Reminding People Of Perfecting Actions At The End Of Ramadan
Sheikh 'Abdullah ibn Salih Al Qusayyar
O Muslims, fear Allah and remember the quick end of the month, the elapse of
lifetime, and closeness of death. Perfect actions at the end of the month for
the sake of reward, drawing nearer to Allah, and increasing goodness. Also,
remember that actions are counted by their ends, and the final destination
shall be to the Ever-Living and the Eternal who judges with justice and grants
Seek forgiveness and mention
Allah frequently for they are the causes for elevating the degree of actions,
removal of negligence and shortage, and the activity of vigor and organs in
obeying Allah (Glorified and Exalted be He) and removing concern, sadness,
disability, and laziness. Those who seek forgiveness and mention Allah have
won the great reward, attained the generous mention, and received peace and
blessings from Allah and His Angels, Forgiveness, Pardon, and Mercy.
O group of believers:
Thank Allah for His
Favors, await more favors, and seek His Protection against severe punishment
for He made you attend this month and made you enjoy the last ten days of
Ramadan. Moreover, you completed the month with good health and easiness, and
Allah granted you fasting and Qiyam, facilitated the recitation of Glorious
Qur'an, and granted you all kinds of goodness. So, if you thank your Lord, you
will find Him Oft-Forgiving and Thankful, but if you disbelieve, Allah does
not love every haughty disbeliever.
O group of believers:
Out of Allah's Generosity
is that he opened for you the gate of repentance from your mistakes and faults
and granted you glad tidings with accepting and doubling the reward of your
righteous actions. He says in the Glorious Qur'an: "But whosoever repents
after his crime and does righteous good deeds (by obeying Allah), then verily,
Allah will pardon him (accept his repentance)." Also, He threatens clearly
in His Saying: "And whosoever does not repent, then such are indeed Zalimoon
(wrong-doers, etc.)." Also, Allah (may He be Exalted) told that He loves
the repentant and the benevolent, and does not love wrongdoers, and does not
fix the actions of the corrupting.
O Muslim nation:
Pay Zakatul-Fitr which Allah
decreed on you at the end of Ramadan as a purification to your faith and
actions, and as a condolence for your needy and poor, an erase to your faults,
a completion to your defected actions, and gratitude to your Lord to complete
the month and suffice your poor and needy in the night of 'Eid. So, spend of
your sustenance, for you shall not get goodness until you spend of that you
love and whoever withholds, he prevents mercy and forgiveness from himself;
indeed Allah is the Rich, whereas you are poor.
O servants of Allah, indeed, Al Fitr charity is venerable and great act of
worship that is to be paid on behalf of family members. A person must pay one
Sa' (2172 grams or more) for each one of the food which ordinary people eat.
It must be given to two kinds of people: The poor and the needy on the night
of 'Eid Al Fitr. It is permissible to pay it one or two days before 'Eid but
if a person delays it, he must pay it but he shall be sinful. It must be given
to people who are entitled to receive it or their deputy. It is not
permissible to pay the value because the Prophet (peace be upon him) fixed it
with food although the value existed at his time, therefore paying it in the
form of food is intended. Moreover, the one who knows the Sunnah is not
allowed to leave it for any other view.
O Muslim nation:
You must pronounce Takbir on
the night of 'Eid, and before and after Salat-ul-'Eid, for Allah commanded you
to pronounce Takbir and thank Him for what He has given you. "(He wants that
you) must complete the same number (of days), and that you must magnify Allâh
[i.e. to say Takbîr (Allâhu Akbar; Allâh is the Most Great)] for having guided
you so that you may be grateful to Him."
So, if you see the new moon or you ascertain it, then pronounce Takbir saying:
"Allahu Akbar, Allahu Akbar. La Ilaha Illa Allah, Wallahu Akbar. Allahu Akbar
wallilahilhamd [Allah is the greatest, Allah is the greatest. There is no
deity but Allah and Allah is the greatest. Allah is the greatest and to Him
belongs all praise]". Takbir in that occasion is the Sunnah of your Prophet
Muhammad (peace be upon him), the master of Prophets and Messengers as it is
the practice of your Righteous Predecessors. Narrations were authentically
reported about that and Muslims in all countries have done it throughout
centuries and in all countries because it is the motto of Islam and it vexes
hypocrites and disbelievers. Imam Ahmad (may Allah bestow mercy on his soul)
said: Ibn 'Umar (may Allah be pleased with him) used to pronounce Takbir in
the two 'Eids.
Ad-Daraqutny (may Allah bestow mercy on his soul) reported with his chain of
transmission that when Ibn 'Umar (may Allah be pleased with him) went to the
masjid on the day of 'Eid Al Fitr, he used to pronounce Takbir (saying: "Allahu
Akbar [Allah is the Greatest]") aloud until he reaches the masjid then
pronounced Takbir until the imam comes.
It was reported in authentic Hadiths on the authority of Um 'Atiyyah (may
Allah be pleased with her) who said: "We were ordered to go out (for 'Eid) and
also to take along with us the menstruating women, mature girls and virgins
staying in seclusion." So, O servants of Allah, speak out with Takbir in your
march to masjids and with the Imam in sermons and Salah to apply the Sunnah,
enter Paradise, and to protect yourself of Hell-Fire and seditions.
 Surat Al Ma'idah: Ayah 39.
 Surat Al Hujurat: Ayah 11.
 Surat Al Baqarah: Ayah 185.