Home | Writers | Fatwas | Media | Donate | Explore | About Us | Contact | Our Sheikh
The Last Ten Nights of Ramadan

EsinIslam Ramadan Explorer

The Last Ten Nights of Ramadan - Don't Miss Them!

The last ten nights of Ramadan are very special. The first of these nights occurs on the eve of the 21st day of Ramadan. In other words, it is the night that commences after the completion of the 20th day of fasting. Sometimes there are only nine nights, whenever the month of Ramadan lasts for only 29 days. Nevertheless, they are still traditionally referred to as "the last ten nights".

The last ten nights of Ramadan are very special. These are the nights that the Prophet (peace be upon him) would spend in constant worship. Among these nights is Laylah al-Qadr a night more blessed than a thousand months.

The Prophet (peace be upon him) used to single these nights out for worship and the performance of good deeds. He would exert himself in worship during these ten nights more than any other nights of the year.

'Aishah (radya Allahu 'anha) tells us: "During the last ten nights of Ramadan, the Prophet (peace be upon him) would tighten his waist belt and spend the night in worship. He would also wake up his family." [Sahih al-Bukhari (1920)]

كان النبي صلى الله عليه وسلم إذا دخل العشر شد مئزره ، وأحيا ليله ، وأيقظ أهله رواه البخاري

'Aishah (radya Allahu 'anha) also says: "I had never known Allah's Messenger (peace be upon him) to read the entire Qur'an in a single night, or to spend the whole night in prayer up until the morning, or to spend a whole month in fasting except in Ramadan." [Sunan al-Nas' (1641)]

لا أعلم أن نبي الله قرأ القرآن كله في ليلة ، ولا قام ليلة كاملة حتى الصباح ، ولا صام شهرا كاملا غير رمضان رواه النسائي

When we say that the Prophet (peace be upon him) spent the whole night in worship, we should qualify it. This is because he would spend some time eating dinner, partaking of his pre-dawn meal, and other similar activities. However, he would spend most of the night in worship.

Waking Up the Family

'Aishah (radya Allahu 'anha) informs us that the Prophet (peace be upon him) used to wake up his family during the last ten nights of Ramadan. Indeed, he used to wake up his wives for prayer throughout the year, but that was so that they could pray for a small fraction of the night.

We know this, because Umm Salamah relates that the Prophet (peace be upon him) woke her up one night and said: "Glory be to Allah. What has been sent down of trials during this night? What has been sent down of treasures, so that the denizens of the bedchambers will be awakened? O Lord! To be clothed in this world by naked in the Hereafter." [Sahh al-Bukhr (1074)]

ستيقظ النبي صلى الله عليه وسلم ذات ليلة فقال : سبحان الله ، ماذا أنزل الليلة من الفتن ، وماذا فتح من الخزائن ، أيقظوا صواحبات الحجر ، فرب كاسية في الدنيا عارية في الآخرة رواه البخاري

During the last ten nights of Ramadan, the Prophet (peace be upon him) would wake up his wives to pray for a much longer portion of the night than during the rest of the year.

Exerting Oneself in Worship

'Aishah (radya Allahu 'anha) tells us: "The Prophet would exert himself in worship during the last ten nights more than at any other time of the year." [Sahh Muslim (1175)]

كان رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم يجتهد في العشر الأواخر ، ما لا يجتهد في غيره رواه مسلم

The great jurist, al-Shfi declares: "It is Sunnah for one to exert greater efforts in worship during the last ten nights of Ramadan." [al-Majm (6/397)]

When 'Aishah (radya Allahu 'anha) tells us that the Prophet (peace be upon him) would "tighten his waistbelt", she is speaking figuratively. The phrase means to set about to devote oneself fully and wholeheartedly to the task at hand.

Seeking Out Laylah al-Qadr

One of the greatest distinctions of these ten special nights is that one of them is Laylah al-Qadr the Night of Decree. This is the greatest night of the year better than a thousand months. This means that a Muslim can earn more rewards on Laylah al-Qadr than he would if excluding this special night he were worship his Lord for eighty-four years straight. This is one of the immense favors that Allah has bestowed upon the Muslim community.

Ibrhm al-Nakha says: "Good works performed on this night are better than those performed consistently for a thousand months."

Ab Hurayrah relates that the Prophet (peace be upon him) said: "Whoever spends Laylah al-Qadr in prayer, believing in Allah and seeking His reward, will be forgiven all of his past sins." [Sahh al-Bukhr (1802) and Sahh Muslim (760)]

من قام ليلة القدر إيمانا واحتسابا ، غفر له ما تقدم من ذنبه رواه البخاري ومسلم

Belief in Allah, in this hadth, means not only to believe in Allah, but to believe in the reward that we are promised for observing prayer on this night.

Laylah al-Qadr is on one of the odd nights. 'Aishah (radya Allahu 'anha) relates that Allah's Messenger (peace be upon him) said: "Seek out Laylah al-Qadr in the odd nights during the last ten nights of Ramadan." [Sahh al-Bukhr (1913) and Sahh Muslim (1169)]

...فالتمسوها في العشر الأواخر في وتر... رواه البخاري ومسلم

It is most likely one of the last seven odd nights. Ibn Umar relates that Allah's Messenger (peace be upon him) said: "Look for it in the last ten nights. If one of you falls weak or unable to do so, then he should at least try on the seven remaining nights." [Sahh Muslim (1165)]

التمسوها في العشر الأواخر (يعني ليلة القدر) فإن ضعف أحدكم أو عجز ، فلا يغلبن على السبع البواقي رواه مسلم

The most likely candidate for Laylah al-Qadr is the 27th night of Ramadan. This is indicated by the statement of Ubayy b. Kab: ''I swear by Allah that I know which night it is. It is the night in which Allah's Messenger (peace be upon him) ordered us to observe in prayer. It is the night on the eve of the 27th of Ramadan. Its sign is that the Sun will rise in the morning of that day white without exuding any rays.'' [Sahh Muslim (762)]

والله الذي لا إله إلا هو! إنها لفي رمضان ( يحلف ما يستثني ) ووالله ! إني لأعلم أي ليلة هي . هي الليلة التي أمرنا بها رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم بقيامها . هي ليلة صبيحة سبع وعشرين . وأمارتها أن تطلع الشمس في صبيحة يومها بيضاء لا شعاع لها رواه مسلم

A Muslim should seek out this special night by spending the last ten nights of Ramadan engaged in various acts of worship. These include reciting the remembrances of Allah, reading the Qur'an, and begging Allah's forgiveness.

When the Prophet (peace be upon him) said: "Look for it in the last ten nights" he did not mean that we should literally "look for" signs and indications that distinguish Laylah al-Qadr from other nights. The things that distinguish Laylah al-Qadr from other nights are part of the Unseen.

Allah says: " We sent it (this Quran) down on a blessed night [(i.e. night of Qadr, Surah No: 97) in the month of Ramadan,, the 9th month of the Islamic calendar]. Verily, We are ever warning [mankind that Our Torment will reach those who disbelieve in Our Oneness of Lordship and in Our Oneness of worship]. (3) Therein (that night) is decreed every matter of ordainments." [Srah al-Dukhn 44:3-4]

{إِنَّآ أَنزَلْنَـٰهُ فِى لَيْلَةٍ مُّبَـٰرَكَةٍ ۚ إِنَّا كُنَّا مُنذِرِينَ ﴿٣﴾ فِيهَا يُفْرَقُ كُلُّ أَمْرٍ حَكِيمٍ} الدخان: 3-4

Transliteration: Inna anzalnahu fee laylatin mubarakatin inna kunna munthireena (3) Feeha yufraqu kullu amrin hakeemin

Allah says: "The night of Al-Qadr (Decree) is better than a thousand months (i.e. worshipping Allah in that night is better than worshipping Him a thousand months, (i.e. 83 years and 4 months). (3) Therein descend the angels and the Ruh [Jibrael (Gabriel)] by Allah's Permission with all Decrees, (4) Peace! (All that night, there is Peace and Goodness from Allah to His believing slaves) until the appearance of dawn." [Srah al-Qadr 97:3-5]

{لَيْلَةُ ٱلْقَدْرِ خَيْرٌ مِّنْ أَلْفِ شَهْرٍ ﴿٣﴾ تَنَزَّلُ ٱلْمَلَـٰٓئِكَةُ وَٱلرُّوحُ فِيهَا بِإِذْنِ رَبِّهِم مِّن كُلِّ أَمْرٍ ﴿٤﴾ سَلَـٰمٌ هِىَ حَتَّىٰ مَطْلَعِ ٱلْفَجْرِ} القدر: 3-5

Transliteration: Laylatu alqadri khayrun min alfi shahrin (3) Tanazzalu almalaikatu waalrroohu feeha biithni rabbihim min kulli amrin (4) Salamun hiya hatta matlaAAi alfajri

These are the ways in which Laylah al-Qadr is special. They are not things that we can see with our eyes. No one after the Prophet (peace be upon him) can see the angels.

Observing a Retreat in the Mosque (I'tikf)

Observing a retreat in the mosque is of the best things we can do during the last ten nights of Ramadan. 'Aishah (radya Allahu 'anha) tells us: "The Prophet (peace be upon him) used to observe a retreat in the mosque during the last ten nights of Ramadan up until he died. His wives continued to observe this practice after his death." [Sahh al-Bukhr (1922) and Sahh Muslim (1172)]

أن النبي صلى الله عليه وسلم كان يعتكف العشر الأواخر من رمضان حتى توفاه الله ، ثم اعتكف أزواجه من بعدهرواه البخاري ومسلم

The practice of itikf is a strongly recommended act. It is defined as remaining in retreat in the mosque for the express purpose of worship. The purpose of doing so is to devote one's heart exclusively to Allah. The person engaging in itikf keeps this intention close to mind and seeks Allah's blessings. He should not forget the reason why he is observing this retreat.

A person observing itikf does not leave the mosque except for what is absolutely necessary (like going to the bathroom). While in the mosque, he should busy himself with the remembrance of Allah. He should make sure to offer the remembrances of the morning and evening and the prescribed remembrances for the five daily prayers. He should perform all of the Sunnah prayers and all other recommended prayers, like the Duh prayer. He should read as much of the Qur'n as he can.

He should spend less time eating and sleep as little as possible. He should avoid unnecessary talk. However, he should engage in advising his fellow Muslims and in enjoining them to truth and to patience.

Generosity It is encouraged for us to be extra generous during the last ten nights of Ramadan, without being extravagant or ostentatious in our giving. Ibn Abbs relates that: "Allah's Messenger (peace be upon him) was the most generous of all people in doing good, and he was at his most generous during the month of Ramadan. Gabriel used to meet with him every year throughout the month of Ramadan, so the Prophet could recite the Qur'n to him. Whenever Gabriel met with him, he became more generous than a beneficial breeze." [Sahh al-Bukhr (1902) and Sahh Muslim (2308)]

كان رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم أجود الناس بالخير. وكان أجود ما يكون في شهر رمضان . إن جبريل عليه السلام كان يلقاه ، في كل سنة ، في رمضان حتى ينسلخ . فيعرض عليه رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم القرآن . فإذا لقيه جبريل كان رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم أجود بالخير من الريح المرسلة رواه البخاري ومسلم

Al-Nawaw states [al-Majm (6/398)]:

Generosity and open-handedness are strongly encouraged in Ramadan, especially during the last ten nights. By doing so, we emulate the example of Allah's Messenger (peace be upon him) as well as of our Pious Predecessors. Also, this month is noble, and good works carried out in this month are more blessed than they are at any other time. Also, during this month, people are preoccupied with fasting and worship, and this distracts them from their livelihood, so they might need some assistance during this time.
 

EsinIslam Ramadan Team

  EsinIslam.Com

Add Comments

 
Home | Writers | Fatwas | Media | Donate | Explore | About Us | Contact | Our Sheikh
 

Comments & Debates :-: التعليقات والمحاورات





:-: Go Home :-: Go Top :-:








:-: Go Home :-: Go Top :-: