Who Made History: The Martyr Maulavi Ihsanullah "Ihsan"
22 November 2010
By Al-Ikhwah Al-Mujahidun
In the Name of Allah, the Most
Beneficent, the Most Merciful.
Sheikh al-Maulavi Ihsanullah bin Agha Muhammad bin al-Maulavi
Mirza Muhammad was born in the year 1381 AH in a
famous religious family in the village of Salim in the
Mizani district of Zabul Province.
The grandfather of Sheikh Ihsanullah was Sheikh Mirza
bin Muhammad, one of the most famous scholars of
Kandahar province and one of the most prominent men of
the region. He had plunged into bloody battles against
the English in the second war between Afghan and the
British forces. In those battles and violent clashes
that occurred between the British and the Afghan
forces he was seriously wounded in the leg in the Spin
Boldak border region. Because of this, he became
famous among the people as Mullah Mirza Muhammad the
Since birth, Sheikh al-Maulavi Ihsanullah enjoyed a
naturally high level of intelligence and erudition.
His father, therefore paid close attention to his
education, instruction and formation since his early
In the beginning he took pains for his learning
elementary religious studies at his home. After
completing those studies, he sent him to finish his
religious education in centers of Shari'ah studies and
Shari'ah madrasas abroad.
Sheikh al-Maulavi Ihsanullah completed his higher
Shari'ah studies after extraordinary effort in
different madrasas abroad. He completed a class on the
noble Hadith given by Hafez Sheikh Abdul Wahed and
received the award of excellence in the noble Hadith
from the above-mentioned sheikh.
Sheikh al-Maulavi Ihsanullah was in the beginning
stages of his Shari'ah instruction when the Communists
managed to seize power and take matters into their own
hands. As soon as they reached the seat of power, the
Islamic Jihad began against their atheistic beliefs in
all quarters of the country. All segments of the
heroic Afghan people took part in this Holy Jihad. The
burden of responsibility and leadership of this Jihad,
however, fell upon the shoulders of scholars and
Because Sheikh al-Maulavi Ihsanullah belonged to a
famous scholarly in his district; Jihadist family, he
considered Jihad against the Russians and their
Communist lackeys to be his religious obligation and
legal responsibility. Responding to this religious
responsibility, he first undertook armed Jihad and
plunged into fierce battles against the Russians under
the leadership of the Martyr "Muqayyim" in the Mizani
district of Zabul province. After he spent a period of
time there, he traveled to Helmand province and for
two years engaged in bloody wars against the
Communists on the different battlefronts of that
After he was able to receive training on different
Jihadist tactics, he returned once again to Zabul
province. There he established a strong Jihadist front
with the assistance of al-Maulavi Abdul Zaher in the
Arghsu Gharah area of the Mizani district of Zabul
In addition to training the Mujahideen of his new
front on military matters and Jihadist issues, he also
raised their ideological awareness and educated them
on Islamic culture. So, in addition to training them
on military matters, they were educated on ideology
and guided to Jihad and resistance on both the
military and religious fields.
His Role in Establishing the Islamic
When the Islamic Taliban movement was established in
May 1994 with the purpose of realizing the hopes of
Jihad and achieving the expectations of the Mujahideen,
Sheikh Ihsanullah was among the first to stand by the
side of the founders of the movement, and exerted
blessed efforts to strengthen and shore up the
At the beginning of the foundation of the Taliban, and
in its first days, the Sheikh in his region swayed the
Jihadist field commanders and the general populace to
the Islamic Taliban movement and their call to join
them voluntarily. As result of this call, all the
leaders and people of the district joined the movement
and stood with their weapons alongside their Taliban
brothers, ready to make any sacrifice for the goal of
establishing the original Islamic regime in the
The wise efforts of Maulavi Ihsanullah brought about
the residents of the region joining the Islamic
Taliban movement and in this manner the movement, with
the help of the local people, was able to take control
of the area lying between the district of Dand and the
border region of Spin Boldak, as well as seize
complete control of the above-mentioned district.
On 5 November 1994 CE, after the movement had taken
control of Kandahar province, the Taliban leadership
resolved to send Sheikh Ihsanullah to Ghozni and Zabul
provinces to discuss a mutual agreement with the field
commanders in that district and their request to join
After conducting dialogue with the scholars and field
commanders of that district, the sheikh was able to
convince them to join the movement voluntarily and
with no compulsion. He had convinced them that the
movement had no intention other then to implement the
sovereignty of Allah on His land and establish an
Islamic government in Muslim Afghanistan. Because of
this wise message, the movement was able to take
complete control of the southwest of the country in
On 26 January 1995 CE, after the movement had taken
control of Ghozni province, Sheikh Ihsanullah moved on
orders from the movement leaders to clear the southern
districts towards the Gardiz and Khost region.
When Sheikh Ihsanullah "Ihsan" arrived in the region,
he gave an important speech in the Paktia province
center; Gardiz to a large crowd that had gathered from
the Muslims and Mujahideen from the different regions
of the southern provinces. The session was convened
with the purpose of the Taliban coming to this region.
Sheikh Ihsanullah in his speech explained the goals of
the Taliban Islamic movement and he elevated goals
according to a rational, scholarly method.
After that, he traveled to Khost province and there
met with the general Jihadist official for the
southern provinces and the famous, scholarly, Jihadist
person; Sheikh Jalaluddin Haqqani, may Allah ta'ala
protect him. The people of Khost province under the
leadership of Sheikh Haqqani gave him a warm greeting.
In Khost province, Sheikh Maulavi Ihsanullah "Ihsan"
gave a wonderful speech to a large gathering which had
congregated to welcome the Islamic Taliban movement.
In his speech, he declared the goals of the movement
and its noble intentions. During his speech, he
requested that the people of Khost stand by the side
of the movement, strengthen its support and zeal.
In exchange, the residents of Khost, under the
leadership of Mujahid Sheikh Jalaluddin Haqqani and
according to his sublime guidance, announced their
support for the Islamic Taliban movement and that they
would stand by its side. Then, all the Mujahideen of
this province joined the Taliban movement and played a
tangible role in achieving its goals.
Because of the efforts of the Sheikh Ihsanullah and
his valuable lectures, the vast southern regions –
Paktia, Paktika and Khost provinces – fell completely
under the control of the Islamic Taliban movement. He
was able by his excellent, scholarly speeches and
lectures to achieve an ideological unity and harmony
between those Mujahid people of Herat who love
knowledge on the one hand and the Islamic Taliban
movement on the other.
It is worth mentioning that Sheikh Ihsanullah "Ihsan"
was a scholarly person who with his logical reasoning
and his unique eloquence (was able) to convince others
thoroughly. He was able to select various methods in
his preaching to draw people to listen to his words,
his lectures and his sermons.
At the same time, when he was present in Herat
province and bore responsibility for this province, he
took part in meetings and celebrations held by the
Mujahid people of Herat just like a normal person
without granting himself any special distinctions.
On 11 September 1996 CE, when the leadership of the
Islamic Taliban movement decided to send its forces to
clear Nangahar, Konar and Lughman provinces, they sent
Sheikh Ihsanullah as a preacher, reformer and
interpretive scholar for those forces. His excellency
played a productive and positive role; and through his
wise methods declare the goals of the Islamic Taliban
movement to the Mujahideen of the eastern provinces
and their zealous people. With his excellent,
scholarly expertise he was able to convince the people
of the provinces to stand with the movement.
During the time the Taliban movement took control of
Nangarhar province, Maulavi Ihsanullah "Ihsan"
remained for a brief period in the province as its
official until the time that the capital Kabul fell
under the rule of the Islamic Taliban movement on 27
September 1996 CE.
After the control of the Islamic Taliban movement was
imposed over the capital Kabul, Sheikh Ihsanullah
"Ihsan" was appointed by the movement leadership, as
general director for the central bank (Afghanistan
His knowledge and political vision:
In addition to his excellence in religious learning,
Sheikh Ihsanullah "Ihsan" was a political personality
of broad intelligence, proper vision and knowingly
perceptive of the affairs of his society.
He had many solutions for the issues and crises
confronting the Islamic Ummah, and believed the sole
solution to abolish corruption and fitnah was
Jihad against the denying corrupters.
Sheikh Ihsanullah "Ihsan" would debate with all
deniers of the truth with the proper method and argue
with them using the appropriate method. Recommendation
and purity of the soul were considered the most
successful methods for the success of the Islamic
The commander Sheikh Abu al-Layth al-Libi, may Allah
Almighty have mercy on him, considered Sheikh
Ihsanullah Ihsan a second Sayyid Qutb, and would
listen to the sermons and lectures he gave in both
Farsi and Pashtu.
On 24 May 1997 CE when some of the northern provinces
– such as Faryab, Jowzjan, Mazar-e-Sharif and Kandahar
– fell under the control of the Taliban movement for
the first time, Sheikh Ihsanullah "Ihsan" was going
with the Mujahideen to those districts. He wished to
conquer those provinces just like the southern,
western and eastern provinces had been conquered via
peaceful reconciliation, without the occurrence of
battles of clashes. He wanted to rid the Afghan people
of the continuous bloody wars and to choose a peaceful
way of life far removed from nationalist and ethnic
The enemies of peace and reconciliation, however, did
not want to see the sovereignty of Allah established
in the country, or the choice of a secure life in the
shade of the establishment of an Islamic government.
They, therefore assisted the Communist generals in
laying vile plans against those Mujahideen who came to
this region. To carry out these plans, they resisted
and waged war against the movement.
Because of the Mujahideen's lack of knowledge of the
area and its strategy of military conscription, and
their inability to strengthen their ties with the
local populace, they were not able to resist this
treachery or extinguish their misguidance. Due to the
resistance headed by the Communist generals like Abdul
Malik, a large number of Taliban Mujahideen were
martyred. Therefore, the movement leadership decided
to withdraw from this region and ordered its
Mujahideen to conduct a tactical retreat.
Sheikh Ihsanullah "Ihsan" had arrived to the city
Mazar-e-Sharif shortly before this treacherous plot.
When war was launched he was in the above-mentioned
city. After the Taliban withdrawal from the region, he
and the Taliban foreign minister Mullah Muhammad
Ghawth and another group decided to depart
Mazar-e-Sharif for the Shadyan desert. When they
reached the area of Sharkent in Balkh province, Sheikh
Ihsanullah "Ihsan" was martyred on the 27th day of May
1997 CE, as a result of an ambush set up by the
treacherous tyrants against him.