The first day of the month following Ramadan is 'Eid Al-Fitr ('Eid of Breaking
the Fast). This is the celebration of fast-breaking. Muslims watch the western
horizon immediately after sunset on the 29th day of Ramadan for the crescent.
If the crescent is sighted, it is the first day of the new month and beginning
of 'Eid day. If the crescent is not sighted within ˝ an hour after sunset on
the 29th day of Ramadan the Muslims complete 30 days of fasting. Either way,
the 1st of Shawwal (the 10th month of the Islamic lunar calendar) is ‘Eid Al-Fitr.
On 'Eid day, Muslims gather in a larger facility than the neighborhood masjid
and join in Salat Al-'Eid which is composed of salah followed by an address by
the imam (leader of the prayer).
This is a major holiday for the Muslims. On this day, they visit many
relatives and friends and give gifts to the children.
'Eid is, first, a day of thanks to Allah, and next, a gathering of families
and friends. All financially able Muslims are re quired to give Sadaqat Al-Fitr,
a form of charity, on behalf of each and every person of the family, including
newborns, to the poor and needy during the Ramadan but before the 'Eid
There are a number of etiquettes and acts of Sunnah that the Muslim should
observe on that day, including:
1. Ghusl (taking a bath):
One of the good
manners of 'Eid is to take bath before going out to the Prayer. It was
reported that Sa'id ibn Jubayr said: ''Three things are Sunnah on 'Eid: to
walk (to the prayer-place), to take a bath, and to eat before coming out (if
it's Eid Al-Fitr).''
2. Eating before coming out:
One should not
come out to the prayer-place on 'Eid Al-Fitr before eating some dates, because
of the hadith narrated by Al-Bukhari from Anas ibn Malik who said: ''The
Messenger of Allah (peace and blessings be upon him) would not go out in the
morning of 'Eid Al-Fitr until he had eaten some dates... and he would eat an
odd number.'' On 'Eid-ul-Adha, on the other hand, it is Mustahab (recommended)
not to eat until after the Prayer, when one should eat from the meat of one's
3. Takbir on the day of 'Eid:
This is one of
the greatest Sunnahs of this day. Al-Daraqutni and others reported that when
Ibn 'Umar came out on 'Eid Al-Fitr and 'Eid-ul-Adha, he would strive hard in
making Takbir until he reached the prayer-place, then he would continue making
Takbir until the Imam came.
4. Congratulating one another:
exchange congratulations and good greetings on 'Eid, no matter what form the
words take. For example they may say to one another, ''Taqabbal Allahu minnaa
wa minkum (may Allah accept from us and from you our good deeds!)''. Jubayr
ibn Nufayr said: ''At the time of the Prophet (peace and blessings be upon
him) when people met one another on the day of 'Eid, they would say, ‘Taqabbal
Allahu minnaa wa minka.''' (Reported by Ibn Hajar)
5. Wearing one's best clothes for 'Eid:
(may Allah be pleased with him) said: ''The Prophet (peace and blessings be
upon him) had a Jubbah (cloak) that he would wear on 'Eid and on Fridays.''
Al-Bayhaqi reported that Ibn 'Umar used to wear his
best clothes on 'Eid, so men should wear the best clothes they have when they
go out for 'Eid.
6. Changing route on returning from Prayer-place:
Jabir ibn 'Abdullah (may Allah be pleased with him) reported
that the Prophet (peace and blessings be upon him) used to change his routes
on the day of 'Eid. (Reported by Al-Bukhari)
Source: Rituals And Celebrations of Eid Al-Fitr