He Is Going To Travel From One City To Another And Come Back On The Same Day; Can He Break His Fast?
The Awqaf -
I'm going to go from amasterdam to paris and
coback inshallah the same date , so can i eat in that
date of the voyage ?.
Praise be to Allaah.
The traveller is one of those to whom Allaah has
granted a concession allowing them to break the fast
in Ramadaan. Allaah says (interpretation of the
"So whoever of you sights (the crescent on the first
night of) the month (of Ramadan i.e. is present at his
home), he must observe Sawm (fasts) that month, and
whoever is ill or on a journey, the same number [of
days which one did not observe Sawm (fasts) must be
made up] from other days. Allaah intends for you ease,
and He does not want to make things difficult for you"
It makes no difference whether the journey is
difficult or easy.
The scholars differed concerning the definition of
what makes a person a traveller and thus entitled to
the concessions granted to travellers, one of which is
that a fasting person may break his fast.
The majority of scholars define it in terms of
distance, which is approximately 80 kilometers.
Others – and this is the view favoured by Shaykh
al-Islam Ibn Taymiyah – are of the view that what
counts is ‘urf (custom – what is customarily regarded
as travel), and not the distance.
So whatever people customarily regard as being travel
is travel, and comes under the rulings on travel in
Undoubtedly travelling from Amsterdam to Paris is
something that people would customarily regard as
travel, even if one comes back the same day.
Shaykh Ibn ‘Uthaymeen said in al-Sharh al-Mumti'
(4/257) concerning a man who travelled a long distance
in a short period: "A short period for a long
distance, such as one who travels from al-Qaseem to
Jeddah and back in one day – this is called travel,
because people prepare themselves for it and they
think that they are travelling." End quote.
The distance between al-Qaseem and Jeddah is
approximately 900 kilometers.
Based on this, if a person travels from Amsterdam to
Paris and comes back the same day, he is travelling
according to both scholarly opinions, whether we base
it on the distance or on what is customarily regarded
Is it better for him to fast or not to fast?
The answer is:
It is better for him to fast unless he finds it
difficult, in which case it is better for him not to
Shaykh Ibn ‘Uthaymeen (may Allaah have mercy on him)
It is better for the traveller to fast, unless he
finds it too difficult, in which case he may break his
fast. The evidence that it is better for him to fast
is as follows:
1 – This is what the Messenger (peace and blessings of
Allaah be upon him) did. Abu'l-Darda' (may Allaah be
pleased with him) said: We were with the Prophet
(peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) on a hot
day, such that one of us would lay his hand on his
head because it was so hot, and there was no one among
us who was fasting except the Messenger of Allaah
(peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) and
‘Abd-Allaah ibn Rawaahah. Narrated by Muslim.
2 – If he fasts it will be easier for him, because
making up the fast may be more difficult – in most
cases – than doing it at the proper time. That is
because if he fasts in Ramadaan he is fasting at the
same time as other people, and that will be easier for
him. When Allaah enjoined fasting on His slaves, He
said (interpretation of the meaning):
" Allaah intends for you ease, and He does not want to
make things difficult for you"
3 – If he fasts Ramadaan whilst travelling, he will
discharge his duty more quickly, because no one knows
what will happen to him after Ramadaan, so fasting
will discharge his duty more quickly.
There is a fourth benefit, which is that if he fasts
in Ramadaan he will have fasted at the best time,
which is Ramadaan.
But if it is too difficult he should not fast when he
is travelling, because the Prophet (peace and
blessings of Allaah be upon him) saw a crowd around a
man who was shaded from the sun. He said: "What is
this?" They said: "One who is fasting." He said: "It
is not righteousness to fast when travelling." He said
that to one who fasted whilst travelling although it
was difficult for him. One day when the Prophet (peace
and blessings of Allaah be upon him) made a stop
during a journey, those who were fasting fell down
because they were exhausted, whilst those who were not
fasting put up the tents and gave water to the
travellers and animals. The Prophet (peace and
blessings of Allaah be upon him) said: "Today the
reward has gone only to those who are not fasting."
Narrated by Muslim.
Majmoo' Fataawa al-Shaykh Ibn ‘Uthaymeen, 19/question
And Allaah knows best.