The History Of The Emergence Of Shi'ah Religion: 1. Kaisaniyyah 2. Imamiyyah (Rafidhah) 3. Zaidiyyah 4. Ghulat 5. Ismailliyah
12 March 2013
By Al-Ikhwah Al-Mujahidun
From appearance, it is difficult to distinguish
between the adherents of Islam and Shi'ah. However,
once examined more deeply, especially in terms of
aqeedah, the difference between the two is like oil
and water. Making it impossible for them to be united.
Shi'ah, according to the etymology of Arabic language,
means advocates and followers of someone, besides that
it also means every people who gather on a matter. ("Tahdzibul
Lughah", 3/61 written by Azhari and "Taajul Arus",
5/405, written by Az-Zabidi).
As for the meaning according to the terminology of
shari'ah, Shi'ah means those who assert that Ali bin
Abu Thalib is more important than the entire Sahabahs
and more entitled to become a khalifah of the Muslims
("Al-Fisal Fil Milali Wal Ahwa Wan Nihal" written by
Shi'ah started to emerge after the killing of Khalifah
Utsman bin ‘Affan. In the time of caliphate of Abu
Bakar and Umar, and the early days of the caliphate of
Uthman i.e. during the early years of his post, the
Islamic Ummah was united, there was no dispute. And
then at the end of the caliphate of Uthman, there were
various events that resulted in the onset of the
split, a group of fitnah and atrocity makers emerged,
they murdered Uthman, that resulted in the division in
the Islamic Ummah.
In the time of the caliphate of Ali, the Shi'ah group
existed but they concealed their orientation, they did
not make it visible to Ali and his followers.
At that time they were divided into three
Shi'ah/The group that considers Ali bin Abi
When knowing about this sect, Ali burned them and
made trenches in front of the door of the masjid of
Bani Kandah to burn them. Imam Bukhari narrated in his
saheeh book, from Ibnu Abbas he said, "At one time,
Ali fought and burned those people of zindiq (the
Shi'ahs who deified Ali). If I were to do it, I would
not burn them because the Prophet ever prohibited a
punishment like the punishment of God (burning), but I
would definitely chop off their head, because the
Prophet said:"Whoever replaces his religion
(becomes murtad), kill him."
Shi'ah Sabbah (insulters).
Ali heard about Abu Sauda (Abdullah bin Saba') that
he had insulted Abu Bakr and Umar, so Ali looked for
him in order to kill him, but he ran away.
Shi'ah /The Mufadhdhilah group, i.e. those
who give top priority to Ali over Abu Bakr and Umar.
Whereas, it had been narrated in mutawatir by Prophet
Muhammad that he said:"The
best of the people after the Prophet are Abu Bakar and
A riwaayah of this kind was brought by Imam Bukhari in
his saheeh book, from Muhammad bin Hanafiyyah that he
asked his father, who are the best humans after of
Rasulullah , he answered Abu Bakr, and then who? He
In the history of Shi'ah they are divided into five
major sects, namely:
And from these five sects, so many branches of other
sects were born.
Out of those five sects, the most important to be
raised is the imamiyyah or rafidhah sect, which for a
long time until now always fight hard to destroy Islam
and the Muslims. In various ways, this group continue
to work hard to spread a wide range of its
misguidance, especially after the establishment of the
Shi'ah state, Iran which toppled the regime of Shah
- Rafidhah according to the Arabic language means
abandoning, while in the terminology of Shari'ah it
means those who reject the leadership of Abu Bakr and
Umar, who free themselves from them both, and those
who reproach and insult the Sahabahs of the Prophet.
Abdullah bin Ahmad bin Hanbal said, "I have asked my
father, who are the Rafidhahs?" So he answered, "They
are the people who reproach Abu Bakr and Umar." ("as-Sarimul
Maslul ‘Ala Shatimir Rasul" pg. 567, Sheikhul Islam
- The term "Rafidhah" is closely related with Zaid bin
‘Ali bin Husain bin ‘Ali bin Abu Thalib and his
followers during the revolt against Hisham bin Abdul
Malik bin Marwan in the year 121 H. ("Badzlul Majhud",
Sheikh Abul Hasan al-Ash'ari said, "When Zaid bin ‘Ali
appeared in Kufah, in the midst of the followers who
gave him bai'ah, he heard from some of them censures
against Abu Bakr and ‘Umar. He then negated it, until
in the end they (his followers) left him. So he said
to them: "You are leaving me?"
Then it was said that the naming of them with "Rafidhah"
was due to the words of Zaid for them "Rafadhtumuunii."
("Maqalatul Islamiyyin", 1/137). The same thing was
also said by Sheikhul Islam Ibnu Taimiyah in "Majmu'
- The originator of the Shi'ah doctrine was a Jew from
Yemen named Abdullah bin saba' al-himyari, who showed
his Islam during the caliphate of Uthman bin Affan.
Abdullah bin Saba' introduced his teachings openly, he
then rallied the masses, announcing that the
leadership (imamah) after Prophet Muhammad should fall
into the hands of Ali bin Abi Thalib as per the
instruction of the Prophet sallallahu ‘alaihi wa
sallam (according to their reckoning).
- According to Abdullah bin Saba', Khalifah Abu Bakr,
Umar and Uthman had taken over that position. In
"Majmu' Fatawa", 4/435, it was mentioned that Abdullah
bin Saba showed an extreme attitude in glorifying Ali,
with one slogan that Ali is the one who has the right
to be the imam (khalifah) and he was one who is ma'sum
(immune from all sins).
That belief developed constantly from time to time, to
the extent of deifying Ali bin Abi Thalib. Ali, who
knew about the excessive attitude later fought, in
fact even burned those who did not want to repent,
some of them escaped.
- Abdullah bin Saba', the founder of this Shi'ah
religion, was a Jewish agent who was rotten and full
of plots. He was inserted in the midst of the Muslims
by the Jews to corrupt the religious order and Muslim
community. His early appearance was the end of the
leadership of the Khalifah ‘Uthman bin ‘Affan. And
then continued during the leadership of a Khalifah
‘Ali bin Abi Thalib.
Under the guise of Islam, the spirit of amar ma'ruf
nahi mungkar and masked in tanassuk (active
worshiping), he packaged his various evil missions. It
was not just the astray aqeedah (in fact kufr) that he
conveyed in the midst of the ummah, he also provoked
the masses to overthrow Khalifah ‘Uthman bin ‘Affan.
As a result, the Khalifah was unjustly killed. As a
result again, conflict of opinions among the Sahabahs
also occurred. (See "Minhajus Sunnah" by Sheikhul
Islam Ibnu Taimiyyah, 8/479, "Sharh Al-‘Aqidah
Ath-Thahawiyyah" by Ibnu Abil ‘Izz pg. 490 and
"At-Tauhid" by Ash-Sheikh Shalih bin Fauzan Al-Fauzan
- The Rafidhahs must be Shi'ah, while the Shi'ahs do
not have to be Rafidhah. Because not all Shi'ahs hate
Abu Bakr and ‘Umar like the Shi'ah Zaidiyyah, a Shi'ah
sect that has the lightest errors.
[Arranged from various sources, which includes
"Al-Furqon Bainal Haq Wal Batil" written by Sheikhul
Islam Ibnu Taimiyyah)