Fasting On The Two Feasts And The Days Of Tashriq
Sheikh Salah Najib Ad-Daq
The ruling on observing the fast on the two Feasts and days of Tashriq
It is not permissible to fast the day of 'Eid-ul Fitr and the day of 'Eid-ul
Adha (the Festival of the Sacrifice) nor the three days of Tashriq (11th,
12th, 13th) not for voluntary fasting, vows, making up missed days, or for
expiations except for those who cannot find a sacrificial animal in Hajj; in
this case only, he may fast during the three days of Tashriq. (Al Mughny of
Ibn Qudamah with the verification of At-Turkey, vol. 4 p. 424: P. 426).
Al Bukhari and Muslim reported on the authority of Abu 'Ubayd, the freed slave
of Ibn Azhar, who said: "I witnessed the 'Eid with 'Umar ibn Al Kattab who
said, Allah's Messenger (peace be upon him) has forbidden people to fast on
the day on which you break fasting (the fasts of Ramadan) and the day on which
you eat the meat of your sacrifices (the first day of 'Eid-ul Fitr and 'Eid-ul
Adha)." [Reported by Al Bukhari, Hadith No. 1990 and Muslim, Hadith No, 1137].
Abu Dawud reported on the authority of Abu Murrah, the freed slave of Um Hani'
reported that he entered along with 'Abdullah ibn 'Amr upon his father 'Amr
ibn 'As and he brought food for him. He said: Eat. He said: I am fasting. 'Amr
said: Eat, these are the days on which the Messenger of Allah (peace be upon
him) used to command us to break fast, and forbid us to keep fast. The
narrator Malik said: These are the day of Tashriq (i.e. 11th, 12th, and 13th
of Dhu al-Hijjah). [Authentic Hadiths of Abu Dawud by Al Albany, Hadith No.
Al Bukhari reported on the authority of 'A'ishah and Salim from Ibn 'Umar (may
Allah be pleased with him) who said: "Nobody was allowed to fast on the days
of Tashriq except those who could not afford the Hady (Sacrifice)." (Al
Bukhari, Hadith 1997).
The one who is fasting an obligatory fasting such as vows, making up, or
expiation then his fast is penetrated by the day of 'Eid-ul Fitr, 'Eid-ul Adha
or the three days of Tashriq, he should cease his fast and that stop does not
interrupt succession, and he may continue the rest of his fast. (Al Mughny of
Ibn Qudamah with the verification of At-Turkey, vol. 11 p. 103: P. 104).