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78. Surah An-Naba' سورة النبأ

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This Surah (Revealed) Meccan, consisting of 40 or 41 verses.(An-Naba)
 
Ayah   78:1   الأية الأولي
بِسْم ِ اللَّهِ الرَّحْمَٰنِ الرَّحِيمِ
Ayah First   1   الأية الأولي
Tafseer
 
About what, about what thing, are they, the people of Quraysh, questioning one another?
 
Ayah   78:2   الأية
 
Tafseer
 
About the awesome tiding ([this is] the explication of that thing; the interrogative is meant to emphasise its magnitude) this [awesome tiding] is the Qurān, comprising [news of] the Resurrection and so on, which the Prophet (s) brought
 
Ayah   78:3   الأية
 
Tafseer
 
concerning which they are at variance, for the believers affirm it, while the disbelievers repudiate it.
 
Ayah   78:4   الأية
 
Tafseer
 
No indeed! a disavowal they will come to know, what will befall them for their rejection of it.
 
Ayah   78:5   الأية
 
Tafseer
 
Again, no indeed! They will come to know! ([reiterated] for emphasis; thumma is added here to declare that the second threat of chastisement is more severe than the first). God, exalted be He, then alludes to His power to resurrect, saying:
 
Ayah   78:6   الأية
 
Tafseer
 
Have We not made the earth a cradle, a bed, like a cradle,
 
Ayah   78:7   الأية
 
Tafseer
 
and the mountains pegs?, with which the earth is tied down like tents are tied down with pegs (the interrogative is meant as an affirmative). 717
 
Ayah   78:8   الأية
 
Tafseer
 
And created you in pairs?, males and females,
 
Ayah   78:9   الأية
 
Tafseer
 
and made your sleep for rest?, repose for your bodies,
 
Ayah   78:10   الأية
 
Tafseer
 
and made the night a cloak?, to cover you with its darkness,
 
Ayah   78:11   الأية
 
Tafseer
 
and made the day for livelihood?, a time for seeking livelihood,
 
Ayah   78:12   الأية
 
Tafseer
 
and built above you seven mighty ones?, seven heavens (shidād is the plural of shadīda) that is to say, strong and sturdy unaffected by the passage of time,
 
Ayah   78:13   الأية
 
Tafseer
 
and set a radiant lamp?, namely, the sun,
 
Ayah   78:14   الأية
 
Tafseer
 
and sent down from the rain-clouds (musirāt), the clouds due to give rain (similar to [the term] musir, which denotes a girl nearing menstruation) cascading water?, pouring forth,
 
Ayah   78:15   الأية
 
Tafseer
 
that with it We may bring forth grains, such as wheat, and plants, such as figs,
 
Ayah   78:16   الأية
 
Tafseer
 
and gardens, orchards, of intertwining foliage? (alfāf is the plural of lafīf, similar [in pattern] to sharīf, noble, [plural] ashrāf).
 
Ayah   78:17   الأية
 
Tafseer
 
Verily the Day of Decision, for creatures, is the tryst, a time [fixed] for reward and punishment,
 
Ayah   78:18   الأية
 
Tafseer
 
the day the Trumpet, the Horn, is blown (yawma yunfakhu fīl-sūri is either a substitution for, or an explication of, yawmal-fasli, the Day of Decision, the blower being Isrāfīl) and you come, forth from your graves to the site [of the Resurrection], in droves, in diverse groups,
 
Ayah   78:19   الأية
 
Tafseer
 
and the heaven is opened (read futtihat or futihat), sundered for the descent of the angels, and becomes as gates, it becomes [a heaven] with gates,
 
Ayah   78:20   الأية
 
Tafseer
 
718 and the mountains are set in motion, dislocated from their positions, and become as a mirage, as fine dust, that is to say, like it in terms of its levity when in motion.
 
Ayah   78:21   الأية
 
Tafseer
 
Verily Hell lurks in ambush (mirsādan, in the sense of rāsidatan or mursidatan, lying in wait)
 
Ayah   78:22   الأية
 
Tafseer
 
for the rebellious, the disbelievers, who will not be able to avoid it, [it is] a resort, a retreat for them, and so they will enter it,
 
Ayah   78:23   الأية
 
Tafseer
 
to remain (lābithīna is an implied circumstantial qualifier, in other words, their remaining therein will be decreed [to be]) therein for ages, for endless epochs (ahqāb is the plural of huqb),
 
Ayah   78:24   الأية
 
Tafseer
 
tasting in it neither coolness, [neither] sleep, [something] which they will not taste [therein], nor drink, [nor] anything that is imbibed for the sake of its delightful taste,
 
Ayah   78:25   الأية
 
Tafseer
 
except boiling water, of extreme temperatures, and pus (read ghasāqan or ghassāqan, which is the vile matter that is emitted by the [bodies of the] inhabitants of the Fire), which is what they will [indeed] taste. They are given this pair [of tortures],
 
Ayah   78:26   الأية
 
Tafseer
 
as a fitting requital, one that accords with [the nature of] their deeds, for there is no sin greater than disbelief, and no chastisement greater than the Fire.
 
Ayah   78:27   الأية
 
Tafseer
 
Indeed they never feared any reckoning, given their rejection of the Resurrection,
 
Ayah   78:28   الأية
 
Tafseer
 
and they denied Our signs, the Qurān, mendaciously,
 
Ayah   78:29   الأية
 
Tafseer
 
and everything, in the way of deeds, have We kept count of, have We recorded precisely, in a Book, as [individual] written records in the Preserved Tablet, in order to requite [creatures] in accordance with them, including [the record of] their denial of the Qurān.
 
Ayah   78:30   الأية
 
Tafseer
 
So [now] taste! in other words, it will be said to them in the Hereafter, when the chastisement has befallen them: taste [now] your requital! For We will increase you in nothing but chastisement, in addition to your [due] chastisement.
 
Ayah   78:31   الأية
 
Tafseer
 
719 Truly for the God-fearing there will be a triumph, a place of triumph, in Paradise:
 
Ayah   78:32   الأية
 
Tafseer
 
gardens, orchards (hadāiqa is either a substitution for, or an explication of, mafāzan, a triumph) and vineyards (wa-anāban is a supplement to mafāzan, a triumph),
 
Ayah   78:33   الأية
 
Tafseer
 
and buxom maidens (kawāib is the plural of kāib) of equal age (atrāb is the plural of tirb),
 
Ayah   78:34   الأية
 
Tafseer
 
and a brimming cup, wine filling the vessels in which it is in; in sūrat al-Qitāl [it is said], and rivers of wine [Q. 47:15].
 
Ayah   78:35   الأية
 
Tafseer
 
They will not hear in it, that is, [in] Paradise, when they drink wine and in other situations, any vain talk, any words of falsehood, or lies, between one another (read kidhāban, to mean kadhiban, lies, or kidhdhāban to mean takdhīban, lying), in contrast to what happens in this world when wine is drunk,
 
Ayah   78:36   الأية
 
Tafseer
 
[this will be] a reward from your Lord, in other words, God has rewarded them with this reward as, a gift (atāan substitutes for jazāan, reward) that is sufficing, [that is] abundant (hisāban, [as meaning abundant] derives from their saying atānī fa-ahsabanī, he gave me so abundantly that I said, that is enough for me [hasbī]),
 
Ayah   78:37   الأية
 
Tafseer
 
[from] the Lord of the heavens and the earth (read rabbi, [from] the Lord of, or rabbu, [He is] the Lord of) and all that is between them, the Compassionate One (likewise [read rahmāni or rahmānu], or read rahmānu with rabbi [for the preceding]), Whom, exalted be He, they, that is, creatures, will not be able to address, that is to say, not one of them will be able to address Him for fear of Him,
 
Ayah   78:38   الأية
 
Tafseer
 
on the day (yawma is the adverbial qualifier for lā yamlikūna, they will not be able to) when the Spirit, Gabriel, or Gods hosts, and the angels stand arrayed (saffan is a circumstantial qualifier, in other words, mustaffīna). They, creatures, will not speak, except him whom the Compassionate One permits, to speak, and who says what is right, from among the believers and the angels: as if [meaning] that they will intercede for he whom He approves of.
 
Ayah   78:39   الأية
 
Tafseer
 
That is the True Day, whose coming to pass is definite, namely, the Day of Resurrection. So whoever wishes [to], let him seek resort with his Lord, a return [to Him], that is to say, [let him] return to God by being obedient to Him, so that he may be secure from chastisement in it.
 
Ayah   78:40   الأية
 
Tafseer
 
Lo! We have warned you, O disbelievers of Mecca, of a chastisement that is near, the chastisement of the impending Day of Resurrection for anything that is impending is [also] near the day (yawma adverbially qualifies adhāban, a chastisement, by describing it) when a person, [when] every person, will behold what his hands have sent ahead, of good and evil, and the disbeliever will say, O (yā is a particle 720 used to call attention to something) would that I were dust!, in other words, and not be chastised. He says this when God, exalted be He, says to the beasts, after each of them has retaliated against the other, Be dust!.





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