Rulings On Zakatul-Fitr And Eid Prayer
Zakatul-Fitr is due before Eid Prayer Zakatul Fitr
Anas (may Allah be pleased with him), a companion of prophet Muhammad (peace
be upon him) reported that when the Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) migrated from
Makkah to Madinah, the people of Madinah used to have two festivals. On those
two days they had carnivals and festivity. Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) asked the
Ansar (the Muslims of Medina) about it. They replied that before Islam they
used to have carnivals on those two joyous days. The Prophet Muhammad (PBUH)
told them: 'Instead of those two days, Allah has appointed two other days
which are better, the days of Eid-al-Fitr and Eid-al-Adha.' (Hadith)
'EID-UL-FITR is celebrated on the first day of Shawwal, at the completion of
Ramadan. Shaw'waal is the 10th month of the Islamic calendar. The Eid-al-Fitr
is a very joyous day; it is a true Thanksgiving Day for the believing men and
women. On this day Muslims show their real joy for the health, strength and
the opportunities of life, which Allah has given to them to fulfill their
obligation of fasting and other good deeds during the blessed month of
Sunnah of Eid
• Wake up early.
• Prepare for personal cleanliness, take care of details of clothing, etc.
• Take a Ghusl (bath) after Fajr.
• Brush your teeth.
• Dress up, putting on best clothes available, whether new or cleaned old
• Use perfume (men only).
• Have breakfast on Eid-al-Fitr before leaving for prayer ground. On
Eid-al-Adha, eat breakfast after Salaat or after sacrifice if you are doing a
• Pay Zakatul-Fitr before Salatul-'Eid (on Eid-al-Fitr).
• Go to prayer ground early.
• Offer Salatul-'Eid in congregation in an open place except when whether is
not permitting like rain, snow, etc.
• Use two separate route to and from the prayer ground.
• Recite the following Takbir on the way to Salaat and until the beginning of
Allaho-Akber, Allaho-Akber. La ila-ha ill-lal-lah. Allaho-Akber, Allaho-Akber.
(Allah is great, Allah is great. There is no god but Allah. Allah is great,
Allah is great. And all praises are for Allah).
How to offer Eid prayer:
Ibn 'Abbass (peace be upon him) reported: " I participated in the Eid-ul-Fitr
prayer with the Messenger of Allah (saw), Abu Bakr (peace be upon him), 'Umar
(peace be upon him) and 'Uthman (peace be upon him), and all of them held Eid
prayer before Khutbah, and then the Prophet Muhammad (saw) delivered the
Khutbah (sermon)." ( Muslim )
Who should go to the prayer ground & offer Eid Prayer:
Umm Atiyah (peace be upon her) reported: "The Messenger of Allah (saw)
commanded us to bring out on Eidul-Fitr and Eidul-Adha, young women, hijab-observing
adult women and the menstruating women. The menstruating women stayed out of
actual Salat but participated in good deeds and Duaa (supplication). I (Umm 'Atiyah)
said to the Holy Prophet (saw): Oh! Messenger of Allah, one does not have an
outer garment. He replied: Let her sister cover her with her garment." (
On the Eid day, every believing man, woman and child must go to the prayer
ground and participate in this joyous occasion.
Structure of Eid prayer:
Eid prayer is wajib (strongly recommended, just short of obligatory). It
consists of two Rakat (units) with six or thirteen additional Takbirs. It must
be offered in congregation. The prayer is followed by the Khutbah.
The Khutbah is part of the worship and listening to it is Sunnah. During the
Khutbah, the Imam must remind the community about its responsibilities and
obligations towards Allah, fellow Muslims and the fellow human beings. The
Imam must encourage the Muslims to do good and ward off evil. The Muslim
community must also be directed to the state of the community and the Ummah at
large and the feelings of sacrifice and Jihad should be aroused in the
community. At the conclusion of the prayer the Muslims should convey greetings
to each other, give reasonable gifts to the youngsters and visit each other at
their homes. Muslims should also take this opportunity to invite their
non-Muslims neighbors, co-workers, classmates and business acquaintances to
Eid festivities to expose them to Islam and Muslim culture.