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Farewell Of Ramadan and Qiyam, Zakat-ul-Fitr, and Proprieties Of 'Eid

EsinIslam Ramadan Explorer

Sheikh Sa'id ibn 'Ali ibn Wahf Al Qahtany

The first sermon Praise be to Allah. We praise Him, seek His Help, and seek His Forgiveness. We seek refuge with Allah from the evils of ourselves and the evils of our actions. Whom Allah guides no one can mislead him and whoever has been misled no one can guide. I bear witness that there is no god but Allah alone who has no partner and I bear witness that Muhammad is His Servant and Messenger. May Allah send peace and blessings upon him, his family, Companions, and those who follow them righteously until the Day of Recompense.

O servants of Allah, fear Allah (may He be Exalted) as He commanded you when He said: "O you who believe! Fear Allâh (by doing all that He has ordered and by abstaining from all that He has forbidden) as He should be feared. [Obey Him, be thankful to Him, and remember Him always], and die not except in a state of Islâm [as Muslims (with complete submission to Allâh)]."[1]

O Muslims, your honorable month is about to leave and only little time left. It will be a witness over your actions, so exert efforts in the rest of your month, perhaps you will not witness another Ramadan. Whoever does good should thank Allah for that and ask Him for accepting deeds, but whoever is neglectful should repent to Allah and apologize for his negligence, for apology before death is acceptable. End your Ramadan with repentance to Allah of your sins, return to Him with righteous deeds, and end your Ramadan by exerting efforts in the rest nights, for actions are judged by their ends.

Let it be known that the best nights are the last ten, for the Qur'an was revealed in them and they contain Laylat-ul-Qadr which is better than a thousand months. The one who is deprived of goodness in that night shall be deprived of all goodness, that is the real deprived. Therefore, "When the last ten nights (of Ramadan) would begin, the Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him) would keep awake at night (for prayer and devotion), awaken his family and prepare himself to be more diligent in worship."[2] "The Messenger of Allah (may peace be upon him) used to exert himself in devotion during the last ten nights to a greater extent than at any other time."[3]. The Prophet (peace be upon him) said: "Investigate Laylat-ul-Qadr (the Night of Decree) during the last ten days of Ramadan."[4]

It is most likely in odd number nights as it is moving from a night to another each year: One year it comes in 21st night, another in 23th night, another in 25th night, another in 27th, and another in 29th. It could come in even number nights as was reported by Ibn 'Abbas (may Allah be pleased with him): "Seek it in the 24th night."[5] Therefore, the Prophet (peace be upon him) used to exert efforts in the entire ten days and nights in pursuit of Laylat-ul-Qadr. The Prophet (peace be upon him) used to observe I'tikaf in the last ten of Ramadan until Allah caused him to pass away, then his wives observed I'tikaf after them.[6]

So, O servant of Allah, exert efforts in these great nights, for the one who is keen to obtain something exerts efforts to seek it. O servant of Allah, perhaps you do not attend these nights again because of your death, so seize the time of respite before it is too late.

Let it be known that Allah ordained for you at the end of your month actions to draw you nearer to Allah, increase your faith, and add records in your sheets of good deeds. Of these actions:
• Repenting to Allah (Glory be to Him), regretting negligence, quitting all sins, determination not to go back to them again, and returning rights to their due owners if exists, and this is obligatory in every time.

Of these actions: Zakat-ul-Fitr. "The Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him) enjoined Zakat-ul-Fitr upon people, a Sa' of dates or a Sa' of barley, upon everyone, free or slave, male or female, among the Muslims."[7] It is food given to the needy, and purification to fasting people from foul language and cursing. Ibn 'Abbas (may Allah be pleased with them) narrated: "The Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him) prescribed the Sadaqah (alms) relating to the breaking of the fast as a purification of the fasting from empty and obscene talk and as food for the poor. If anyone pays it before the prayer (of 'Eid) , it will be accepted as zakat. If anyone pays it after the prayer, that will be a sadaqah like other Sadaqahs (alms)."[8]

Ibn 'Umar (may Allah be pleased with him) narrated: "The Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him) enjoined Zakat-ul-Fitr after Ramadan upon every Muslim, free or slave, man or women, young or old, a Sa' of dates or a Sa' of Barley." In the wordings of Al Bukhari: "And he ordered that it be paid before the people went out to offer the 'Eid Salah."

In other wordings: "People used to give Sadaqat-ul-Fitr (even) a day or two before the 'Eid."[9]

'Uthman (may Allah be pleased with him) used to pay it on pregnancy[10] Based on these Hadith, Zakat-ul-Fitr is an obligation on every Muslim and it is not permissible to pay the value. It is permissible to pay Zakat-ul-Fitr one or two days before 'Eid, however it is better to pay it on the day of 'Eid before Salah not after. It is desirable to pay it on pregnancy. Zakah should be paid from the regular food of the country by the amount of one Sa' of food whether fresh date, raisin or wheat, barely, cheese, or any kind of food. Zakah is to be paid to the poor and the needy, and it is permissible for a group of Muslims to give one needy, and a group of needy people may take the Zakah of one person.

Of the blessed actions which fasting should be ended with is Takbir from sunset in the night of 'Eid until 'Eid Salah. Allah (may He be Exalted) says: "The month of Ramadan in which was revealed the Qur'ân, a guidance for mankind and clear proofs for the guidance and the criterion (between right and wrong). So whoever of you sights (the crescent on the first night of) the month (of Ramadan i.e. is present at his home), he must observe Saum (fast) that month, and whoever is ill or on a journey, the same number [of days which one did not observe Saum (fast) must be made up] from other days. Allâh intends for you ease, and He does not want to make things difficult for you. (He wants that you) must complete the same number (of days), and that you must magnify Allâh [i.e. to say Takbîr (Allâhu Akbar; Allâh is the Most Great)] for having guided you so that you may be grateful to Him."[11]

The description of Takbir which a Muslim says: Allahu Akbar, Allahu Akbar, La Ilaha Illa Allah, wallahu Akbar, Allahu Akbar walillahil-Hamd. It is a Sunnah that men pronounce it publically in masjids, markets, and at homes to show the rite of Allah (Glory be to Him).

Of righteous actions also is Salat-ul-'Eid which is part of mentioning Allah (Glory be to Him) with which Allah commanded his nation, men and women. It is part of the Sunnah to eat before goining to 'Eid Salah by eating odd number dates. It is better to wear his best clothes, apply perfume, and go to the masjid on foot if possible. It is better to go to 'Eid Salah from a way and come back from a different way. It is desirable for a praying person to go early to Salah because of the action of the Companions (may Allah be pleased with them). A Muslim should pronounce Takbir on his way loudly and does not offer Salah before or after 'Eid Salah.

O servants of Allah, end your month with exerting efforts in the remaining days by repentance and seeking forgiveness, and let it be known that the best actions are their ends. I seek refuge in Allah against the cursed Satan: "The month of Ramadan in which was revealed the Qur'ân, a guidance for mankind and clear proofs for the guidance and the criterion (between right and wrong). So whoever of you sights (the crescent on the first night of) the month (of Ramadan i.e. is present at his home), he must observe Saum (fast) that month, and whoever is ill or on a journey, the same number [of days which one did not observe Saum (fast) must be made up] from other days. Allâh intends for you ease, and He does not want to make things difficult for you. (He wants that you) must complete the same number (of days), and that you must magnify Allâh [i.e. to say Takbîr (Allâhu Akbar; Allâh is the Most Great)] for having guided you so that you may be grateful to Him." [Surat Al Baqarah: 185].

May Allah bless the Glorious Qur'an for you and me, and may Allah benefit you and me from Ayahs and wise reminder. These are my words to you, and I seek Allah's Forgiveness for you and me and for all Muslims from every guilt, so seek His Forgiveness, for He is All-Forgiving, All-Merciful.

Second sermon

Praise be to Allah, the Lord of mankind; and good end is for the pious. I bear witness that there is no god but Allah alone who has no partner. And I bear witness that Muhammad is His Servant and Messenger (peace be upon him) and upon his family, Companions, and those who follow him righteously until the Day of Recompense.

The best speech is the book of Allah, and the best guidance is that of Muhammad (peace be upon him), the worst matters are the innovated, and each innovation is a heresy, and each heresy is an error, and every error is in Hell.

O servants of Allah, exert efforts to observe worship at the end of the month, and keep to obedience after Ramadan and beware of its disobedience after the elapse of the month.

Keep away from sins committed in 'Eid such as loosing one's garment, using musical instruments, showing arrogance and haughtiness, and wearing like infidels during 'Eid.

O servants of Allah, fear Allah and avoid His Wrath and punishment through obedience.

May Allah send peace and blessings to His Prophet Muhammad, his family, and all his Companions.

O servants of Allah, "Verily, Allâh enjoins Al-‘Adl (i.e. justice and worshipping none but Allâh Alone - Islâmic Monotheism) and Al-Ihsân [i.e. to be patient in performing your duties to Allâh, totally for Allâh's sake and in accordance with the Sunnah (legal ways) of the Prophet peace be upon him in a perfect manner], and giving (help) to kith and kin (i.e. all that Allâh has ordered you to give them e.g., wealth, visiting, looking after them, or any other kind of help), and forbids Al-Fahshâ' (i.e. all evil deeds, e.g. illegal sexual acts, disobedience of parents, polytheism, to tell lies, to give false witness, to kill a life without right), and Al-Munkar (i.e. all that is prohibited by Islâmic law: polytheism of every kind, disbelief and every kind of evil deeds), and Al-Baghy (i.e. all kinds of oppression). He admonishes you, that you may take heed." [Surat An-Nahl: 90].[12]

So, mention Allah to mention you and thank Him for His Favors to increase them for you. "Recite (O Muhammad peace be upon him) what has been revealed to you of the Book (the Qur'ân), and perform As-Salât (Iqamât-as-Salât). Verily, As-Salât (the prayer) prevents from Al-Fahshâ' (i.e. great sins of every kind, unlawful sexual intercourse) and Al-Munkar (i.e. disbelief, polytheism, and every kind of evil wicked deed) and the remembering (praising) of (you by) Allâh (in front of the angels) is greater indeed [than your remembering (praising) of Allâh in prayers]. And Allâh knows what you do." [Surat Al 'Ankabut: 45].[13]


[1] Surat Al 'Imran: 102.
[2] Al Bukhari No. (2024) and Muslim No. (1174).
[3] Muslim No. (1175).
[4] Al Bukhari No. (2020).
[5] Al Bukhari No. (2022).
[6] Al Bukhari No. (2026) and Muslim No. (2044).
[7] Al Bukhari No. (1503) and Muslim No. (984).
[8] Abu Dawud No. (1609) and Ibn Majah No. (1827), and Al Albany graded it as authentic in Sahih Sunan Abu Dawud .
[9] Al Bukhari No. (1503) and Muslim No. (984).
[10] Ibn Abu Shaybah (3/419).
[11] Surat Al Baqarah: 185.
[12] Surat An-Nahl: 90 .
[13] Surat Al 'Ankabut: 45
 

EsinIslam Ramadan Team

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