Home | Writers | Fatwas | Media | Donate | Explore | About Us | Contact | Our Sheikh
Authentic Hadiths Reported About Laylat-ul-Qadr (The Night of Decree)

EsinIslam Ramadan Explorer

Hammam Muhammad Al Jarf

Praise be to Allah which is enough and peace be upon His Servants whom He chose.

The month of Ramadan is composed of days and nights, and obedience should be continued day and night. So, it is not enough to stop lawful foods and drinks in the daytime only but a Muslim must abstain from prohibited matters at night.

This month contains a night which is great and its reward is greater; we ask Allah to grant us the favor of performing optional night Salah as should during that night and we ask Him not to deprive us from its goodness.

First, its virtue and the exhortation to perform optional night Salah therein:

Abu Hurayrah (may Allah be pleased with him) narrated that the Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him) said: "Whoever establishes Optional Night Salah on the night of Qadr (Night of power) in sincere faith and hoping for Allah's Reward, Allah shall erase his previous sins."[1]

Anas ibn Malik (may Allah be pleased with him) said: "Ramadan approached, so the Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him) said: "This month has come to you, and in it there is a night that is better than a thousand months. Whoever is deprived of it is deprived of all goodness, and no one is deprived of its goodness except one who is truly deprived."[2]

'A'ishah (may Allah be pleased with her) narrated: "When the last ten nights began Allah's Messenger (peace be upon him) kept awake at night (for prayer and devotion), wakened his family, and prepared himself to observe Salah (with more vigor)." [3]

She (may Allah be pleased with her) narrated: "The Messenger of Allah used to encourage the people to pray Qiyam in Ramadan, without insisting on that. He said: "Whoever spends the nights of Ramadan in prayer out of faith and in the hope of reward, he will be forgiven his previous sins."[4]
'Abdullah ibn 'Amr (may Allah be pleased with him) narrated: "The Prophet (peace be upon him) used to practice I'tikaf in the last ten days of Ramadan." Nafi' said: 'Abdullah (may Allah be pleased with him) showed me the spot [of the masjid] in which the Prophet (peace be upon him) used to observe I'tikaf.[5]

Second, its time:

Abu Salamah (may Allah be pleased with him) said: "Once I went to Abu Sa'id Al Khudry and asked him: Won't you come with us to the date-palm trees to have a talk? So, Abu Sa'id went out and I asked him: Tell me what you heard from the Prophet (peace be upon him) about the Night of Qadr. Abu Sa'id replied: Once Allah's Messenger (peace be upon him) performed I'tikaf (seclusion) on the first ten days of the month of Ramadan and we did the same with him. Gabriel came to him and said: The night you are looking for is ahead of you. So, the Prophet (peace be upon him) performed the I'tikaf in the middle (second) ten days of the month of Ramadan and we too performed I'tikaf with him. Gabriel came to him and said: The night which you are looking for is ahead of you. In the morning of the 20th of Ramadan the Prophet (peace be upon him) delivered a sermon saying: Whoever has performed I'tikaf with me should continue it. I have been shown the Night of "Qadr", but have forgotten its date, but it is in the odd nights of the last ten nights. I saw in my dream that I was prostrating in mud and water. In those days the roof of the mosque was made of branches of date-palm trees. At that time the sky was clear and no cloud was visible, but suddenly a cloud came and it rained. The Prophet (peace be upon him) led us in the prayer and I saw the traces of mud on the forehead and on the nose of Allah's Messenger (peace be upon him). So, it was the confirmation of that dream."[6]

'A'ishah (may Allah be pleased with her) narrated: Allah's Messenger (peace be upon him) used to practice I'tikaf in the last ten nights of Ramadan and used to say:"Look for the Night of Qadr in the last ten nights of the month of Ramadan."[7]

Nafi' reported from Ibn 'Umar (may Allah be pleased with him): "Some men amongst the Companions of the Prophet (peace be upon him) were shown in their dreams that the night of Qadr was in the last seven nights of Ramadan. Allah's Messenger (peace be upon him) said: It seems that all your dreams agree that (the Night of Qadr) is in the last seven nights, and whoever wants to search for it (i.e. the Night of Qadr) should search in the last seven (nights of Ramadan)."[8]

Ibn 'Abbas (may Allah be pleased with him) narrated that the Prophet (peace be upon him) said: "Look for the Night of Qadr in the last ten nights of Ramadan, on the night when nine or seven or five nights remain out of the last ten nights of Ramadan (i.e. 21, 23, 25, respectively)."[9]

He also reported: The Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him) said: "The Night of Qadr is in the last ten nights of the month (Ramadan), either on the first nine or in the last (remaining) seven nights (of Ramadan)."[10]

'Ubadah ibn As-Samit (may Allah be pleased with him) narrated: "The Prophet (peace be upon him) came out to inform us about the Night of Qadr but two Muslims were quarreling with each other. So, the Prophet (peace be upon him) said: I came out to inform you about the Night of Qadr but such-and-such persons were quarreling, so the news about it had been taken away; yet that might be for your own good, so search for it on the 29th, 27th and 25th (of Ramadan)."[11]

Lahiq ibn Hamid and 'Ikrimah said:'Umar (may Allah be pleased with him) said: Who knows when Laylat-ul-Qadr (the Night of Decree) is? They said: Ibn 'Abbas (may Allah be pleased with him) narrated that the Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him) said: It [Laylat-ul-Qadr] comes either in the 27th or 23rd of Ramadan."[12]

Mu'awiyah (may Allah be pleased with him) narrated that the Prophet (peace be upon him) said: "Seek Laylat-ul-Qadr [the Night of the Decree] in the 27th night."[13]

Mu'awiyah also said: The Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him) said: "Seek Laylat-ul-Qadr (the Night of the Decree) in the last night [of Ramadan]."[14]

'Abdullah ibn Unays (may Allah be pleased with him) narrated that the Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him) said: "Search for the Night of Qadr in 23rd night [of Ramadan]."[15]

'Abdullah ibn 'Abbas (may Allah be pleased with him) narrated that a man came to the Prophet (peace be upon him) and said: O Prophet of Allah, I am an old man and Qiyam is difficult for me. So, command me to perform Qiyam in a night perhaps Allah would guide me to Laylat-ul-Qadr. He [The Prophet] said: Perform Qiyam in the 27th night [of Ramadan]."[16]

He also reported: "Somone came to me in a dream during Ramadan, and it was said to me: Tonight is Laylat-ul-Qadr. So, I got up, although I was drowsy, and I came to the Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him) and found him praying. I looked to see which night that was, and it was the night of twenty-third."[17]

Ibn 'Umar (may Allah be pleased with him) narrated that the Prophet (peace be upon him) said: "Seek Laylat-ul-Qadr in the last ten days of Ramadan or the last nine days of Ramadan."[18]

He also reported that the Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him) said: "Search for it in the last ten nights [i.e., Laylat-ul-Qadr (the Night of Decree)] If one among you shows slackness and weakness (in the earlier part of Ramadan), it should not be allowed to prevail upon him in the last week."[19]

Abu Hurayrah (may Allah be pleased with him) narrated: "We mentioned Laylat-ul-Qadr before the Prophet(peace be upon him). Thereupon, the Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him) said:

How much of the month has passed? We said: Twenty-two (days), and there are eight left. The Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him) said: Nay, twenty two have passed and seven remains, for the month is twenty nine, so seek it tonight." [20]

Third, its significance and signs:

Ibn 'Abbas (may Allah be pleased with him) narrated that the Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him) said about Laylat-ul-Qadr (the Night of Decree): "Laylat-ul-Qadr (the Night of Decree) is a good night that is neither hot nor cold, and the sun rises in the next day red and its rays are weak."[21]

Zirr (may Allah be pleased with him) said: "I said to Ubay ibn Ka'b (may Allah be pleased with him): Tell me about Laylat-ul-Qadr (the Night of Decree) because our friend (i.e., ibn Mas'ud) was asked about it and he said: Whoever performs Qiyam all year long shall catch it. He [Ubay] said: May Allah have mercy upon Abu 'Abdur-Rahman for he knew that Laylatul-Qadr is in Ramadan, but he hated that you depend on that or he liked that you do not depend on that. By Allah it is in Ramadan in the twenty-seventh night for sure. I said: O Abu Al Mundhir, I knew that by the sign which the Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him) told us about. I said to Zirr: What is that sign? He said: the sun rises the next day without rays round until it passes over the meridian."[22]

Abu Hurayrah (may Allah be pleased with him) narrated that the Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him) said about Laylat-ul-Qadr (the Night of Decree): It is twenty-seventh or twenty-ninth night. Angels in that night in earth more than the number of pebbles."[23]

Jabir (may Allah be pleased with him) narrated that the Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him) said: "I have seen Laylat-ul-Qadr (the Night of Decree) then I forgot it. It is in the last ten days [of Ramadan]. It is a good night that is neither hot nor cold as if there is a moon that shows all the stars. Devils [in that night] are not released until the dawn comes."[24]

Fourth, invocations reported in Laylat-ul-Qadr (the Night of Decree):

'A'ishah (may Allah be pleased with her) said: "O Prophet of Allah, what should I say if I am able to know Laylat-ul-Qadr (the Night of Decree)? He said: You should say: O Allah, verily You are Oft-Forgiving and loves pardon, so pardon me."[25]

Summary:

Based on the authentic Hadith, it was proven that Laylat-ul-Qadr comes in the last ten nights: (21th, 23rd, 25th, 27th, and 29th).

Perhaps the reason for not fixing it precisely is that Muslims should exert efforts in seeking it in the last ten days by performing Qiyam and invocation. And Allah knows best.

References:
1- Al Jami' As-Sahih Al Mukhtasar Sahih Al Bukhari: Muhammad ibn Isma'il Abu 'Abdullah Al Bukhari Al Ja'fy, Ibn Kathir print house, Al Yamamah - Beirut, the third edition (1407 - 1987), verified by: Dr. Mustafa Dib Al Bagha.
2- Sahih Muslim:Muslim ibn Al Hajjaj Abu Al Husayn Al Qushayry An-Naysabury, Ihiya' At-Turath Al 'Araby print house - Beirut, verified by: Muhammad Fo'ad 'Abdul-Baqy.
3- Sunan Abu Dawud: Sulayman ibn Al Ash'ath Abu Dawud As-Sijistany Al Azdy, verified by Muhammad Nasirud-Din Al Albany.
4- Al Mujtaba Min As-Sunan (Sunan An-Nasa'y As-Sughra):
Ahmad ibn Shu'ayb Abu 'Abdur-Rahman An-Nasa'y, verified by Muhammad Nasirud-Din Al Albany.
5- Sunan Ibn Majah: Muhammad ibn Yazid Abu 'Abdullah Al Qazwiny, verified by Muhammad Nasirud-Din Al Albany.
6- Musnad Imam Ahmad ibn Hanbal: Abu 'Abdullah Ahmad ibn Muhammad ibn Hanbal ibn Hilal ibn Asad Ash-Shaybany, verified by: Shu'ayb Al Arna'ut and other, Ar-Risalah institution, second edition (1420 AH,1999AD).
7- Sahih Ibn Hibban according to the arrangement of Ibn Bilban: Muhammad ibn Hibban ibn Ahmad Abu Hatim At-Tamimy Al Basty, Ar-Risalah institution - Beirut, second edition 1414 - 1993, verified by: Shu'ayb Al Arna'ut.
8- Sahih Ibn Khuzaymah:Muhammad ibn Ishaq ibn Khuzaymah Abu Bakr As-Sulamy An-Naysabury, verified by: Al A'dhamy, Al Albany.
9- As-Silsilah As-Sahihah, Muhammad Nasir Al Din Al Albany, Al Ma'arif bookshop- Riyadh.
10- Authentic and weak Al Jami' As-Saghir: Abu Bakr Jalal-ud-Din Al Khudiry As-Suyuty, verified by Muhammad Nasirud-Din Al Albany.




[1] Reported by Al Bukhari in his Sahih Hadith No. (35).
[2] Reported by Ibn Majah in his Sunan Hadith No. (1644), and Al Albany graded it as authentic.
[3] Reported by Muslim in his Sahih Hadith No. (1174).
[4] Reported by An-Nasa'y in his Sunan Hadith No. (2192), and Sheikh Al Albany said: A good and authentic Hadith.
[5] Reported by Muslim in his Sahih Hadith No. (1171).
[6] Reported by Al Bukhari in his Sahih Hadith No. (780).
[7] Reported by Al Bukhari in his Sahih Hadith No. (1916).
[8] Reported by Al Bukhari in his Sahih Hadith No. (1191).
[9] Reported by Al Bukhari in his Sahih Hadith No. (1917).
[10] Reported by Al Bukhari in his Sahih Hadith No. (1918).
[11] Reported by Al Bukhari in his Sahih Hadith No. (1919).
[12] Reported by Imam Ahmad in his Musnad Hadith No. (2543). Al Arna'ut said: The chain of transmission of Lahiq ibn Humayd is authentic according to the conditions of Al Bukhari and Muslim, and 'Ikrimah is one of the narrators of Al Bukhari.
[13] Reported by At-Tabarany in Al Mu'jam Al Kabir, and Al Albany graded it as authentic in Sahih Al Jami' Hadith No. (1240).
[14] Reported by Ibn Khuzaymah in his Sahih Hadith No. (2189), and Al Albany graded it as authentic.
[15] Reported by At-Tabarany in Al Mu'jam Al Kabir, and Al Albany graded it as authentic, See Hadith No. (2923) in Sahih Al Jami'.
[16] Reported by Imam Ahmad in his musnad (2149), and Al Arna'ut said: its chain of narration is authentic according to the condition of Al Bukhari.
[17] Reported by Imam Ahmad in his musnad Hadith No. (2302) and Al Arna'ut said: Good as it is supported by other Hadiths, and its chain of transmission is good, and the narrators are Rijal Al-Sahih (narrators of Hadith compiled by Al-Bukhari and/or Muslim).
[18] Reported by 'Abdullah ibn Imam Ahmad in Al Musnad Hadith No. (4925), and Al Arna'ut said: Its chain of transmission is authentic according to the conditions of Al Bukhari and Muslim.
[19] Reported by 'Abdullah ibn Imam Ahmad in Al Musnad Hadith No. (5485), and Al Arna'ut said: Its chain of transmission is authentic according to the conditions of Muslim.
[20]Reported by Ibn Hibban in his Sahih Hadith No. (2548) and Al Arna'ut said: Its chain of transmission is authentic according to the conditions of Al Bukhari and Muslim.
[21] Reported by Al Bayhaqy in Shu'ab Al Iman, Al Albany graded it as authentic Hadith No. (5475) in Sahih Al Jami'.
[22] Reported by Ibn Khuzaymah in his Sahih Hadith No. (2193) and Al Albany said: Its chain of transmission is good and authentic by virtue of another Hadith.
[23] Reported by 'Abdullah ibn Imam Ahmad in Al Musnad Hadith No. (10734), and Al Arna'ut said: its chain of transmission is probable good, and Al Albany graded it as good in As-Silsilah As-Sahihah No. (2205).
[24] Reported by Ibn Hibban in his Sahih Hadith No. (3688), and Al Arna'ut said: An authentic Hadith.
[25] Reported by Imam Ahmad in his Musnad Hadith No. (26215), and Al Arna'ut said: Its chain of transmission is authentic, and its narrators are trustworthy according to Al Bukhari and Muslim.


 

EsinIslam Ramadan Team

©  EsinIslam.Com

Add Comments

 
Home | Writers | Fatwas | Media | Donate | Explore | About Us | Contact | Our Sheikh
 

Comments & Debates :-: التعليقات والمحاورات





:-: Go Home :-: Go Top :-:




:-: Go Home :-: Go Top :-: