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81. Surah At-Takwr سورة التكوير

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This Surah (Revealed) Meccan, consisting of 29 verses.(At-Takwr)
 
Ayah   81:1   الأية الأولي
بِسْم ِ اللَّهِ الرَّحْمَٰنِ الرَّحِيمِ
Ayah First   1   الأية الأولي
Tafseer
 
When the sun is folded away, enfolded and stripped of its light,
 
Ayah   81:2   الأية
 
Tafseer
 
and when the stars scatter, [when] they are extinguished and hurtle down towards the earth,
 
Ayah   81:3   الأية
 
Tafseer
 
and when the mountains are set in motion, [when] they are blown away from the face of the earth, becoming as scattered dust,
 
Ayah   81:4   الأية
 
Tafseer
 
and when the pregnant camels are neglected, abandoned without a herdsman or anyone to milk them, on 728 account of the matter that has come over them even though [previously] no wealth was dearer to them than these [pregnant camels];
 
Ayah   81:5   الأية
 
Tafseer
 
and when the wild beasts are mustered, [when they are] brought together after being resurrected so that each of them may retaliate against the other, before becoming dust;
 
Ayah   81:6   الأية
 
Tafseer
 
and when the seas are set afire (read sujirat or sujjirat), [when] they are set alight and become [a mass of] fire;
 
Ayah   81:7   الأية
 
Tafseer
 
and when the souls are coupled, [when they are] paired up with their bodies;
 
Ayah   81:8   الأية
 
Tafseer
 
and when the girl buried-alive, the young girl buried alive for fear of shame and impoverishment, asks in rebuke of its slayer
 
Ayah   81:9   الأية
 
Tafseer
 
for what sin she was slain (saalat, asks: a variant reading has suilat, [she] is asked, narrating the address directed to her, to which she then responds by saying, I was slain without [having committed] any sin);
 
Ayah   81:10   الأية
 
Tafseer
 
and when the scrolls, the scrolls containing the deeds, are unrolled (read nushirat or nushshirat), [when they are] unfolded and spread out;
 
Ayah   81:11   الأية
 
Tafseer
 
and when the heaven is stripped off, torn away from its place, just as the skin of a sheep is stripped off;
 
Ayah   81:12   الأية
 
Tafseer
 
and when the Hell-fire is set ablaze (read suirat or suirat), [when it is] set alight;
 
Ayah   81:13   الأية
 
Tafseer
 
and when Paradise is brought near, [when it is] brought close to those who have merited it, that they may enter it (the response to idhā, when, at the beginning of the sūra and all that has been supplemented thereto is [the following]):
 
Ayah   81:14   الأية
 
Tafseer
 
[then] a soul, every soul, at the time of the [occurrence of the] things mentioned, which is the Day of Resurrection, will know what it has presented, of good or evil.
 
Ayah   81:15   الأية
 
Tafseer
 
So I swear (fa-lā: lā is extra) by the receding [planets],
 
Ayah   81:16   الأية
 
Tafseer
 
729 the movers, the setters, that is, the five planets: Saturn, Jupiter, Mars, Venus and Mercury (takhnusu means they sink away during their orbit, whereas we see stars at the end of their zodiacal course return to the start; taknisu means that they enter their kinās, hideaway, in other words, they retreat into their settingplaces);[81:17   الأية
 
Tafseer
 
and [by] the night as it approaches, as it falls with its darkness, or [it means] as it recedes;
 
Ayah   81:18   الأية
 
Tafseer
 
and [by] the dawn as it breathes, [as] it extends until it becomes broad daylight,
 
Ayah   81:19   الأية
 
Tafseer
 
truly this, Qurān, is the word of a messenger [who is] noble, in the sight of God, exalted be He this being [the messenger] Gabriel (it [qawl, word] has been annexed to him, because he descends with it),
 
Ayah   81:20   الأية
 
Tafseer
 
powerful, one of mighty powers, eminent, one of eminent status (makīnin is semantically connected inda, in the presence of) in the presence of the Lord of the Throne, that is, God, exalted be He;
 
Ayah   81:21   الأية
 
Tafseer
 
obeyed there, the angels obey him in the heavens, trustworthy, with the Revelation.
 
Ayah   81:22   الأية
 
Tafseer
 
And your companion, Muhammad (s) (wa-mā sāhibukum: a supplement to [the clause from] innahu, truly this is, up to the last of the oath clauses) is not a madman, as you claim.
 
Ayah   81:23   الأية
 
Tafseer
 
For verily he, Muhammad (s), saw him, Gabriel, in the form in which he was created, on the clear horizon, the highest one, towards the east;
 
Ayah   81:24   الأية
 
Tafseer
 
and he, Muhammad (s), is not to be accused of [knowing] the Unseen, what is hidden of the revelation and the tidings of the heaven (a variant reading [for bi-zanīnin] has bi-danīnin, meaning that he is not niggardly [with the Unseen] so as to reduce something of it [and not disclose it]).
 
Ayah   81:25   الأية
 
Tafseer
 
And it, that is, the Qurān, is not the word of an accursed satan, eavesdropping stealthily.
 
Ayah   81:26   الأية
 
Tafseer
 
So where are you going? So what path are you going to follow in repudiating the Qurān and turning away from it?
 
Ayah   81:27   الأية
 
Tafseer
 
It is only a reminder, an admonition, for all worlds, [those of] mankind and jinn, 730
 
Ayah   81:28   الأية
 
Tafseer
 
for those of you who (li-man shāa minkum is a substitution for lil-ālamīna, for all worlds, using the same preposition) wish to go straight, by following the truth;
 
Ayah   81:29   الأية
 
Tafseer
 
but you will not [wish], to go straight along the [path of] truth, unless God, the Lord of the Worlds, [of all] creatures, wills, that you should go straight along it.





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