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Ash-Shirk [i.e. Polytheism] / الشرك بالله

A Vow to Another Besides Allah (swt ) is Shirk 

 

Allah (swt ), says:

[ They perform their vows, and they fear a Day whose evil is spread far and wide] (Qur'an 76:7)

Allah (swt ), Most Glorified, Most High, praises His righteous slaves in this verse because they fulfill the vows which they have made incumbent upon themselves desiring nearness to Allah (swt ); and He makes clear to us their certainty of belief on the Day of Resurrection and their fear of Allah's severe chatisement, which will be delivered far and wide on that Day.

Benefits Derived From This Verse

1. The obligation to fulfill one's vows so long as they do not constitute disobedience to Allah.

2. That fear of the Day of Resurrection is one of the attributes of the Believers.

3. Confirmation of the Resurrection of mankind on that Day.

Relevance of This Verse to the Subject of the Chapter

That the verse praises the fulfillment of vows, and Allah (swt ) does not praise except that which is obligatory or that which is strongly preferred, or refraining from the prohibited. This is why fulfillment of a vow is considered to be an act of worship, and dedicating an act of worship to other than Allah (swt ) is an act of Shirk.

..ooOOoo..

Allah (swt ), says:

[ And whatever you spend in charity or whatever vow you make, be sure Allah knows it all. But the wrongdoers have no helpers] (Qur'an 2:270)

Allah (swt ), Most Glorified, Most High, informs us in this verse that whatsoever man gives in the way of charity and whatever vows he makes, seeking nearness to Allah (swt ), He knows it, even if the perpetrator were to keep it secret, and He will reward him for it. Then, Allah (swt ) warns the people against injustice in charity and in their vows and in all their deeds, and He (swt ) informs them that they will find none to help them or protect them should Allah (swt ) punish them for their sins.

Benefits Derived From This Verse

1. Evidence of the breadth of Allah's (swt ) Knowledge and of the fact that it encompasses every single thing.

2. That taking a vow is an act of worship.

3. The prohibition of all types of injustice.

Relevance of This Verse to the Subject of the Chapter

That the verse proves that Allah (swt ), Most Glorified, Most High, has knowledge of each and every vow, and that He rewards the one who makes it, therefore fulfilling a vow is an act of worship and dedicating an act of worship to another besides Allah (swt ) is Shirk.

..ooOOoo..

It is authentically reported on the authority of `Aa`ishah (may Allah be pleased with her) that the Prophet (r ) said: "Whoever vowed to obey Allah (swt ), he should do so, and whoever vowed to disobey Him, should not do so.1"

Benefits Derived From This Hadith

1. The obligation to fulfill vows so long as they are in obedience to Allah (swt ).

2. The prohibition of fulfilling vows if they entail disobedience to Allah (swt ). Instead, he must perform the expiation of an oath.

Relevance of the Hadeeth to the Subject of the Chapter

That it proves the obligation to fulfill one's vow so long as it does not entail disobedience to Allah (swt ). This means that fulfilling a vow is an act of worship, and dedicating an act of worship to other than Allah (swt ) is Shirk.

Footnotes

1. Narrated by Imam Malik.

Kitaab At-Tawheed, Chapter: 10

 

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Sahih ul-Bukhari :: صحيح البخاري

Sahih ul-Bukhari :: صحيح البخاري

  1. Revelation
  2. Belief
  3. Knowledge
  4. Ablutions (Wudu')
  5. Bathing (Ghusl)
  6. Menstrual Periods
  7. Rubbing hands and feet with dust (Tayammum)
  8. Prayers (Salat)
  9. Virtues of the Prayer Hall (Sutra of the Musalla)
  10. Times of the Prayers
  11. Call to Prayers (Adhaan)
  12. Characteristics of Prayer
  13. Friday Prayer
  14. Fear Prayer
  15. The Two Festivals (Eids)
  16. Witr Prayer
  17. Invoking Allah for Rain (Istisqaa)
  18. Eclipses
  19. Prostration During Recital of Qur'an
  20. Shortening the Prayers (At-Taqseer)
  21. Prayer at Night (Tahajjud)
  22. Actions while Praying
  23. Funerals (Al-Janaa'iz)
  24. Obligatory Charity Tax (Zakat)
  25. Obligatory Charity Tax After Ramadaan (Zakat ul Fitr)
  26. Pilgrimage (Hajj)
  27. Minor Pilgrimage (Umra)
  28. Pilgrims Prevented from Completing the Pilgrimage
  29. Penalty of Hunting while on Pilgrimage
  30. Virtues of Madinah
  31. Fasting
  32. Praying at Night in Ramadaan (Taraweeh)
  33. Retiring to a Mosque for Remembrance of Allah (I'tikaf)
  34. Sales and Trade
  35. Sales in which a Price is paid for Goods to be Delivered Later (As-Salam)
  36. Hiring
  37. Transference of a Debt from One Person to Another (Al-Hawaala)
  38. Representation, Authorization, Business by Proxy
  39. Agriculture
  40. Distribution of Water
  41. Loans, Payment of Loans, Freezing of Property, Bankruptcy
  42. Lost Things Picked up by Someone (Luqaata)
  43. Oppressions
  44. Partnership
  45. Mortgaging
  46. Manumission of Slaves
  47. Gifts
  48. Witnesses
  49. Peacemaking
  50. Conditions
  51. Wills and Testaments (Wasaayaa)
  52. Fighting for the Cause of Allah (Jihaad)
  53. One-fifth of Booty to the Cause of Allah (Khumus)
  54. Beginning of Creation
  55. Prophets
  56. Virtues and Merits of the Prophet (pbuh) and his Companions
  57. Companions of the Prophet
  58. Merits of the Helpers in Madinah (Ansaar)
  59. Military Expeditions led by the Prophet (pbuh) (Al-Maghaazi)
  60. Prophetic Commentary on the Qur'an (Tafseer of the Prophet (pbuh))
  61. Virtues of the Qur'an
  62. Wedlock, Marriage (Nikaah)
  63. Divorce
  64. Supporting the Family
  65. Food, Meals
  66. Sacrifice on Occasion of Birth (`Aqiqa)
  67. Hunting, Slaughtering
  68. Al-Adha Festival Sacrifice (Adaahi)
  69. Drinks
  70. Patients
  71. Medicine
  72. Dress
  73. Good Manners and Form (Al-Adab)
  74. Asking Permission
  75. Invocations
  76. To make the Heart Tender (Ar-Riqaq)
  77. Divine Will (Al-Qadar)
  78. Oaths and Vows
  79. Expiation for Unfulfilled Oaths
  80. Laws of Inheritance (Al-Faraa'id)
  81. Limits and Punishments set by Allah (Hudood)
  82. Punishment of Disbelievers at War with Allah and His Apostle
  83. Blood Money (Ad-Diyat)
  84. Dealing with Apostates
  85. Saying Something under Compulsion (Ikraah)
  86. Tricks
  87. Interpretation of Dreams
  88. Afflictions and the End of the World
  89. Judgments (Ahkaam)
  90. Wishes
  91. Accepting Information Given by a Truthful Person
  92. Holding Fast to the Qur'an and Sunnah
  93. ONENESS, UNIQUENESS OF ALLAH (TAWHEED)

Verses Of The Holy Quran :: آيات القرآن الكريم

1. Al-Ftihah
2. Al-Baqarah
3. آl-'Imrn
4. An-Nis'
5. Al-M'idah
6. Al-An'm
7. Al-A'rf
8. Al-Anfl
9. At-Taubah
10. Ynus
11. Hd
12. Ysuf
13. Ar-Ra'd
14. Ibrahm
15. Al-Hijr
16. An-Nahl
17. Al-Isr'
18. Al-Kahf
19. Maryam
20. TH.
21. Al-Anbiy'
22. Al-Hajj
23. Al-Mu'minn
24. An-Nr
25. Al-Furqn
26. Ash-Shu'ar'
27. An-Naml
28. Al-Qasas
29. Al-'Ankabt
30. ArRm
31. Luqmn
32. AsSajdah
33. AlAhzb
34. Saba'
35. Ftir / AlMal'ikah
36. YSn.
37. As-Sfft
38. Sd.
39. Az-Zumar
40. Ghfir
41. Fussilat
42. Ash-Shra
43. Az-Zukhruf
44. Ad-Dukhn
45. Al-Jthiya
46. Al-Ahqf
47. Muhammad / Al-Qitl
48. Al-Fath
49. Al-Hujurt
50. Qf.
51. Az-Zriyt
52. At-Tr
53. An-Najm
54. Al-Qamar
55. Ar-Rahmn
56. Al-Wqi'ah
57. Al-Hadd
58. Al-Mujdilah
59. Al-Hashr
60. Al-Mumtahinah
61. As-Saff
62. Al-Jumu'ah
63. Al-Munafiqn
64. At-Taghbun
65. At-Talq
66. At-Tahrm
67. Al-Mulk
68. Al-Qalam
69. Al-Hqqah
70. Al-Ma'rij
71. Nh
72. Al-Jinn
73. Al-Muzzammil
74. Al-Muddaththir
75. Al-Qiymah
76. Al-Insn / Ad-Dahr

77. Al-Mursalt

78. An-Naba'
79. An-Nazi't
80. 'Abasa
81. At-Takwr
82. Al-Infitr
83. Al-Mutaffifn
84. Al-Inshiqq
85. Al-Burj
86. At-Triq
87. Al-A'l
88. Al-Ghshiyah
89. Al-Fajr
90. Al-Balad
91. Ash-Shams
92. Al-Lail
93. Ad-Duha
94. Ash-Sharh
95. At-Tin
96. Al-'Alaq
97. Al-Qadr
98. Al-Baiyinah
99. Az-Zalzalah
100. Al-'Adiyt
101. Al-Qri'ah
102. At-Takthur
103. Al-'Asr
104. Al-Humazah
105. Al-Fl
106. Quraish
107. Al-M'n
108. Al-Kauthar
109. Al-Kfirn
110. An-Nasr
111. Al-Masad
112. Al-Ikhls / At-Tauhd
113. Al-Falaq
114. An-Ns

Transliteration Of Verses Of The Holy Qur'an :: نقحرة آيات القرآن الكريم

1 1. Al-Ftihah
2. Al-Baqarah
3. آl-'Imrn
4. An-Nis'
5. Al-M'idah
6. Al-An'm
7. Al-A'rf
8. Al-Anfl
9. At-Taubah
10. Ynus
11. Hd
12. Ysuf
13. Ar-Ra'd
14. Ibrahm
15. Al-Hijr
16. An-Nahl
17. Al-Isr'
18. Al-Kahf
19. Maryam
20. TH.
21. Al-Anbiy'
22. Al-Hajj
23. Al-Mu'minn
24. An-Nr
25. Al-Furqn
26. Ash-Shu'ar'
27. An-Naml
28. Al-Qasas
29. Al-'Ankabt
30. ArRm
31. Luqmn
32. AsSajdah
33. AlAhzb
34. Saba'
35. Ftir / AlMal'ikah
36. YSn.
37. As-Sfft
38. Sd.
39. Az-Zumar
40. Ghfir
41. Fussilat
42. Ash-Shra
43. Az-Zukhruf
44. Ad-Dukhn
45. Al-Jthiya
46. Al-Ahqf
47. Muhammad / Al-Qitl
48. Al-Fath
49. Al-Hujurt
50. Qf.
51. Az-Zriyt
52. At-Tr
53. An-Najm
54. Al-Qamar
55. Ar-Rahmn
56. Al-Wqi'ah
57. Al-Hadd
58. Al-Mujdilah
59. Al-Hashr
60. Al-Mumtahinah
61. As-Saff
62. Al-Jumu'ah
63. Al-Munafiqn
64. At-Taghbun
65. At-Talq
66. At-Tahrm
67. Al-Mulk
68. Al-Qalam
69. Al-Hqqah
70. Al-Ma'rij
71. Nh
72. Al-Jinn
73. Al-Muzzammil
74. Al-Muddaththir
75. Al-Qiymah
76. Al-Insn / Ad-Dahr
77. Al-Mursalt
78. An-Naba'
79. An-Nazi't
80. 'Abasa
81. At-Takwr
82. Al-Infitr
83. Al-Mutaffifn
84. Al-Inshiqq
85. Al-Burj
86. At-Triq
87. Al-A'l
88. Al-Ghshiyah
89. Al-Fajr
90. Al-Balad
91. Ash-Shams
92. Al-Lail
93. Ad-Duha
94. Ash-Sharh
95. At-Tin
96. Al-'Alaq
97. Al-Qadr
98. Al-Baiyinah
99. Az-Zalzalah
100. Al-'Adiyt
101. Al-Qri'ah
102. At-Takthur
103. Al-'Asr
104. Al-Humazah
105. Al-Fl
106. Quraish
107. Al-M'n
108. Al-Kauthar
109. Al-Kfirn
110. An-Nasr
111. Al-Masad
112. Al-Ikhls / At-Tauhd
113. Al-Falaq
114. An-Ns

Sahih Muslim :: صحيح مسلم

Sahih Muslim :: صحيح مسلم

  1. The Book of Faith (Kitab Al-Iman)
  2. The Book of Purification (Kitab Al-Taharah)
  3. The Book of Menstruation (Kitab Al-Haid)
  4. The Book of Prayers (Kitab Al-Salat)
  5. The Book of Zakat (Kitab Al-Zakat)
  6. The Book of Fasting (Kitab Al-Sawm)
  7. The Book of Pilgrimage (Kitab Al-Hajj)
  8. The Book of Marriage (Kitab Al-Nikah)
  9. The Book of Divorce (Kitab Al-Talaq)
  10. The Book of Transactions (Kitab Al-Buyu`)
  11. The Book Pertaining to the Rules of Inheritance (Kitab Al-Farai`d)
  12. The Book of Gifts (Kitab Al-Hibat)
  13. The Book of Bequests (Kitab Al-Wasiyya)
  14. The Book of Vows (Kitab Al-Nadhr)
  15. The Book of Oaths (Kitab Al-Aiman)
  16. The Book Pertaining to the Oath, for Establishing the Responsibility of Murders, Fighting, Requital and Blood-Wit (Kitab Al-Kitab Al-Qasama wa'l-Muharabawa'l-Qisas wa'l-Diyat)
  17. The Book Pertaining to Punishments Prescribed by Islam (Kitab Al-Hudud)
  18. The Book Pertaining to Judicial Decisions (Kitab Al-Aqdiyya)
  19. The Book of Jihad and Expedition (Kitab Al-Jihad wa'l-Siyar)
  20. The Book on Government (Kitab Al-Imara)
  21. The Book of Games and the Animals which May be Slaughtered and the Aninals that Are to be Eaten (Kitab-us-Said wa'l-Dhaba'ih wa ma Yu'kalu min Al-Hayawan)
  22. The Book of Sacrifices (Kitab Al-Adahi)
  23. The Book of Drinks (Kitab Al-Ashriba)
  24. The Book Pertaining to Clothes and Decoration (Kitab Al-Libas wa'l-Zinah)
  25. The Book on General Behaviour (Kitab Al-Adab)
  26. The Book on Salutations and Greetings (Kitab As-Salam)
  27. The Book Concerning the Use of Correct Words (Kitab Al-Alfaz min Al-Adab wa Ghairiha)
  28. The Book of Poetry (Kitab Al-Sh`ir)
  29. The Book of Vision (Kitab Al-Ruya)
  30. The Book Pertaining to the Excellent Qualities of the Holy Prophet (may Peace be upon them) and His Companions (Kitab Al-Fada'il)
  31. The Book Pertaining to the Merits of the Companions (Allah Be Pleased With Them) of the Holy Prophet (May Peace Be Upon Him) (Kitab Al-Fada'il Al-Sahabah)
  32. The Book of Virtue, Good Manners and Joining of the Ties of Relationship (Kitab al-Birr was-Salat-l-wa`l-Adab)
  33. The Book of Destiny (Kitab-ul-Qadr)
  34. The Book of Knowledge (Kitab Al-`Ilm)
  35. The Book Pertaining to the Remembrance of Allah, Supplication, Repentance and Seeking Forgiveness (Kitab Al-Dhikr)
  36. The Book of Heart-Melting Traditions (Kitab Al-Riqaq)
  37. The Book Pertaining to Repentance and Exhortation to Repentance (Kitab Al-Tauba)
  38. Pertaining To The Charateristics Of The Hypocrites And Command Concerning Them (Kitab Sifat Al-Munafiqin Wa Ahkamihin)
  39. The Book Giving Description of the Day of Judgement, Paradise and Hell (Kitab Sifat Al-Qiyamah wa'l Janna wa'n-Nar)
  40. The Book Pertaining to Paradise, Its Description, Its Bounties and Its Intimates (Kitab Al-Jannat wa Sifat Na'imiha wa Ahliha)
  41. The Book Pertaining to the Turmoil and Portents of the Last Hour (Kitab Al-Fitan wa Ashrat As-Sa`ah)
  42. The Book Pertaining to Piety and Softening of Hearts (Kitab Al-Zuhd wa Al-Raqa'iq)
  43. The Book of Commentary (Kitab Al-Tafsir)

Sunan Abu Dawud :: سنن أبي داؤد

Sunan Abu Dawud :: سنن أبي داؤد

  1. Purification (Kitab Al-Taharah)
  2. Prayer (Kitab Al-Salat)
  3. Prayer (Kitab Al-Salat): Details of Commencing Prayer
  4. Prayer (Kitab Al-Salat): Detailed Rules of Law about the Prayer during Journey
  5. Prayer (Kitab Al-Salat): Prayer at Night
  6. Prayer (Kitab Al-Salat): Detailed Injunctions about Ramadan
  7. Prayer (Kitab Al-Salat): Prostration while reciting the Qur'an
  8. Prayer (Kitab Al-Salat): Detailed Injunctions about Witr
  9. Zakat (Kitab Al-Zakat)
  10. The Rites of Hajj (Kitab Al-Manasik Wa'l-Hajj)
  11. Marriage (Kitab Al-Nikah)
  12. Divorce (Kitab Al-Talaq)
  13. Fasting (Kitab Al-Siyam)
  14. Jihad (Kitab Al-Jihad)
  15. Sacrifice (Kitab Al-Dahaya)
  16. Game (Kitab Al-Said)
  17. Wills (Kitab Al-Wasaya)
  18. Shares of Inheritance (Kitab Al-Fara'id)
  19. Tribute, Spoils, and Rulership (Kitab Al-Kharaj, Wal-Fai' Wal-Imarah)
  20. Funerals (Kitab Al-Jana'iz)
  21. Oaths and Vows (Kitab Al-Aiman Wa Al-Nudhur)
  22. Commercial Transactions (Kitab Al-Buyu)
  23. Wages (Kitab Al-Ijarah)
  24. The Office of the Judge (Kitab Al-Aqdiyah)
  25. Knowledge (Kitab Al-Ilm)
  26. Drinks (Kitab Al-Ashribah)
  27. Foods (Kitab Al-At'imah)
  28. Medicine (Kitab Al-Tibb)
  29. Divination and Omens (Kitab Al-Kahanah Wa Al-Tatayyur)
  30. Dialects and Readings of the Qur'an (Kitab Al-Huruf Wa Al-Qira'at)
  31. Hot Baths (Kitab Al-Hammam)
  32. Clothing (Kitab Al-Libas)
  33. Combing the Hair (Kitab Al-Tarajjul)
  34. Signet-Rings (Kitab Al-Khatam)
  35. Trials and Fierce Battles (Kitab Al-Fitan Wa Al-Malahim)
  36. The Promised Deliverer (Kitab Al-Mahdi)
  37. Battles (Kitab Al-Malahim)
  38. Prescribed Punishments (Kitab Al-Hudud)
  39. Types of Blood-Wit (Kitab Al-Diyat)
  40. Model Behavior of the Prophet (Kitab Al-Sunnah)
  41. General Behavior (Kitab Al-Adab)

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