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113. Surah Al-Falaq سورة الفلق

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This Surah (Revealed) Meccan or Medinese, consisting of 5 verses. This sūra and the next one were revealed when Labīd the Jew placed a spell on the Prophet (s) using a string with eleven knots. God informed him of this and of its place, and so it was brought before the Prophet (s) and he was commanded to seek refuge [in God] by means of these two sūras; and so each time he recited a verse from them, a knot would become undone and he would sense an alleviation, until in the end all the knots had been undone and he stood up invigorated, as if he had previously been hobbled to the ground.(Al-Falaq)
 
Ayah   113:1   الأية الأولي
بِسْم ِ اللَّهِ الرَّحْمَٰنِ الرَّحِيمِ
Ayah First   1   الأية الأولي
Tafseer
 
Say: I seek refuge in the Lord of the Daybreak, the morning,
 
Ayah   113:2   الأية
 
Tafseer
 
from the evil of what He has created, of obligated animate beings and non-obligated ones and from all inanimates, such as poison and so on;
 
Ayah   113:3   الأية
 
Tafseer
 
and from the evil of darkness when it gathers, that is, [from] night when it becomes dark and the moon when it is absent,
 
Ayah   113:4   الأية
 
Tafseer
 
and from the evil of the women-blowers, sorceresses who blow, on knots, which they knot into strings, blowing into them [certain] words, but without spittle; however, al-Zamakhsharī says, with this [spittle] [sorceresses] such as the daughters of the said Labīd
 
Ayah   113:5   الأية
 
Tafseer
 
and from the evil of an envier when he envies, [when] he manifests his envy and behaves in accordance with it such as the mentioned Labīd from among the Jews who were envious of the Prophet (s); the mention of these three [elements of evil] which are [already] subsumed by [the statement] of what He has created, is because of the severity of their evil.





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