The Intention To Fast Ramadan
Should the intention to fast Ramadan be made at night or during the day?
As salaamu alaikum wa rahmatullahi wa barakaatuh
Should the intention to fast Ramadaan be made at night or
during the day? and if someone tells you at the time of duha (forenoon) that
today it is Ramadan, should you make it up or not?
It is essential to make the intention to fast the month of Ramadan at night,
before Fajr. It is not sufficient to start fasting it that day without the
intention. Whoever finds out at the time of Duha that today it is Ramadan and
makes the intention of fasting has to refrain from eating until sunset, and he
also has to make up that day, because it was narrated by Ibn 'Umar from Hafsah
(Radiyallaahu 'anhaa) that the Prophet (Sallallaahu' alaihi wa sallem) said:
''Whoever does not have the intention of fasting before Fajr, there is no fast
for him.'' [Authenticated by Al-Albani]
«من لم يجمع الصيام قبل الفجر فلا صيام له»
This is with regard to obligatory fasts. With regard to naafil fasts it is
permissible to make the intention to fast on the day, if you have not eaten or
drunk or had intercourse after Fajr, because it was proven in the hadeeth of 'Aa'ishah
(Radiyallaahu 'anhaa) that the Prophet (Sallallaahu' alaihi wa sallem) entered
upon her one day at duha time and said, ''Do you have anything (any food)?''
She said, ''No.'' He said, ''Then I am fasting.'' [Narrated by Muslim in his
«قال لي رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم ، ذات يوم "يا عائشة! هل عندكم شيء ؟" قالت
فقلت: يا رسول الله! ما عندنا شيء. قال "فإني صائم"...»
And Allaah is the Source of strength. May Allaah send blessings and peace upon
our Prophet Muhammad and his family and companions.
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