdoo'aat,
2/440-445; Ibn Qayyim Al-Jawziyyah in Al-Manaar Al-Muneef,
no. 174- 177; Abu Shaamah Ash-Shafi'i in Al-Baa'ith
'ala Inkaar Al-Bida' wal-Hawaadith, 124-137; Al-'Iraaqi
in Takhreej Ihyaa' 'Uloom Ad-Deen, no. 582. Shaykh
Al-Islam [Ibn Taymiyah] narrated that there is
consensus on the fact that they are false, in Majmoo'
Shaykh Ibn Baaz (may Allaah have mercy on him) said in
Hukm Al-Ihtifaal bi Laylat An-Nisf min Sha'baan
(Ruling on celebrating the night of the fifteenth of
Celebrating the night of the fifteenth of Sha'baan (Laylat
An-Nisf min Sha'baan) by praying, etc. or singling out
this day for fasting is a repre-hensible bid'ah
(innovation) according to the majority of scholars,
and there is no basis for this in sharee'ah.
And he (may Allaah have mercy on him) said:
There is no saheeh hadeeth concerning the night of the
fifteenth of Sha'baan (Laylat An-Nisf min Sha'baan).
All the ahaadeeth that have been narrated concerning
that are mawdoo' (fabricated) and da'eef (weak), and
have no basis. There is nothing special about this
night, and no recita-tion of Qur'aan or prayer,
whether alone or in congregation, is specified for
this night. What some of the scholars have said about
it being special is a weak opinion. It is not
permissible to single it out for any special ac-tions.
This is the correct view. And Allaah is the source of
Fataawa Islamiyyah, 4/511. See also question no. 8907.
Even if we assume that the hadeeth is da'eef (weak)
and not maw-doo' (fabricated), the correct scholarly
view is that weak ahaadeeth should not be followed at
all, even if they speak of righteous deeds or of
targheeb and tarheeb (promises and warnings). The
saheeh reports are sufficient and the Muslim has no
need to follow the da'eef reports. Noth-ing is known
in Islam to suggest that this night or day is special,
either from the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah
be upon him) or from his companions.
The scholar Ahmad Shaakir said: There is no difference
between rul-ings or righteous deeds; we do not take
any of them from da'eef reports, rather no one has the
right to use any report as evidence unless it is
proven to be soundly narrated from the Messenger of
Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) in
a saheeh or hasan hadeeth.
Al-Baa'ith Al-Hatheeth, 1/278.
For more information, see: Al-Qawl Al-Muneef fi Hukm
Al-'Aml bil-Hadeeth Ad-Da'eef.
See also the answer to question no. 44877.
And Allaah knows best.