112. Surah Al-Ikhls or At-Tauhd سورة الإخلاص


This Surah (Revealed) Meccan or Medinese, consisting of 4 or 5 verses. The Prophet (s) was asked about his Lord and the following was revealed:(Al-Ikhls)
Ayah   112:1   الأية الأولي
بِسْم ِ اللَّهِ الرَّحْمَٰنِ الرَّحِيمِ
Ayah First   1   الأية الأولي
Say: He is God, One (Allāhu is the predicate of huwa, He is, and ahadun is its substitution or a second 767 predicate).
Ayah   112:2   الأية
God, the Self-Sufficient, Besought of all (Allāhul-samad constitute a subject and a predicate) [al-samad means] the One Who is always sought at times of need,
Ayah   112:3   الأية
He neither begot, for no likeness of Him can exist, nor was begotten, since createdness is precluded in His case.
Ayah   112:4   الأية
Nor is there anyone equal to Him, neither match nor comparison (lahu, to Him, is semantically connected to kufuwan, equal, but precedes it because it is the object of the intended negation; ahadun, anyone, which is the subject of yakun, is there, has been placed after the predicate of the latter [kufuwan, equal] in order to retain the harmony of the end-rhyme [of the verses]).

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