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21. Surah Al-Anbiy' سورة الأنبياء

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This Surah (Revealed) Meccan: consisting of 112 verses, revealed after sūrat Ibrāhīm.(Al-Anbiy)
 
Ayah   21:1   الأية الأولي
بِسْم ِ اللَّهِ الرَّحْمَٰنِ الرَّحِيمِ
Ayah First   1   الأية الأولي
Tafseer
 
Nigh has drawn for mankind, the people of Mecca, the deniers of the Resurrection, their reckoning, [on] the Day of Resurrection, yet they are heedless, of it, disregardful, of the preparation [required] for it by way of [embracing] faith. 354
 
Ayah   21:2   الأية
 
Tafseer
 
There does not come to them any new reminder from their Lord, [revealed] gradually, in other words, [new] words of the Qurān, but they listen to it as they play, [as they] engage in mockery,
 
Ayah   21:3   الأية
 
Tafseer
 
with their hearts preoccupied, heedless of its meanings. And they are secret in [their] conference, [their] speech, [they] the evildoers (alladhīna zalamū, a substitution for the [third person plural indicator] wāw of wa-asarrūl-najwā, and they are secret in conference) Is this, namely, Muhammad (s), other than a [mortal] human being like yourselves?, and so what he produces is [mere] sorcery. Will you then take [to] sorcery, [will] you [succumb and] follow it, even though you are able to see?, [even though] you know that it is sorcery?
 
Ayah   21:4   الأية
 
Tafseer
 
He said, to them, My Lord knows the words, that are [spoken], in the heavens and the earth, and He is the Hearer, of what they keep secret, the Knower, of it.
 
Ayah   21:5   الأية
 
Tafseer
 
Nay (bal, in the three instances [below] effects a transition from one subject to another) but they say, regarding those parts of the Qurān he [the Prophet] has brought [to them] are: A muddle of nightmares, a confusion [of things] he has seen in [his] sleep. Nay, he has fabricated it, he has invented it; nay, he is a poet, and what he has brought is [merely] poetry! So let him bring us a sign, such as was sent to the ancients, like the she-camel [Sālih], the staff and the [glowing] hand [of Moses]. God, exalted be He, says:
 
Ayah   21:6   الأية
 
Tafseer
 
No town before them ever believed meaning [none of] its inhabitants of those that We destroyed, for the denial of the signs brought to them. Would they then believe? No.
 
Ayah   21:7   الأية
 
Tafseer
 
And We sent none before you other than men to whom We revealed (read nūhī or yūhā, [to whom] it is revealed) and [We sent] not any angels. Ask the People of the Remembrance, those with knowledge of the Torah and the Gospel, if you do not know, this; for they will know it. Since you are more likely to believe them than the believers are to believing Muhammad (s).
 
Ayah   21:8   الأية
 
Tafseer
 
And We did not make them, namely, the messengers, bodies that did not eat food, nay, they eat it; and they were not immortal, in this world.
 
Ayah   21:9   الأية
 
Tafseer
 
Then We fulfilled to them the promise, to deliver them. So We delivered them and whomever We would, [of] those who believed in them, and We destroyed the prodigal, those who denied them.
 
Ayah   21:10   الأية
 
Tafseer
 
Now We have sent down [as revelation] to you, O clan of Quraysh, a Book in which there is the remembrance that is yours, for it is in your language. Will you not understand?, and so believe in it?
 
Ayah   21:11   الأية
 
Tafseer
 
355 And how many did We destroy of towns meaning its inhabitants that had been wrongdoing, disbelieving, and brought forth another people after it!
 
Ayah   21:12   الأية
 
Tafseer
 
And when they felt Our might, [when] the inhabitants of the town sensed destruction [to be near], behold, they ran away from it, they flee hastily [therefrom].
 
Ayah   21:13   الأية
 
Tafseer
 
But the angels said to them scornfully: Do not run [away]! Return to the opulence, the comforts, which you were given to enjoy and your dwelling-places, that perhaps you might be asked, for something of your worldly possessions as usual.
 
Ayah   21:14   الأية
 
Tafseer
 
They said, O (yā is for calling attention [to something]) woe to us!, [this is] our destruction! We have indeed been doing wrong, through [our] disbelief.
 
Ayah   21:15   الأية
 
Tafseer
 
So that, saying, remained their cry, which they would make and repeat, until We made them as reaped [crops], as crops harvested with sickles when they were killed with the sword, stilled, dead, like the stillness of fire when it is extinguished.
 
Ayah   21:16   الأية
 
Tafseer
 
And We did not create the heaven and the earth and all that is between them, playing, being frivolous, but to indicate Our power and to benefit Our servants.
 
Ayah   21:17   الأية
 
Tafseer
 
Had We desired to find some diversion, that which provides diversion, in the way of a partner or a child, We would have found it with Ourselves, from among the beautiful-eyed houris or angels, were We to do [so]. But We did not do so, thus We never desired it.
 
Ayah   21:18   الأية
 
Tafseer
 
Nay, but We hurl, We cast, the truth, faith, against falsehood, disbelief, and it obliterates it, and behold, it vanishes, disappears (damaghahu, it obliterates it, actually means it struck the brain with a blow, [a blow] which is fatal). And for you, O disbelievers of Mecca, there shall be woe, severe chastisement, for what you ascribe, to God, of mate or child.
 
Ayah   21:19   الأية
 
Tafseer
 
And to Him, exalted be He, belongs whoever is in the heavens and the earth, as possessions, and those who are near Him, namely, the angels (wa-man indahu, the subject, the predicate of which [is the following clause]) do not disdain to worship Him, nor do they weary.
 
Ayah   21:20   الأية
 
Tafseer
 
They glorify [Him] night and day, and they do not falter, in it, for it comes to them as [naturally as] breathing comes to us, [something] which we can never be distracted from.
 
Ayah   21:21   الأية
 
Tafseer
 
356 Or (am, functions with the meaning of bal, nay, to effect a transition [in subject-matter]; the hamza is for [rhetorical] denial) have they chosen gods, that are, from the earth, such as stones, gold or silver, who, that is, gods [who], resurrect? who bring the dead back to life? No! Indeed only one who brings the dead back to life can be God.
 
Ayah   21:22   الأية
 
Tafseer
 
Had there been in [either of] them, that is, [in] the heavens and the earth, gods other than God, that is, other than Him, the two would have surely deteriorated, they [the heavens and the earth] would have deviated from their observed order, because counteractive forces would exist among such [gods], as is usually the case, when there is more than one ruler, that there is counteraction and a lack of consensus regarding something. So glory be to God an exaltation the Lord, the Creator, of the Throne, al-kursī, above what they ascribe, the disbelievers, to God, of His having a partner and otherwise.
 
Ayah   21:23   الأية
 
Tafseer
 
He shall not be questioned about what He does, but they shall be questioned, about their actions.
 
Ayah   21:24   الأية
 
Tafseer
 
Or have they chosen besides Him, exalted be He, other than Him, gods? (herein is an interrogative meant as a rebuke). Say: Bring your proof, for this but such a thing is impossible. This is the Remembrance of those with me, namely, my community, and that [Remembrance] is the Qurān, and the Remembrance of those before me, of communities, namely, the Torah and the Gospel and other Books of God, not a single one of which contains the statement that with God there exists another god, in the way that they claim exalted be He above such a thing. Nay, but most of them do not know the truth, the affirmation of Gods Oneness, and so they are disregardful, of that discernment that leads to [knowledge of] it.
 
Ayah   21:25   الأية
 
Tafseer
 
And We did not send any Messenger before you but We revealed to him (read nūhī or yūhā, [but] it was revealed to him) that, There is no god except Me, so worship Me, that is, affirm My Oneness.
 
Ayah   21:26   الأية
 
Tafseer
 
And they say, The Compassionate One has taken a son, from the angels. Glory be to Him! Nay, but they are [merely] servants who are honoured, in His presence; for [the very] servitude [of all creatures to Him] is inconsistent with [the attribution of any of them as] progeny [of His].
 
Ayah   21:27   الأية
 
Tafseer
 
They do not [venture to] speak before Him they only speak after He has spoken, and they act according to His command, that is, following [His issuing of] it.
 
Ayah   21:28   الأية
 
Tafseer
 
He knows what is before them and what is behind them, that is, what they have done and what they will do, and they do not intercede except for him with whom He is satisfied, that he be interceded for, and they, for awe of Him, exalted be He, are apprehensive, fearful.
 
Ayah   21:29   الأية
 
Tafseer
 
And should any of them say, I am a god besides Him, that is, [besides] God, in other words, [a god] other than Him and this is Iblīs, who summoned [others] to worship his soul and commanded that it be obeyed such a one We will requite with Hell. Thus, in the same way that We requite him, We requite wrongdoers, idolaters. 357
 
Ayah   21:30   الأية
 
Tafseer
 
Have they not ([one may] read a-wa-lam or a-lam) realised, [have they not] come to know, those who disbelieve, that the heavens and the earth were closed together and then We parted them, We made seven heavens and seven earths or [it is meant] that the heaven was parted and began to rain, when it did not use to do so, and that the earth was parted and began to produce plants, when it did not use to do so; and We made, of water, [the water] that falls from the heaven and that springs from the earth, every living thing?, in the way of plants and otherwise: in other words, water is the cause of such [things] having life. Will they not then believe?, by affirming My Oneness?
 
Ayah   21:31   الأية
 
Tafseer
 
And We set in the earth firm mountains lest it should shake with them, and We set in them, [in] the firm mountains, ravines, as roads (subulan substitutes [for fijājan, ravines, which are wide through-routes]), that perhaps they may be guided, to their destinations during travel.
 
Ayah   21:32   الأية
 
Tafseer
 
And We made the heaven a roof, for the earth, [functioning] like the roof of a house, preserved, from collapsing; and yet of the signs thereof, namely, [the signs of this heaven such as] the sun, the moon and the stars, they are disregardful, failing to reflect on them and thus realise that the Creator of such [things] can have no partner.
 
Ayah   21:33   الأية
 
Tafseer
 
And He it is Who created the night and the day, and the sun and the moon, each (kullun, the nunation of this [particle] stands in place of the second noun [of the genitive construction] that would have been alshams, the sun, or al-qamar, the moon, or their subsidiaries, namely, al-nujūm, the stars) in an orbit, a circular [one] like a mill in the sky, swimming, moving with speed, like a swimmer in water. In order to effect the analogy with the latter, the plural person [of the verb employed] for rational beings is used.
 
Ayah   21:34   الأية
 
Tafseer
 
When the disbelievers said that Muhammad (s) would die, the following was revealed: And We did not assign to any human being before you immortality, permanence [of life] in this world. What, if you [are fated to] die, will they be immortal?, in it? No! (The last sentence constitutes the [syntactical] locus of the interrogative of denial).
 
Ayah   21:35   الأية
 
Tafseer
 
Every soul shall taste death, in this world, and We will try you, We will test you, with ill and good, such as poverty and wealth, sickness and health, as an ordeal (fitnatan, an object denoting reason, in other words, for the purpose of seeing whether you will be patient and give thanks or not). And then unto Us you shall be brought back, that We may requite you.
 
Ayah   21:36   الأية
 
Tafseer
 
And whenever the disbelievers see you, they only take you in derision, that is, as one to be derided, saying: Is this the one who mentions your gods?, that is, [the one who] derides them? And yet when it comes to the mention of the Compassionate One, to them, they (hum, [repeated] for emphasis) are disbelieving, of it, saying, We do not know of any such [individual].
 
Ayah   21:37   الأية
 
Tafseer
 
The following was revealed regarding their demand that chastisement be hastened: Man was created of 358 haste, that is to say, because he is so hasty in his affairs, it is as if he had been created out of it. Assuredly I shall show you My signs, My promises of chastisement, so do not demand that I hasten, in [sending] it. And so He [God] made them suffer death at [the battle of] Badr.
 
Ayah   21:38   الأية
 
Tafseer
 
And they say, When will this promise, of resurrection, be [fulfilled], if you are truthful?, about it.
 
Ayah   21:39   الأية
 
Tafseer
 
[God] exalted be He, says: If those who disbelieved only knew of the time when they shall not [be able to] ward off, repel, the Fire from their faces, nor from their backs, nor shall they be helped, [nor] shall they be protected from it at the Resurrection (the response to the [conditional particle] law, if only, is [something along the lines of] they would not have said that).
 
Ayah   21:40   الأية
 
Tafseer
 
Nay, but it, the Resurrection, shall come upon them suddenly, dumbfounding them, confusing them, and they shall not be able to ward it off, nor shall they be granted any respite, [nor shall they] be given any [extra] time to make a repentance or offer an excuse.
 
Ayah   21:41   الأية
 
Tafseer
 
And verily messengers before you were derided herein is a statement to comfort the Prophet (s) but those who mocked them were encircled by, it was sent down [against them], that which they used to deride, namely, chastisement likewise it shall befall those who have derided you.
 
Ayah   21:42   الأية
 
Tafseer
 
Say, to them: Who can guard you, preserve you, by night and day from the Compassionate One?, from His chastisement, if it should befall you? In other words, no one can do such a thing. Those being addressed [here] do not fear Gods chastisement because they deny [the truth of] it. Nay, but of the Remembrance of their Lord, that is, the Qurān, they are disregardful, failing to reflect on it.
 
Ayah   21:43   الأية
 
Tafseer
 
Or is it that they have (am, or, functions with the sense of a hamza used to indicate denial, that is, [read it as] a-lahum, do they have) gods to defend them, against that which might cause them harm, besides Us? In other words, do they have anyone other than Us to defend them against such [things]? No! They, namely, the gods, cannot help themselves, and so they will not [be able to] help them; nor shall they, the disbelievers, be protected from Us, from Our chastisement (one may say sahibakaLlāhu, to mean May God preserve and protect you).
 
Ayah   21:44   الأية
 
Tafseer
 
Nay, but We provided [comforts] for these and their fathers, in the way of the graces which We bestowed on them, until life lasted long for them, so that they were deluded by such [longevity]. Do they not see how We visit the land, [how] We target their land, diminishing it at its edges?, by granting the Prophet victory [through conquest]. Are they the ones who will prevail? No, it is rather the Prophet and his Companions [who will do so].
 
Ayah   21:45   الأية
 
Tafseer
 
Say, to them: I warn you only by the Revelation, [that comes] from God, and not by my own prompting. But the deaf do not hear the call when (idhā, read pronouncing both hamzas fully, or omitting the second [hamza] between it and the yā) they are warned. They are like those who are deaf, when they fail to act in 359 accordance with the warnings they hear.
 
Ayah   21:46   الأية
 
Tafseer
 
And if a whiff, a slight instance, of your Lords chastisement were to touch them, they would indeed say, O (yā, used for drawing attention [to something]) woe for us!, [O this is] our destruction! Truly we were doing evil, in ascribing partners to God and denying [the Mission of] Muhammad (s).
 
Ayah   21:47   الأية
 
Tafseer
 
And We shall set up the just balances, the equitable ones, for the Day of Resurrection, that is, on it, and no soul shall be wronged in any way, neither by deducting a good deed [from its record], nor by adding [to it] an evil one; and even if it, the action, be the weight of a [single] mustard seed, We shall produce it, with its full weight, and We suffice as reckoners, to count all things.
 
Ayah   21:48   الأية
 
Tafseer
 
And verily We gave Moses and Aaron the Criterion, the Torah that discriminates between truth and falsehood, and [between] what is lawful and unlawful, and an illumination, by it, and remembrance, an admonition therein, for those who are wary of God,
 
Ayah   21:49   الأية
 
Tafseer
 
those who fear their Lord in concealment, from people, that is, when they are in seclusion from them, and who, on account of the Hour, that is, [on account of] its terrors, are apprehensive, fearful.
 
Ayah   21:50   الأية
 
Tafseer
 
And this, namely, the Qurān, is a blessed Remembrance which We have revealed. Will you then deny it? (the interrogative here is intended as a rebuke).
 
Ayah   21:51   الأية
 
Tafseer
 
And verily We had given Abraham his rectitude before, that is, his [right] guidance before he came of age and We were Aware of him, in that he was deserving of such [guidance],
 
Ayah   21:52   الأية
 
Tafseer
 
when he said to his father and his people, What are these images, [these] idols, to which you [constantly] cleave?, that is, which you are constantly worshipping.
 
Ayah   21:53   الأية
 
Tafseer
 
They said, We found our fathers worshipping them, and so we followed their example.
 
Ayah   21:54   الأية
 
Tafseer
 
He said, to them, Truly you and your fathers, by worshipping them, have been in manifest error.
 
Ayah   21:55   الأية
 
Tafseer
 
They said, Do you bring us the truth, in that which you are saying, or are you being frivolous?, in this regard.
 
Ayah   21:56   الأية
 
Tafseer
 
360 He said, Nay, but your Lord, the [only] One worthy of being worshipped, is the Lord, the Owner, of the heavens and the earth, [the One] Who originated them, [Who] created them without any precedent, and to that, which I have said, I am a witness.
 
Ayah   21:57   الأية
 
Tafseer
 
And, by God, I shall devise [a stratagem] against your idols after you have gone away, with your backs turned.
 
Ayah   21:58   الأية
 
Tafseer
 
And so, after they had set off to a gathering of theirs on one of their festival days, he reduced them to fragments (read judhādhan or jidhādhan, meaning pieces), [smashing them] with a hatchet, [all] except the principal one among them, around whose neck he hung the hatchet, that they might return to it, that is, to the principal one, and see what he had done to the others.
 
Ayah   21:59   الأية
 
Tafseer
 
They said, upon returning and seeing what had been done, Who has done this to our gods? Truly he is an evildoer, in this regard.
 
Ayah   21:60   الأية
 
Tafseer
 
They said, one to the other: We heard a young man making [ill] mention of them, deriding them he is called Abraham.
 
Ayah   21:61   الأية
 
Tafseer
 
They said, Then bring him before the peoples eyes, that is, openly, that they may testify, against him as being the perpetrator.
 
Ayah   21:62   الأية
 
Tafseer
 
They said, to him, after he had been brought [before them]: So, is it you (read a-anta, [either] pronouncing fully the two hamzas; or substituting an alif for the second one, or not pronouncing it [the second one], and inserting an alif between the one not pronounced and the other one, or without [this insertion]) who has done this to our gods, O Abraham?
 
Ayah   21:63   الأية
 
Tafseer
 
He said, concealing his deed: Rather it was this principal one among them did it. So question them, about the perpetrator of this, if they can speak! (here the response to the conditional statement precedes [the conditional clause]; in the preceding clause there is an intimation for them that an idol, acknowledged as being incapable of action, cannot be a god).
 
Ayah   21:64   الأية
 
Tafseer
 
So they turned [thinking] to themselves, in reflection, and they said, to themselves: Truly it is you who are the evildoers, for worshipping that which cannot speak.
 
Ayah   21:65   الأية
 
Tafseer
 
Then they were turned, by God, on their heads, that is to say, they were made to return to their disbelief and said, By God, you are certainly aware that these [idols] cannot speak, in other words, how can you thus command us to question them? 361
 
Ayah   21:66   الأية
 
Tafseer
 
He said, Do you then worship, besides God, that is, in His place, that which cannot benefit you in any way, with regard to [granting you] provision and otherwise, nor harm you?, in any way if you were not to worship it?
 
Ayah   21:67   الأية
 
Tafseer
 
Fie (read uffin or uffan, with the sense of a verbal noun, meaning a putrid thing or a vile thing [be]) on you and what you worship besides God, that is, other than Him. Do you not comprehend?, that these idols are not worthy of being worshipped and are not fit for such [a purpose] only God, exalted be He, is worthy of it.
 
Ayah   21:68   الأية
 
Tafseer
 
They said, Burn him, that is, [burn] Abraham, and stand by your gods, by having him burnt, if you are to do anything, in the way of standing by them. Thus they gathered lots of firewood and lit a fire throughout it. They then tied up Abraham, placed him in a ballista and had him hurled into the fire. God, exalted be He, says:
 
Ayah   21:69   الأية
 
Tafseer
 
We said, O fire! Be coolness and safety for Abraham!, and so it only consumed the bonds [with which he had been tied]. Its heat departed, but its luminosity remained. And by His words wa-salāman, and safety, Abraham was safe from (salima) death because of its coolness.
 
Ayah   21:70   الأية
 
Tafseer
 
And they sought to outwit him, namely, by having him burnt, but We made them the greater losers, in what they sought.
 
Ayah   21:71   الأية
 
Tafseer
 
And We delivered him, as well as Lot son of his [Abrahams] brother Hārān from Iraq, [and brought them] to the land which We have blessed for all peoples, [blessed it] with an abundance of rivers and trees, and this is Syria. Abraham settled in Palestine, and Lot in the Sinful City (al-mutafika, cf. Q. 53:53); and between the two is [the distance of] a days journey.
 
Ayah   21:72   الأية
 
Tafseer
 
And We gave him, namely, Abraham for he had asked for a child, as mentioned in [sūrat] al-Sāffāt [Q. 37:100] Isaac, and Jacob as a gift, that is, as [something] in addition to what was requested; or it means a grandson; and each of them, that is, himself and the two born of him, We made righteous, [We made them] prophets.
 
Ayah   21:73   الأية
 
Tafseer
 
And We made them leaders (read a-immatan pronouncing both hamzas, or substituting the second one with a yā), whose example of good [conduct] is followed, guiding, people, by Our command, to Our religion, and We inspired in them the performance of good deeds and the maintenance of prayers and the payment of alms, that is, [We inspired] that these [good deeds] be performed, [prayers] be maintained, and [alms] be payed by them and by their followers (the [final] hā of iqāma has been omitted to soften [the reading]), and they used to worship Us.
 
Ayah   21:74   الأية
 
Tafseer
 
362 And to Lot We gave judgement, the ability to judge decisively between opposing parties, and knowledge; and We delivered him from the town which had been committing, that is, whose inhabitants had been committing, deeds of, vileness, by way of homosexual intercourse, hazelnut-hurling and bird-games and other things. Truly they were a folk of evil [people] (saw is the verbal noun of sāahu, he harmed him, the opposite of sarrahu, he delighted him), immoral.
 
Ayah   21:75   الأية
 
Tafseer
 
And We admitted him into Our mercy, by Our saving him from his people. He was indeed one of the righteous.
 
Ayah   21:76   الأية
 
Tafseer
 
And, mention, Noah (what follows [Nūhan] substitutes for it) when he called, when he supplicated [to God] against his people with the words My Lord, do not leave [upon the earth any inhabitant from among the disbelievers] to the end [of the verse, Q. 71:26], before, that is, before [the time of] Abraham and Lot. And We responded to him, and delivered him and his people, who were in the Ark with him, from the great agony, namely, [from] drowning and his peoples denial of him.
 
Ayah   21:77   الأية
 
Tafseer
 
And We helped him, We defended him, against the people who denied Our signs, the ones indicating his Mission, lest they cause him any harm. They were indeed an evil people, so We drowned them all.
 
Ayah   21:78   الأية
 
Tafseer
 
And, mention, David and Solomon, that is, [mention] their story (Dāwūda wa-Sulaymāna is substituted by [the following, idh yahkumāni ]) when they gave judgement concerning the tillage, a field of crops or a vineyard, when the sheep of a [certain] people strayed into it, that is, [when these sheep] grazed there at night, but without a shepherd, because they had escaped; and We were witnesses to their judgement (lihukmihim shāhidīna: here the plural person is being used in the case of a dual). David decreed: to the owner of the tillage belong the head of the sheep. Solomon decreed: he shall benefit from [the use of] their milk, offspring and wool until such time as the tillage is restored to its original state at the hands of the owner [of the sheep], after which he [the owner of the tillage] should return them [the sheep] to him [their owner].
 
Ayah   21:79   الأية
 
Tafseer
 
And We gave understanding of this, that is, the judgement, to Solomon. [It is said that] both of their decisions were [the result of] independent judgement [exercised by both], and that David consulted Solomon; but it is also said [that their decisions were] by way of inspiration [from God] the second [decision] abrogated the first. And to each, of the twain, We gave judgement, prophethood, and knowledge, in matters of religion. And We disposed the mountains to glorify [God] with David, and the birds also, were disposed to glorify [God] with him, for he [David] had commanded such [glorification on their part], so that whenever there was a lapse [on his part], he would [be reminded to] apply himself to the task [of glorifying God] promptly. And We were [certainly] doers, of this disposing of them to glorify [God] along with him, even if it should amaze you, that they should [be able to] respond to the lord David.
 
Ayah   21:80   الأية
 
Tafseer
 
And We taught him the art of making garments, namely, coats of mail [which are called labūs] because they are worn (tulbas). He was the first [human being] to make them; hitherto there were [only] plates [of armour] for you, as well as all mankind, to protect you (read nuhsinakum, [the subject being] God; or yuhsinakum, [the subject being] David; or tuhsinakum, [the subject being] garments) against your [mutual] violence, your wars against your enemies. Will you then, O people of Mecca, be thankful?, for My favours, by believing in the Messenger in other words, be thankful to Me by [doing] this. 363
 
Ayah   21:81   الأية
 
Tafseer
 
And, We disposed, for Solomon the wind to blow strongly in another verse it is [described as being] rukhāan, to blow softly [Q. 38:36]; in other words, [it is either] blowing violently or gently [respectively], according to what he [Solomon] wanted making its way, at his command, to the land which We have blessed, namely, Syria; and We have knowledge of all things, among them the fact that God, exalted be He, knew that what He gave to Solomon would prompt him to be subservient to his Lord, and so God did this in accordance with His knowledge.
 
Ayah   21:82   الأية
 
Tafseer
 
And, We disposed, of the devils some that dived for him, plunging into the sea and bringing out of it jewels for Solomon, and performed tasks other than that, that is, other than diving, such as building and otherwise. And We were watchful over them, lest they should spoil what they had made, for whenever they completed a task before nightfall, they would [invariably] spoil it, unless they were occupied with some other [task].
 
Ayah   21:83   الأية
 
Tafseer
 
And, mention, Job (Ayyūba, is substituted by [the following, idh nādā rabbahu ]) when he called out to his Lord after he had been afflicted with the loss of all of his possessions and children, the laceration of his body, his being shunned by all except his wife, for a period of thirteen, seventeen, or eighteen years, as well as [the affliction of enduring] a straitened means of livelihood Indeed (read annī because of the implicit yā [of the first person pronoun]) harm, adversity, has befallen me, and You are the Most Merciful of the merciful.
 
Ayah   21:84   الأية
 
Tafseer
 
So We responded to him, in his call, and removed the harm that had befallen him, and We gave him [back] his family, his male and female children, by bringing them back to life of each sex there were three or seven along with them [other children] the like of them, from his wife, for she was made younger. He had also possessed a threshing floor for wheat and another for barley, so God sent two clouds and one of them poured forth gold onto the wheat threshing floor and the other poured forth silver onto the barley threshing floor, until they overflowed; as a mercy (rahmatan, a direct object denoting reason) from Us (min indinā, an adjectival phrase) and a reminder to worshippers, that they be patient and thus be rewarded [by God].
 
Ayah   21:85   الأية
 
Tafseer
 
And, mention, Ishmael and Idrīs and Dhūl-Kifl all were of the patient, in [maintaining] obedience to God and staying away from acts of disobedience to Him.
 
Ayah   21:86   الأية
 
Tafseer
 
And We admitted them into Our mercy, through [granting them] prophethood. Indeed they were among the worthy, of it. Dhūl-Kifl was so called because he undertook (takaffala) to fast every day and stay up every night in prayer, and to pass judgement between people without succumbing to anger, and fulfilled this [undertaking]. It is also said, however, that he was not a prophet.
 
Ayah   21:87   الأية
 
Tafseer
 
And, mention, Dhūl-Nūn, the one of the whale, namely, Jonah son of Amittai (Yūnus bin Mattā) when he went off enraged ([Dhāl-Nūn] is substituted by [the clause idh dhahaba mughādiban]) by his people, that is, furious with them because of what he had suffered at their hands even though he had not been granted permission [by God to go off as he did] thinking that We had no power over him, that is, that We could [not] compel him to [submit to] Our decree in the way that We did by imprisoning him inside the stomach of the whale; or that We could [not] make circumstances difficult for him. Then he cried out in the darknesses, 364 [through] the darkness of the night, the darkness of the sea and the darkness of the whales stomach, that: There is no god except You! Glory be to You! I have indeed been one of the wrongdoers, for leaving my people without [Your] permission.
 
Ayah   21:88   الأية
 
Tafseer
 
So We responded to him and delivered him from the distress, by [means of] those words, and thus, in the same way that We delivered him, We deliver the believers, from their anguish when they call out to Us seeking succour.
 
Ayah   21:89   الأية
 
Tafseer
 
And, mention, Zachariah (Zakariyyā, is substituted by [the following, idh nādā rabbahu ]) when he cried out to his Lord, saying: My Lord, do not leave me without an heir, without a son to inherit from me, and You are the best of inheritors, the One that endures after all of your creation has perished.
 
Ayah   21:90   الأية
 
Tafseer
 
So We responded to him, in his call, and gave him John, as a son, and We restored [fertility to] his wife for him, and so she bore a child, having been barren. Truly they, those prophets that have been mentioned, would hasten to, [they would] hurry [to perform], good works, [namely] acts of obedience, and supplicate Us out of desire, for Our mercy, and in awe, of Our chastisement, and they were submissive before Us, humble in their worship.
 
Ayah   21:91   الأية
 
Tafseer
 
And, mention Mary, the one who guarded her virginity, [the one who] preserved it from being taken, so We breathed into her of Our spirit, namely, Gabriel, when he breathed into the opening of her garment and she conceived Jesus. And We made her and her son a sign for all the worlds, that is, [for] mankind, jinn and angels, because she bore him without [having] a male [partner].
 
Ayah   21:92   الأية
 
Tafseer
 
Truly this, creed of Islam, is your community, your religion, O you who are being addressed in other words, you must adhere to it as, one community, [this being] a necessary state [of affairs], and I am your Lord, so worship Me, affirm My Oneness.
 
Ayah   21:93   الأية
 
Tafseer
 
But they, that is to say, some of those being addressed, fragmented their affair among themselves, that is, they became divided in the matter of their religion, and at variance over it these are the [different] sects of the Jews and the Christians. God, exalted be He, says: All shall return to Us, and We will requite each according to his deeds.
 
Ayah   21:94   الأية
 
Tafseer
 
And whoever performs righteous deeds, being a believer no rejection, that is, no denial, will there be of his endeavour, and We will indeed write it down for him, by commanding the guardian angels to record it and then We requite him for it.
 
Ayah   21:95   الأية
 
Tafseer
 
It is forbidden for any town, meaning [it is forbidden for] its people, which We have destroyed that they should (lā yarjiūna: the lā is extra) return, that is, their return to this world is prohibited.
 
Ayah   21:96   الأية
 
Tafseer
 
365 Until (hattā, [a particle] expressing the end of the prohibition of their return) when Gog and Magog (read Yajūju wa-Majūju or Yājūju wa-Mājūju, [these are] non-Arabic names of two tribes; there is an implicit genitive annexation before this clause, namely, the [gates of the] sadd, the barrier, [built] against them) are let loose (read futihat or futtihat) and this will happen near the [time of the] Resurrection and they slide down, they hasten, from every slope, [every] highland.
 
Ayah   21:97   الأية
 
Tafseer
 
And the true promise, that is, the Day of Resurrection, draws near and behold, when, the gaze of the disbelievers will be fixed, on that Day, because of its severity, saying: O (yā is for exclamation) woe to us!, [this is] our destruction! Verily, in the [life of the] world, we were oblivious to this, Day. Nay, but we were doing wrong, to our souls by our denial of the messengers.
 
Ayah   21:98   الأية
 
Tafseer
 
Truly you, O people of Mecca, and what you worship besides God, that is, other than Him, in the way of graven images, shall be fuel for Hell, [you shall be] its fodder; and you shall come to it, [you shall] enter it.
 
Ayah   21:99   الأية
 
Tafseer
 
Had these, graven images, been gods, as you claim, they would never have come to it, [they would never have] entered it, and they will all, both the worshippers and the worshipped, abide therein.
 
Ayah   21:100   الأية
 
Tafseer
 
For them, for the worshippers, there will be groaning therein and they will not hear in it, anything, because of the ferocity with which it boils. When [Abd Allāh] Ibn al-Zibarī said, Ezra, Jesus and the angels were worshipped: they must also be in the Fire then, according to what has just been stated, the following was revealed:
 
Ayah   21:101   الأية
 
Tafseer
 
Indeed those to whom [the promise of] the best reward, the [best] status, went beforehand from Us, and among such are those who have just been mentioned: they will be kept away from it.
 
Ayah   21:102   الأية
 
Tafseer
 
They will not hear the faintest sound from it and they will abide in what their souls desired, of bliss.
 
Ayah   21:103   الأية
 
Tafseer
 
The Supreme Terror which is that a servant be ordered off to the Fire, shall not grieve them, and the angels shall receive them, upon their exiting from their graves, saying to them: This is your day, the one which you were promised, during the [life of the] world.
 
Ayah   21:104   الأية
 
Tafseer
 
The day (yawma is in the accusative because of an implied preceding udhkur, mention) when We shall roll up the heaven as the Scribe, [al-sijill being] the name of an angel, rolls up the written scroll, that is, the scroll of the son of Adam when he dies (the lām [of lil-kitāb] is extra; alternatively, [one may read the verse so that] al-sijill is the scroll, and al-kitāb means al-maktūb what is written, in which case the lām [of lilkitāb] has the sense of [the particle] alā, over; a variant reading [for lil-kitāb] has the plural, lil-kutub, the books). As We began the first creation, from non-existence, We shall repeat it, after making it non-existent (the kāf [of ka-mā, as] is semantically connected to nuīdu, We shall repeat [it], and its [suffixed] pronoun [-hu, it] refers back to awwala, the first; the mā relates to the verbal noun) a promise binding on Us 366 (wadan is in the accusative because [it is the direct object] of an implied preceding waadnā, We promised, and [the clause] constitutes a confirmation of the import of the preceding [verse, 103]). Truly We shall do [that], which We have promised.
 
Ayah   21:105   الأية
 
Tafseer
 
Certainly We wrote in the Scripture, (al-zabūr) means the Book, that is, the revealed Books of God, after the Remembrance, meaning the Mother of the Book (umm al-kitāb), which is [kept] with God: Indeed the land, the land of Paradise, shall be inherited by My righteous servants [this promise] applies to all righteous ones.
 
Ayah   21:106   الأية
 
Tafseer
 
Indeed there is in this, Qurān, a proclamation, sufficient means for [securing] entry into Paradise, for a people who are devout, acting in accordance with [what is stipulated in] it.
 
Ayah   21:107   الأية
 
Tafseer
 
We did not send you, O Muhammad (s), except as a mercy, that is, to [give] mercy, to all the worlds, [the worlds of] mankind and jinn through you.
 
Ayah   21:108   الأية
 
Tafseer
 
Say: All that is being revealed to me is that your God is One God, that is, the only thing that is being revealed to me with respect to the Divine is His Oneness. So will you submit?, [will you] accede to [affirming] the Oneness of the Divine that is being revealed to me? (the interrogative is meant as an imperative).
 
Ayah   21:109   الأية
 
Tafseer
 
But if they turn away, from this, say: I have proclaimed to you, I have notified you of [my declaration of] war [on you], all alike (alā sawā is a circumstantial qualifier referring to both the subject of the verb and the object) that is to say, you are [all] equal in having knowledge of this: I shall not proceed independently without [having first informed] you, in order for you to make preparations, although I do not know whether near or far is that which you have been promised, with respect to chastisement, or to the [Day of] Resurrection that comprises this [chastisement]; only God knows it.
 
Ayah   21:110   الأية
 
Tafseer
 
Indeed He, exalted be He, knows whatever is spoken aloud, and what you and others do, and He knows what you conceal, both you and others, of secrets.
 
Ayah   21:111   الأية
 
Tafseer
 
I do not know; perhaps that, which I have notified you of, but whose time is not known, may be a trial, a test, for you, to see how you will act, and an enjoyment for a while, that is, until your terms of life are concluded (this [second] clause [wa-matāun, and an enjoyment] counters the former, which is the object of the optative expressed by [the particle] laalla, perhaps; the second [clause] cannot be an optative).
 
Ayah   21:112   الأية
 
Tafseer
 
Say (qul, a variant reading has qāla, He said): My Lord! Judge, between me and my deniers, with truth, by [assigning] chastisement for them or victory [for me] over them. And so they were chastised at [the battles of] Badr, Uhud, Hunayn, al-Ahzāb and al-Khandaq and he [the Prophet] was given victory over them. And our Lord is the Compassionate One, Whose help is to be sought against what you allege, when you invent lies against God, saying that [God] has taken a son [cf. Q. 2:116]; and against me, when you say, [he is] a 367 sorcerer [cf. Q. 38:4], or against the Qurān, when you say, [it is] poetry [cf. Q. 52:30].





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