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Great Reward For Simple Actions (6)

EsinIslam Ramadan Explorer

Muhammad Khayr Ramadan Yusuf

Jihad

Abu Hurayrah (may Allah be pleased with him) narrated that the Messenger of Allah said: "Whoever believes in Allah and His Messenger, offer prayer perfectly and fasts the month of Ramadan, will rightfully be granted Paradise by Allah, no matter whether he fights in Allah's Cause or remains in the land where he is born." The people said, "O Allah's Messenger! Shall we acquaint the people with this good news?" He said, "Paradise has one-hundred grades which Allah has reserved for the Mujahidin who fight in His Cause, and the distance between each of two grades is like the distance between the Heaven and the Earth. So, when you ask Allah (for something), ask for Al Firdaws which is the best and highest part of Paradise." (i.e. The sub-narrator added, "I think the Prophet (peace be upon him) also said: 'Above it (i.e. Al Firdaws) is the Throne of Beneficent (i.e. Allah), and from it originate the rivers of Paradise."). [Reported by Al Bukhari, in the book of Jihad and battles, chapter on Mujahedeen for Allah's Sake 3/201].

• "Remains in the land where he is born:" It contains amusement for those whom were prevented from Jihad, and telling them that they are not deprived of the reward, but they shall reach Paradise by faith and other obligatory acts of worship even if he is in a lower degree than Mujahidin.

• Ibn Hajar deducted from the apparent meaning of the Hadith that the meaning is: Do not give glad tidings to people with entering Paradise from those who believed and fulfilled the obligatory actions due on him so as not to stop actions and do not exert efforts in worship to reach better degrees that are obtained by Jihad.

• The Hadith stresses that the degree of a Mujahid may be obtained by non-Mujahid either by sincere intention or other equivalent righteous deeds because the Messenger commanded all people of invoking Allah to obtain the Firdaws after he had informed them of what Allah prepared for Mujahedeen. [See Fathul-Bary 6/12 - 13].

• Abu 'Abs 'Abdur-Rahman ibn Jabr narrated that the Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him) said: "Anyone whose both feet get covered with dust in Allah's Cause will not be touched by the (Hell) fire." [Reported by Al Bukhari in the book of Jihad and battles, chapter on those whose feet were dusted in the way of Allah 3/207].

• Al Hafizh ibn Hajar said: If just the contact between feet and dust prohibits Hell for the body, how about those who exert efforts and do their best in that track?! [Fathul-Bary 6/30].

• Salman (may Allah be pleased with him) narrated: I heard the Messenger of Allah saying: "Observing Ribat in the way of Allah for a day and a night is far better than observing Sawm (fasting) for a whole month and standing in Salah in all its nights. If a person dies (while performing this duty), he will go on receiving his reward for his meritorious deeds perpetually, shall take the same provision, and he will be saved from Al Fattan (the Anti Christ)." [Reported by Muslim in the book of emirate, chapter on the virtue of Ribat in the cause of Allah (may He be Glorified and Exalted) 6/51].

• Imam An-Nawawy commented on the Hadith: This is an apparent virtue for a Murabit (someone guarding the Muslim frontiers in Allah's Cause) and delivering the reward of his actions to him after his death is a virtue that is given solely to him.

• It was explicitly reported in the sources of Hadiths other than Sahih Muslim: "The actions of every dead person come to a halt with his death except the one who is on the frontier in Allah's way (i.e., observing Ribat).This latter's deeds will be made to go on increasing for him till the Day of Resurrection." [Sahih Muslim with the explanation of An-Nawawy].

As for the Prophet's saying which was reported by Muslim in the book of will, chapter on the reward which man gets after his death: "When a man dies, his acts come to an end but three: Sadaqah Jariyah (ceaseless charity); a knowledge which is beneficial, or a virtuous descendant who prays for him (for the deceased)," he commented on this meaning: Scholars said: The meaning of Hadith is that the actions of a dead stop by his death and the reward stops except in these matters
because he was a cause in doing them: A child is begotten by him, knowledge which he left behind such as knowledge or writings, and the ceaseless charity which is endowment. [Sahih Muslim with the explanation of An-Nawawy 11/85].

• The wordings of the Hadith which An-Nawawy attributed to At-Tirmidhy are: "Every dying person has his deeds sealed except one who dies guarding the frontiers in Allah's path. His deed is grown for him till the Day of Resurrection, and he is safe from the trial of the grave." [He said: It is a good and authentic Hadith, book of the virtues of Jihad, chapter on Hadiths reported about the virtue of the one who died as a Murabit (someone guarding the Muslim frontiers in Allah's Cause) No. 1621, 4/165].

• As for the Prophet's saying: "shall take the same provision," it is in harmony with Allah's Saying about martyrs: "They are alive, with their Lord, and they have provision." [Surat Al 'Imran: 169].

• Abu Mas'ud Al Ansary narrated: "A man brought a muzzled she-camel and said: It is (offered) in the way of Allah. Thereupon, the Messenger of Allah said: For this you will have seven hundred she-camels on the Day of Judgment all of which will be muzzled." [Reported by Muslim in the book of emirate, chapter on the virtue of giving charity and doubling it for Allah's Sake 6/41].

• It probably means: He has the reward of 700 she-camels.

• It probably means: He has 700 she-camels in Paradise, each one of them are muzzled, where he rides them whenever he wants as was reported about the horses of Paradise and their offspring; this probability is more correct. And Allah knows best! [Sahih Muslim with the explanation of An-Nawawy 13/38].

• Abu Hurayrah (may Allah be pleased with him) narrated: One of the Prophet's Companions came upon a valley containing a rivulet of fresh water and was delighted by it. He reflected: I wish to withdraw from people and settle in this valley; but I will not do so without the permission of the Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him). This was mentioned to the Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him) and he said (to the man): "Do not do that, for when any of you remains in Allah's way, it is better for him than performing Salah in his house for seventy years. Do you not wish that Allah should forgive you and admit you to Paradise? Fight in Allah's way, for he who fights in Allah's Cause as long as the time between two consecutive turns of milking a she-camel, will be surely admitted to Paradise." [Reported by At-Tirmidhy in the book of the virtues of Jihad, chapter on the Hadith reported about the virtue of going and coming [in battles] for Allah's Sake, No. 1650, 4/181, and said: a good Hadith. He added in Tuhfat Al Ahwazy: Al Hakim reported it and said: Authentic according to the conditions of Imam Muslim 3/14].

• Do not do that: A prohibition not to do so because the man was a Companion and going for the battle was a must, so keeping away from battlefield was a sinful act because he had left a duty. [See the previous meanings in Tuhfat Al Ahwazy 3/14].

• Zayd ibn Khalid (may Allah be pleased with him) narrated that the Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him) said: "He who prepares a Ghazi (a fighter for the sake of Allah) going in Allah's Cause is himself given the reward of a Ghazi; and he who looks properly after the dependents of a Ghazi going in Allah's Cause is himself given a reward of a Ghazi." [Reported by Al Bukhari and Muslim: Sahih Al Bukhari in the book of Jihad, chapter on the virtue of equipping a warrior or looks after his family 3/214, and Sahih Muslim in the book of emirate, chapter on the virtue of supporting a worrier in the cause of Allah with a mount or others and looking after his family 6/41, with the wordings of Al Bukhari].

• It means that the one who equips a worrier shall have the same reward of Jihad. This reward is given for each battle and whether the things he offered are little or much, and the reward is for every person looks after a worrier's family, such as fulfilling their needs, spending on them, or helping them in their affairs.

• The volume of reward differs according to the little and much support he offered. The Hadith exhorts people to show kindness to anyone serves a good benefit for Muslims or fulfills their missions. [Sahih Muslim with the explanation of An-Nawawy 13/40].

• Sahl ibn Hanif (may Allah be pleased with him) narrated that the Prophet said: "Who sought martyrdom with sincerity will be ranked by Allah among the martyrs even if he died on his bed." [Reported by Muslim in the book of emirate, chapter on the desirability of dying for Allah's Sake (may He be Exalted) 6/49].

• It means that if a person asks Allah sincerely for martyrdom shall have the reward of martyrdom even if he dies on his bed. The Hadith indicates the desirability of asking Allah for martyrdom and the desirability of intending goodness.
[See Sahih Muslim with the explanation of An-Nawawy 13/55].

• Al Bara' narrated: "A man from Banu Nabit (one of the Ansar tribes) came to the Prophet (may peace be upon him) and said: I testify that there is no god except Allah and that you are His Servant and Messenger. Then he went forward and fought until he was killed. The Prophet (may peace be upon him) said: He has done a little but shall be given a great reward." [Reported by Muslim in the book of emirate, chapter on confirming the entrance of Paradise for a martyr 44/6].

• The Hadith is a testimony from the Prophet (peace be upon him) that a martyr shall gain the highest degree of Paradise which is found only in few actions such as the testimony of faith that is incomparable to other actions.
 

EsinIslam Ramadan Team

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