Great Reward For Simple Actions (2)
Muhammad Khayr Ramadan Yusuf
Acts of worship
'Uqbah ibn 'Amir (may Allah be pleased with him) narrated: "We were entrusted
with the task of tending the camels (of Zakah). On my turn when I came back in
the evening after grazing them in the pastures, I found Allah's Messenger (may
peace and blessings be upon him) stand and address the people. I heard these
words of his: If any Muslim performs ablution well, then stands and prays two
Rak'ahs setting about them with his heart as well as his face, Paradise would
be guaranteed to him." [Reported by Muslim in the book of purification,
chapter on the desirable Dhikr after ablution 1\144].
Imam An-Nawawy said about the meaning of the Prophet's saying: "And prays two
Rak'ahs setting about them with his heart as well as his face," by these words
he combined all kinds of submission and abidance because submission is for
organs, whereas abidance is for the heart according to the view of scholars.
As for the Prophet's saying: "What a fine thing is this," it means this word,
benefit, glad tiding, or act of worship. It is fine from two ways: It is easy
for everybody without hardship and it has a great reward. And Allah know the
best! [Sahih Muslim with the explanation of An-Nawawy 3/121].
An-Nawawy said: We should study this Hadith in the light of the Hadith of At-Tirmidhy:
"Allahummaj-'alny minat-Tawwabina, waj-'alny minal-mutatahhirin (O Allah make
me among those who repent and purify themselves)."
It is desirable to add also the Hadith that was reported by An-Nasa'y in his
book "'Amal Al Yawm Wa Al Laylah": "Subhanakal-lahumma wabihamdika, Ashhadu
Alla Ilaha Illa Ant Wahdak La Sharika Lak, Astaghfiruka Wa Atubu Ilayk."
[Glory be to You, O Allah and by Your Praise. I bear witness that there is no
god but You alone who has no associate with You in worship. I seek Your
Forgiveness and I repent to You]." [Ibid].
'A'ishah (may Allah be pleased with her) narrated that the Prophet (peace be
upon him) said: "The two Rak'ah before the dawn (Fajr) Salah are better than
this world and all it contains." [Reported by Muslim in the book of the Salah
of travelers and its shortening, chapter on the desirability of offering the
two Rak'ah of the Fajr Salah, performing them light, keeping to them, and what
should be recited during them 2/160, and At-Tirmidhy in the books of Salah,
chapter on the virtues reported on the two Rak'ah of Fajr Salah, No. 416,
2/275 and said: A good and authentic Hadith].
And the meaning is the Sunnah of Fajr, so how about the obligatory Salah?! 'A'ishah
(may Allah be pleased with her) narrated that the Messenger of Allah (peace be
upon him) said about the two Rak'ah of Fajr: "They are more beloved to me than
the whole world." She (may Allah be pleased with her) mentioned that the
Prophet (peace be upon him) were more keen to keep the supererogatory Salah
especially the two Rak'ah before Fajr." [Reported by Muslim in the previous
It is a proof to great virtue of the two Rak'ahs before the Fajr Salah.
* on the authority of Abu Hurayrah (may Allah be pleased with him) the Prophet
(peace be upon him) said: "The prayer offered in congregation is twenty five
times more superior (in reward) to the prayer offered alone in one's house or
in a business centre, because if one performs ablution and does it perfectly,
and then proceeds to the mosque with the sole intention of praying, then for
each step which he takes towards the mosque, Allah upgrades him a degree in
reward and (forgives) crosses out one sin till he enters the mosque. When he
enters the mosque he is considered in prayer as long as he is waiting for the
prayer and the angels keep on asking for Allah's forgiveness for him and they
keep on saying: 'O Allah! Be Merciful to him, O Allah! Forgive him, as long as
he keeps on sitting at his praying place and does not pass wind." [Reported by
and Al Bukhari and Muslim, with the wordings of Al Bukhari: Al Bukhari in the
book of Salah, chapter on offering Salah in the Market Mosque 1/122, and Imam
Muslim: in the book of Salah, chapter on the virtue of offering Salah in
congregation and waiting for Salah 2/128].
- And the meaning of "If he enters the masjid, he shall be in Salah," i.e., he
shall take the same reward of the one who is offering Salah.
- And "As long as he is waiting for the Prayer."
* 'Abdur-Rahman ibn Abu 'Amrah said: 'Uthman ibn 'Affan entered the masjid
after Al Maghrib [Sunset] Salah and sat alone. I sat with him, thereupon he
said: O my nephew, I heard the Messenger of Allah saying: "The one who
performs 'Isha' Salah in congregation is as if he has performed Salah for half
of the night. And the one who performs the Fajr Salah in congregation, is as
if he has performed Salah the whole night." [Reported by Muslim, the book of
Salah, chapter on the virtue of performing 'Isha' (Night) and Fajr Salah in
* Aws ibn Aws (may Allah be pleased with him) narrated that the Messenger of
Allah (peace be upon him) said: "If anyone has a bath on Friday, and gives a
bath, and goes early to the masjid, hears the imam's sermon from the
beginning, being near the imam and keeping quiet throughout then, for him a
reward is credited against every step for a year's fasting and standing in (Tahajjud)
prayer." [Reported by At-Tirmidhy who said: "a good Hadith," in the book of
Salah, chapter on the virtues of performing complete ablution on Friday, No.
496, 2/367. Reported by Ibn Khuzaymah in his Sahih, the book of Friday,
chapter on the virtue of going early to Friday while performing complete
ablution and drawing nearer to the Imam and listening to him, No. 1767, 3/132,
with the wording of At-Tirmidhy. Al Mundhiry said in At-Targhib Wat-Tarhib
1/247: Reported by Imam Ahmad, Abu Dawud, and At-Tirmidhy who said: "A good
Hadith." It was also reported by An-Nasa'y, Ibn Majah, Ibn Khuzaymah, and Ibn
Hibban in their Sahih [Book of authentic Hadiths], and Al Hakim in his Sahih,
and was reported by At-Tabarany in Al Awsat from the Hadith of Ibn 'Abbas].
- "Has a bath" i.e., washed his entire body.
- "Gives a bath" i.e., wash his head.
The meaning of "goes early" is in the beginning of the time and hasted to it.
[See: Ma'arif As-Sunan the explanation of Sunan At-Tirmidhy of Al Bannury
4/328 - 331].
* Ma'dan ibn Talhah Al Ya'mury reported: "I met Thawban, the freed slave. of
Allah's Messenger (may peace and blessings be upon him), and asked him to tell
me about an act for which, if I do it, Allah will admit me to Paradise, or I
asked about the act which was loved most by Allah. He gave no reply. I again
asked and he gave no reply. I asked him for the third time, and he said: I
asked Allah's Messenger (may peace and blessings be upon him) about that and
he said: Make frequent prostrations before Allah, for you will not make one
prostration without raising you a degree because of it, and removing a sin
from you, because of it. Ma'dan said that then lie met Abu Ad-Darda' and when
he asked him, he received a reply similar to that given by Thawban." [Reported
by Muslim, the book of Salah, chapter on the virtue of prostration and
exhorting to it 2/51].
* Abu Dhar (may Allah be pleased with him) narrated that the Prophet (peace be
upon him) said: "In the morning, charity is due on every Sulama of the body of
everyone of you. Every utterance of Allah's Glorification (i.e., saying Subhan
Allah) is an act of charity, and every utterance of His Praise (i.e., saying
Al Hamdulillah) is an act of charity and every utterance of declaration of His
Greatness (i.e., saying La ilaha illa Allah) is an act of charity; and
enjoining M'aruf (good) is an act of charity, and forbidding Munkar (evil) is
an act of charity, and two Rak'ah Duha prayers which one performs in the
forenoon is equal to all this (in reward)." [Reported by Muslim, the book of
Salah of travelers and its shortening, chapter on the desirability of the
Forenoon Salah, No. (720).
- "Sulama" i.e., the origin is the bones of the fingers and the entire palm,
then it is used for the entire bones of the body].
I have mentioned the Hadith because of the Forenoon Salah about which Imam An-Nawawy
said: It contains a proof to the greatness of the virtue of the Forenoon Salah,
and it is permissible to be performed as two Rak'ah, however the most perfect
is to be performed eight Rak'ahs. [Sahih Muslim with the explanation of An-Nawawy
* Abu Hurayrah (may Allah be pleased with him) narrated: The Messenger of
Allah (peace be upon him) said: "Whoever attends the funeral procession till
he offers the funeral prayer for it, will get a reward equal to one Qirat, and
whoever accompanies it till burial, will get a reward equal to two Qirats."
Somebody asked: "What are two Qirats?" He replied: "Like two huge mountains."
[Reported by Al Bukhari, the Book of Funerals, chapter on the one who waits
until the dead is buried 2/90].
In one of the narrations of Imam Muslim: "He who offered Salah over the dead,
but did not follow the coffin, for him is the reward of one Qirat, and he who
followed it, for him is the reward of two Qirats. It was asked what the Qirats
were. He said: The smaller amongst the two is equivalent to Uhud."
Imam Muslim reported also: It was said to Ibn 'Umar: Abu Hurayrah said: I
heard the Messenger of Allah saying: "He who follows the coffin, for him is
the reward of one Qirat."
* Ibn 'Umar said: Abu Hurayrah might have mixed narrations. He did not say
that he fabricated the narration but because the rank of Ibn 'Umar and Abu
Hurayrah is much higher than this. [Sahih Muslim with the explanation of An-Nawawy
7/15]. So, he sent (a messenger to) 'A'ishah to ascertain (the fact). She ('A'ishah)
certified Abu Hurayrah. Thereupon, Ibn 'Umar said: "We missed so many Qirats."
[Sahih Muslim, the Book of Funerals, chapter on the virtue of Funeral Salah
and following the funeral procession 3/51]. It becomes clear from the words of
Ibn 'Umar (may Allah be pleased with him) the desire of the Companions to keep
to the acts of worship when they know about them and regretting what they miss
even if they do not know its greatness. [Ibid].
* Abu Hurayrah (may Allah be pleased with him) narrated that the Messenger of
Allah said: "Every (good) deed of the son of Adam would be multiplied, a good
deed receiving a tenfold to seven hundredfold reward. Allah, the Exalted and
Majestic, has said: With the exception of fasting, for it is done for Me and I
will give a reward for it, for one abandons his passion and food for My sake.
There are two occasions of joy for one who fasts, joy when he breaks it, and
joy when he meets his Lord, and the breath (of an observer of fast) is sweeter
to Allah than the fragrance of musk." [Reported by Muslim, in the book of
fasting, chapter on the virtue of fasting 3/157].
Allah's Saying: "And I shall reward (the fasting person) for it," shows the
greatness of its virtue and ample reward because when the Most Generous
informs the people that He shall handle the reward Himself, that means the
greatness of retribution and ampleness of the gift. [Sahih Muslim with the
explanation of An-Nawawy 8/29].
The Prophet (peace be upon him) said: "The observance of three days' fast
every Month and that of Ramadan every year is a perpetual fasting. I seek from
Allah that fasting on the day of 'Arafah may atone for the sins of the
preceding and the coming years. and I seek from Allah that fasting on the day
of 'Ashura' may atone for the sins of the preceding year." [Reported by
Muslim, in the book of fasting, chapter on the desirability of fasting three
days of each month 3 /167].
Imam An-Nawawy said about the fasting on the Day of 'Arafah: The meaning is:
It expiates the sins of a person who observes fasting in the two years. They
said: It expiates minor sins.
If the Hadith is not meant for minor sins, we hope that Allah alleviates major
sins. If there is no sins, it raises ranks. [Sahih Muslim with the explanation
of An-Nawawy 8/51].
* Abu Ayyub Al Ansary (may Allah be pleased with him) narrated that the
Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him) said: "Whoever observes fasts during
the month of Ramadan, and also observes As-Sawm for six days in the month of
Shawwal, it is as if he has observed As-Sawm for the whole year." [Reported by
Muslim, in the book of fasting, chapter on the desirability of fasting six
days of Shawwal 3/169].
Fasting the six days is like fasting the entire lifetime because doing one
good deed equals ten of the like: Ramadan equals ten months and the six days
equal two months.
* Abu Sa'id Al Khudry (may Allah be pleased with him) narrated: I heard the
Messenger of Allah saying: "Anyone fasts for one day for the sake of Allah,
Allah will keep his face away from the (Hell) fire for (a distance covered by
a journey of) seventy years." [Reported by Al Bukhari and Muslim, with the
wordings of Al Bukhari: Sahih Al Bukhari in the book of Jihad, chapter on the
virtue of fasting for Allah's Sake 3/213, and Sahih Muslim, in the book of
fasting, chapter on the virtue of fasting for Allah's Sake for those who can
stand fasting without harm or missing a right 3/159].
Apparently, the meaning is fasting during the time of Jihad and fighting.
Ibn Al Jawzy said: When the phrase "in the cause of Allah" is released, it
Ibn Daqiq Al 'Eid said: The word is usually used for Jihad, and it may mean
Allah's Obedience, however the first meaning is more correct. [Fathul-Bary
Imam An-Nawawy (may Allah bestow mercy on his soul) said: The Hadith stresses
the excellence of fasting for Allah's Sake for those who are not harmed by
fasting in any way and without wasting a right or weakening the body during
fighting or any mission during Jihad.
The meaning of "keep his face away" is: Protecting a person from Fire. [Sahih
Muslim with the explanation of An-Nawawy 8/33].
* Zayd ibn Khalid Al Juhany narrated that the Messenger of Allah said: "He who
provides a fasting person something with which to break his fast, will earn
the same reward as the one who was observing the fast, without diminishing in
any way the reward of the latter." [Reported by At-Tirmidhy who said: A good
and authentic Hadith, in the book of Sawm (fasting), chapter on Hadith
reported about the virtue of a who offers food for a fasting person, No. (807)
- He said in 'Aridat Al Ahwazy: Out of Allah's Favor, He rewarded them for
fulfilling His Commands and Prohibition not because they deserve the reward,
then increased His Favor on them by doubling their reward. Then He increased
His Favors on them by setting helpers for them who shall take the same reward
if they help them without reducing anything from their reward. This is like
the Prophet's saying: "He who equips a warrior in the way of Allah (is like
one who actually fights) in fact participated in the battle." ['Aridat Al
Ahwazy for explaining Sahih At-Tirmidhy 4/21].
- The meaning of "provides a fasting person something with which to break his
fast," is feeding a fasting person in the time of Iftar even if offering a
little amount. [M'arif As-Sunan: The explanation of Sunan At-Tirmidhy of Ala
* Abu Hurayrah (may Allah be pleased with him) narrated that the Messenger of
Allah (peace be upon him) said: "(The performance of) 'Umrah is an expiation
for the sins committed (between it and the previous one). And the reward of
Hajj Mabrur (the one accepted by Allah) is nothing but Paradise." [Reported by
Al Bukhari and Muslim: Al Bukhari in the book of 'Umrah (the lesser
pilgrimage), chapter on the obligation of performing 'Umrah and its virtue
2/198, and Muslim in the book of Hajj, chapter on the excellence of Hajj, 'Umrah,
and the Day of 'Arafah 4/107].
- The most correct is that the accepted Hajj is the one during which no sins
are committed; it is derived from "Birr" which means obedience.
- Others said: It is the accepted.
From the signs of acceptance is that a pilgrim goes back to his country in a
better condition and does not return to committing of sins.
- Others said: It is the Hajj during which there is no show-off.
- Others said: The Hajj which is not followed by sins; which are the same
The meaning of "has no reward but Paradise" is: It is not limited only to
expiate the sins of doers, but a pilgrim should enter Paradise. And Allah
knows best! [Sahih Muslim with the explanation of An-Nawawy 9/118].
* 'Ata' said: I heard Ibn 'Abbas saying: The Messenger of Allah (peace be upon
him) said to a woman from the Ansar (Helpers, inhabitants of Medina who
supported the Prophet) whom Ibn 'Abbas named but I forgot her name: What
prevented you to perform pilgrimage with us? She said: We have only two camels
for carrying water. One of the camels has been taken by my husband and my son
for performing Hajj and one has been left for us for carrying water, whereupon
he (the Holy Prophet) said: So when the month of Ramadan come, perform 'Umrah,
for 'Umrah in this (month) is equal to Hajj (in reward). [Reported by Al
Bukhari and Muslim: Al Bukhari in the book of 'Umrah (the lesser pilgrimage),
chapter on performing 'Umrah during Ramadan 2/200, and Imam Muslim in the book
of Hajj, chapter on the merit of performing 'Umrah during Ramadan 4/61 with
the own wordings of Imam Muslim].
- Another narration of Imam Muslim: "Perform pilgrimage or pilgrimage with
'Umrah during Ramadan equals a pilgrimage in reward; this does not mean that
it replaces Hajj which is obligatory. And in the other narration of Imam
Muslim: "Perform Hajj with me," replaces it in reward which is an exaggeration
It was reported in Usd Al Ghabah of Ibn Al Athir that the Ansari woman was
nicknamed "Um Sinan," the nickname which the Prophet (peace be upon him) gave
when he met her upon returning from the Farewell Hajj.
* Abu Musa (may Allah be pleased with him) narrated that the Messenger of
Allah (peace be upon him) said: "When a person falls ill or travels, he will
get reward similar to that he gets for the good deeds he used to practice at
home when he was in good health." [Reported by Al Bukhari in the book of
Jihad, chapter on a traveler is given the same reward for good deeds which he
used to perform while none-travelling, No. 2996].
- Al Hafizh ibn Hajar said: This Hadith is for those who get used to do
righteous deeds but were prevented to do them, but his intention is still
doing those righteous actions. [Fathul-Bary 6 /242].