If A Traveler Comes Not Fasting, He Does Not Have To Refrain From Eating And Drinking
The Awqaf -
What is the sickness which permits a fasting
person to break his fast in Ramadaan? Is it
permissible to break the fast for any sickness even if
it is minor?.
Praise be to Allaah.
Most of the scholars – including the four imams – are
of the view that the sick person is not allowed to
break his fast in Ramadaan unless the sickness is
What is meant by severe sickness is:
1- The sickness will be made worse by fasting
2- Recovery will be delayed by fasting
3- Fasting will cause intense hardship, even if it
does not make the sickness worse or delay recovery
4- The scholars also included those who fear that they
may become sick because of fasting.
Ibn Qudaamah (may Allaah have mercy on him) said in
The kind of sickness in which it is permitted to break
the fast is intense sickness which will be made worse
by fasting or it is feared that recovery will be
delayed. It was said to Ahmad: When can the sick
person break his fast? He said, When he unable to
fast. It was said, Such as a fever? He said, What
sickness is worse than fever?
The healthy person who fears that he may become sick
if he fasts is like the sick person who fears that his
sickness may get worse, they are both permitted to
break their fasts, because the sick person is
permitted to break his fast because of the fear that
his fasting may make his sickness worse and last for
longer, and the fear that fasting may cause sickness
is similar to that.
Al-Nawawi said in al-Majmoo', 6/261:
The person who is unable to fast because of a sickness
which he hopes will go away is not obliged to fast…
This applies if he encounters obvious difficulty in
fasting and is not subject to the condition that he
reaches a point when he is unable to fast. Rather our
companions said: The permission not to fast is subject
to the condition that fasting causes him difficulties
that it is hard for him to bear."
Some of the scholars were of the view that it is
permissible for every sick person to break his fast
and that it is not essential that fasting cause them
This is an odd view which was rejected by the
With regard to the person who is slightly sick and who
does not suffer any obvious hardship, it is not
permissible for him to break his fast, and there is no
difference of opinion among us concerning that.
Shaykh Ibn ‘Uthaymeen said:
The sick person who is not affected by fasting, such
as one who has a slight cold or headache, or a slight
toothache and the like, is not permitted to break his
fast. Even though some of the scholars allow that
because of the verse (interpretation of the meaning):
"…and whoever is ill …"
we say that the ruling mentioned in this verse is
connected to a condition, which is when breaking the
fast will relieve him of hardhsip, but if fasting does
not affect him, then it is not permissible for him to
break the fast, and he has to fast.
Al-Sharh al-Mumti', 6/352.