Combats of Honor In Ramadan
ibn Fahd Al Wad'an Ad-Dusary
Combats of honor in Ramadan
Ramadan is the month of Islamic conquests. It is the month of firm faith and
glory of Muslims. A month for power and activity not for laziness and
sluggishness. Of the most famous battles and conquests that took place in
Ramadan were as follows:
First, the great battle of Badr which took place in the second year after
Hijrah. The parties of the battle were the Prophet (peace be upon him) and the
polytheists of Makkah. That day was called the decisive day because Allah
(Glory be to Him) differentiated between the truth and falsehood by providing
victory to His Prophet (peace be upon him) and the believers and letting down
the infidels of Quraysh.
The number of Muslims were 313 fighters, where as the infidels were 1000
fighters. In that battle, the Prophet (peace be upon him) invoked his Lord for
victory, then Allah (Glory be to Him) sent down His Victory on the believers
and aided them with angels. Allah (may He be Exalted) says: "And Allâh has
already made you victorious at Badr, when you were a weak little force. So
fear Allâh much that you may be grateful. * (Remember) when you (Muhammad
peace be upon him) said to the believers, "Is it not enough for you that your
Lord (Allâh) should help you with three thousand angels sent down?" * Yes, if
you hold on to patience and piety, and the enemy comes rushing at you; your
Lord will help you with five thousand angels having marks (of distinction)." [Surat
Al 'Imran: 123 - 125].
Thus, Islam gained victory, polytheism was defeated, seventy polytheists were
killed, and seventy fighters were captured. Chiefs of polytheists were killed
in that battle including Abu Jahl ('Amr ibn Hisham), the most dangerous enemy
Second, the Conquest of Makkah that took place in the eighth year after the
Prophet's Hijrah. The Prophet (peace be upon him) set out in Ramadan along
with 10.000 Companions to open Makkah for Islam, entered it, circumambulated
the House, then destroyed 360 idols around the Ka'bah. Thereafter, he entered
the Ka'bah, offered two Rak'ahs, pronounced Takbir in the four corners of the
House, and delivered a great speech to people. The people of Makkah, men and
women, gave him homage to Islam and the entire Makkah has become a city of
Islam and faith. The Prophet (peace be upon him) stayed 19 days in Makkah
renewing the features of the religion, guiding people to Islam, and sending
his envoys around Makkah to call people to Islam and demolishing idols.
'Abdullah in 'Abbas (may Allah be pleased with him) narrated that the Prophet
(peace be upon him) opened Makkah for Islam in Ramadan. [Reported by Al
Al Bukhari and Muslim reported that the Prophet (peace be upon him) set out to
Medina in Ramadan and took along with him ten thousand Companions after eight
and half years of his arrival to Medina. Muslims marched to Makkah following
the footsteps of the Prophet and doing as he did until he reached Al Kadid
which is a well between 'Asfan and Qadid, they broke their fasting until they
Abu Sa'id Al Khudry (may Allah be pleased with him) narrated: "We travelled
with the Messenger of Allah to Makkah when we were fasting. We made a stop and
the Messenger of Allah said: You have drawn near to your enemy and breaking
the fast will make you stronger. This was a concession, so some of us fasted
and some did not. Then we made another stop and he said: In the morning you
are going to meet your enemy. And breaking the fast will make you stronger, so
break the fast. He emphasized it (the second time), so we broke the fast."
[Reported by Muslim]
Third, in Ramadan in the fifth year, Muslims were preparing themselves to dig
the Trench, but the battle took in Shawwal in the same year.
Fourth, in Ramadan, the battle of Tabuk took place in the ninth year after
Fifth, in Ramadan, in the eighth year after Hijrah, the Prophet (peace be upon
him) sent Khalid ibn Al Walid (may Allah be pleased with him) to destroy the
shrine of Al 'Uzza, sent 'Amr ibn Al 'As (may Allah be pleased with him) to
destroy Suwa', and sent Sa'd ibn Zayd Al Ashhaly (may Allah be pleased with
him) to destroy Manah. In Ramadan of the ninth year, the Prophet (peace be
upon him) sent Al Mughirah ibn Shu'abah to destroy Allat which Thaqif used to
Sixth, the battle of Al Buwayb between Muslims and Magi under the
leadership of Al Muthanna ibn Harithah (may Allah be pleased with him) in the
thirteenth year after Hijrah during the caliphate of Abu Bakr As-Siddiq (may
Allah be pleased with him). Al Muthanna made up his mind to break his fast and
Muslims followed his example, and Muslims were victorious like the victory of
Al Yarmouk battle in the Levant.
Seventh, the Battle of Al Qadisiyyah : It was the decisive battle between
Muslims and the Persians in Ramadan of year 14th AH under the leadership of
Sa'd ibn Abu Waqqas (may Allah be pleased with him) during the caliphate of 'Umar
ibn Al Khattab (may Allah be pleased with him). During that battle, Muslims
suffered from elephants and horses feared them, but the heroes of Islam took
off their eyes with arrows and cut their trunks with their swords, causing
them to flee away stepping their own troops, and Muslims gained a glorious
Eighth, opening of Andalusia which took place in Ramadan 92 AH under the
leadership of Tariq ibn Ziyad who had 12.000 soldiers, most of them were
Berbers and defeated Al Quti army which overnumbered [40.000 soldiers] and
killed their king, and was the beginning of Islamic opening to Andalusia.
Ninth, the battle of Poitiers which was near the French city of Poitiers near
Paris in which the famous battle between Muslims under the leadership of 'Abdur-Rahman
Al Ghafiqy and crusaders in 114 AH at the end of Sha'ban and the beginning of
Ramadan. Al Ghafiqy (may Allah bestow mercy on his soul) was killed in that
battle and Muslims were defeated, and that was the reason for stopping the
Islamic conquest in Europe.
Tenth, the opening of 'Ammoriyah which was a big city near Ancara in Turkey.
It was one of the best Christian countries and more honorable to them than
Constantinople. The Romans attacked Muslims and killed some of them, took men
as prisoners, and captured women. Consequently, an Arab woman cried "O
Mu'tasim," and the news reached Al Mu'tasim who answered her while he was
sitting on his throne: Here I am responding to you. He prepared a huge army
and marched to 'Ammoriyah which he seized in Ramadan in 223 AH.
Eleventh, Az-Zallaqah battle which took place in Ramadan in 479 AH in
Andalusia between Al Murabitin army under the leadership of Yusuf ibn Tashfin
who entered Andalusia from Morocco and the crusaders. The commander of the
crusaders wrote a book in which he threatened Muslims, thereupon Ibn Tashfin
wrote at the back of his letter: You shall see our power. Yusuf led the battle
himself when he was at the age of 84 and gained victory over the
Twelveth, the Battle of 'Ayn Jalut (The Spring of Goliath): It is a village
near Nablus where the battle took place between Muslims and Tatars in 658 AH
under the leadership of the Sultan of Egypt, Qutuz. When Qutuz engaged in the
battle, he throw away his helmet and cried: O my Islam. He fought bravely and
strongly until Tatars were defeated, then he prostrated on the ground and
offered two Rak'ahs as gratitude to Allah (Glory be to Him).
Thirteenth, Shaqhab battle or Marj As-Safr which is a place near Damascus
at the beginning of Ramadan 702 AH between Muslims from the Levant and Egypt
from one side and Tatars from the other side under the leadership of An-Nasir
Muhammad ibn Qalawun along with Shaykh-ul-Islam Ibn Taymiyah who was
encouraging and commanding them with fight and promised them with victory as
long as they take the side of Allah. People used to say to him: Say: We shall
gain victory with the will of Allah. He replied: I have confident in Allah
that He shall provide us with victory. Shaykh-ul-Islam gave them a Fatwa
(Religious verdict) to break the fast in Ramadan, and used to eat publically
before emirs and soldiers to know that he broke his fast; afterwards Tatars
Fourteenth, In Ramadan 1393 AH, Egyptians defeated the Jews in the battle of
Ramadan (the war of October) or what is called (the battle of crossing the
Suez canal) to take back Sinai.
 See Al Fiqh Al Islamy wa-adillatih of Dr. Wahbah Az-Zihily 3:10, and
Mjalis Ramadaniyyah of Dr. Salman Al 'Odah (p. 125) along with the following
detailed references which I shall mention with Allah's Willing.
 See: Ar-Rahiq Al Makhtum (P. 352) and the following pages.
 Reported by Al Bukhari in the book of battles, chapter on the opening
battle in Ramadan 4: 1558 (4026).
 Reported by Al Bukhari in the previous position No. (4027) and Muslim in
the book of fasting, chapter on the permissibility of observing fasting and
breaking the fast in Ramadan for a traveler where there is no sin 2: 784
 Reported by Muslim in the book of fasting, chapter on the reward of the
one who breaks his fasting during travel 2: 789 (1120).
 See: Ar-Rahiq Al Makhtum (p. 366).
 See: IBID (p. 401).
 Al Bowayb is a river in Iraq in place of Kufa (Mu'jam Al Buldan 1: 512).
 See: Al Bidayah wan-Nihayah 7: 29, and Mu'jam Al Ma'arik Al Harbiyyah of
Majid Al-Lahham (p. 89).
 It was said: It took place in Shawwal or in Muharram, may be in 14 or 15
or 16 AH.
 See: Al Bidayah wan-Nihayah 7: 37, Al Kamel fi At-Tarikh 2: 297, and
Tarikh Al Islam 3: 143.
 See: At-Tarikh Al Andalusy of Dr. 'Abdur-Rahman Al Hijjy (p. 46) and the
following pages (this is book one of the best books in the history of
 See: Mu'jam Al Ma'arik Al Harbiyyah of Majid Al-Lahham (p. 78), Mawsu'at
Al Hurub of Haytham Hilal (p. 184), and Al Mawsu'ah Al 'Arabiyyah Al 'Alamiyyah
 See: Al Kamel fi At-Tarikh 6: 39, Al Bidayah wan-Nihayah 10: 285, and
Tarikh At-Tabary 5: 235.
 See: Mu'jam Al Ma'arik Al Harbiyyah of Majid Al-Lahham (p. 169), Mawsu'at
Al Hurub of Haytham Hilal (p. 190).
 See: As-Suluk Li Ma'rifat Duwal Al Muluk of Al Maqrizy 1: 514 and Al
Bidayah wan-Nihayah 13: 220.
 Shaqhab is place near Damascus (Taj Al 'Arus 3: 154).
 See: Al Bidayah wan-Nihayah 14: 23, Al 'Uqud Ad-Durriyyah (p. 191),
Ma'rakat Shaqhab of Dr. Muhammad Lotfy As-Sabbagh (Majallat Al Buhuth Al
Islamiyyah 10: 213), and Al Intisar 'Ala At-Tatar of Samy ibn Khalid Al Hamud)
on the web.