Shawwal: The Month After Ramadan
His Eminence Sheikh Muhammad ibn Salih Al 'Uthaimeen
Praise be to Allah who made night and day alternate to one another for those
who want to take a lesson or thank Allah for His Bounties. Allah guided His
Servants to reform the earth with different kinds of good deeds to increase
their faith and the efforts of such people shall be rewarded. He also
disgraced those who turn away from His Dhikr (mentioning Him with invocations
or repeating His Names and Attributes) and follow their whims, and the final
destination of such people shall be Hell; what a bad destination it is!
I bear witness that there is no god but Allah alone, no partner is with Him in
His Kingdom, He has all praise, and He is All-Able. I bear witness that
Muhammad is His Servant and Messenger whom He sent prior to the Hour to be a
bearer of good news, a warner, a caller to Allah by His Leave, and a guide.
May Allah send His Peace and Blessings upon him, his family, his Companions,
and those who follow him until the Day of Recompense.
O people, your were expecting Ramadan and Ramadan has come but you left it
behind your backs, and thus every future shall become past soon until a person
dies. O people, you have done many deeds during Ramadan, so whoever has done
good shall be rewarded because Allah does not waste the reward of good doers
and whoever has done bad deeds should seek Allah's Forgiveness because Allah
accepts repentance until a person dies; verily Allah loves those who repent.
O people, if Ramadan has ended, the time of action never ends except when
death comes and if the fast during Ramadan have ended, fasting is still
permissible any time. The Prophet (peace be upon him) instructed his nation to
observe fasting on Mondays and Thursdays when he said: "Actions are viewed by
Allah (may He be Exalted) during these days and I love that my actions are
viewed while I am fasting." The Prophet (peace be upon him) commended the fast
of three days of each (Hijri) month to Abu Hurayrah (may Allah be pleased with
him) when he said: "Observing fast for three days from each (Hijri) Month is
like observing the fast of the entire lifetime." He commanded that these three
days would be the 13th, 14th, 15th of each (Hijri) month, so if a person is
capable of observing the fast during these three days, it will be better.
If Qiyam (staying up at night for Salah) during Ramadan has ended, Qiyam is
permissible every night. It was authentically reported from the Prophet (peace
be upon him) that Allah (may He be Exalted) descends each night to the worldly
sky during the last portion of the night and says: "Who invokes Me to answer
his supplications? Who asks Me for something to give it to him? Who seeks My
Forgiveness to forgive his sins." O Servants of Allah, fear Allah, haste to
good deeds, act according to your deeds, and benefit from times in righteous
deeds because the rewarded time is that has been spent in Allah's obedience.
O Muslims, Allah facilitated the ways of good, opened their gates, invited you
to enter, and explained for you their rewards.
These five obligatory daily Salah are from the main pillars of Islam after
monotheism; they are five in action, but fifty in the scale of good deeds.
They are performed in different times so that boring would not sneak to people
and each Salah takes its proper time; glory be to the All-Wise.
The supererogatory Salah subsequent to obligatory Salah are twelve: four
Rak'ahs (unit of Salah) before Zhuhr, two Rak'ahs at a time, two Rak'ahs after
Zhuhr, two Rak'ahs after Maghrib (Sunset Salah), two Rak'ahs after 'Isha'
(obligatory night Salah), and two Rak'ahs before Fajr (dawn). Anyone will
perform these supererogatory Salah Allah will build a house for him in
Witr (odd number Salah) is the Sunnah of the Messenger of Allah (peace be upon
him) he said: "Verily, Allah is One and loves odd numbers."
The minimum number of Witr is one, whereas the maxmum is eleven Rak'ahs. Its
time begins from the time of 'Isha' (Night) Salah and ends Fajr (dawn) Salah.
It is a confirmed Sunnah that a person should not abandon to the extent that
some scholars said: It is obligatory. Imam Ahmad said: whoever abandons Witr
will be a bad person whose testimony should not be accepted. These Adhkar
(invocations and Remembrances said at certain times on a regular basis) should
be said after the obligatory Salah: Saying: Subhana [Glory be to Allah] Allah
thirty three times, saying: Al Hamdulilah [Praise be to Allah] thirty three
times, saying: Allahu-Akbar thirty three times and that makes it 99 times and
a person should say La Ilaha Illa Allah Wahdahu La Sharika Lahu, Lahu Al Mulku
WA Lahu Al Hamdu, WA huwa 'Ala Killi Shay'in Qadir [There is no god but Allah
alone, no partner is with Him. For Him is all dominion and praise and He is
All-Able over everything]; whoever says so, his sins shall be forgiven even if
they are as much as the foam of the sea. Adhkar that should be said after
ablution is: 'Ash-hadu An La Ilaha Illa Allah Wahdahu La Sharika Lahu Wa Ash-hadu
Anna Muhammadan 'Abdahu wa Rasulahu. Allahumma Ij'alny Mena At-Twabbin
Waj'alny Mena Al Mutatahirin [I bear witness that there is no god but Allah
alone, no partner with him. I bear witness that Muhammad is His Servant and
Messenger. O Allah, make me from the repentant and purifiers]; whoever says
this supplication, the eight gates of Paradise shall be opened for him to
enter wherever he wants.
When a person spends these financial expenses seeking the reward from Allah,
he shall gain the reward even if spending is given to family or children.
Allah is pleased with a person who eats or drinks then thanks Allah for food
and drink. The one who supports widows and the needy is like the one who
fights in cause of Allah or like the fasting person who does not break the
fast and like the one who always performs Qiyam. No doubt that your family
cannot support itself because of young kids and the needy, therefore, the one
who supports them is like the one who fights in the cause of Allah.
O Allah's Servants, the ways of goodness are many, so where are those who will
walk therein and its gates are opened, so where are those who want to enter;
verily, truth are clear and only perished people who ignore it.
I seek refuge with Allah against the cursed Satan: "O you who believe! Bow
down, and prostrate yourselves, and worship your Lord and do good that you may
be successful." [Surat Al Hajj: 77]. May Allah protect the Glorious Qur'an for
you and me.