End of Ramadan and Eid Al-Fitr Islamic Holiday
The end of Ramadan is marked by all Muslims going to Morning Prayer services
and then the Islamic Holiday Eid Al-Fitr begins.
The Night Preceding Eid Al-Fitr
The night before Eid al-Fitr is regarded as a very blessed night and Muslims
believe that it should be spent in nafl (voluntary) salat (prayers) and
worship. There will be no taraweeh prayers on this last night of Ramadan, but
a devout Muslim will spend the night in prayer, remembrance of Allah and
reading the Quran.
Before the Eid al-Fitr salat, Mulsims will be sure to pay the ''Sadakah Al-Fitr.''
This is money due to the poor and the needy. Every Muslim must pay this, even
the poor. Sadakah al-Fitr is a fairly small amount of money equal to 1.75
kilograms of wheat for every person in the family.
On this topic, Ibn 'Umar said, «The Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him
and grant him peace, made zakat al-Fitr obligatory for the Muslims - slave and
free, male and female, young and old, being a sa' of dates or a sa' of barley.
He commanded that it be paid before people went out to the prayer.» (Muwatta,
Book 17, 52)
«فرض رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم زكاة الفطر، صاعاً من تمر أو صاعاً من شعير،
على العبد والحر، والذكر والأنثى، والصغير والكبير، من المسلمين، وأمر بها أن
تؤدى قبل خروج الناس إلى الصلاة»
Preparing to go to Eid Al Fitr Salat
The morning of Eid al-Fitr, it is considered sunnah (consistent with the ways
of the prophet) to perform certain acts in preparation of thanking Allah for a
blessed Ramadan. These acts include:
•Wake up early in the morning and take a bath.
•Brush the teeth with a Miswak or a toothbrush.
•Wear the best available clothes.
•Wear perfume (men only.)
•Eat a few dates before the Eid prayer.
•Recite the following Takbir in the low voice while going to the 'Eid prayer:
"Allahu Akbar Allahu Akbar La Ilaha Ila Allah Wa Allahu Akbar Allahu Akbar Wa
Eid Al-Fitr Salat (Prayers)
In Islam, the Eid prayers should be performed in an open field or area if
possible. It is not recommended to conduct Eid prayers in every single mosque.
It is said to be a time for Muslims to celebrate Eid together in large
gatherings. If a large field or park is not available, then a large mosque
The Eid prayer is mandatory for every male Muslim. Muslim women must attend
Eid prayers if there are no emergency situations in the home, such as issues
involving small children or sick and elderly parents that require assistance
or tending. The Eid prayer should be attended and prior to the prayer takbir
should be recited:"Allahu Akbar Allahu Akbar La Ilaha Ila Allah Wa Allahu
Akbar Allahu Akbar Wa Lillahi Alhamd."
When not reciting the takbir (above), saying zikr (remembrance of Allah) is
recommended. No nafl salat (voluntary prayers) are recited in the home prior
to or after the salat; Muslims may recite nafl salat in the home after
returning from the Eid prayers.
The Eid prayer is distinct from other Muslim prayers. The Imam will lead the
salat (prayers) and there will be six sets of takbirs (Allah Akbar). Three of
the takbirs will be in the beginning of the salat. After each takbir, the
hands are raised to the ears. At the beginning of the second rakat, after the
Imam or sheik recites the Fatiha and something from the Quran, an additional
three takbirs are recited. Some mosques will do all six takbirs at once at the
beginning of the salat and then proceed with the prayer.
The Eid Prayer Khutbah (Sermon)
The Khutbah itself is regarded as an inspirational event and it involves
praising Allah. Muslims should listen intensely and reverently to what the
Imam has to say. It is regarded as a time to remember Allah's blessings and to
be thankful to be present in such an assembly. Muslims should not leave the
Eid prayer early hoping to avoid the crowds; they should stay until after the
final dua is said; then, it's customary to greet everyone in the room with a
congratulations or ''Ramadan Mubarak.''
Eid Al-Fitr Celebrations Begin at the End of Ramadan
Islamic holidays and celebrations are unlike Christian or Jew celebrations. In
a non-Islamic situation, there may be partying, dancing, music and singing –
this is not so in a Muslim community. Muslims will visit friends and
relatives, drink Arabic coffee, chat, hug each other, and then praise Allah
for His bounty at the end of Ramadan. It is normal for Muslim families to make
the rounds, visiting each home for a brief period of time. It is considered
inappropriate to refuse Arabic coffee when offered.
Wishing a blessed Eid Ul Fitr to the whole Islamic Ummah.